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Huashan National Park

1,837 bytes added, 01:15, 9 April 2019
By Train
==Understand==
[[File:OTBP Mount Hua.jpg|thumb|250px|Shrine on a peak.]]
The 2,154-meter-tall mountain, true to its reputation as the "most precipitous mountain under heaven", is a cluster of five peaks with breathtaking cliff faces and a tough challenge to mountaineerswalkers. Hua is popularly known by tourists as the "Most Dangerous Hiking Trail in the World" because even though the climb did does not require any technical climbing skills, the hike trail contains a few steep ascents with cliff-like staircases and two optional via ferrata and narrow passesferratas. The biggest danger to safety is often due to overcrowding in the Summer months. Hua was historically the location of several influential Taoist monasteries, and was known as a centre center for the practise practice of traditional Chinese martial arts. It is also one of the five holy Taoist Taoshi mountains of China. Huashan Village at the base of the park is a small city more than it is a village. The park lies immediately south of town. Peaks and important points of access are mostly named with cardinal directions: East Gate: the new visitor's center and ticket office are located here. The East Gate provides access to the North Cable Car. The North Cable Car goes to North Peak. A trail called the "Soldier's Path" also ascends North Peak beneath the North Cable Car. Yuquan Yuan (Jade Spring Temple): this is the start of the hiking trail to the top of North Peak. Yuquan Yuan is located at the south edge of Huashan Village. There is a ticket office here but no visitor's center. The West Cable Car ascends West Peak from the west side of the park.
==Get in==
===By Train===
After recent changes, there currently is only one train station that serves the town of Huashan Huoche Bei Zhan from Xi'an. From Xi'an, only the frequent (华山火车北站)16 x day) high speed trains will bring you to the Huashan National Park. They leave from Xi'an North station and arrive at Huashan North station (30- located in 45 minutes, ¥55/¥90/¥175 [Oct 2017] for 2nd/1st/Business class ticket). As of October 2017 the town regular trains do not serve Huashan anymore. To see if this information is still up to date, check any of MengyuanFrequent minibuses between the train station and Hua Shan (华山)online ticket sites like Trip.com.
* '''Luoyang''' - takes about 4-5 hours* '''Taiyuan''' Takes about 9 hours* '''Xian''' - takes about 30min -3 hours, depending on For the train you will need to purchase tickets from the ticket counter and timeprovide a passport for identification. Below is a partial schedule A photo of Apr 2012, taken directly from the passport was not accepted and the automated ticket machines require a Chinese Railway websitenational ID card. You will also need your passport to get into the park anyway, so bring it with you. It is recommended that only includes you purchase tickets online or at one of the ticket offices in town as if you attempt to buy tickets at the fast D station you will face long queues and G many of the trains and sell out well before the departure time meaning you have to wait even longer. You may be faster getting the first and last train:bus if you have not pre-booked tickets.
# K1295/K1298 Yinchuan Guangzhou 01:55 03:20 0d01h25m# D1002 Xian From Huashan North Zhengzhou 08:15 08:56 0d00h41m# D1022 Xian North Luoyang 08:40 09:22 0d00h42m# G2004 Xian North Zhengzhou 09:05 09:37 0d00h32m# D1004 Xian North Zhengzhou 10:00 10:42 0d00h42m# D140/station, you have two options to get to the mountain. If you want to take a cable car to the top of the mountain, take the free green minibus (Number 1 Xian North Wuhan 11:, every 20 12:03 0d00h43m# G2008 Xian North Zhengzhou 12:40 13:13 0d00h33m# D132 Xian North Beijing West 12:55 13:37 0d00h42m# D1006 Xian North Zhengzhou 13:50 14:32 0d00h42m# D1008 Xian North Zhengzhou 14:35 15:17 0d00h42m# G2012 Xian North Zhengzhou 16:25 16:57 0d00h32m# G2016 Xian North Zhengzhou 17:40 18:13 0d00h33m# G2020 Xian North Zhengzhou 19:10 19:43 0d00h33m# D1010 Xian North Zhengzhou 19:55 20:38 0d00h43m# 2672 Xian Datong 22:48 00:19 0d01h31m Ticket Price minutes) from the car park in front of the train station (the bus stop is on the far right side of the train station as you walk out) to its last stop. You'll see the East Gate visitor center as you approach the last stop. Just head from the bus stop to the opposite side of the huge roundabout to get back to it. The Number 2 shuttle bus will also get you there, but it takes twice as long so there's no point. If you want to hike to the top of the mountain, take a taxi (2nd - 1st class~¥25): Normal Trains to Yuquan Yuan (K and Non-LetterJade Spring Temple): ¥18/$3 - ¥104/$17D Fast trains: ¥35/$6 - ¥60/$10G Express trains: ¥55/$9 - ¥90/$15where there's another ticket office for walkers.
