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Toulon

3,992 bytes added, 11:54, 4 April 2018
Rearranged, added information on train connections from NCE and MRS
{{pagebanner| Toulon Banner.jpg}} '''Toulon''' [http://www.toulontourisme.com/] is a medium size city (15th town of France) between [[Marseille]] and [[Nice]]. It is located in the west of [[French Riviera]] and in the southeast of [[Provence]].
==Understand==
===Climate===
Climate is typical of the South of France. The summers are relatively hot. Temperatures , with temperatures usually get higher than 30 °C. June is a hot month but a sudden storm may occur every oncein a while . July usually features hot temperatures and blue sky. August may be even hotter, but storms may begin to occurespecially after the 15th of the month. Autumns are rainy. Storms *will* occur. Winters are dry. Temperatures wondon't go deeply usually drop sharply under 0 °C, but the wind factor causes a loss in Celsius degrees equal to one less degree per 10km wind speed, thus with a wind blowing at 50km/H O°C will increase the feeling of coldnessfeel like minus 5°C.
Unlike other towns of France, Toulon is ''not'' crossed by any big river, and there is no big river in the whole district (French: ''département du Var''). Some small rivers cross the town : ''Rivière neuve'' (English: ''new river''), ''Le Las'', ''L'Égoutyer'' also known as ''Rivière des amoureux'' (English: ''lover's river'') with no apparent reason. Except de the latter, the rivers are now in underground tubes and not visible.
===Economy===
The economy relies on the presence of a big French naval base that creates thousands of direct and indirect jobs. Tourism is also important.the population has up to 167,400 tourists every year
===History===
The history of Toulon is about three thousand years old. The Ligures settled here because of exceptional conditions:
* a hill protects the center of the town from the Mistral, a strong wind which blows in the southeast of France (you will experience wind almost everyday).
* on the south face of the hill, several sources gush out, which is exceptional in the so dry [[Provence]]. The name Toulon is linked to Telona, and an ancient Ligurian goddess of sources.* the hill (named Faron, about 500 m high) allows enables one to see view boats arriving from very far away, specially enemy boats. The name Faron cames from the Greek pharos (English: ''lighthouse'') for this reason. At the top of Faron, there still is still a military camp dedicated to communications with submarines.
* the water of the port is very calm, because it is protected by a peninsula ([[Saint-Mandrier]]) that nearly closes the port as a lagoon. It was possible to watch boats entering the port from there.
==Get in==
===By car===
The main roads are from east to west (and the opposite). There are highways from [[Nice]] (A57which connects to the large East / West A8) and [[Marseille]] (A50). You'll have to pay a toll to go outside the suburbs of the town on these highwaysThere are tolls both directions beginning at La Ciotat towards Marseille and just after Cuers heading toward Nice.
===By train===
Hourly Train service is provided to the train station located in Centre-Ville Toulon. From there you can find hourly links to [[Marseille]] (45 -55 min, depending on stops), 9.6 Eur full price one-way ticket.Regular links to or [[Nice]] (1h30). TER (Regional Train) service will be cheaper than purchasing tickets on the TGV (High Speed Train). Also TER tickets can be used for any TER train during the day whereas TGV tickets require you to board a specific train. Additionally, the only speed difference for trains on the Southern Coast is just the number of stops. TGV trains along the Cote d'Azur travel at similar speeds to regional trains, they just make fewer stops. There are also express TER trains that will take about the same amount of time as TGV trains as they eliminate intermediate stops. Booking train tickets is easiest through the official website, [http://www.sncf.com SNCF]
===By plane===
Toulon-Hyères regional airportInternational Airport, 18 km east of Toulonin the town of Hyères. Daily non stop flights from Paris-Orly and Paris CDG along with seasonal service to other destinations within France and Europe. See current destinations on their official website, +33 4 00 83 83, fax[http://www. +33 4 94 00 84 13toulon-hyeres. It is linked to other French airportsaeroport.fr/en/destinations TLN Destinations]
Other airports There are Marseilletwo roads drive to Toulon from Toulon-Provence Hyères airport. Either you follow the highways A570 to A57 (100 km west of free, fast, but not very interesting) (French: ''Toulonpar autoroute''), +33 4 42 14 14 14 and Nice-Côte dor you choose the road that follows the coast (French: ''Azur (150 km east of Toulonpar la côte''), +33 4 93 21 30 30.
There Other airports are two roads to go to Toulon from the ToulonMarseille-Hyères airport. Either you follow the highway Provence (free, fast, but not very interesting100 km west of Toulon) and Nice-Côte d'Azur (French: ''150 km east of Toulon par autoroute'') or .Both of these airports allow you to reach Toulon without a car. From Marseille you choose the road that follows the coast can either take a train from Vitrolles Marseille Provence Airport SNCF station (French: ''Toulon par la côte''limited service)or take a bus to Marseille St. It may take Charles and from there grab a longer timeTER into Toulon. From Nice, but this is nicer and on rush hour you may avoid traffic jam on trains are available from Nice St-Augustine (about a 25 minute walk from the terminal) or via bus or taxi to the highwayNice-Ville SNCF station.
===By Boat===
 
