| region14description=A mostly lower income residential area, this district contains several bay-side neighborhoods, many nice parks, and Candlestick Park, home of the 49ers NFL team.
[[Image:San Francisco districts map.png|thumb|print=inline|San Francisco Districts Map]]
*'''[[San Francisco/Golden Gate|Golden Gate]]''' — Fashionable neighborhoods, e.g., the Marina District, Cow Hollow, and Pacific Heights, with extensive views and historical landmarks — Fort Mason, The Presidio, and the iconic Golden Gate Bridge.
*'''[[San Francisco/Fisherman's Wharf|Fisherman's Wharf]]''' — A touristy waterfront neighborhood which encompasses Ghirardelli Square, Pier 39, and the ferry launch to Alcatraz Island, as well as a plethora of seafood restaurants and souvenir stores.
*'''[[San Francisco/Nob Hill-Russian Hill|Nob Hill-Russian Hill]]''' — Two ritzy neighborhoods with upscale hotels, cable cars, panoramic views and steep inclines.
*'''[[San Francisco/Chinatown-North Beach|Chinatown-North Beach]]''' — Two vibrant immigrant communities; the crowded and largest Chinatown outside of Asia next to the stylish laid back 'Little Italy', as well as Telegraph Hill and Coit Tower. North Beach has been plagued by crime late at night.
*'''[[San Francisco/Union Square-Financial District|Union Square-Financial District]]''' — Union Square is the center of shopping, theater and art in the city, next to the many skyscrapers of downtown and Market Street.
*'''[[San Francisco/Civic Center-Tenderloin|Civic Center-Tenderloin]]''' — The neoclassical Civic Center next to the grit of the Tenderloin. While the 'TL' is grittier compared to its ritzier neighbors downtown, there are still plenty of interesting architecture and attractions to see here. The Tenderloin and Civic Center are crime filled areas with many panhandlers, vagrants, car break-ins, muggings and robberies.
*'''[[San Francisco/SoMa|SoMa ''(South of Market)'']]''' — A rapidly changing neighborhood of downtown that is the center of a lot of new construction, including new skyscrapers, some of the city's newest museums, and AT&T Park, home of the San Francisco Giants. This area has also seem much violence at late night events and at night clubs. There have been stabbings and at least a few deaths over the years involving baseball fans in this area. The latest was the stabbing of a Los Angeles Dodgers fan.
*'''[[San Francisco/Western Addition|Western Addition]]''' — A historic neighborhood with many Victorian homes that was once a hotbed of African-American culture. This is a high crime area. Within the area is also Japantown, the center of San Francisco's Japanese population.
*'''[[San Francisco/Haight|Haight]]''' — Famous for being the home of the Hippie movement, this once bohemian area is still an eclectic treasure.
*'''[[San Francisco/The Avenues|The Avenues]]''' — Includes both the foggy Sunset and Richmond Districts, separated by the scenic Golden Gate Park and bounded on the west by Ocean Beach.
*'''[[San Francisco/Twin Peaks-Lake Merced|Twin Peaks-Lake Merced]]''' — Covering most of southwestern San Francisco, this area is home to many of the taller hills of San Francisco and the large Lake Merced park which contains the San Francisco Zoo.
*'''[[San Francisco/Castro-Noe Valley|Castro-Noe Valley]]''' — Colorful and cohesive, the Castro is historically known for being the cultural center of the city's LGBTQ community. Nearby Noe Valley offers excellent restaurants and shops along pleasantly walkable streets.
*'''[[San Francisco/Mission-Bernal Heights|Mission-Bernal Heights]]''' — This colorful area is home to a large Hispanic community as well as new urban artisans, and is a center of San Francisco night life. For visitors wishing to get off the beaten tourist paths and catch some local flavor, this is the place to go.
*'''[[San Francisco/Southeast|Southeast San Francisco]]''' — A mostly lower income residential area, this district contains several bay-side neighborhoods, many nice parks, and Candlestick Park, home of the 49ers NFL team.
The first European settlement in the area was founded by the Spanish in 1776 as a mission community surrounding the Mission San Francisco de Asís, in what is today called the Mission Dolores in the Mission District. In addition to the mission, a military fort was built near the Golden Gate: El Presidio.
Upon gaining independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico.
Under Mexican rule, the mission system gradually came to an end and private ownership of land became a possibility. In 1835, an Englishman named William Richardson founded the town of '''Yerba Buena''', the first significant settlement on the peninsula outside of the Mission Dolores area. As the new settlement gradually grew, Yerba Buena developed a street plan and became attractive to settlers.
In 1846, the United States claimed California, and in July of that year, the
U.S. Navy arrived to raise the American flag above Yerba Buena. Over the next couple of years, California officially became part of the United States following the Mexican-American War, and the name of the town was changed from Yerba Buena to San Francisco.
With the '''California Gold Rush''' of 1848, San Francisco began to explode in population. Waves of immigrants came to the city to seek their fortunes, including large numbers of Chinese immigrants, forming one of the largest Chinese populations outside of Asia. During this time, many major businesses were created and flourished in San Francisco, and famous (and infamous) personalities settled in the city. Of course, with all this success came problems: the rapid growth of the city outstripped any efforts at city planning, meaning proper sanitation and infrastructure were largely undeveloped, which led to a cholera outbreak in 1855. Violence and corruption were evident, and anti-immigrant violence resulted in many race riots.