===By Bus===
From Xi'an:
As of Oct 2017, the buses (¥39 [Oct 2017], 2 hours) from '''Xi'an station''' leave from a bus depot located on the opposite site of the train station every 30 minutes. The location is south of the train station and west from the McDonald's and NOT the east side of Xi'an station from where the Bus to the Terracotta Warriors goes from. You can also just ask any of the official looking people around the train station by indicating that you want to go to 华山 (Huashan).
From Xi'an: buses (coaches or minibuses) leave from the East side of the train station's southern parking lot. Buses leave regularly during daylight hours. During peak season there are buses starting at 6am. Look for a sign saying 华山 (Huashan). If you not sure then just ask the other buses and they will direct you. The bus will drop you off at the base of the mountain. The standard buses are mixed in with buses to the Terracotta Warriors, and other destinations. The Tourist line 1 bus (one with a big sign leaning against it right next to the 306(5) for terracotta warriors) is 22 yuan (May 2014) and takes just over 2 hours to the main ticket hall (East Gate). Other private buses range between ¥30 to ¥50 and may end up in the village (Near West Gate). Beware scam buses that try to charge 10x as much.  Buses also leave from the '''Xi'an East Bus Station''' (Zhong Tong) for ¥35¥35. More importantly, the last buses from Huashan to Xi'an in the evening arrive here (rather than the train station). This is the last station on the new Xi'an subway line 1 and can be used to get back to the central city (¥3 ¥3 to Bell Tower). Apparently bus 42 will take you back to the train station (needs confirmation).
Be aware if these are independent private companies or just two guys with a bus. They don't operate on a schedule, but will leave when full of passengers. So for the quickest departure, find a bus already mostly full of people, since if you choose an empty bus you could be sitting in the parking lot a while.
==Fees and Permits==
[[File:OTBP Mount Hua Characters.jpg|thumb|250px| Chinese characters on the walls.]]
The entrance fee for the National Park is ¥180 yuan, ¥90 with a student card (during the off-season ¥100 and ¥50 with a student card)- it is worth trying any foreign ID card in lieu of a student card as the attendant likely won't check it too closely (or at all). You need a Chinese student permit or an International Student Identity Card.
There are 2 cable cars in operation. The one leading up to the North peak costs 80 yuan 1 way. The one leading to the West peak costs 140 yuan one way (and lasts 20mins!). With a student ID card it is 10% cheaper. '''Park entrance fee: mandatory for all visitors'''
To reach Busy season (1 March to 30 November): ¥180, or ¥90 with student card. (Note: it is worth trying any foreign ID card in lieu of a student card. In 2017 you can get discount with a Singaporean Student Pass.) Off season (1 December to 28 February): ¥100, or ¥50 with student card.  '''Cable cars: alternative to walking to the summit''' North peak cable car station, you need : ¥80 yuan one way.  West peak cable car: ¥140 one way (lasts 20 minutes). With a student ID card it is 10% cheaper.  '''Access to take the cable cars: mandatory for all visitors using a cable car''' North cable car station: shuttle bus from the ticket station (20 yuan)East Gate visitors center, ¥20 one way. To reach the  West cable car station, you need to take a : shuttle bus from the ticket station (40 yuan). Only park buses and specific vehicles are allowed up the mountains, and if you are not intending to hike up from the baseEast Gate visitors center, this is your only option¥40 one way.
