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Papua New Guinea

659 bytes added, 29 June
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* [[Trobriand Islands]] — referred to by the anthropologist, Malinowski, as the "Islands of Love".
* [[Tufi|Papua New Guinea's Fjordsfjords]] — fascinating scenery, great diving, and tapa cloth made from mulberry bark, in the [[Tufi]] area. * [[Mount Wilhelm]] - at 4509m, this is the highest mountain in Oceania and relatively easy to climb.
==Understand==
===By plane===
'''Jackson International Airport''' in Port Moresby is the nation's international airport.
'''Jacksons International Airport''' in Port Moresby is the nation's main international airport.  *'''Air Niugini''' [http://www.airniugini.com.pg] is the national airline of Papua New Guinea, and flies to and from [[CairnsBali]], [[SydneyBrisbane]], and [[BrisbaneCairns]], [[AustraliaHong Kong]]; , [[Honiara]], [[Solomon Islands]]; [[Manila]], [[PhilippinesNadi]]; [[Tokyo]] (, [[NaritaPort-Vila]]), [[Japan]]; [[Singapore]], [[Kuala LumpurSydney]] and [[Hong KongTokyo]],-Narita. *'''Philippine Airlines''' [[Indonesiahttp://www.philippineairlines.com]],flies to and from [[thailandManila]].
*'''Airlines of Papua New GuineaQantas''' [http://www.apngqantas.com.au] flies to and from [[Cairns]], and [[Brisbane]]daily.[[Image:Port Moresby Town Mschlauch.jpg|250px|thumb|View over Port Moresby]]
*'''Virgin Australia''' [http://www.virginblue.com.au/Holidays/index.htm] connects Port Moresby to [[Brisbane]] four times a week.
 
*'''QANTASLINK''' [http://www.qantas.com.au] flies to and from [[Cairns]] daily
===By boat===
The ports include [[Madang]], [[Lae]], and [[Port Moresby]] on the mainland, Kieta on Bougainville, and [[Rabaul]] and [[Kimbe]] on New Britain. However, they are only internal ferries. International ferries are unavailable.
There are also cruises such as the Coral Princess [http://wwwstopping here.coralprincess.com.au/ng3.html] and ones from Aurora Expeditions [http://www.auroraexpeditions.com.au/destination/papua_new_guinea.aspx] and a 50-passenger expedition ship run by New Zealand company Heritage Expeditions [http://www.heritage-expeditions.com/cruises-expeditions-in-melanesia-voyages]
Few travellers travel between Buin in Bougainville and Shortland Island in the Solomon Islands by a banana boat. There are flights between Shortland Island and Gizo or Chiusel in the Solomon Islands (alternatively banana boats on very rough seas). This route has been described on a few blogs and older editions of the Lonely Planet.
===By land===
The only land border is with [[crossing between Papua]] (Irian Jaya), [[Indonesia]], and crossing it involves some preparations but Papua New Guinea open to foreigners is not that difficult as it might have been. In on the north coast between [[Jayapura]], and [[IndonesiaVanimo]](PNG), there called the Skouw - Wutung border crossing. It is a consulate open from 8AM to apply 4PM (Indonesian time, add one hour for PNG opening hours). There is no visa on arrival issued for PNG at the crossing, you need a tourist valid visa. The which can be either obtained before leaving in your home country or for free at the PNG consulate is located general in MendiEntrop, a 10min green bus ride away from close to Jayapura's capital. As of August 2014 Processing at the tourist visas are free latter one can take a couple of charge. The visa processing time days, but sometimes it is usually 3 working daysready the same day if you come early. There's is also a currency exchange office nearby with money changer offering good rates right in the modern border crossing building, at the side that leads from PNG to buy kinaIND. It is on the Indonesian side so you can get PNG Kina before you cross into PNG. Another money changer can be found in roughly 10 minutes walking from the consulate, out to the right, past the petrol station.
