'''The Trossachs ''' (Scottish Gaelic, Na Trosaichean) is a region of [[Stirlingshire]] in [[Scotland]], one of the four home countries of the [[United Kingdom]]. The Trossachs are often described as 'The Highlands in Miniature' and are popular with walkers and cyclists. This region is part of the [[Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park]].
Trossachs hills mark the dividing ‘Highland Line’ and, though its peaks may be smaller than those of its namesake, the Trossachs green rolling hills still dwarf the Lowland plains to the south. The gateways to this wonderous landscape, rich in history and folklore, are the villages of [[Callander]] and [[Aberfoyle]].
The scenic beauty of this area was discovered by the world at large when Sir Walter Scott extended his romantic portrayal of Scotland's past from border ballads to poems of a medieval past rich in chivalry and symbolism, with his 1810 poem '''Lady of the Lake''', the lady herself being found on Loch Katrine. This was followed up by his 1817 historical novel '''Rob Roy''' romanticising the outlaw cattle thief Raibert Ruadh (Rob Roy), born by Loch Katrine and buried at nearby Balquhidder.
The effect was to draw tourists to the area and make the Trossachs Hotel well known. Loch Katrine itself changed in 1859 when a dam was built to bring a new main water supply to Glasgow. Queen Victoria had a holiday house built overlooking the loch. A steamer service started, and the 1900 '''SS Sir Walter Scott''' is still going, giving visitors a delightful way to enjoy the scenery.
===Flora and fauna===
Red & roe deer, capercaillie, red squirrel, woodpecker, blackcock, wood ants, wood wasps, barn owls, and an array of plants and fungi all can be found within the Trossachs region.