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Khiva is about 40 km away from [[Urgench]] Airport (IATA: UGC).
You can also reach [[Urgench]] on
Taxis from [[Urgench]] Airport to Khiva are about
Trains from [[Tashkent]]
One you reach [[Urgench]], you can either negotiate for a local taxi to take you directly to [[Khiva]], which usually costs about 8000 sum for the entire car. A cheaper way is to negotiate a ride to the western side of the Urgench Bazaar (inner-city trips shouldn't cost you more than 1500 sum at the most). There you'll find the official Khiva taxi stand, which is a row of Daewoo Tico and Matiz brand vehicles all in a line. On average, it takes between 10-15 minutes for a car to fill up and the cost is about 1000 sum per person, flat.
'''Trolleybus''': An interesting (and cheap) way to get to Khiva from Urgench is via the trolleybus, which you can pick up near the Urgench Bazaar. At
Khiva is about 1390 km from [[Andizhan]], 470 km from [[Bukhara]], 1370 km from [[Fergana]], 630 km from [[Karshi]], 740 km from [[Samarkand]], 1270 km from [[Kokand]], 200 km from [[Nukus]], 750 km from [[Shakhrisabz]], 1020 km from [[Tashkent]] and 850 km from [[Termez]].
===Ichon-Qala (Itchan Kala)===
The old town Ichon-Qala (Itchan Kala) covers an area of about 26 hectares. It is rectangular in plan.The tourist office inside the West Gate will most likely ask you to buy a ticket that covers entry for all of the museums and buildings inside the city (excluding the Islom-Khoja minaret and a few madrassas)
Itchan Kala was the site of the khan's palace. High officials and clergy and rich merchants used to live here. This is why we find the most important buildings in the Itchan Kala. The ordinary people, small merchants, craftsmen and peasants lived in Dishan Kala. There were wells in Itchan Kala, whereas people had to draw drinking water from the irrigation channels in Dishan Kala. In the north western part of Itchan Kala is the well, where according to the legend the city was founded by Sem.
[[Image:Uzbekistan_2011_350.JPG|thumb|240px|Wooden coloumn inside Juma Mosque]]
* <see name="Juma Mosque" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The old mosque was already mentioned by the Arab traveller Mohammed al-Magisi in the 10th cent. According to the inscriptions above the entrance the actual mosque was built in the 18th cent. It covers an area of 55 x 46 m. The interior is square in plan. It has two octogonal openings in the ceiling. Apart from wooden beams and columns it has no decoration. It contains 212 ornately carved columns that support the roof, dating back to the 12th to 15th century. The wooden columns were removed from other buildings which have been destroyed. The columns are masterpieces of wood carving. The whole surface is covered by leaves, flowers and tendrils. If you watch cloisels you can see pomegrenates blossoms and acanthus leaves. The columns are peculiar in form: they are spherical at their base, get a little bit narrower and end with a part similar to an oblong drinking glass. In some columns the base is a square marble or a round piece of wood only. Similar carved columns were not only used in palaces and mosques, but also in farmers' houses where they carry the roof of the verandah. It is reported that these wooden columns are the oldest in Central Asia. Tradition says that they come from the Great Mosque of Kat, the former capital of old Choresmia. Research has proved that 15 of the deta to the 10th to 14th cent. Be sure to bring some sort of light if you plan to climb the 81 steps up to the top of the Juma minaret, which you can access from inside
* <see name="Pahlawan Mahmud Mausoleum" alt="" address="" directions="south of Juma Mosque" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The mausoleum is one of the most popular places of pilgrimage in Uzbekistan. ''Pahlawan Mahmud ("the strong man")'' was famous for his extraordinary bravery, physical strength as well as his good nature. He was a furrier, but also a wrestler, doctor, poet and saint. The people gave him the title "Pahlavan", meaning brave and handsome hero, as he defended the poor and is said to have had mystical powers. Pahlavan Mahmud is also revered in Persia and India. His grave became an important shrine for pilgrims and became the burial place of the Khans of Khiva. Tradition says that the firts building was erected over Pahlavan Mahmud furrier's shop. The present building was erected in the 18th cent. It covers an area 100 x 50 m wide, on which the saint's grave, prayer rooms, a pilgrims' lodge, a summer and a winter mosque have been built. According to an inscription the building was erected by architect ''Abdullah Djin''. It is considered as one of the most important buildings of Islamic Central Asia due to its interior totally covered with glazed tiles and due to its artfully facade. In the 19th cent. the mausoleum became a necopolis of the princes of the Kungrat dynasty. It is considered as the last great mausoleum building in Central Asia. The ''southern entrance'' is the oldest part of the present building. It has an inscription on the wooden door indicating the date 1701. The mausoleum has an oval turquoise dome with white ornaments on the lower edges. Within the mausoleum are the richly decorated sarcophagus of ''Khan Mohammed Rahim'' and two sarcophagi of black marble of the historian ''Khan Abu Al Gazi'' who died in 1663 and of ''Khan Anush'' who died in 1681. Beside the prayer room is the crypt with the grave of Pahlavan Mahmud. The walls are covered with ornaments all over, depicting interlacing stalks of flowers, leaves and zig-zag or crossing lines. The wooden door with ivory work, the wooden columns and the glazed tiles make Pahlawan Mahmud Mausoleum to the best museum of applied arts in Khiva .</see>
