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Oakland

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{{pagebanner|Oakland Banner.jpg}}
 
'''Oakland''' is a city in the East Bay of the [[Bay_Area_(California)]] of [[San Francisco]].
==Understand==
Oakland stands out as an important industrial port city in California and as one of the most important American centers of African-American culture. With its large downtown area and its industrial charme, Oakland resembles somewhat older industrial cities in the East Coast, i.e., [[Pittsburgh]] or [[Baltimore]]. However, Oakland's diversity––it remains one of the most racially and ethnically diverse cities in America–– as well as its strikingly creative, and multiracial culture; its historically, often prescient, progressive politics; and its emerging status as one of America's leading culinary cities, all ensure the city's distinctness. In the wake of white flight between the 1950s and the 1990s, exacerbated by mid-twentieth century deindustrialization, Oakland became home and a defining political and cultural center to Northern California's African Americans. Infusions of Latinx in the Post-War era helped reshape Oakland from a white, Republican, and deeply conservative city into a largely "minority" and progressive-leaning urban center, albeit one that white institutions of industry and financial investment largely abandoned in the same period. The resulting decline of the city's fortunes, economic opportunities, and quality of life led, in part, to its historical role as the birthplace of the Black Panther movement in the 60s and 70s. Oakland's post-industrial decline made it especially vulnerable in the crack epidemic during the 80s and early 90s, even as the city saw the first seeds of white influx gentrification in neighborhoods that are now among the Bay Area's most prized –– and expensive.
[[File:Flying into Oakland above the port.jpg|thumb|Reverse flight path landing at Oakland]]
Oakland is currently experiencing "hyper-gentrification," an especially fast and deep influx of monied whites (but also size-able numbers of affluent, educated African-American, Latinix, and Asian-American and other professionals and creatives of colour). This gentrification has improved Oakland's quality of life, restored blighted areas, lowered violent and property crimes, and expanded the city's already vibrant multiracial arts communities. Gentrification has also pushed Oakland's formidable local culinary scene into one of international reputation. Whereas tens of thousands of middle-class citizens fled Oakland between 1970 and the 1990s due to the city's decline and resulting high crime and neighborhood degradation, revitalization encouraged by mayors Lionel Wilson and Elihu Harris and aggressively expanded by then mayor Jerry Brown, has ensured that Oakland not only gained back but surpassed its former population high-water mark in the 1950s. In recent years, the international media have focused on Oakland's outstanding artistic, culinary, and creative arts; publications ranging from The New York Times, UK Guardian, Zagat to National Geographic Traveler have all placed Oakland in their prestigious annual top-cities-to-visit lists, transforming perceptions of Oakland from "Murder City" of "thugs" to the NYTimes' coined meme, "Brooklyn by the Bay," a city of multiracial creatives, hipsters, young star chefs, working-class bohemians, and eccentrics of the sort once associated with twentieth century San Francisco.
==See==
[[File:Tribune Tower Oakland.jpg|thumb|right|Tribune Tower Oakland]]
[[File:Pergola at lake merritt.jpg|thumb|The pergola at Lake Merritt]]
[[File:Oakland skyline at lake merritt.jpg|thumb|Oakland Skyline from Lake Merritt]]
[[File:Lake Merrit.jpg|thumb|Lake Merritt viewed from the amphitheater]]
[[File:Mountain View Cemetery.jpg|thumb|View from Mountain View Cemetery]]
[[File:Grand Lake Theater.jpg|thumb|right|Grand Lake Theater]]
===Downtown Oakland===
Downtown Oakland offers many interesting sights to visit. There are elegant high-rise buildings, but also beautiful traditional architecture in Old Oakland. There exists a fascinating old urban Chinatown in downtown Oakland.
* Fox Oakland Theatre, a former movie theatre, this beautiful Art Deco highlight from 1928, inspired by Middle Eastern und Indian architecture.
* Federal Realty Building, (AKA the Cathedral Building) a tiny and tall historic high rise building on Broadway. This especially elegant building was completed in 1914 and reminds the visitor from the Flatiron Building in [[New York City ]]. At the corner of Telegraph and Broadway.
* Harrison Street Fifteenth Street Historic District, contains some nice low rise buildings, a few good African American restaurants. Albeit somewhat rough, there are some charming graffities graffiti as well.
* Paramount Theatre, another amazing Art Deco theatre, from 1931, with a stunning interior. Today the home of the Oakland East Bay Symphony, it hosts jazz and gospel, among others.
 
