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{{pagebanner|Pamukkale Banner.jpg}} [[Image:Pamukkale.jpg|thumb|350px|The travertine hot springs.]] '''Pamukkale''' is in inland [[Southern Aegean|southeastern]] [[Aegean Turkey]]. ==Understand==Pamukkale, which has been used as a spa since the second century BC, literally means "cotton castle" in Turkish. The travertine features have their origins in the shifting of a fault in the valley of the Menderes river (between here and (Denizli). As the fault shifted, very hot springs with a very high mineral content (notably chalk) arose at this location. Apart from the slightly radioactive minerals, the calcium and hydrogen carbonate react to create calcium carbonate (also known as travertine) and limestone. This is what gives Pamukkale its whiteness and created the pools. It can get quite hot in summer, a hat and especially sunglasses will certainly be very helpful against the sun and the reflecting sun rays from the chalky cascades. On the other hand, the cold winter climate could make the experience slightly uncomfortable. Climbing up the cascades barefoot, with cold water running downstream will be a tough task
==Get in==
The nearest major city is [[Denizli]], where you will likely arrive first before getting to Pamukkale.
===By plane===
*Closest airport is [[Denizli ]] - Cardak Airport is 65kms 65 km or 1 hour away and there are 3 Turkish Airlines flights twice daily to and from [[Istanbul]] Atatürk Airport and one AnadoluJet flight daily to and from Sabiha Gökcen Airport. From the airport you can take a shuttle to Denizli or Pamukkale. Turkish Airlines offers the service to their customers for 10TL, and the company Baytur offers the service for 26TL.
*[[Izmir ]] Adnan Menderes Airport is another alternative to the area. Pamukkale is 252 km from the airport, a drive of about 4 hours (4-1/2 to 5 hours by bus)or 6-7 hours by train. (Check TCDD [ TCDD] for train schedule.)
===By train===
There are trains to/The nearest train station is in [[Denizli]], which currently has services from [[Izmir]] only. The [[Istanbul]] service (''Pamukkale Express'') was suspended in 2008, presumably because of track renovations, Ankara and Istanbulit is not certain when/if the services will re-start.
===By bus===
Bus to Pamukkale/[[Denizli ]] can be found from almost all the cities of Turkey. Bus services include water, hot drinks and a snack.There are virtually NO ''no'' bus companies that take you directly to Pamukkale despite what the ticket sellers tell you. The bus will drop you in [[Denizli ]] and then you have to catch get on the local dolmus minibus to Pamukkale (about 20kms 20 km away). The minibus might not be free. Metroturizm offers bus service which takes you directly to Pamukkale from [[Goreme]]. So does Pamukkale bus service.
===By dolmus''dolmuş''===Take From Denizli bus station, take a '''dolmus''dolmuş''''', a type of cheap communal taxi that usually seating seats about 10 persons (but it's possible they'll squeeze in more), from nearby [[Denizli]]. Frequent mini-buses serve the village of Pamukkale in a 20min 20 minute ride. They leave from #75 in the bus terminal and it costs 4 TL per trip. It is also possible to make reservation the bus ticket from Pamukkale Village. And the bus company can arrange shuttle bus to bus station if there is enough number of people.
==Get around==
Even when you're way on the edge of the village, you can reach everything (i.e. the village center and the travertine pools) on foot in about ten to fifteen minutes.
[[Image:Pamukkale.jpg|thumb|The travertine hot springs.]]
* The petrified waterfalls/[[:WikiPedia:Travertine|travertine]] are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. They are a beautiful sight.
[[Image:Pamukkale_Theater_tr.jpg|thumb|Roman theater]]<b>The 12000 seat Roman theater Travertines of Hierapolis should not be missed.Pamukkale</b>
* Another lesser known site, but one that holds These are a set of bizarre calcium cliff bathing pools overlooking the town of Pamukkale. You can access them via a considerable significance Biblically is Laodikyatoll-booth, just 10 minutes from Pamukkale however tough pollution control regulations require removing your shoes in order to walk on them (so bring something to put your shoes in!), so the Denizli roadtravertines stay white as ever. It's mentioned This job is made tougher in winters when the Bible as one of water flowing down the 7 Churches of chalky cascades will be freezing cold. You can avoid the Revelations climb and even though it hasn't been reconstructed as much as the more famous sites like Ephesus, is take a great place taxi to experience the Roman history without top of the hill and enter from the crowdsside of Hierapolis.But the real charm of the place lies in experiencing these travertines
* Karahyit, the red spring These petrified waterfalls/travertine are a [[UNESCO World Heritage List|UNESCO World Heritage site]]. The admission cost is also 5 minutes from Pamukkale, not 50TL (as big of May 2019). This price includes addmission to nearby Roman city of Hierapolis as well. Lower parts of the travertine cascades are reported to have better views than the calcium outcrop, but worth a looktop.
