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Lake Nakuru National Park

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{{pagebanner|Lake Nakuru National Park Banner.jpg}} '''Lake Nakuru National Park''' is one of Kenya’s two Premium Parks, and is a birdlover’s paradise. It surrounds Lake Nakuru, a soda lake located in the Central Rift Conservation Area in the [[Southern Rift Valley]] region of [[Kenya]].Originally protected as a bird sanctuary, this park hosts over 400 bird species, including 5 globally threatened species, and is an important stop on the African-Eurasian Migratory Flyway. This park was also the first national Rhino sanctuary and hosts one of the world’s highest concentrations of the Black Rhinoceros. [[Image:nakuruflamingos.jpg|thumb|right|Flamingos on Lake Nakuru]]
==Understand==
Lake Nakuru National Park is one of Kenya’s 23 National Parks and one of two in the Premium category, along with [[Amboseli National Park]]. It can be found in Central Kenya, about 90 miles (140km) northwest of [[Nairobi]], in the [[Nakuru]] district of the Rift Valley Province. The ecosystem is comprised of the lake, surrounded by wooded and bushy grasslands. The park supports a wide ecological diversity including Flamingos (Greater and Lesser) and other water birds, and the Black and White Rhinoceros which are the major attractions of the area.
===History===
===History===Lake Nakuru National Park started as a bird viewing and sport shooting area of migratory birds in 1950s, but has since been expanded and fenced to protect populations of endangered giraffes and rhinoceros.*1957 - declared a conservation area *1961 - Southern two thirds designated a bird sanctuary*1964 - the bird sanctuary was extended covering the whole lake and a small strip of land around it*1968 - gazetted as National Park *1977- a number of Rothschild Giraffes translocated to the park from western Kenya for their protection*1984 - established as first government managed rhino sanctuary*1986 - an electric fence was erected around the park to replace the earlier chainlink*1987 - the park was declared a rhino sanctuary. *1990 - the lake was designated as a Ramsar [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramsar_site] site *2009 - designated as IBA (450 identified bird species)*2011 – Designated by UNESCO [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unesco] as one of the Kenya Lakes System (Lakes Elementaita, Nakuru and Bogoria) World Heritage Sites
===Landscape===
Depending on the season, Lake Nakuru National Park can cover up to about 25 miles2 (40 km2), and the entire park covers about 116 miles2 (188 km2). The lake is highly saline, so it is surrounded by a grassland of highly adaptable alkaline grasses. This park also has plainsmany hills with established viewpoints from which the lake, hillsthe woodlands, waterfalls and a big lake which forms a really beautiful landscape in often times the parkherds of buffalo can be seen.
===Flora and Fauna===
You can see around In addition to its 400 species of birds in , Lake Nakuru National Park. On a lucky day you can see Lions, Rhinosis home to 50+ mammal species, Giraffes, Antelopes, Leopards and Cheetahsover 500 species of flora. You can also find Millions This park is famous for the flocks of Pelicans Greater and Lesser Flamingos enjoying that gather around the fish lake, sometimes with as many as 2 million! You can find this great pink mass around the banks lake for a good part of the year, as these iconic birds stay mostly within the Rift Valley, migrating from lake to lake.Because Lake Nakuru National Park was fenced to protect endangered Rhinos and Giraffes, it can’t support African Elephants, so you won’t find any here! [[Image:Nakuru_Lake_Flamingonakururhinos.JPGjpg|thumb|240px|right|A family of White Rhinoceros near the lake]] You are guaranteed to see:White Rhinos, African Buffalos, Rothschild Giraffes, Zebras, Impalas, Olive Baboons, Vervet Monkeys, Waterbucks, a variety of water birds (Yellow-billed Pelicans, Marabou Storks, Hammerkops, Fish Eagles, etc.) Common in the park:Hyenas, Jackals, Lesser Flamingos at , Hippopotamus, Pythons If you are lucky you may see:Lions, Leopards, Black Rhinos, Wild Dogs, Colobus Monkeys, Cheetahs Don’t forget the plants! In Lake Nakuru]]National Park you can see a wide variety of beautiful landscapes: from grasslands to dense forests, and the very rare tarconanthus bushlands and euphorbia forests.safe craig
