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Jena was founded quite late, compared to its near neighbour villages, in the early 2nd millennium. Part of the State of Thuringia from its foundation in 1920 on, it was incorporated into the German Democratic Republic in 1949 and its district of [[Gera]] in 1952. Since 1990, the city of Jena has been a part of the Free State of Thuringia which is itself part of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Jena has one of the biggest universities in Germany and its ratio of students to the total of inhabitants may belong to the greatest in Germany, as there are 20,000 students at the university ( which was founded in 1558 and named after Friedrich Schiller in 1934. Additionally, there are some 4,500 students at the university of applied sciences ''(Fachhochschule)'', making one out of four citizens of Jena a student.
Goethe and Schiller, probably the two greatest German writers, lived in Jena as well as for example the biologist Ernst Haeckel, the physicists Ernst Abbe and Erwin Schrödinger and the philosopher Karl Marx.
===By plane===
There are two small airports in Altenburg [ Altenburg] (east of Jena) and Erfurt [ Erfurt] (west of Jena), serving popular destination inside the European Union. Coming from far away you will most probably arrive in [[Frankfurt]]. In any case coming Coming from the west there you can either take the train to Erfurt (''InterCityExpress'') or Weimar by the Intercity Express (''InterCity'') and then get change to the a regional train going to Jena or you can go by car via the highway Autobahn A4 straight towards Jena. This is approx. 300 km.
===By train===
==Get around==
You can reach all important destinations by walking. You can also use public transportation, (buses and street cars) but public transportation is not cheap in Jena. Look at the public transport company's homepage [ the public transport company's homepage].
Holzmarkt (literally wood market) is a good point to start your tour through Jena. Go up to Löbdergraben and turn towards Engelplatz (Post office). You'll see the Kulturhaus. Right next to it there is a small street in which you can find Schiller's garden house with an exhibition in it. By the way, Kulturhaus has great theatre.
Leaving again towards Engelplatz and going straight towards Johannisplatz on the left you'll find GoetheGalerie, one of the greatest shopping malls in Jena. On the right is the Anatomy Tower. Some metres ahead there is Ernst-Abbe-Platz which is meant to be the Campus of the university for Mathematics, Law, Economy and some other departments (faculties) are located around the place. If you are on Johannisplatz, you'll see Johannisturm (John's Tower). Right next to it there is the Intershop Tower which is owned by a new economy company. At its bottom there is Neue Mitte, another great shopping mall. If you turn around you see Wagnergasse. Wagnergasse is the best location to have a rest in a restaurant. "Stilbruch" is known to be among the best restaurants in Jena.
You can now go some metres up to Fürstengraben. If you go along Fürstengraben, after some metres you will see the Botanic Garden. It is absolutely worth going there. After passing the Thuringian University and State Library (on the left) you will see University Main Building (Universitätshauptgebäude) on the right. Turn right to the Schlossgasse and left towards Oberlauengasse. Go some metres through Oberlauengasse and then turn right towards Markt. On the great square you can see the old city hall. Eating here is not the worst idea. Take now the way towards Kollegiengasse. Here you can find where the university was actually founded. On the right there is Eichplatz. Now turn left towards Holzmarkt and you're at the place where you started.
Enjoy nightlife at Wagnergasse and/or Rosenkeller [ Rosenkeller] (Johannisstraße) and/or Kassablanca [ Kassablanca] (near Westbahnhof) and/or in front of the JenTower at UmaCarlson [ UmaCarlson].Every year during the summer the Kulturarena [ Kulturarena] is a very popular cultural event with dozens of good international artists and entertainers.
Jena is surrounded by hills. Hence there are a lot of very nice opportunities to get a beautiful panorama view of the town. You can go to the Landgrafen [ Landgrafen], the Fuchsturm [ Fuchsturm] or to the Wilhelmshöhe [ Wilhelmshöhe]. In addition for 3€ you can go to the top of the JenTower [ JenTower].
Close to the center of Jena is very nice park located called [,11.587679&spn=0.00959,0.018711&t=h&z=16 Paradies]. Especially in the summer a lot of students use this park for barbecue and hanging out with their friends.