==Get around==
The Tourist line 1 bus will eventually drop you at There are four routes to the main Ticket Hall - East Gate (after top of Huashan Park: 1 stop elsewhere). Go into Hike to the hall to buy your tickets. If you wish to walk top from the "Long Way" this starts at West Gate, take your ticket back 2) Hike to the Number 2 bus park (where you got offtop along the Soldier's Path, 3) Take the North cable car, and show 4) Take the ticket West cable car. You can use any combination of these methods to the gold shuttle buses, they will take you get to the start top of the trail. If you wish park and back down to walk the "Soldiers Way" or take the North Peak Gondola, these start at further up the road from East Gate, buy a ¥20 shuttle pass at the ticket hall find the same gold shuttles to get you there. For West Peak Gondola buy a ¥40 shuttle passvillage.
For buses that end in the village walk up the hill to the temple, walk through the temple to eventually find West Gate where you can buy an entrance ticket to walk up. (Shuttles stop at the parking lot on the right behind the "supermarket" just before the temple, it may be possible to use them to get to the main ticket hall). A Taxi to the main ticket hall from the village is typically ¥10. The East Gate will be closed at night, thus if you are planning to climb overnight, proceed to the the West Gate. After the bus from the ticket office (¥20) deposits you at the mountain proper, you have 3 options for ascending the first bit. Note that all start, and finish, almost right next one another[[File:OTBP Mount Hua Ascending Steps. jpg|thumb|250px|Ascending steps]]
Watch out for scams, especially if you are planning to climb the mountain overnight to watch sunrise at the East 1) Climb North Peak. The only transportation available then are cabs. There will also be unofficial "cabs" (basically normal cars operated by locals) called hei che (black cars) parked near from the train station. Drivers will approach you offering to bring you to the entrance for a price of around ¥30. On the way, if it has rained recently, they will claim that there was been a slight erosion which has caused a blockage of the paths and thus closure of the entrances. To make the story sound more convincing, some may even pretend to call their "brother" or "friend" on the mountain who will then speak to you to confirm that the roads have been closedWest Gate. If the weather This is good, the driver will claim that the roads are under maintenance. Knowing that you would need a visual confirmation to be fully convinced, the driver will then take you most common hiking path to the East Gate, which is always closed at nightsummit. At that crucial moment where you are thinking to yourself that your plans have been spoilt, he will recommend that you stay in a hotel before attempting the climb the next morning, and very conveniently, there will be an "affordable" hotel right next to the entrance, which he will point out. If he succeeds in getting you to fork out money to stay the night, he will earn a commission. [[File:OTBP Mount Hua Ascending Steps.jpg|thumb|250px|Ascending steps]]1) Climb the North Peak--main route. Plan for 2-5 hours depending on fitness (Approximately 6km approximately 6 km with 1100m 1100 m verticalof stairs) to reach the North Peak. There will be plenty of shops by the side of the path selling food and drinks for you to replenish your energy, but the prices are very inflated so it's better to stock up in town. Eating hot noodles in To access the start of the trail from Yuquan Yuan (Jade Spring Temple), walk uphill either through or around the temple to the road behind the temple, and follow it about ten minutes to the cold will be a West Gate ticket office to purchase your tickets. Don't worry about getting lost, it's very pleasant experienceintuitive. If you're climbing at night, you can only purchase tickets from this gate, so don't bother visiting the East Gate visitor's center first.
2) Take a cable car (¥80 one way, ¥150 return) to the Climb North Peak, (¥140 one way, ¥280 return) to via the Soldier's Path: Take the West Peak. Be warned - shuttle from the line East Gate visitor's center to enter the North Peak cable car often lasts over station. It's the more difficult but faster of the two hours (weekends, public holidays) - so try to arrive earlyhiking routes. ThankfullyThis takes an estimated 2 hours, line cutting and is surprisingly rarenothing but steps. It also contains one section with ''optional'' ~80 degree steps. The steepest steps on the mountain (approaching 90 degrees) are also here, and most though now chained off in favour of a far more forgiving route. Towards the line is blocked from top, the sun path splits. Going right will feature steeper steps and take you directly to the North Cable Car landing area. Going left leads you to intersect with water misting, so sans boredom, itthe path that connects the North Cable Car landing area to the other non-North peaks. If you don's still fairly comfortable even in summer. The t plan to visit North Peak cable car starts at East Gate (shuttles available from Ticket hall ¥20), go left.
