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Delhi

3,789 bytes added, 10:14, 20 November 2019
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{{quickbar
|location=National Capital Territory of Delhi in India (special marker) (disputed hatched).svg
|flag=Flag of Delhi State.png
|capital=
|government=Indian National Capitol Territory
|currency=Indian rupee Rupee (INR)
|area=573.0 km<sup>2</sup>
|population=11,007,835(2011 est.)
{{printDistricts}}
'''New Delhi''' ([[Hindi]]: नई दिल्ली, [[Urdu]]: دلّینئی دہلی, [[Punjabi]]: ਨਵੀਂ ਦਿੱਲੀ) [http://delhigovt.nic.in] is [[India]]'s capital city and the home of executive, legislative, and judiciary branches of the Government of India. Delhi is a large metropolis with strengths in arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence.
==Districts==
*'''Mehrauli''' – Muhammad Ghori managed to defeat Prithviraj Chauhan in battle in 1192. Ghori left his slave Qutub-ud-din Aibak as his viceroy, who in turn captured Delhi the subsequent year. After Ghori's death in 1206, Aibak proclaimed himself the ruler of Delhi and founded the slave dynasty. Qutb-ud-din contributed significantly in terms of architecture by getting Mehrauli built. His most prominent contribution is the starting of Qutab Minar. This 72.5 m tall tower was built across three generations and finally completed in 1220AD. A visitor to the Qutab Minar could also see the mausoleum of Kaki, Shamsi Talao and some other mosques. The Slave dynasty ruled until 1290, among them was Razia Sultan who ruled for just three years, but became a historic figure for being the first empress in India.
 
*'''The Tombs''' – Out of the many scattered around the city, one of the best ones to visit is Humayun’s Tomb. This is where the great Mughal Emperor Humayun rests and the 16th-century tomb with its architecture, both Mughal and Persian influences is an ode to the great king. The red sandstone is beautiful and the magnificence of the structure is breathtaking.
*'''Siri''' - Qutubuddin Aibaq's 'Slave Dynasty' was followed by the line of Khilji (or Khalji) rulers. The most prominent among the six rulers was Allauddin who extended the kingdom to the south of Narmada and also established the city of 'Siri'. Among some of the remaining ruins, is part of the Siri Fort in the greater Hauz Khas area. The madrasa at Hauz Khas was constructed during Allauddin's reign and bears the stamp of West Asian architecture. Hauz Khas is more often visited today for the chic botiques and restaurants.
===Beware===
Probably the worst way to get introduced to India for the first time visitor would be to fly into Delhi on one of those packed red-eye flights arriving at 1am, and take a random taxi from airport into a hotel in a backpacking district, and follow the taxi driver hotel suggestions once you have heard that your hotel has been closed/burned a few days ago. This city is '''difficult''' to handle even for seasoned travelerstravellers, and it is hard to shake off the feeling that it is one big dirty noisy dump where everyone tries to rip you off.
Generally , for a first -time visitor , you will get a better experience of India if you initially fly to Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore or Kolkata (then you can continue to Delhi). However , if you must fly to Delhi:
* Book a flight arriving during the daytime, preferably afternoon (morning and evening traffic is very bad). A huge number of flights, mostly from the Middle East, are arriving in the late night, and the airport is crowded.
* For the first -night book a hotel in advance in the same price range you'd book a hotel in your own country. Yes, good hotels in India could be very cheap, but it is hit and miss. Next day you can walk around and move to a different hotel, or negotiate a price in your hotel down (this is why you only need to book one night).
* Ask the hotel to pick you up from the airport. You will pay 2x-4x more than the normal taxi fare would be, but you will save yourself lots of hassle as the driver will wait for you in arrival area (and yes, they will still wait even if your flight is 4hr late) - and, being the first time in India, it is unlikely you'd get a normal taxi fare anyway. Trying to get Uber at Indian airport also is not a good idea, as finding your driver is always a major hassle which requires several calls - too many cars, and too many people.
Note that those items mostly apply to Delhi only. Other Indian airports receive significantly less international traffic and are less crowded, and Delhi seem seems to be the only major city in India which still doesn't have a proper concept of taxi regulations, and has such a huge abundance of hotels which shouldn't even be allowed to open doors.
==Get in==
* '''Terminal 1C/1D''', also known as "Palam Airport" or "Domestic", is used only by low-cost carriers IndiGo, GoAir and SpiceJet. Flights arrive at Terminal 1C but depart from terminal 1D.
