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Working abroad

55 bytes added, 12:48, 29 March 2012
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{{traveltopic}}
Does earning money while living in a new and exciting surroundings sound appealing to you? Accepting employment overseas can offer both a cultural experience of living abroad as well as and the possibility of new job skills and earning money. More people than ever are working abroad, so if you like the concept of working abroad, consider what options are available to you.
==Jobs available ==
Jobs overseas can largely be divided into two categories -- those professional or skilled jobs that require substantial experience or training, and those that do not. The more "professional" jobs tend to hire exclusively in your home country, and usually offer higher salaries and perhaps an 'expat package' including housing and a relocation allowance. The more informal jobs can be picked up while travelling abroad, but offer much lower salaries and few if any benefits.
[[Teaching English]] is probably the single most common occupation for working abroad, and is discussed in its own article. It can be done both professionally, if you have the relevant degrees training and experience, or more informally, say as part of a round the world journey. [[Teaching_English#Other_ways_to_teach_abroad|Other teaching]] jobs are also sometimes available.
Nearly all '''governments''' send staff abroad for various reasons, mainly long-term government employees but also consultants or contractors for particular projects. Government departments with offices abroad always include foreign affairs and often trade and immigration. Often in these services, junior employees spend some time "paying their dues" by working in Back-of-beyond-istan; you need some luck and seniority to get a posting to Geneva or Hong Kong. These jobs have all the usual benefits and problems of any civil service post. Often, though, there are extra allowances for "hardship posts", sometimes enough to pay off a mortgage over a few years.
Then there are '''government-run foreign aid''' organisations. Many countries have several of these. For example, Canada has CIDA [http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/index-e.htm], their main aid agency; working there has similar benefits to any other government job. They also have CUSO [http://www.cuso.org/] sending volunteers abroad; see [[Making a differenceVolunteer]] for more on such organisations.
'''Non Governmental Organizations''' (NGOs) employ professional expats all around the world. These include big, quasi-governmental entities such as UNESCO or the Asian Development Bank, as well as and private development organizations such as CARE or World Vision. If you've got proven leadership ability, and an interest in third world development, many opportunities are available.
There are many jobs for various sorts of expert '''supporting off-shore work'''. A high-tech company with a development center in India, for example, will send some of its senior employees there and will hire many Indians, but there are still many niches that others might fill. Experienced project managers are hard to find anywhere and there may be a desperate shortage in times of rapid growth, Indian technical writers may need a native English speaker as an editor, and so on.
The '''Petroleum Industry''' employs expats anywhere oil is extracted. Working on an oil rig can be a tough job, but the pay is good.
There are also many jobs for '''volunteers'''. See [[Making a differenceVolunteer]].
A good resource Good resources for finding jobs in general is are online recruitment sites such as [http://www.monster.com monster.com] and [http://www.careers-jobs.eu Careers & Jobs], which also offers offer advice for moving overseas and has a listing have listings of opportunities available by country. A See also the Work section of country or region listings for local resource for finding jobs in Germany is [http://www.jobscout24.de JobScout24] or [http://www.jobs.de Jobs de]. In France you will find jobs on [http://www.cadremploi.fr CadrEmploi] and in Spain on [http://www.infoempleo.com infoempleo]job hunting resources.
=== Multinational companies ===
If you're interested in temporary jobs, or your visa limits you to temporary jobs, there are a number of industries which often have work available:
*'''Hostels''' and '''hotels''' - Smaller hotels and B&Bs are unlikely to require its their employees to speak or read English. At luxury hotels, however, with American, Irish, UK, and other English speaking business persons as the main customers, employees are likely to be required to speak and read fluent English.
*'''Tourist restaurants''' e.g. Hard Rock Cafe, or [[Munich]]'s Hofbrauhaus.
*'''Theme parks''' The most famous European theme park is [[Disneyland Paris]]. Disneyland Paris usually requires non-EU citizens to have a work visa before employment. You can ask if the theme park will hire you if you can obtain a visa before leaving your home country. Ask the theme park to write a letter to that effect and apply at the French embassy in your country.
===Visas===
'''Always''' secure the proper visa '''before''' you start your journey. Most countries do not allow employment on a tourist visa. In some cases travellers try to skirt this by departing the country and returning every 3 months or so -- an expensive and troublesome option that still leaves you working in illegal status. Unless your work plans are very short term, make sure that your employer can sponsor you for a valid work visa before accepting any job.
===Canadians wanting to work overseas===SWAP Working Holidays ( [http://www.swap.ca/out_eng/index.aspx www.swap.ca])is a great and affordable way for young Canadians to travel overseas. SWAP makes travelling and working abroad simple by providing participants with all necessary working visas, arrival orientations, arrival accommodation and on-going support services in the destination country. Our hosting centres help participants conduct accommodation and employment searches and have experience assisting participants adjust to life in a different country. SWAP is also an educational experience that looks impressive on a resume! Our participants are self-starters with knowledge about the world beyond the Canadian border.