3) Climb the Cable car to North Peak: See above for cable car and shuttle prices. From the East Gate visitor's center, take a shuttle to the cable car station and ride up in 6-8 minutes. Be warned -alternate route below the line to enter the North Peak cable car can last over two hours (East Gateweekends, public holidays)- so try to arrive early. Called "Solider's Way" - it's the more difficultAt 10am on April 2018, but faster of the two hiking routesline was 15 minutes. This takes an estimated 2 hoursThankfully, line cutting is surprisingly rare, and most of the line is nothing but steps. It also contains one section blocked from the sun and with ''optional'' ~80 degree stepswater misting, for those who have seen the famous photos online. The steepest steps on the mountain (approaching 90 degrees) are also hereso sans boredom, though now chained off it's still fairly comfortable even in favour of a far more forgiving routesummer.
These three routes meet up again just below the North Peak summit4) Cable car to west peak: See above for cable car and shuttle prices. One can of courseFrom the East Gate visitor's center, take any of a shuttle to the 3 routes up, and then either of West cable car station; the other two remaining downcable car ride will take twenty minutes.
From this meeting area (The first three routes meet up again just below the North Peak summit), . From this meeting area there is initially only one route to the other peaks. This passes through the area known , a steep trail of stairs leading across such features as the "Heavenly Steps" (上天梯) literally "ascend heaven ladder", "Sun and Moon Cliff" and "Black Dragon Mountain," and ending at Gold Lock Pass, which is identifiable by the mounds of gold padlocks and red ribbons framing the latter so called because it looks like a dragon's wavy backpath. The route is no more than a meter wide at placesbut there are steps the whole way and chain fences for support. This should take about Walking from North Peak to Gold Lock Pass takes 1-2 hours.
At the top of this section is the "Just past Gold Lock Pass." Here the route branches. Different paths lead towards the East, South, Center and West Peaks, as well as other points of interestlike the Chess Pavilion (between East and South peaks) and the Plank Road (below South Peak). As most of the elevation gain is done, the final ascent to each of the peaks is not too severe. You likely only have time to climb one (probably the South, the highest) or walk a circuit. In You can do an entire circuit from this peak there are temples, lodges and other sites. This includes the infamous Changkong Boardwalkpoint in 2 hours.
From April 2013, a new cable car Most Chinese tour groups will take the route (¥140 one way) to the of West Peak was opened. It is by far Cable Car, then take the easiest (and the most expensive, hence least crowded) way peaks circuit counter-clockwise to enjoy Huashan. Since the West North Peak is nearly at the top, you can hike four peaks (West, South, Center, East) as well as walk the "Plank Road in the Sky" without too much ascending. Then you can either then take the same cable North Peak Cable car . This is because there is an elevation drop this way so most of their steps are going down (if . If you are not interested wish to have less people going in Chinese culture or you are not confident of your physical strengthdirection, you have got most of go the beauty of Huashan already)opposite direction, meaning hike up or descend to take the North Peak (one hour) to take one of the 3 routes mentioned earlier back Cable Car, then make your way to the foot of the mountainWest Peak Cable car in whatever manner you prefer.
==See==
==Do==
* Watch the sun rise from East Peak (Dong Feng) by attempting a night hike. It won't be as crowded as during the daytime, but you will see plenty of other hikers ascending as well. Be sure to bring along a flashlight, spare batteries and warm clothing. Such equipment can be rented from a store along the road leading to the West Gate entrance. Check the weather forecast before climbing because a rainy night will result in dense fog in the early morning which conceals the sunrise.
*At Below East Peak, prepare yourself mentally as you can optionally ascend the famous yun ding, which are a narrow ladder of steps half as deep as the length of your feet, carved into the stone, and stacked up at an angle so sharp that you . The steps are virtually climbing a stone ladderlines with chains to hold onto. Experience the thrill of clinging onto the iron chains by the side of the path with your arms, while slowly groping for a foothold on the slippery steps.