* Kaklik caves Day tours are like a small version offered for around 45 Lira (as of January 2010) including English-speaking guide, entrance fee to Hierapolis and the travertines and buffet lunch. Different companies seem to offer similar tours, ask around. Such tours leave from the Pamukkalebus company office on the main street opposite the travertines, and the Koray Hotel.There may be tours starting from other places around the town as well.. but in a caveFor those who rather not visit the travertines under the scorching sun, underground and there are about 30 minutes also night tours as well, which start from Pamukkalesmall guesthouses==Understand==
*'''Pamukkale''' means "cotton castle" in Turkish*The springs have been used as a spa since the second century BC[[Image:Pamukkale_Theater_tr.jpg|thumb|300px|Roman theater]]
Other than the travertines, places worth a look around Pamukkale are:* The travertine features have their origins great (12,000-seat) '''Roman amphitheater of Hierapolis''' should not be missed, and lies just above the travertines. * Swim with roman ruins in a large natural swimming pool located just past the topmost travertines. (50TL admission to the shifting of pools, free admission to visit. 5TL for lockers)* Another lesser known site, but one that holds a considerable significance Biblically is '''Laodikya''', just 10 km (10 minutes on a fault local ''dolmuş'') from Pamukkale on the Denizli road. It's mentioned in the valley Bible as one of the Menderes river (between here 7 Churches of Revelation and Denizli). As even though it hasn't been reconstructed as much as the fault shiftedmore famous sites like [[Ephesus]], very hot springs with is a great place to experience the Roman history without the crowds. A peaceful way to spend a very high mineral content (notably chalk) arose day looking at this locationruins but also the beautiful scenery there as well. Apart * '''Karahayit''', the red spring is also 5 minutes from the slightly radioactive mineralsPamukkale, not even nearly as big as the calcium and hydrogen carbonate react outcrop, but worth a look or if you want to create calcium carbonate (also known as travertine) try their mud baths. Springs and limestonemud bath located at the northern edge of the town. This is what gives * '''Kaklik caves''' are like a small version of Pamukkale it's whiteness , but in a cave, underground and created the poolsare about 30 minutes from Pamukkale.
* You can walk down barefooted in the waterfalls from the village on top. The place is crowded when the tour-buses arrive.No shoes are allowed on the travertines. If you stay at one don't want to walk back to top, you can use the buses dropping off people back to top, which depart from near lower end of the small pensions they might give you travertines. You should wear a tour swimming suit. A lot of people bathe in the ruins and travertines at nightbaths here.* It is also worth seeing making the effort to get to the remains of the ancient city of [[Aphrodisias]]&mdash;one of the best preserved Roman sites in [[Southern Aegean|southeastern Aegean]]. You can rent a van from [[Denizli ]] to get there. Or the local hotels run tours Local bus companies will arrange bussing for approx 25 lira30-40 TL.Also there are thermal baths at * Bathe in the top mineral hot springs. This is an enclosed pool, with an additional entrance fee of the travertine pools and the ancient city 50 TL as of Hierapolis with a great AmphytheatreMay 2019, above waterfalls.* Of moderate interest might be visiting [[Denizli it]]. It's a bit dull but there's a lively market. Loadikya is another less visited ruin site only 10kms from Pamukkale on the local dolmus, entrace was free and there was virtually NO tourists there. Peaceful way to spend a day looking at ruins but also the beautiful scenery there as well.