Toulon is a large harbour and offers several international routes including
[[Ajaccio]], [[Bastia]] and [[Ile Rousse]] ([[Corsica]]). It is always best to book early to avoid over booked ferrys.
 
Also ferry to [[Rome]] ([[Civitavecchia]])
==See==
===Historical center===
This part of the town was built in the Middle ages. It is called vieille ville (English: ''old town'') because of its age or basse ville (English: ''low town'') because it is the lowest point of the town except the sea). The historical center is located just just at north of the portharbour. You'll see very small intricate streets. Specially recommended wide streets are the Algiers and Lafayette streets (French: ''Rue d'Alger'' and ''Cours Lafayette''). These two are bordered by numerous shops and crowded every Saturday. Other small streets feature only old-looking buildings.
* Visit the '''portharbour''' and its '''promenade'''. The folk of old Provence, the typical accent of locals, and some wooden boats on the still sea (the folk is better in smaller town along the coast, however). Numerous souvenir shops, coffee shops and fish restaurants. Also on the port square, you'll see the statue of the Spirit of navigation pointing at the sea, locally known as "cul vers ville"for its buttocks are turned toward the city.For the record it might interest you to know that the statue was hidden and thought lost, during WWII , until it was found by chance in a local carpenter's shop who returned it to the authorities.
* '''Tour de l'horloge''', a monumental clock a the entry of the naval base (at the west of the port), anciently formely used to ring at the beginning and at the end of the working day.
* Just between the port harbour and the south of Cours Lafeyette, you'll see the Louis Blanc place with '''Saint François de Paule church'''. Built in the XVIIIth Century, it is of typical baroque style.
* Traditional markets of Provence, every morning on '''Cours Lafayette''' except on Mondays. You'll find there all local products of the regionthere. There are also other smaller markets.
* '''Place Puget''', in the historical center, is the ancient center of the town. You'll find a fountain built in 1780. The sculpture showed three dolphins, now completely covered by ivy. You'll enjoy staying in the shade of this place, at a coffee shop, during a hot afternoon.
* The '''Saint Marie de la Seds Cathedral''' is near Place Puget. Built in the XIth century, it has never been finished, but widened in 1738. There are numerous paintings of the XVIIIth Century.
===The new town===
Also called Haute ville (English: ''high town'') by contrast with basse ville, because it was built in a higher part of the town. It is was located at the north of the historical center, in the XIXth Century, by the baron Hoffman Haussmann (who was later called to build Paris). Numerous buildings and places are in the late XIXth Century style.
* '''Place de la liberté''' (English: ''Liberty plaza''). The This is one of the town's main places of the townsquare. There's a nice statue in a fountain. In winter, a skating rink is settled put up for childrenand there's a picturesque Christmas market featuring tasting of several specialties from around France during most of December. However this place sqaure may be noisy due to the main boulevard of the town running just along the placesquare.
* The '''Opera House''', place Victor Hugo, +33 4 94 93 03 76, is 100 m east of the Place de la Liberté.
===Parks===
* On the top of the Mont-Faron hill (500 m high), you'll be able to see enjoy a birdseye view of the town from above. If you go drive by car, the road is impressive. If you ride up by way of the cable car, this the feeling is even more impressive. Several paths allow hikers to cross walk accross the forest and go to/from the museums, the zoo, the cable car, etc.
* '''Alexandre the 1st Garden''' (French: ''Jardin Alexandre Ier''), at the west of the Municipal Library, garden opened with entertainment for young children, and a bandstand with casual concerts on Sundays.
* '''Frédéric Mistral Garden''' (French: ''Jardin Frédéric Mistral''), cours Frédéric Mistral, garden with collections of exotic spicesspecies. The brides and grooms Newliwed often choose to go there to take photographs after have their weddingphotographs taken, on Saturdays afternoon.
===Events===
===Beaches===
Beautiful beaches may be found in the small towns around Toulon. These The following ones seem to be specially recommended.
* Les Sablettesin la Seyne sur Mer.
* L'Argentière, in the town of La Londe-les-Maures (30 km east of Toulon).
* La Capte, near Hyères (15 km east of Toulon). The bottom is of pur pure sand (no seaweed) and the depth increases very very slowly.*St Cyr sur Mer some 20kms west of Toulon features a long sandy beach, perfect for families and kitesurfers. There too the seabed drops rather slowly, enabling one to reach way out into the water.
==Do==
you can visit the stuff above
 