* '''Terminal 3''', the enormous main terminal, is used by all international flights and all full-service domestic carriers which include Jet Airways, Air India, AirAsia India and Vistara.
* '''Terminal 2''' is only in use during the Haj pilgrimage for flights to [[Mecca]] and [[Medina]].
===By Car===
Many online cab hire services are now extensively serving major cities in India like North India Car Renta, Rajasthan Cab, Vayu Travels, Travelocar Car Rental, Owic Car Rental, Best Way Cabs, JKS Travels, [https://www.megacabs.com/delhi Mega Cabs], Amy CAB, Uber, Japji travel, Delhi Oneway Cab, My Tempo Traveller, [https://tempotravellerjaipur.in Tempo Traveller Jaipur], UberX are in fact more reliable, cheaper, and more pleasant than dealing with (and haggling with) unscrupulous/overeager/bothersome taxi drivers or autorickshaw drivers. You can get in by cabs and this is the safest way to get in if you want to avoid bus services in Delhi.
===By bus===
* '''Kashmere Gate ISBT''' (aka Maharana Pratap), ''Metro Kashmere Gate, Line 1/2''. This is "the" ISBT and the largest of the lot. Buses to points north, including [[Nepal]].
* '''Sarai Kale Khan ISBT''' (aka Vir Hakikat Rai), next to Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station. Buses to points southincluding RJST Ordinary buses.
* '''Anand Vihar ISBT''' (aka Swami Vivekanand), on the east bank of Yamuna. Buses to points east.
====Hazrat Nizamuddin====
'''Hazrat Nizamuddin''' (code ''NZM'') is the departure point of many trains heading south. Practically speaking, the only way to get here is by taxi or car(now there is metro connectivity). The budget alternative is to take a bus to the Sarai Kale Khan Inter State Bus Terminal (ISBT) on the ring road and then walk over to the station (400 m). It's the least chaotic of the ''Big Three'', but still pretty big and poorly signposted; listen to the announcements to figure out your train. The station has a pretty good food court that sells inexpensive, hygienic takeaway snacks including sandwiches and samosas.
If you have some time to kill, pay a visit to Humayun's Tomb, which is so close to the station that you can hear the announcements from inside — although it's a long, circuitous walk from the station to the entrance.
You shouldn't take non-official taxis, sometimes they take you to a wrong hotel, or to a "tourist information centre", and try to sell you overpriced things.
 
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===By auto rickshaws===
====By car====
Hiring a car is not a good option for most foreigners as most Delhiites have no sense of road rules. It is much easier to [https://www.toursandtaxi.com/car-rental-services/car-rental-delhi/ hire a car and a driver ] to get around. Yet if you are adventuruosus adventurous you may hire a car and drive yourself. One rule to be careful about is the odd even rule. Due to high levels of pollution the Delhi Government has decided to impose a car rationing policy in which only even cars are allowed to ply on even days and vice versa for odd. This rule is introduced for a stretch of 15 days. A hefty fine of ₹2000 is enforced on violators. Read local newspaper and pay attention to the numerous hoardings around the city publicising the rule. It is well publicised and you are sure to hear of it when it is being enforced.
==See==
* '''Lodhi Garden''' is a peaceful park in the heart of New Delhi. Lodhi garden is ideal for morning walks in the hot season and for afternoon strolls and picnics during the cooler months
* '''Nehru Park''' is a large park in the new Delhi neighborhood of Chankayapuri, lying in the southwest.
* '''Waste to Wonder Park''' is a park near nizamuddin railway station. It has replica of some great structures around the world. [https://www.google.com/maps/place/Waste+to+Wonder+Park/@28.592908,77.2571271,15z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x1f7fcfbbb4afd72b!8m2!3d28.592908!4d77.2571271 Google Map location]
 
* '''Deer Park''' is an attractive and very nice park in Hauz khas village, south delhi, india. People come to the park to see deer and also you can enjoy picnic. Also Hauz khas village famous for night life pubs and bars.
===Religious buildings===
[[Image:Akshardham.jpg|200px|thumb|Akshardham Temple]]
* '''Bahá'í Lotus Temple''' Kalkaji, South Delhi, [http://bahaindia.org/temple/index.html]. Shaped like a lotus bud with 27 petals, this stunning temple suspended above milky-blue ponds is surely one of the most magnificent monuments ever made from concrete, however there is very little to see inside. The lush park around is well landscaped but mostly off-limits. Expect very long queues on weekends on on holidays. Free entry. Open Tue-Sun, 1st April to 30th September 9AM-77PM, '''Last Entry 6:30 PM''', 1 Oct-31 Mar 9:30AM-5:30PM, '''Last Entry 5:00 PM'''.