Depending on your Indonesian visa there are different options There is no public transport from Jayapura to cross the border, so car or motorbike hire, taxi etc for some of the distance is required. If you have renting a visa on arrivalvehicle for the crossing one should expect to pay approximately 300, issued 000 rupiah from Jayapura town and travellers should expect to pay upwards of 500,000 rupiah to return from the border to you for example at Jayapura. Shared taxis to the border leave early in the morning from Pasar Youtefa, among other places. Alternatively, from the Jakarta Airportsame place, you can only cross catch a bemo to the village Koya Timur (half way to the border using a boat or by stamping out at customs in Jayapura and then immediately traveling , 9000 rp, frequent departures) from where you can hire an ojek to the border 30km away. Western travelers attempting the latter should expect for 70000 rp or try to pay some miscellaneous fees and jump moderate bureaucratic hoops before leavinghitchhike.
Boats can be rented From the PNG side to the next town [[Vanimo]] there are PMVs (50 min, 10 PGK). A few days a week there is a market at Batas, immediately on the Indonesian side of the border, that attracts many shoppers from HamediPNG. The roads are busy on those days.
Any other type As of visa you can rent September 2017 arriving from PNG it is possible to get a carIndonesian entry permit on arrival, or an ojek for free and cross the land border. If renting a vehicle valid for 30 days without possibility of prolonging it, like the crossing one should expect you get at the airports. This seems to pay approximately 300by valid only for certain countries,000 rupiah from Jayapura town a list and travellers should expect to pay upwards description of 500,000 rupiah to return from the border to Jayapuraprocedure can be found [http://www. Shared taxis to the border leave early in the morning from Pasar Youtefa, among other placesindonesia. Alternatively, from the same place, you can catch a bemo travel/en/post/visa-free-for-169-countries-to the village Koya Timur (half way -travel-to the border, 9000 rp, frequent departures) from where you can hire -indonesia here]. Also there is no need anymore for obtaining an ojek exit stamp in Jayapura before going to the Indonesian side of the border for 70000 rp or try to hitchhike.
From the border to Vanimo a bus charges 10 kina. A few days a week there is a market In other cases Indonesian visas can easily obtained at Batas, immediately on the Indonesian side of the border, that attracts many shoppers from consulate in Vanimo/PNG. IThe roads are busy on those Normal processing time is 3 days.  In April 2014, following a shooting, the land border was closed for any traffic. As of late July 2014 but it seems is possible to be back to normal. Travel by sea receive the visa in banana boats is always an option, although more expensivea matter of hours if you ask nicely and/or bribe the staff.
==Get around==
The big exception to this is the Highlands Highway, which begins in [[Lae]] (the country's main port) and runs up into the highlands through [[Goroka]] to [[Mt. Hagen]] with a fork going back to the coast and Madang. Shortly outside Mt. Hagen the road branches, with southern line going through the Southern Highlands to Tari while the northern line runs through Enga province and ends in Porgera.
 
Traffic moves on the left. Road signs are based on the Australian standard, and distances are posted in kilometres.
[[Image:PMVs_navigating_muddy_road.JPG|thumb|right|350px|Minivan PMVs navigating muddy "highway" near Madang]]
The most common way to travel is by PMV/bus with the locals.
Lae, Madang, Goroka, Tari, and Mount Hagen are all connected by a good highway. As a newcomer it is probably advisable to get help from locals (''e.g.'', hotel-staff). Most towns have several starting points. A trip from Lae to Madang costs around 20 50 Kina, to Mt. Hagen 30 also 50 Kina.
===By plane===
Air transport is still the most common way to get around between major settlements - indeed, pretty much every major settlement is built around an airstrip. In fact, the main drag of [[Mt. Hagen]] ''is'' the old airstrip! Travel from the coast into the Highlands is particularly spectacular (don't take your eyes off the window for a second!) and pilots from Australia, New Zealand, America and other countries work here just for the great flying experience. If you do not like small planes (or even smaller helicopters) however, flying to more remote locations here may not be the best option for you.