===Climate===
Lake Nakuru National Park is officially classified as dry sub-humid to semi-arid, which basically means it’s not too wet and not too dry, or too hot or cold. The Climate climate in this area is really pleasant all throughout beautiful, you won’t fry in the yearsun here like you would in Amboseli or [[Tsavo]]. Tourists can face an occasional You are likely however, to get rained on. Late afternoon is the most common time for rain but showers. If you want the temperature best chance of avoiding these rains, consider coming some time between July to December or January to March. However, avoiding the rain is around not guaranteed, even during these dryer months. Also, these months are in the peak tourism season, so the lower 20 deg C from January park will be very crowded with tourist vehicles. If you don’t mind a little rain and you want to avoid the crowd, come in Decemberor April to June (you’d also save money coming at this time!). Another great thing about this park- it’s fenced, so even during the wet months you will see wildlife because they cannot migrate away from the park.
==Get in==
The park opens at 7am. If you are traveling from [[Nairobi]], then leave at around 6.30 AMtake the Naironi-Nakuru highway. On the way to Nakuru you can also will have a great view of the [[Rift Valley]]. It , so drive slow and enjoy the scenery! From Nairobi, it is about a 30 -minute drive to a view point scenic overlook at 7200 feet (2200 Meters meters) above sea level and from here you can get a spectacular scene view of the volcanoes, Suswa and Longonot, on the road to Nakuru. Traveling in There are also a group of great little curio shops at this stop where you can buy souvenirs. Seeing the entire park ideally could take you a full day. Reach the National Park early , so plan to arrive around 9.00 AM and leave 9am unless you have more than a day in the park at 5.00 PMarea. It might take you few minutes to get your ticket and the vehicle checked.  The park has very well established roads that make most parts of the park accessible by 2-wheel-drive vehicles. Some less-traveled parts and most viewpoint hills will require 4-wheel-drive. The drivers also need to carry park has three gates: the Main Gate and Lanet Gate that link the park with the permit for Nairobi-Nakuru highway and the vehicleless-used Nderit Gate. Its advised If you choose to have some food or snacks before getting fly: It’s about a 25-minute flight from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in but never leave your vehicle open or else Nairobi to the Naishi airstrip inside the Baboons might attack searching for foodpark
==Fees/Permits==
The entry fee is $90 for adult, nonresident foreigners , 1200 ksh for nonresident children and $55 for non-resident students. If possible, pay in US$. If the fee is paid in Kenyan Shillings (KSH), the fee is converted to US$40at a highly unfavorable rate. For Kenyan Nationals it nationals the fee is KSH 1,200 for adults, KSH 600 for children; for foreign adult residents of Kenya the fee is KSH 1,200and one-half KSH 300 for children ages 3 through 17. If you are traveling in you’re using a van then currency other than the driver must have a permit which says he is allowed US$, see here for an up-to drive in the national park-date exchange rate calculator: http://www.kws.org/tourism/exchange. Vehicle permit html  A really cool new thing that KWS has started is necessary called SafariCard. You can buy a permanent one ahead of time and load it up with money to take use at several of Kenya’s parks, or you can buy a temporary one at the gate, surrendered at the vehicle in gate when you leave. See the parkdetails here: http://www.kws.org/about/safaricard. html  An additional vehicle fees fee is required, the amount of which is determined by the number of seats in your vehicle. For detailed list of vehicle and aircraft fees, see http://tinyurl. com/LNNPfees
==Get around==
The best way to get around almost any national park is by car. For a list of safari companies that are a part of the Kenya Association of Tour Operators, see http://www.katokenya.org/katomembers.asp
 