*Next morning, walk Walk from East Peak to the other peaks, where the scenery changes from rock outcrops to lush foliage (in spring). The mist will gradually fade away to reveal a breathtaking expanse of valleys if you look over the edge of the cliffs. Indulge in a sense of satisfaction as you survey the arduously long journey you had completed during the night.
[[File:OTBP Mount Hua with Temple.jpg|thumb|250px|View of the temple]]
* With a safety harness (since 2005!) walk out on the 长空栈道(Changkong Zhandao, "Vast Sky Plank Walk"). Climb a ladder that's nothing more steel rods driven into a crack in the rock, and walk on planks a foot wide along the edge of a cliff dropping thousands of feet, and in places put you trust in footholds carved into the rock. Note that this is closed during the winter.
*Other than Complete the via ferrata known as the "Vast Sky Plank Walkor Plank Road in the Sky The walk starts from the south face of the South Peak. A safety harness will be rented to you for ¥30 at the start of the walk. The path takes you down a vertical ladder for about 15 m, then along a very solid and well-reinforced platform of "planks" one can choose to descend along the cliff face for about 30 m. The walk ends at an unremarkable rock outcrop with a little shrine. On the way out and back you'll have to work around other tourists on the path. If you're comfortable with heights the famous Chess Pavilion next to walk will take no more than 10 minutes one way. *Another via ferrata descends from the east peak via face of the steep footholdings cut into East Peak to the mountainfamously picturesque Chess Pavilion. This is the only way to get there , and , like the plank walk Plank Walk, there is now a harness for rent (¥30). In the very beginning of the climb down it is 90 degree steep but in overall it's a little less frightening than the plank walk and the Chess pavilion is a great far greater reward for the few visitors that manage to reach ityour efforts and money.
==Buy==
Biang Biang Mian (Noodles) Special Shaanxi noodles available on the mountain. The character for biang is a special character with 57 strokes only used in Shaanxi Province. Small shops also sell typical snacks and drinks.
It is also advisable to bring your own snacks or food. For example, a bowl of instant noodles at North Peak is ¥17 24 as of Dec 2012 and a Snickers in a caffee near to Oct 2017 which is the peak cheapest meal. That is ¥18, about four five times more expensive than back in town, and despite being located right by . The prices are identical amongst all shops on the cable carssummit. Bargaining does not seem possible.
In winter the restaurants close early due to low volume. If you arrive at dinnertime it is not uncommon for restaurants to be closed or to only have instant noodles. Cooking can also be difficult for the staff due to frozen water pipes.
==Drink==Be sure to bring enough water for your hike. You may need to buy water on the mountain which will cost you about 5 11 Yuan (up to ¥10 when furthest up on the mountainsmall bottle). If you buy the water before coming the price should be about ¥1.5. Most people will drink Red Bull from small golden cans. This Red Bull is not carbonated and is a little more watery than those available in the United States.
==Sleep==
Most Cheap, comfortable hotels (private rooms with en suite bathrooms and hot water) in Huashan Village can be found on the usual hotel and hostel websites for half the price of a hostel in Xian or on the mountain. The hotels are within mere meters of the peaks have guesthouses where you can sleep in communal rooms Yuquan Yuan temple and the start of about 4 to 10 peoplethe traditional hike up North Peak. The price should be around ¥60 to ¥120. Non-communal rooms start Staying at around ¥200 such a hotel before and after your trip into the park makes for a nightrelaxed day without worrying about first and last trains to wherever.
Most of the peaks have guesthouses where you can sleep in communal rooms of about 4 to 10 people. The price should be above ¥100. Non-communal rooms start at around ¥200 a night (could be way higher today). Note that the guest houses are not heated, and they can be brutally cold during the winter. It is possible that the provided sheets and thin mattresses will not be enough, so dress warm and/or bring a sleeping bag and insulation for your head, where the most heat is lost. Restrooms are also located outside, so any breaks will require a short walk outside in the cold.
There are no shower facilities or running water in the guesthouses. Bring moist towelettes, sanitation gel, or simply a small towel to douse with drinking water if you want to wash your hands or face.