The two major domestic airlines are Air Niugini and Airlines PNGPNGAir:
*'''Air Niugini''' connects Port Moresby and, to a lesser extent, Lae with most of the provincial capitals, but does not offer much of a service between the smaller towns. A domestic route map is [http://www.airniugini.com.pg/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=22&id=136&Itemid=213 available]. The airline flies Fokker F100s as well as smaller propeller planes.
*'''Airlines PNGPNGAir''' connects a large number of smaller centres. Planes with a seating capacity from 20 to 36. It operates on the mainland and does not serve the main outer islands. A route map is [http://www.apng.com/index.asp?pgid=4 available].
[[Image:Ferry_from_Madang_to_Wewak.JPG|thumb|upright=1.4|Ferry from Madang to Wewak]]
*Travel Air (aka Mangi belong ples) is usually cheaper and worth checking out. You can view prices and schedules on their website but you'll have to book at their office or agent.
===By boat===
The government of Bougainville announced in June 2014 that it had purchased a ferry to do a weekly run Buka-Rabaul-Kimbe-Lae and back as of July 2014. However, in September 2014 the ferry was still being delivered. Besides, the government also purchased a smaller ferry to service the smaller Islands in Bougainville province.
There are a number of small ships that visit the islands of Papua New Guinea, including some of the most remote islands, such as Heritage Expeditions[http://%5Bhttp://www.heritage-expeditions.com/cruises-expeditions-in-melanesia-voyages/%5D] 'Spirit of Enderby', Wild Earth Travel's ''True North'', ''Silver Discoverer'' and ''Oceanic Discoverer''.
The 50-passenger expedition ship 'Spirit of Enderby' visits Papua New Guinea every October and April on expedition-style voyages. They navigate waterways using the ship and inflatable zodiacs to visit out-of-the-way islands and communities in expedition-style travel. Main focus of voyages and the daily landings are cultural, wildlife, hiking and underwater snorkeling experiences. Lectures onboard unpack experiences for those onboard. They visit some of the more difficult to get to island locations.
==Talk==
With over 800 820 languages- 12% of the world's total - spoken in Papua New Guinea, it was pretty difficult to get everyone talking to each other.  Two pidgins grew up in this area; '''[[Tok Pisin phrasebook|Tok Pisin]] ''' (based on English) and '''[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiri_Motu Hiri Motu]''' (based on the local Motu language), and when both of which are official languages. When the Anglophones married the Hulis , and the babies their children learned the only language they had in common, Tok Pisin became a creole. Tok Pisin sometimes looks like it is English written phonetically ("Yu dring; yu draiv; yu dai" means "You drink; you drive; you die"), but it is not; it has more personal pronouns than English and its own quite different syntax. The primary ''lingua franca'' of the country is Tok Pisin - much of the debate in Parliament is carried out in the language, and it is also used in many information campaigns and advertisements. Short, inexpensive guidebooks on learning Tok Pisin can be acquired in the many bookstores. The only area where Tok Pisin is not prevalent is the southern region of Papua, where people use Hiri Motu as a lingua franca. The exception to this is Port Moresby, where Tok Pisin is more commonly used.
In addition to Tok Pisin , Hiri Motu and the Papua New Guinean Sign Language, standard English is also an official language, and is spoken commonly used in most of the country education and shortgovernment publications. However, inexpensive guidebooks on learning Tok Pisin can be acquired in the many bookstoresfew people actually speak standard English.
Hiri Motu is spoken in Port Moresby and other parts of Papua, though since Port Moresby is the capital, you're likely to find Tok Pisin speakers in the airport, banks, or government. When approaching locals, try to speak English first; using Tok Pisin or another language can make it look like you are assuming they don't know English.
You might sometimes have trouble hearing what the locals are saying because they speak very quietly. It is considered rude by some of the local groups to look people in the eyes and to speak loudly.
*[[Madang]] is good for scuba diving of all levels,and the coral reefs are home to a variety of rare species of colorful fish. There are also underwater wrecks of Japanese fighter planes, with weapons and cargo intact. There are still-active volcanoes for trekkers to hike up not far from Madang. Madang is a thriving community renowned for its traditional artists, world class diving opportunities and richness of its surrounding forests.