====Americans====
American citizens often have to check the visa laws of the country they will be traveling to. If traveling abroad, but being hosted and taken care of by a company in the U.S. most countries won't require an American to obtain a work visa providing that the stay does not exceed 30 - 90 days.
If being hired by a foreign company to travel abroad then a visa is typically required. To obtain the visa, several things will normally require several things need to be submitted to an embassy/consulate of the nation you plan on working in -
*A visa application with passport sized photographs
*Criminal background report - This can often be obtained by visiting the sheriff's office in your county.
====EU citizens====
Citizens of the [[European Union]] - [[Austria]], [[Belgium]], [[Bulgaria]], [[Czech Republic]], [[Cyprus]], [[Finland]], [[Estonia]], [[France]], [[Germany]], [[Greece]], [[Hungary]], [[Ireland]], [[Italy]], [[Latvia]], [[Lithuania]], [[Luxembourg]], [[Malta]], [[Netherlands]], [[Poland]], [[Portugal]], [[SlovakiaRomania]], [[SloveniaSlovakia]], [[SpainSlovenia]], [[SwedenSpain]], and [[United KingdomSweden]] - normally do not need a visa to work and live in another EU member country. Exceptions to this are with newly admitted Central European and East European countries. Some nations have instituted immigration rules and laws that effectively create quotas for the number of citizens of new EU member nations allowed to emigrate to the country. ====United Kingdom====The [[United Kingdom]] has identical arrangements to the EU but has retained its currency the GBP. [http://www.careers-jobs.eu Jobs] here will not be paid in Euros so it is important to convert currency to understand the salaries offered, just like all other countries in the EU which do not use the Euro.
===Take a look first===
If considering a long-term assignment in a country you haven't been to before, especially with family, '''pay a visit first''', on your own dime time if necessary. This will give a much better idea of what to expect: you can experience the local lifestyle firsthand, you can meet the people you'll be working with, and you'll have a head start on choosing where to live, what schools look like, etc.
===Accommodation===
Moving to a new house is a hassle, and moving into a foreign country is double or triply so, because you don't know how things work and there may be a language barrier too.
If you opt to have a professional ship your belongings, you're usually looking at a big bill and wait of several months if you ship by sea, or a huge bill if you ship by air. Unless you're moving "for good", or have the company footing the bill (there and back!), you should aim to bring as little as possible. Importing a car or other motor vehicle anywhere is a ''major'' hassle. For furniture, household appliances and electronics it's usually far cheaper to buy new than ship. Books, on the other hand, can usually be shipped through ordinary mail surprisingly cheaply; ask about special rates for printed matter at your post office (in the United States, the key term is the "International M-Bag"). Most international moving companies can assit assist you on arrival in finding an apartment, getting a driver's license, or getting linked into the local expat community.
If you opt to bring all your worldly belongings with you, remember that airlines usually slap on steep excess freight charges if you exceed 20 kilograms.
In countries and regions less connected to the "outside world" than other parts life can be dull and uneventful to cure this many expats often venture into the nearest capital or take a weekend trip to another country.
To cope with living abroad, familiarize yourself with the local customs and culture as much as possible. Try to get out and see more than what you normally would during the commute to and from work. Make new relationships; seek out new friends. In most countries, you'll generally find that the more polite and good natured you are towards the locals, the easier your stay will be, and you might even make some life-long friends in the process. The general idea is to NOT be a shut-in, get out and generate some life experiences for yourself. Remember, people are all made from the same materials, and we all have the same basic feelings. Those in other countries aren't much different from you. If you can wrap your head around that concept, you will have a much easier time acquainting yourself with your new surroundings.
 
A recent Forbes article covers a [http://www.forbes.com/2008/12/09/relocate-world-countries-employment08-forbeslife-cx_ds_1210friendly.html?feed=rss_popstories survey] of expat-friendly countries; [[Canada]], [[Germany]] and [[Australia]] topped the list. The [[UAE]] was most difficult.
To cope with living See also [[Retiring abroad, familiarize yourself with the local customs and culture as much as possible. Try to get out and see more than what you normally would during the commute to and from work. Make new relationships]]; seek out new friends. In most countries, you'll generally find that the more polite and good natured you are towards some of the locals, discussion of the easier your stay will be, and expat life there also applies if you might even make some life-long friends in the process. The general idea is to NOT be a shut-in, get out and generate some life experiences for yourself. Remember, people are all made from the same materials, and we all have the same basic feelings. Those in other countries aren't much different from you. If you can wrap your head around that concept, you will have a much easier time acquainting yourself with your new surroundingsworking.  {{Outline}}
{{related|Gap_year_travel}}
{{related|Business_travel}}
{{related|Retiring abroad}}
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