* Tribune Tower, old HQ of the Oakland Tribune newspaper
 
* Oakland Museum of California, fantastic exhibitions on the History, Natural Science and Arts that have shaped the state. The building has an award winning landscaped roof that terraces down offering views of nearby Lake Merritt. The roofs-cape is free admission. Periodic special exhibits are also very worthwhile.
 
*Alameda County Courthouse
 
===Old Town/ Chinatown===
Located within the downtown district area, the Chinatown neighborhood and Old Town feature historic architecture, interesting shops and food. 9th street will bring you into the small old town area. Friday farmers market. Closest BART stops: 12th Street and Lake Merritt.
 
* Swans Market - old warehouse redeveloped with restaurants and cohousing
 
===Lake Merritt===
"The jewel" of the city, the USA's first bird sanctuary, a former estuary that was dredged in the early days of Oakland. Ringed by parks and landscaped areas, the lake where the city comes. Due to the warmer weather inherent to the East Bay, vs San Francisco, people BBQ, picnic and hang out around the lake. Weekends are popular times to people watch, and you may encounter drum circles featuring the ethnic diversity of Oakland at the Pergola to the NE. Rent boats on the lake, or have a bite at the multiple restaurants and neighborhoods that front the lake. Accessible by BART from 19th or Lake Merritt BART stations by a quick walk or by bus from much of the city via the 57, 14, 29, 6, 51B, NL and other lines.
 
Truly a pride of the city and a great loop walk. Wonderful views of the hills to the east and a great place to spend part of an afternoon.
 
===Jack London Square===
 
While somewhat disconnected from downtown by the freeway, busses, and bike share and rideshare or walking can easily get you to Jack London; the waterfront district abutting the harbor. See the cranes at the port and access the Amtrak station as well as ferry port connection to San Francisco. Farmers Market, shops, restaurants and waterfront activities await. Across the narrow channel is the city of Alameda.
 
===Rockridge===
 
Quaint and leafy upscale neighborhood adjacent to a BART stop. Follow College Ave south to Broadway and north toward Berkeley to see various stores, shops, restaurants, cafes and bars. Worth a stroll and visit to Rockridge Market Hall.
 
===Temescal===
 
Trendy Temescal located just off of MacArthur BART along Telegraph from 40th Street northward to Claremont contains breweries (Temescal and Rose's taproom), trendy stores and restaurants and the super-trendy Temescal Alley shopping enclave tucked off of 49th St.
Also see 40th and MLK for Arthur Mac's Tap and Snack for great outdoor seating with pizza and beer. Good spot for families with small kids in tow.
 
===Piedmont Ave===
 
More 'family oriented' neighborhood due to slightly older demographic. Features Piedmont Theater, shops, cute stores, Timeless Coffee, Blue Bottle, and some great restaurants.
Don't miss Mountain View Cemetery and the Chapel of the Chimes at the north end of Piedmont Ave. Featuring amazing westward and bay views, it was the place to be burried back in the day. Recognize famous names on fanciful tombstones in this park-like cemetery.
===Lakeshore===
A lively 100 year old neighborhood boardering bordering the north of Lake Merritt that features the historic Grand Lake Theater and Morcom Rose Garden.
Take a stroll down Lakeshore Avenue, with its charming string lights, coffee shops, restaurants, and thrift shops. Or walk down Grand Avenue and take a Bikram yoga class followed by a slice of pizza.
===Friday Night at the Museum===
Every Friday, the Oakland Museum hosts a get together featuring food trucks, musical talents and guest speakers.
 