'''RC Toulon''' [http://www.rctoulon.com] — A club with a proud history, the ''rouge et noir'' (red and black) are currently a rising force in French rugby, thanks to a deep-pocketed owner (comic publisher and Toulon native Mourad Boudjellal). Toulon, who play at Stade Mayol in the heart of the city, have assembled an impressive array of international stars, with the most notable signing being England superstar Jonny Wilkinson. Tickets may be hard to come by for some big matches, and the club has recently played one or two major matches a season at Stade Vélodrome in [[Marseille]].
==Learn==
* Toulon University (for science and technology): [http://www.univ-tln.fr/]
* University of law
* Engineering schools ISITV: [http://isitv.univ-tln.fr/]* Ecole Internationale de Design: [http://www.eid.var.cci.fr]* Ecole beaux arts de toulon : [http://www.esart-tpm.fr]
==Buy==
*'''La flambée''', pizza restaurant. Nice, intimate, reasonable prices and good food, building Le Marsouin, 518 bd Bazeilles, +33 4 94 42 12 07
*'''Grand café de la rade''', +33 4 94 24 87 02, on the portharbour, facing the statue of the spirit of navigation. Big coffee shop and restaurant, easy to find. There are really numerous coffee shops and restaurants on the portharbour, this is only an example.
==Drink==
==Sleep==
*<sleep name="Résidence Pierre &amp; Vacances Les Rivages" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.pv-holidays.com/scripts/fiche_produit.php?id_ofr=281&id_sai_passe=1&date=2009-02-28&duree=7&code=OUL15" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Residence is divided up into 7 buildings forming an arc. Located between the Coudoulière Estate’s landscape gardens and the harbour. The apartments enjoy views of the sea, harbour or the gardens with its small lakes. A Free and small, municipal, sandy beach* 250 m away, to the left of the harbour. Numerous creeks nearby. An extra 7 euro/night is charged to park the car.</sleep>
 
==Contact==
==Get out==
*[[Néoules]] - a town to the North
*[[Nice]] - Eastern Major City
*[[Marseille]] - Western Major City
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[[WikiPedia:Toulon]]
[[World66:europe/france/midi/cotedazur/toulon]]
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