For a more authentic experience, sleep by the edge of the cliff at East Peak. The ground slopes upwards towards the edge, thus it is relatively safe to sleep near the edge even though there are no railings. Alternatively, huddle up closer to the metal posts away from the edge of the cliff if you would like a safer place to sleep. Prepare enough warm clothes as the temperature drops close to zero at East Peak, with the wind chill.
*<sleep name="Huashan Fengguang Inn" alt="华山风光客栈" address="Yuquan Road Huayin, Shaanxi 714200 China" directions="" phone="+86 15877644524" url="http://www.fengguanginn.com/" checkin="14:00" checkout="12:00" price="200CNY" lat="" long="">Located at the foot of Mount Hua, Huashan Fengguang Inn is 400 m below Jade Spring Temple. It offers comfortable guest rooms with free WiFi and 24-hour hot water. Free parking is possible at a location nearby.
 
Huashan Fengguang Inn is an 11-minute drive from the city centre, a 12-minute drive from Huashan North Railway Station and a 15-minute drive from Huashan Railway Station.
 
Each air-conditioned room comes with a sofa, an electric kettle and a flat-screen cable TV. The bathroom offers a hairdryer and free toiletries.
 
Luggage can be stored at the 24-hour front desk. Ticketing services and tour arrangements are available at the tour desk. There is also a mini-market. The property offers free parking.</sleep>
==Contact==
The last train from Huashan Station to Xian leaves at 23:26. You will need to take a taxi from the mountain to the train station. It costs &yen;20-40 depending on your bargining skills. You can get a full set of informations from the "China Trains" smartphone app or chinatrains.com
==Huashan guide for the poor and fit==
Huashan can unexpectedly become a very expensive trip, up to &yen;500 for just a day trip. This short guide will help you limit your costs to under 200Yuan
*Bus from Xian &yen;25-&yen;36 39 each way, about 2hours.*Slow Train &yen;20 + &yen;20-&yen;30 taxi from Huashan railway station
*Entrance ticket &yen;90 with student ID. Foreign ID’s are also accepted. &yen;180 without discount.
*Walk up and walk down (The long main trail)This path is not officially open any longer, and it is not recommended to walk up or down as some parts are extremely steep and security poor.
*Bring at least 2L water per person and your own food
*Walk the "Plank Road in the Sky" (&yen;30 for harness hire)
From Xian take the first bus to Huashan. During peak season there are buses starting at 6am. Go to the east side of the train station and look for a sign saying 花山 华山 (Huashan). If you not sure then just ask the other buses and they will direct you. Aim to catch the 6am bus and don’t be later than 7am. You want as much time as possible on the mountain.
The Bus takes 2 hours and you will arrive in Huashan town. From here walk straight ahead up the slope to the temple. After a 10min walk through the temple you will arrive at the ticket office.
If your swim takes too long, or you end up walking slowly due to knee problems causing you to miss your bus then it is no problem. There are trains until 11pm from Huashan to Xian. You will need to take a taxi (about &yen;30) to the train station and then take the train (&yen;20 for the slow train ~1hr30mins).
==Stay safe== 
Watch out for scams, especially if you are planning to climb the mountain overnight to watch sunrise at the East Peak. The only transportation available then are cabs. There will also be unofficial "cabs" (basically normal cars operated by locals) called hei che (black cars) parked near the train station. Drivers will approach you offering to bring you to the entrance for a price of around &yen;30. On the way, if it has rained recently, they will claim that there was been a slight erosion which has caused a blockage of the paths and thus closure of the entrances. To make the story sound more convincing, some may even pretend to call their "brother" or "friend" on the mountain who will then speak to you to confirm that the roads have been closed. If the weather is good, the driver will claim that the roads are under maintenance. Knowing that you would need a visual confirmation to be fully convinced, the driver will then take you to the East Gate, which is always closed at night. At that crucial moment where you are thinking to yourself that your plans have been spoilt, he will recommend that you stay in a hotel before attempting the climb the next morning, and very conveniently, there will be an "affordable" hotel right next to the entrance, which he will point out. If he succeeds in getting you to fork out money to stay the night, he will earn a commission.
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