Take a look at GoetheGalerie or Neue Mitte. Here you can find almost anything you need.
Another places for shopping are the shopping centres Burgaupark and Schillerpassage.
Thuringian specialties are: Thüringer Rostbratwurst (Thuringian roaster sausage), [[Rostbrätel]] (roasted meat). These can be found e.g. at the ''Grillteufel'' food stalls.  You'll find more on the menu in ''Noll '' (Oberlauengasse), ''Stilbruch '' (Wagnergasse) and most other restaurants. ''R2'', just off the market square, is a sitdown restaurant with good burgers and steaks. A very pleasant place with student atmosphere is ''Café Immergrün''. It is located in vincinity of the ''Pulverturm'', the entrance a bit hidden in the back yard. Not far from there is another atmospheric cafe, ''Quirinus''. As Jena is a student town and a town in the east of Germany , prices are slightly lower than in West Western Germany.
* You should taste black (dark) beer. In all restaurants you will either get Köstritzer or Schwarze Rose. Both are good. You will find many Pils sorts as well.
* ''Gruenowski'' is a lively pub which also serves food, just down the road behind the theatre.* In addition you should try in Jena brewed beer from the Papiermühle [ Papiermühle].
Accomodation can be booked through the tourist information:
Jena Tourist-Information
Markt 16
07743 Jena
Tel.: +''49 3641'' 498066, Fax: +''49 3641'' 498055,[mailto:[email protected] [email protected]]
A list of accomodation options can be found at (German language only):
There is a youth hostel (Jugendgästehaus) at Am Herrenberge 3, Tel.: +''49 3641'' 687230, Fax: +''49 3641'' 687202, E[mailto:[email protected]-Mail: [email protected]]. Room rates including breakfast: Single room 27,50 EUR, Double room 41,- EUR, Dorm (3 or 4 beds) from 18,50 EUR per person To get there, take bus line 10,13 or 40 from Teichgraben or Westbahnhof (Western train station) with direction Burgau. Get off at Zeiss-Werk. From there, it is 800 metres by foot slightly uphill along Mühlenstraße. === === Another option is Gäste-Haus-Wettin at Erfurter Straße 52. Tel.: +''49 3641'' 352710, Fax: +''49 3641'' 352766, [mailto:[email protected] [email protected]],  Room rates without breakfast: Single/Double room from 17,50 EUR, Dorm from 12,50 EUR per person To get there, take bus line 16 from Teichgraben or Johannistor direction Papiermühle or Isserstedt for about two kilometres.
===Mid-range and splurge===
There are lots of good hotels with reasonable prices. You will probably find something Places located in the old townOld Town include: Hotel Schwarzer Bär Hotel & Kneipengalerie Zur Noll Restaurant & Hotel Weinbauernhaus im Sack Steigenberger Esplanade Jena IBIS Hotel City am Holzmarkt
==Stay safe==
Although Germany's east is considered to be a bit more dangerous for people "looking foreign" this is not problem in Jena in general due to the high number of foreigners, especially foreign students, in Jena. Jena is amongst the towns with the highest ratio of foreigners in eastern Germany. So just take those measures you would normally take in the town you come from.
Though, when using the tram in the night, the risk of encountering people you didn't want to encounter rises.
==Get out==
You have lots Buses leaving from the bus terminal adjacent to the main train station are only serving regional destinations of possibilities minor touristic interest, such as Eisenberg or Schleiz. The best option is going by train from Westbahnhof to leave and see other towns like [[Weimar]] and (20 min.) or [[Erfurt]](40 min.). Some more time away there Trains are leaving approx. once an hour. From the main train station Jena-Paradis, it is possible to go to [[DresdenDornburg]] or , [[Naumburg]] and [[Rudolstadt]] by regional train, and to [[Leipzig]], [[Berlin]], [[Nuremberg]] and [[Munich]] by ICE (high speed train). Trains leaving every two hours.  People who like hiking or biking might try the ''Thüringenweg'', a 400 kilometre hiking trail: Cyclists will enjoy travelling through Thuringiathe ''Saale-Radweg'', or the so-called ''Städtekette'', see .
[[wts:Category:Jena (Thüringen)]]

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