*Further west you come to [[Wewak]]. It is the gateway to the [[Sepik]] River region with a fascinating culture distinct from that of the Highlands. Take long canoe rides up the river and it's its tributaries to visit the impressive Haus Tambaran's[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haus_Tambaran]. The Crocodile Festival (Pukpuk Show) in early August in Ambunti on the Sepik river is a good and less crowded alternative to the Goroka and Hagen shows.
[[Image:Entering the Flames.jpg|thumb|right|350px|A Baining firedancer entering the flames on New Britain]]
===Birdwatching===
This a birdwatching mecca with over 700 species of birds including many birds of paradise[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_birds_of_Papua_New_Guinea]. Definitely bring a pair of decent binoculars and ask in the villages for a volunteer to help you find the birds. An amazing experience! Heritage Expeditions [http://www.heritage-expeditions.com/cruises-expeditions-in-melanesia-voyages] run voyages through PNG on an expedition ship also carry a Birding Expert/Lecturer onboard who acts as a guide and to unpack birding opportunities.
===Surfing===
Information through the Surfing Association.[http://www.surfingpapuanewguinea.org.pg/]
===Trekking===
==Buy==
 
The official currency is the '''kina (PGK)''', which is divided into 100 ''toea''.
 
There is not so much shopping in the regular sense. In the major cities there are a few malls and supermarkets. Otherwise, most of the shopping is done in small markets that are held irregularly. A great place to visit is the craft market which is held once per month in Port Moresby opposite Ela beach in the car park of the IEA TAFE College. There it is possible to buy handicrafts from every part of the country. Although it is slightly more expensive than out in the villages, the prices are very reasonable. Haggling is not really an accepted custom, one can haggle a bit but to do it excessively could annoy the locals.
There are some rogue travel operators in Papua New Guinea who have taken people's money and then failed to provide the itinerary agreed or even in some cases have not bought the flights that were paid for, leaving travellers stranded or having to buy new tickets themselves. It is wise to use a search engine and travel forums to investigate the operator you are considering before paying any deposits. Be aware that these operators will often change their names from time to time.
Although PNG is definitely not a place where bargaining is expected or tolerated (many things might have a "second price" though, especially souvenirs and art), there are some dishonest people who might try to make a buck from the white mancheat tourists. Inform yourself beforehand or ask other passengers about bus fares. Shop around before chartering boats or canoes. Since there are some very rich tourists in PNG who pay ridiculous amounts of money for certain services, it is easy to understand why someone might think that Caucasian visitors have bottomless pockets. When chartering boats always make sure if the fuel is included.
Instead of bargaining beforehand, many guides, boat skippers etc. might try to extract extra money at the end of your journey, no matter what you agreed on beforehand. This is sometimes due to an honestly bad calculation on their side, but most often it is simply a way to make some extra money. If possible, be prepared to show that the previously agreed amount is all the money you have on your person. Otherwise, just stay firm but friendly!
==Contact==
Digicel is by far the better telecom provider. A new prepaid sim SIM card is easy to purchase and can be used in any unlocked phone. Calls cost from 0.60-1.00 kina and SMS from 0.25 kina. Topup Top-up is available anywhere where there is network and also online (credit card or PayPal). Mobile Internet costs 0.35 kina per MB , but it's possible to buy hourly (30 MB for 1 kina), daily (60 MB for 2.5 3 kina), weekly (150 MB for 10 kina or 1.2GB internet + 1.2GB Facebook for 42 kina) or monthly (900 MB for 65 kina) packages. There are also promotions and packages for calls and SMS. Find out all the internet packages [https://www.digicelgroup.com/pg/en/mobile/plans-services/prepaid-plans/prepaid-data-plans.html/ '''here'''] and all the calls and SMS costs [https://www.digicelgroup.com/pg/en/mobile/plans-services/prepaid-plans/voice-and-sms.html/ '''here'''].
==Get out==
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