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Istanbul/Sultanahmet-Old City

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===Around Sultanahmet Square===
*'''Hagia Sophia''' (''Aya Sofya''), Sultanahmet Square (by tram: Sultanahmet), +90 212 522-17-50. Tu-Su 09:00-18:00. Dating from the sixth century, it was originally a basilica constructed for the Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I. A masterwork of Roman engineering, the huge 30 m diameter dome covers what was for over 1000 years the largest enclosed space in the world. The church was looted by the fourth Crusaders in 1204, and became a mosque in the 15th century when The Ottomans conquered the city. It was converted into a museum in 1935. Don't miss the excellent mosaics, including those in the gallery, reached by a stone ramp to the left of the entrance. As of April, 20152016, the entrance fee is 30 40 TL (credit cards & Turkish currency accepted), with no student deductions. You can also hire a guide at the entrance of the museum. Note: as of Dec 2011, the museum consists of a few poster boards of pictures and a little information. As of August 2013, construction work is being carried out. Hagia Sophia is still open, but there is scaffolding.
* '''Topkapı Palace''' (''Topkapı Sarayı'') [], Bab-i Hümayün Caddesi (by tram: Gülhane/Sultanahmet), +90 212 512-04-80. M,W-Su 09:00-17:00. The imperial enclave of the Ottoman emperors for four centuries. Lavishly decorated, with four courts of increasing grandeur. In the second court of the entrance to the Harem (admission extra, only by joining a guided tour) and the State Treasury, housing a weaponry display. The third court has the Imperial Treasury. Both Islamic and Christian relics, rugs, porcelain. The views from the Fourth Court over the Bosphorus are spectacular. You can also see Prophet Mohammed's belongings. 30 As of 2016, the entrance fee is 40 TL (''no concessions, credit cards and Turkish currency accepted. Harem 15 25 TL extra''). Note: As of April 20152016, some of the areas of the palace are closed for restoration (eg e.g. the Prophet Mohammed's belongings).
'''BEWARE''' Any bus or tram with a sign or indication that it heads for or calls at Topkapı will '''NOT''' take you anywhere near Topkapı Palace. Rather it will to a neighbourhood named after the city gate near which it’s situated (“cannon gate”), which may be worth a trip to take a look at the impressive city walls. Topkapı neighbourhood is located in the extreme western part of the old city, near the city walls, while Topkapı Palace is located in the extreme eastern part, which means the distance between each other is at least 7-8km. ‘Topkapı’ alone almost always refer to the neighbourhood, not the palace. Taking a bus heading for Topkapı to go to the palace is a common mistake made by visitors. For the palace, the stop/station you should look for is 'Sultanahmet'.
* <see name="Hagia Irene" alt="Aya İrini" address="" directions="on the grounds of Topkapı Palace" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Hagia Irene, which you will notice to your left after entering the outer yard of Topkapı Palace, is one of few Byzantine-era cathedrals which was never converted to a mosque (though not used for religious purposes either during the Ottoman period). Hagia Irene is now (September 2014) open to the public, admission but going through renovation. Admission 20TL or with the Museum Pass. There are no audio guides or information signs within the building.</see>
* '''Sultanahmet Mosque''' (''Sultanahmet Camii'', aka '''Blue Mosque''') [], At Meydan Sokak 17, Sultanahmet (by tram: Sultanahmet), +90 212 518-13-19. May-Oct 09:00-21:00, Nov-Apr: 09:00-21:00. With its six minarets and sweeping architecture the Sultanahmet or 'Blue' Mosque impresses from the outside. Unlike Haghia Sophia, this is still a working mosque, entry is through the courtyard on the SW side which is back side of mosque. No shorts or bare shoulders (shawls are provided) and you will need to remove your footwear (bags are provided that you can place your shoes in). Entrance is free, but donations are welcome upon exit. The mosque is closed during ritual prayer but mosque volunteers provide you with a free presentation about the Mosque and also about Islam during that period. The venue for this event is the Mosque's conference hall. It is the building with "Free Event" sign that will be on your left while you are approaching the Mosque from Hagia Sophia. There is no entrance fee, and there is even free refreshments. Women need to wear head scarves, which can be bought in nearby shops for 5-15TL or borrowed at the mosque for free. Everyone needs to cover their legs (no shorts or short skirts).
* '''Hippodrome''', adjacent to the Basilica Cistern, Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia. This was the centre of Roman and Byzantine Constantinople, and is a great place to begin one's tour and to watch people. The building no longer stands, but the obelisks and sculptures that have been collected here since Theodosius' time in the fourth century remain. The four bronze horses in the facade of St. Marco in Venice used to be on top of the Emperor's box in the Hippodrome and they were looted by the crusaders in 1204. While you are on your way to the hippodrome, don’t forget the '''German Fountain''' (''Alman Çeşmesi''), a neo-Byzantine style fountain building at the square leading to Hippodrome. It was a gift sent by German Kaiser Wilhelm II to the Ottoman Sultan.
* <see name="Archeology Museums" alt="Arkeoloji Müzeleri" address="Osman Hamdi Bey Yokuşu, Gülhane" directions="tram: Gülhane; take the first right after entering Gülhane Park" phone="+90 212 520-77-42" url="" hours="Tu-Su 09:00-19:00. Tickets stop being sold at 16:00" price="15 TL" lat="41.011625" long="28.981429">The first museum of Turkey, consist of there museums in same courtyard and different buildings; '''Archaeological Museum''', '''the Ancient Orient Museum''' (Eski Şark Eserleri Müzesi) and '''Tiled Kiosk Museum''' (Çinili Köşk Müzesi). The museums houses of '''over 1 million''' archeological objects. One of the best pieces are Sumerian tablets such as oldest poem (8th century BC), Alexander the Great Sarcophagus, Treaty of Kadesh (oldest agreement in the world), wall of Babylon, Gezer Calendar (10th century BC) and much more! Note, that as of April 20152016, many of the exhibits are unavailable (eg Alexander Sarcophagus) due to restoration work.</see>
* <see name="Great Palace Mosaics Museum" alt="Büyük Saray Mozaikleri Müzesi" address="Arasta Çarşısı, Sultanahmet" directions="just south of Blue Mosque" phone="+90 212 518-12-05" url="" hours="Tu-Su 09:00-16:30" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="+90 212 512-54-74">Located in Arasta Bazaar, this museum hosts the pavement mosaics of the Byzantine-era Great Palace of Constantinople, which once occupied all the way from Sultanahmet Square, then the Hippodrome, to the coast of the Sea of Marmara. 10 TL.</see>

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