The Pamukkale/Denizli area is famous for its '''cotton and the homewares from there '''. These are becoming sought after world wide (Arnold Schwartzenegger decked out his house in curtains and furnishings specially made in Denizli - so the story goes!) and the best place to go is the town of Buldan, about 30 minutes drive from Pamukkale. Many of the other souveniers souvenirs and traditional Turkish wares that you can find in other parts of Turkey are cheaper around Denizli/Pamukkale because they are produced there.
The best and freshest food is to be found in the small family run pensions, but for a great open air restaurant where you can eat 'borek' the Turkish pancakes and gaze across the valley, try '''Alis ''' on the main highway just before you come into the town. *'''Mehmets Heaven''', on the main street near the Travertines has an excellent view of Pamukkale from his porch out back. Great food and well priced. Super nice owner as well. *<eat name="Kayas Wine House" alt="" address="Kale Mah. Ataturk Cad. No 3" directions="centre" phone="0090 258 272 2267" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Recently started serving food, not only Turkish but also international (Korean, Japanese...) in traditional but trendy surroundings. Located in the centre of town, close to all the major hotels.</eat>*<eat name="Lamuko's Lokanta" alt="" address="Main Street Pamukkale" directions="" phone="0090 542 390 8175" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Japanese and Korean food in the centre of Pamukkale, next to Pamukkale Bus Company office. Delicious!</eat>*<eat name="Kale Hotel" alt="" address=" Atatürk Cad. 16 " directions="(on the main street in the centre of town)" phone="+90 258 272-26-07" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This place has great Chinese, Korean, and Japanese food at an excellent deal. It's also got Turkish food, but is a great change if you'd like something other than gözleme, pide or kebabs. Entrees are around 10 TL and it has beer and wine.</eat>*<eat name=" Traverten Pide" alt="" address="Traverten Sokak, No 3/A, Pamukkale, Turkey" directions="" phone="90 532 304 0285" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Doesn't look much from the outside but it is a lovely little place serving turkish foods, pide, kebab, kebap, the normal stuff. Prices good, cheap eats, however food freshly prepared and meals of generous size. Pide 7tl upwards, big iskander 20tl, worth a visit.</eat>
Mehmets Heaven on the main street near the Travertines has an excellent view of Pamukkale from his porch out back. Great food and well priced. Super nice owner as well.
You should try turkish national drink called * Ayran, which is very healthya salty yogurt drink similar to a salty lassi. It is may be an aquired acquired taste though, but should be tried while in Turkey.* The wines produced in the Pamukkale area are becoming quite famous and are winning awards for the quality and standard. Note that Turkish wine may disappoint. * Raki!! is a traditional Turkish drink, generally served with mezes (tapas like appetizers, generally followed by a fish or lions milk as meat dish). With an anise-seed flavor, it is known, again may be an aquired acquired taste. Great with fish or any long meal as it is meant toopen to open up your appetite.* Efes or Tuborg are the go-to beers in all of Turkey, and are often the only beers available.
There are small family-run pensions at the village south of the travertines. Most have swimming-pools filled with the warm greenish milky water from the travertines. They also offer very delicious Turkish food.