* '''Chattarpur Mandir''' . Huge &amp; beautiful temple complex with a big surrounding campus - located near Mehrauli area of South Delhi.
*'''St. Peter's Cathedral''' Bhai Veer Singh Marg, near St Columbas' school the headquarters of the Jacobite Syrian Orthodox church in Delhi. It is known as the Antioch of the East and is a fine example of Oriental architecture blended with modernity.
* '''ISKCON''' (Hare Krishna) temple, at East of Kailash – Centre for Krishna Consciousness, it has robotic shows and multimedia presentations, apart from the traditional temple complex. Lively atmosphere and excellent tasting sweets - and the delicious Govinda's restaurant is on site.
* '''Jama Masjid''' , opposite the Red fort, next to Chandni Chowk in Old Delhi (''Metro: Chawri Bazaar'') – The largest mosque in India and a must-see while in Delhi. Entry is free, although you'll be charged Rs 300 if you have a camera with you (this is only sold as a combined ticket and includes the Rs 100 minar climb). If you don't have a camera with you, be prepared to politely insist that you don't have to pay (you may be asked to show your pockets), as they will assume that all tourists have one. Beware of the tenacious guides who will try and convince you that a tour guide is mandatory and is included in the Rs 200 camera fee; they will give you an extremely hurried 'tour' of the mosque and then demand a further payment of Rs 200-300 for the tour. You can climb to the top of the minaret for Rs 100 (locals maybe Rs 20). The climb is steep, dark and somewhat claustrophobic, but you'll get great views over the complex and the city. You'll need to cover up your shoulders and legs (scarves and lungis available for rental - about 10 rupees), and take off your shoes (expect to tip the shoe minder, 5 rupees is plenty, or carry your shoes with you in your own bag). Open from 7AM-sunset, but note that tourists are not allowed in from 12:15PM-1:45PM or in the half-hour before sunset. Pictures should not be taken during prayer hours. If you're going to sit down don't look too comfortable. Certainly don't eat or become too engrossed in any reading material you may be carrying, the rule is that non-Muslims must make their visits brief and guards will usher along visitors who linger.
* '''Lakshmi Narayan Temple''' or popularly known as Birla Mandir , this temple is located next to Connaught Place. It is a big impressive Hindu temple complex. Closest Metro - Rajiv Chowk (Yellow Line). It will take you 45 min to visit, and you will not be able to take pictures from inside the Temple. With a great park behind it, it is an oasis of calm from Delhi. Its multiple shrines and paintings (often) have English explanations. Take your shoes off at the entrance.
* '''Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple''' off National Highway 24 (''Metro Akshardham''), East Delhi, [http://akshardham.com]. Completed in 2005 by the socio-spiritual organization BAPS, no expense has been spared in decorating this large and elaborate temple carved of red sandstone. The central monument, built without any steel, houses an 11-ft golden statue of the founder of the Swaminarayan faith, Bhagwan Swaminarayan. The Premvati food court on the grounds serve up fast, cheap, huge but mediocre portions of vegetarian food, Rs 75 180 for a thali. There is a ''strict ban'' on all electronic items, cameras, tobacco and pretty much everything except the clothes on your back, your wallet, and your passport. You can leave your worldly belongings in the cloakroom outside, and for that you have to wait in long queues. Visiting during daytime will be hectic, try visiting during evenings. Free entry, guide booklet is 5 rupees, access to multimedia exhibitions Rs 125170. Allow at least three-four hours to explore it all. Open Tu-Su 9AM-7PM.
* '''Sai Baba Temple''' , 17,Institutional Area, Lodhi Rd, [http://saibaba.org]. Although there are many Shirdi Sai Baba Temples in and around Delhi, the one located at Lodhi Road is the oldest. Temple Opens at 5AM. Kakad Aarti 5.15AM. Mangal SNAN 6AM. Noon Aarti at 12 noon. Doop Aarti evening prayer 6.30PM. Shej Aarti at 9.30PM.