*<see name="Shirgiz Khan Medressa" alt="" address="" directions="in the center of Ichan-Kala, near Pahlawan Mahmud Mausoleum" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is the oldest Quran school in Khiva. It was bilit in 1718/19. Tradition says that it was constructed by slaves captured by Shigaziz Khan during his expedition to Meshed from which he returned with five thousand slaves. He promised them to be released when the medressa was completed, but he delayed the completion again and again, asking new services from the hungry slaves again and again. In 1726 the slaves killed him in the unfinished medressa.</see>
*<see name="Medressa Muhammed Amin Khan" alt="" address="" directions="opposite Kunja Ark" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This medressa is the largest in Khiva. Its facade is made of coloured brick and mosaics. The main characteristics of the buliding are the ''hujiras'' (students' cells). Khan Muhammed Alim was one of the most important khans of Khiva. The medressa was built in 1851/52 and the khan died 1855 in a battle against the Turkmen. The Hungarian traveller Vambery reported that the medressa had 250 pupils. </see>
*<do name="Fashion and Traditional Dance Show" alt="" address="in the Alloquli Khan Medressa" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">in the high season at dusk, one show 5000S, both shows 7000S, with dinner 10000S (2007)</do>
There are many souvenir vendors in Khiva and they all will want to sell something to you, trying to attract your attention with some knowledge of English. Souvenirs might be more expensive than in Samarkand and Bukhara, but you can bargain quite a lot and get some very good deals.
A good place to buy is the UNESCO-sponsored silk workshop in Qqozi Kalon Medressa. It sells unique silk handcrafts. Although they might be more expensive than in other places, you support the workers there directly:
*<eat name="Zerafshan Chaikhana" alt="" address="Islom Hoja" directions="in the old Tolib Maksum Medressa, near Islam Hojar minaret, serving specialities from Khorezm" phone="3757051" url="" hours="" price="1 500 UZS" lat="" long=""></eat>
*<eat name="Bir Gumbaz" alt="" address="Pahlavon Mahmud" directions="in an old mosque in the old quarter Ichon-Qala" phone="3753026" url="" hours="" price="2 000 UZS" lat="" long="">fine view of the Kalta Minor</eat>
*<eat name="Parvoz" alt="" address="Mustaqilik 5" directions="outside the old town, in Dishon-Qala" phone="" url="" hours="" price="1 000 UZS" lat="" long=""></eat>
*<eat name="Khorezm Art Restaurant" alt="" address="Medrese Allakulikhan" directions="" phone="3752455" url="" hours="" price="[Sep 2012], salads at 2000uzs, soups 6000uzs, mains from 8000uzs" lat="" long="">Common project of German Embassy in Tashkent, Deutscher Volkshochschulverband, Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst and Khiva Center for Development of Business and Tourism.</eat>
*<sleep name="Alibek" alt="" address="A. Raxmanov 17, Khiva 220900, Usbekistan" directions="facing the west gate of town, nice roof terrace" phone="+998 91 437 96 73" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="US$ 10 p.P. incl breakfast" lat="" long=""></sleep>
*<sleep name="Islambek" alt="" address="Tosjpolatov 60" directions="folklore shows in the evening, roof terrace" phone="3753023" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="US$ 15-20" lat="" long=""></sleep>
Take the usual precautions when drinking from local water sources, but make sure to stay hydrated, especially in the summer. The heat bouncing off the mud walls can make Khiva feel like a broiler sometimes, and you can easily run the risk of heat exhaustion.
Trains to [[Tashkent]] leave twice a week and make the 19 hour journey across the desert, with one major stop along the way in [[Samarkand]]. Trains leave [[Urgench]] on Mon, Wed and Sun at 6.15pm and arrive in [[Tashkent]] at 1.45pm next day. Depending on the class, you can get a 2-bunk ''coupy'' for 41000 sum, a 4-bunk shared ''coupy'' for 25000 sum, or you can rough it in ''plaskartnyy'' (hard-class) for the bargain price of 16000 sum. The price for a place in a sleeping car is 50.000 UZS one way (2008). Taxis from [Urgench] Railway Station to Khiva are about 7000 UZS one way. For the Trolley Bus see below.