*<sleep name="Artemis Yoruk Hotel" alt="" address="Atatürk Cad. 48/A" directions="" phone="+90 258 272-26-74" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-26-75" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€ 12/€ 20 single/double rooms, including breakfast. They advertise € 9 pp dorms with breakfast but may refuse to take less than 25TL if you just show up. Walk a bit further and you'''Allgau motel Melrose Place (what's in ll find cheaper accommodation">Hotel just opposite the bus stop with a name)''' is pool and a nice familygarden, and a rooftop restaurant which serves traditional Turkish food. Rooms with en-suite, TV, and air-con. Owners can speak English.</sleep> * <sleep name="Hotel Dört Mevsim" alt="they also go by the name Four Seasons though neither affiliated nor has any similarity to the hotel chain" address="" directions="" phone="+90 258 272-20-09" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-26-32" url="" checkin="7:30AM-11:30PM" checkout="11:30AM" price="€ 14/€ 17 sinlge/double rooms, € 10 pp dorms, all including breakfast. Visa, Euro/Mastercard are accepted">Hotel with free wi-fi, swimming pool, free car park, babysitting service, and air-run pansion con. They allow pets at no extra cost. They also have a campground on their yard.</sleep> *<sleep name="Kale Hotel" alt="" address="Kale Mah. Atatürk Cad. 16" directions="on the eastern end main street in the centre of town " phone="+90 258 272-26-07" url="" fax="+90 258 272-26-07" email="[email protected]" checkin="" checkout="11AM" price="€ 12" lat="37.9175536" long="29.1211402">A family-run guesthouse. Rooms with nice rooms for about 32 YTL satellite TV. There is a hostel dorm. Roof-top terrace, swimming pool, free wi-fi, Ottoman Corner, restaurant, day trips and upwardsexcursions. The friendly owners serve cheap but tasty home cooked meals</sleep> *<sleep name="Koray Hotel" alt="" address="Pamuk Mah. Fevzi Çakmak Cad. 29" directions="" phone="+90 258 272-22-22" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-20-95" url="http://www.hotelkoray. There's a laundry service com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Friendly and family-run, with garden bar and restaurant and a large swimming pool filled . Rooms with spring watersatellite TV. They also used to allow campers to put up their tentsThe hotel can organize day tours, express bus tickets, plane tickets, and offers a transfer service.</sleep>
*'''Artemis Yoruk <sleep name="Melrose Allgau Hotel''' Great location" alt="" address="Vali Vekfi Ertürk Cad. 8" directions="" phone="+90 258 272-22-50" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-31-20" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€ 20/€ 25 single/double rooms, right in including breakfast. Credit cards are accepted">A nice family-run pansiyon at the centre eastern end of town and just oppersite the bus stop. Good range of with nice rooms, dorm, single, double, triple and familyall of which have air-con. Price included breakfastThe friendly owners serve cheap but tasty home cooked meals. HUGE There's a laundry service and a pool and nice garden, great for relaxingfilled with spring water. Owners very helpful. Lots of tour information, book exchange, free internetThey also used to allow campers to put up their tents.</sleep>
*'''Venus <sleep name="Öztürk White Hill Hotel''' is a " alt="" address="Pamuk Mah. Fevzi Çakmak Cad. 31" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">A small family-owned hostel.</sleep> * <sleep name="Sinter Terasse Hause Hotel" alt="" address="Pamuk Mah. Hasan Tahsin Cad. 22" directions="" phone="+90 531 708 81 16" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-22-33" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€ 20/€ 28 single/double rooms, including breakfast">A comfortable, popular choice famıly run hotel with wireless internet access and cable TV. Rooms with single, double, tripleen-suite, quad and five person rooms that have been newly renovated air-con. Staff can speak English and are available for very reasonable pricesGerman. There is also </sleep> * <sleep name="Venüs Hotel" alt="" address="Pamuk Mah. Hasan Tahsin Cad. 16" directions="" phone="+90 258 272-21-52" email="[email protected]" fax="+90 258 272-29-93" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€ 20/€ 28 single/double rooms, including breakfast">A comfortable hotel with wireless internet connectionaccess, a swimming pool filled with the famous Pamukkale thermal water and a restaurant where the hotel's guests and other visitors from all around the town get to try traditional home cooked Turkish meals travertines. Rooms with en-suite, and local winesair-con. They also provide travel services and information and have fluent Staff can speak English speaking staff.</sleep>
==Get Out==
<!--suggestions of where to go next? -->
* [[Denizli]] is a short bus ride away, and from here one can transfer to, among other options, [[Selçuk]] & its Roman ruins of [[Ephesus]], or the popular Mediterranean resort city of [[Antalya]]. Just shop around at the various travel agencies scattered throughout Pamukkale to get the best price quotes, though beware their mark-ups for fees/"taxes" (in particular, Neşe Tours charges high hidden "taxes": e.g. 45 TL for a bus to [[Bergama]] that was supposed to include the 3 TL dolmuş price to [[Denizli]], when in fact the dolmuş must be paid extra upon arriving in [[Denizli]], and one could buy the same [[Bergama]] bus ticket for a mere 30 TL at the Denizli bus station counter).   [[ja:パムッカレ]][[nl:Pamukkale]] {{outlineusable}}{{isInisPartOf|Aegean_TurkeySouthern Aegean}} [[WikiPedia:Pamukkale]][[World66:asia/middleeast/turkey/pamukale]]
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