==Do & See==
*Game Driving
*Camping
*Picnic
*Photography
 
[[Image:babooncliff.jpg|thumb|right|View from Baboon Cliff]]
==See==Viewpoints (established- means you can park your vehicle, get out, and enjoy the view, take photos, even have a picnic on picnic tables present at these sites):*Lion Hill*Baboon Cliff*Out of Africa
==Do==Hills (not established viewpoints):*Enasoit*Honeymoon*Lion Ridge Waterfalls:*Makalia Falls (you can leave your vehicle here too, and take a short hike over to the falls)
==Buy==
You cant It’s suggested that any gear you might need like sunscreen, bug repellant, camping gear, etc. be brought with you to Kenya as the highest quality stuff may not be readily available to you once you get there. If you’re staying in Nairobi you can probably find anything a lot of this stuff at a Tusky’s (large supermarket chain in Kenya), but it may still be a good idea to bring it from home. Souvenirs can be bought inside the parkin the lodge gift shops, but if you want to buy from one of these places make sure you budget for it. Stuff in these gift shops is not cheap. If you have time, it’s better to spend it exploring and shopping in the nearby [[Nakuru]] town. You can find the guest house booking same stuff from locals here for 1/3 the price lodge gift shops ask for.  ==Eat & Drink==If you are staying outside the park or will only be in the night then area for a day, you can find something to eat. Please buy lots should definitely bring your own food and drinks and enjoy them at one of water before your enter he the scenic picnic spots throughout the park. It is advised to to carry any cigarettes when inside However, if your budget allows it, you can stop at one of the lodges in the parkand try the buffet or the a la carte menu. The park rangers don't like itThese lodges also have poolside bars where you can grab a cold drink (try a Tusker!). Keep in mind though: eating at a lodge won’t be cheap (it’s usually around $40/person for lunch or dinner!). There is If you plan to stay at a small restaurant outside lodge in the park where you can get snacks, they usually offer some sort of meal package that includes packed lunches for your day of game driving.
==Eat==If you are staying in Nakuru town, see the page [[Nakuru|here]] for some restaurant suggestions.
==Drink==If you are camping inside the park, you should also bring all your own food and supplies.
==Sleep==
===Lodging===
====In the park====
*'''Lake Nakuru Lodge''' [ http://www.lakenakurulodge.com Tel: (254-051) 850228/850518, Fax: (254-051) 216250, E-mail: [email protected] ] Spacious rooms, beautiful view, good service, fine cuisine. Offer organized game drives with tour companies that they associate with. Low season: $200-$420. High Season: $300-$715.
 
*'''Sarova Lion Hill Lodge''' [ http://www.sarovahotels.com/lionhill/ Tel: +254 0202315139/0202316931, Fax: +254 51 2210836, E-mail: [email protected] ] This lodge offers similar accommodations to Lake Nakuru Lodge. $300-$400
 
====Just outside====
===Lodging===Accommodation around the lake includes Lake * '''Nakuru Backpackers Hostel''' opposite Kamba bus station, along Nakuru - Eldoret highway (Just off Eldoret-Nakuru Lodge highway), Tel: +254 (0) 721 543 406. checkin: 24h; checkout: 10AM. Hostel with a bar and Lion Hill Camphot showers. $10 per person. *'''Merica Hotel''' [[Imagehttp://www.mericagrouphotels.com/mericahotel/ Tel: 254-051-2214232/2216013, E-mail:View_From_Lion_Hill[email protected].JPG|thumb|240px|right| View co.ke ] A beautiful Hotel in the heart of Lake Nakuru from the top of Lion Hill]]It is advised Town. Offer many activities such as: game drives to Lakes Nakuru, Elementaita, Bogoria, Baringo and Hell’s Gate and Aberdare National Parks, climbing Mt. Longonot, and visits to reach the national park in the evening if you are planning St. Egerton Castle. Also offer packed lunches for accommodation and then spend the whole of next day at the parkgame drives.$100-$305
===Camping===
Special Campsites- include the grounds only
* Naishi, Chui, Rhino, Soysambu, Nyati, Nyuki, Reedbuck
 
Public Campsites- include water and latrines
* Makalia, Backpacker’s
 
Note that there is NO water at Makalia and nothing else other than latrines but this is far better sight than Backpacker's which is at main gate and very noisy etc. Just make sure that you are self sufficient. You are almost certain to be visited by buffalo at night and hear the distant roar of lion - or maybe if you are lucky not o distant!!
===Backcountry===To make reservations: Nakuru Tel: 254 20-2664071, 254 20-2664079 , 254 20-2671686Fax: +254-20-607024E-mail: [email protected]
==Stay safe==
Some general common-courtesy, safari-etiquette things that will keep you safe and keep you from getting yourself kicked out of the park:
* Don’t harass the animals
*Don’t feed the animals
*Don’t litter
*Don’t leave your vehicle
* Never ever drive off of the designated roads- it could get you removed from the park, land you with a fine, and strip your tour driver of his tour license
* If you see something really awesome, pull over to the side of the road, shut off your vehicle, keep quiet and watch. Don’t try to get closer or coax the animal into coming closer to you, and don’t block other people from seeing whatever you’re seeing
For KWS’s official list of park rules and regulations, click here: http://www.kws.org/tourism/park_rules.html
==Get out==
The park closes at 6pm, and the last car is let in at 5:15. There are many things to see and do just outside Lake Nakuru National Park.
*Nearby National Parks to check out: Hell’s Gate, Mt. Longonot.
*For more birdwatching, check out these other Ramsar sites: Lakes Naivasha, Bogoria, Baringo, and Elementaita
*Menegai Crater
[[WikiPedia:Lake Nakuru#Lake Nakuru National Park]]
{{isInisPartOf|Rift_ValleySouthern Rift Valley}}{{outlineusablepark}}

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