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updated listing City Walls
* <see name="Castle" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="24 46 59-0" email="" fax="" url="" hours="Every day Apr-Sep 9AM-6PM, Oct-Mar 10AM-4PM" price="€ 6 (''Museum, guided tour, Sinwellturm and Tiefer Brunnen. Outside areas free.'')">The castle dominates the north-western corner of Nuremberg's old town. In the west (on the right, when coming from the city) the castle starts with ''Luginsland'' tower. Between it and the five-cornered tower is the ''Kaiserstallung''. It was built in 1495 in only one year and served originally as a storehouse for grain. Today it is used as a youth hostel. The ''five-cornered tower'' was constructed before 1050 and is the oldest building of the castle and city. Further east are the entry to the castle garden and the castle gate. Through the castle gate one gets to the ''Freiung'', where you can enjoy one of the best views of the old town. If you want to look further you can climb the round tower (''Sinwellturm'') in the first court of the castle. There you also find the deep well (''Tiefer Brunnen''). In the main court is the Kemenate on the right and the Palas on the left side. The Palas houses the ''castle museum'', further rooms including the two-storey chapel can be seen on a guided tour. (Note: The guided tour offered by the Castle is only in German. However, another company offers English and other language tours of the town and castle for € 8-10. Information is available inside the Tourist Information Center in the Market Square, where the tour starts).</see>
* <see name="City Walls" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Originally Nuremberg's city wall had a length of five kilometers and five gates: Laufer, Spittler-, Frauen-, Neu- und Tiergärtner Tor. From the 13th to the 16th century the wall was continuously strengthened and is one of the reasons why the city withstood all attacks during this time. Nearly four kilometers of the wall are still standing. Only on the east side between the main station and Rathenauplatz are large gaps. The city moat, which was never filled with water, still exists in its full width for about two kilometers. Between Färbertor and Spittlertor (Plärrer) you should
* <see name="Castle Quarter (Burgviertel)" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Numerous old buildings here survived the war. The street ''Fuell'' with its sand stone houses is a typical merchant's street. The craftsmen lived in timber-framed houses, many of which have been restored in ''Weissgerbergasse''. More timber-framed houses can be seen in ''Obere'' and ''Untere Kraemersgasse''. In ''Untere Kraemersgasse 16'' you can often look into the tiny courtyard. </see>