* The state emporium is the state's equivalent of a Cottage. They are all located on '''Baba Kharak Singh Marg''', one of the radial streets coming off of Connaught Place, and each state specializes in certain kinds of crafts. Some are better priced than others, and you can bargain a little. Many of them will take credit cards.
* '''Dilli Haat''', South Delhi (''INA Market stn, Metro Yellow Line''). Crafts fairs happen here every week. It is a wonderful place to get crafts from all over the country. What is distinctive here is that the artists themselves come to sell their goods, so your money goes directly to them, rather than to middlemen. Some bargaining may be necessary if you want the best price. Prices are higher than elsewhere, but the modest entry fee keeps out beggars, ripoff artists, and most touts. Many visitors find the mellow atmosphere worth the extra cost of shopping here. It also has a section called Foods of India. This has a huge number of restaurants, each showcasing the food of a particular state of India. (Most of them give a mix of Chinese and Indian food, but state delicacies are also included). This section is a must-go for the foodie-cum-tourist. Please beware about fake Delhi haats usually taxi drivers will take for commission . Prices will be very high & goods not worth. There are only few authentic.
* '''Handicrafts and Natural Products Emporium''' [http://handycraftz.com/] or '''R. Expo House''' [http://rexpoindia.com/], now relocated in Noida from Paharganj is one of the largest and oldest emporiums of handicrafts and herbal products in Delhi. It was founded in 1932 and provides it's visitors with a large variety of gift items from different parts of India. Textiles, handmade crafts and furniture made by artists and craftsman are sold at affordable prices. Ayurvedic and plant remedies, herbal soap, shampoos, oils and natural fragrances are also manufactured. This complex of 2 four-storeyed buildings is welcoming and a popular place for foreign visitors to Delhi.
==Drink==
Delhi's nightlife scene has undergone a total transformation in the last decade. There are plenty of modern, cosmopolitan joints out to separate you from your rupees. In a desperate attempt to keep the sex ratio vaguely equitable, many lounges and clubs have '''couples only''' policies (that is, no single men or men-only groups), enforced with varying degrees of strictness. While everything is theoretically to shut down by 1AM things can keep going much longer. The BYOB scene is rising in popularity. Most places are right next to a store that sells beer, wine etc.
Many first time travellers to India find themselves falling victim to [[Common scams|scams and touts]], and unfortunately Delhi has a lot of both. Be on guard for anybody trying to help you by giving you unsolicited directions or travel advice. Do not believe the advice of taxi and auto drivers. If this is your first time to India, do not openly admit it, as this will make you more vulnerable to touts.
If you are arriving into Delhi at night it may be advisable to either stay in the airport lounge or well lit areas until daybreakif you haven't booked a hotel and if this is your first trip to Delhi. Women should avoid walking around alone in the night or in lanes without many people and be cautious when hiring cabs aloneat night. Radio taxis are a safer option. Dress conservatively. Please don't let go of your commonsense. Don't be afraid to raise your voice or shout, if harassed.
Carry your cash, passport, and cards in a secure money belt, with only enough cash for a few hours at a time in your wallet or other accessible place. Some travelers recommend carrying an expendable wallet with a few ten rupee notes in it in an obvious place such as your hip pocket as a decoy to Delhi's ubiquitous pickpockets.
===Delhi Police===
The Delhi Police is a 70,000 strong force serving the capital region. Unfortunately, the quality of police officers varies dramatically throughout the force; some officers may will be corrupt and unhelpfulhelpful, while others are honest and helpfulcorrupt cops.  
'''For police assistance during an emergency dial 100'''.
==Cope==
'''Power outages''' and '''water shortages''' are common in Delhi, often occurring multiple times a day with summers being particularly bad. Better accommodations have water tanks and generators to alleviate the inconvenience, but keep a flashlight handy at night and do your part by not wasting too much water.
*'''Laundry service''' is offered in most hotels, even in budget accommodations. If you would rather save the money and do it yourself, buckets are found in almost all bathrooms - but perhaps wash it out well first.
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*'''[[Nainital]]''' - another beautiful hill station in the Kumaon hills with the magnificent Naini Lake.
*'''[[Char DhamYatra]]'''- Delhi is the starting point of the famous piligrimage centres Badrinath, the abode of Vishnu, Kedarnath, the abode of Shiva , Gangothri and Yamunothri, the origin of sacres rivers, Ganges and Yamuna respectively
*Ride the '''[[Maharajas' Express]]''', a luxury train running between Delhi and [[Mumbai]].

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