Art Murmur / First Fridays: Every first Friday of the month, in the Uptown Arts District, galleries and vendors come out along Telegraph Ave between Grand and 27th. See interesting art, street art, music and food trucks. Galleries are open in the winter months, while the street fair occurs during the (non rainy) months of the year.
 
===Shows and Live Music===
*Fox Theater - beautiful restored old theater, major and mid level acts play here on their way through the bay. Right off of 19th Street BART. Many restaurants and bars nearby.
*The New Parish
*Starline Social Club
*Paramount Theater
==Learn==
==Buy==
Oaklandish - local pride clothing and urban lifestyle brand that relishes in the hometown pride of Oakland! Storefront downtown and in the Dimond district.
 
Beer - many local breweries are available in Oakland
 
Coffee - many local roasters are HQ'd in Oakland (Blue Bottle, Red Bay, Bicycle, etc)
 
Oakland Spice Shop - wonderful selection of international spices and incredible variety. Located near the lake on Grand Ave.
 
 
'''Local neighborhoods and local stores:'''
 
Rockridge, Piedmont Avenue, Temescal and Temescal Alley, 40th between Webster and Broadway, Lakeshore, Grandlake, and the Dimond District all feature cute and one-off stores.
 
'''Books'''
*Pegasus Books - Rockridge
*Walden Pond Books - Grandlake off of Grand Ave near Elwood. Wonderful selection of new and used books.
 
'''Art'''
 
the Uptown District features many local artisans and art galleries
Farmers Markets often feature local artisans as does the monthly Art Murmur street fair
==Eat==
* [https://m.wholefoodsmarket.com/mobile/stores/oakland Whole Foods]
* [https://www.mandelafoods.com Mandela Foods Co-op]
 
 
Farmers Markets occur in various neighborhoods throughout the city. Notable ones are the Grand Lake (Saturday) at Lakeshore and Lake Park at Splash Pad Park which features produce, food vendors, and handiworks. Old Town (Fridays) and Temescal (Sundays).
 
===Budget===
• Tacos Mi Ranchos stays open til 2AM on weekdays and 3AM on weeknights. Be prepared for potentially long lines.
 
Trueburger - local burger spot with two locations
 
Arizmendi's
===Mid-range===
Shangri-La Vegan has two locations, one in Emeryville and one in Temescal. They serve fixed menu with seasonal ingredients, with optional variations in size. Lunch will range $6-14, tea and soup included.
 
The Star - deep dish pizza. Grand Ave
 
Boot and Shoe Service - Italian/ Californian fare
 
Parlour - Uptown
 
 
===Splurge===
 
Duende - Spanish/ Californian
 
Penrose
 
A16 - Rockridge neighborhood
==Drink==
===Budget===
There isn't that are not very many budget options in the Bay Area in general. It is best advised that if you are looking for a good deal, you can explore Airbnb. However AirBnB is actually banned on stay durations shorter than 30 days (as of April, 2019) per city regulations. This is a rental platform that allows home owners to rent their furnished rooms out to guest for a day, week, or month. Be sure to look at the reviews prior to booking. Ranges can be from $50 or more. Be aware of regulations pertaining to AirBnB and be aware that your reservation may be subject to cancellation if the host is reported to the city. There are some budget hotels near MacArthur and Telegraph near MacArthur BART.
===Mid-range===
Marriott downtown Oakland
 
Waterfront Hotel - Jack London Square
 
Courtyard Oakland - Downtown
===Splurge===
Claremont Hotel - beautiful and historic old hotel in the foothills on the Berkeley border. Relatively close to Rockridge and Elmwood (Berkeley) neighborhood.
===Vehicle===
==Get out==
 
*Berkeley - famously liberal bastion Berkeley and east bus or BART ride to north of Oakland. See the University campus and the beautiful buildings.
*East Bay Regional Parks - wonderful collection of parks lining the hills to east of the city
*Alameda - quiet island city just to the south of Oakland. Bay/beach access, cute downtown and old Navy Base featuring a series of distilleries and breweries are worth part of a day or full day. Connections via bus and car and ferry to Oakland.
*Marin/ Sonoma and Napa counties
 
{{IsPartOf|Bay Area (California)}}
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