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Trekking in Nepal

961 bytes added, 08:15, 23 June 2013
Responsible trekking
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[[File:Everest base camp.jpg|center|800px]]
==Understand==
[[Nepal]] has some of the best trekking in the world, to and around several of the world's highest mountains, including [[Khumbu|Mount Everest]]. Many people visit the country just to trek and the tourism industry is well prepared to facilitate all manner of trekking styles and destinations. On the one hand you could spend a year planning an expedition to wild and lofty places; on the other you could land in Kathmandu with no plans and be on the trail to [[Everest_Base_Camp_Trek|Everest Base Camp (EBC)]] in a matter of days.[[File:Everest.jpg|thumb|300px|A view of Mount Everest from the Tibetan base camp]][[File:Village view.jpg|thumbcenter|300px|View of Annapurna Mountains from Ghorepani800px]]
===Types of trekking in Nepal===
[[File:Everest.jpg|thumb|300px|A view of Mount Everest from the Tibetan base camp]]
[[File:Village view.jpg|thumb|300px|View of Annapurna Mountains from Ghorepani]]
'''Teahouse trekking''' along the main trails is the most common style, with decent lodges in every settlement (and between), it is possible to trek in comfort with minimal preparation, equipment and support. There is no need to camp and a selection of western style foods are readily available from a menu system. No special permits are required, just national park entry tickets and the TIMS permit. The main areas for these treks are [[Everest_Base_Camp_Trek|Everest/Khumbu]] [[Langtang]] and [[Annapurna]]. Since 2010, the [[Manaslu_Trek|Manaslu Circuit Trek]] has become possible without camping in tea-houses, though it requires a US$ 50 per week permit and must be trekked with a guide. The trek to Lo Manthang in Upper [[Mustang_(Nepal)|Mustang]] is similar: no camping is required as many comfortable lodges are available, but a permit is required which keeps many budget travellers away.
[[File:Pokhara Annapurna Range.jpg|center|700px]]
 
== Types of Trekking ==
[[Image:Lake_pokhara.jpg|thumb|Lakeside Pokhara trail]]
[[File:Annapurna Circuit.jpg|thumb|300px|Annapurna Circuit]]
The Great Himalaya Trail [http://www.thegreathimalayatrail.org/] is the Government dream of Nepal's a Dutch/British INGO collaboration (SNV/DFID). In theory, it is the latest tourism 'product' and spans Nepal connecting all of the main trekking areas (mentioned below) with less visited areas in approximately 1,700 km of trails. There is They are also proposing a lower or cultural route crossing the pahar or mid-hills of Nepal, but no one has actually trekked and outlined an actual route. The so-called upper route doesn't really exist (i.e., there is no trail per se) but it is possible to hike along the Himalaya, however, a coterie of very good guides, cooks, porters, equipment (including technical gear) and expensive fees are needed. The window for doing it is exceedingly short as snow closes the high passes for much of the year.
Main "teahouse trek" regions, in each of these areas there are a number of trail options, there is plenty of scope for short treks of less than a week to much longer if you have time and wanderlust.
* [[Khumbu]] - Bus to [[Jiri]] or fly to [[Lukla]] then hike up to [[Namche|Namche Bazzar]], capital of the Sherpa lands at the foot of Everest. The most popular trek is up to [[Everest_Base_Camp_Trek|Everest Base Camp]] and an ascent of Kalar Patar. Visit the Buddhist [[Tengboche]] monastery for the Mani Rimdu festival in November. Explore the [[Gokyo]] valley with its sacred lakes and stupendous views of four 8000m peaks. Or a circuit of the region crossing the high passes or Cho La and Renjo La.
* [[Annapurna]] - North of [[Pokhara]], from lush middle hills into high mountains. A [[Annapurna Circuit|circuit]] leads up the Maryangdi river to Manang, over Thorung La (5400m) to the Hindu temples at Muktinath. Down the Kali Gandaki on the Jomsom trail enjoying Gurung and Thakali hospitality. Up through spring rhododendron blooms to Poon Hill for a dawn Himalayan vista. Trek up into the very heart of the [[Annapurna Sanctuary]] for an awesome 360' high mountain skyline. Upper Mustang is also tea-house trekkable with quite easy trails and amazing Trans-Himalayan scenery though itracts it requires a restricted -area permit of US$500 per 10 dadays.* '''Helambu Langtang''' - a short taxi ride from Thamel to the roadhead at Shivapuri leads o to a trail through the middle-hills countryside of Helambu, either circuit around and return to Kathmandu or cross the pass to the sacred lake at Gosainkhund, descend and then hike up the Langtang valley beneath mountains that form the border with Tibet. Descend back to catch a bus on a rough road through Trisuli to Kathmandu.
* [[Manaslu_Trek|Manaslu]] - Unspoiled trails through remote villages and over a wild pass to circuit an 8000m mountain. Though trekkable since 1991, since 2010 this has become Nepal's newest 'tea-house' trek with the building of a lodge below the Larkya La pass (5135m). Some lodges are currently still a little basic, so it remains for the adventurous, though without the need to camp. Manaslu area and the extremely interesting Tsum side valley are still restricted and need special permits and a guide.
* Makalu - Makalu base camp can now also be reached using tea-house accommodationaccommodations, depending of the time of the year. Still, be Be aware that many time times houses can be closed or booked for expeditionexpeditions. Indovidual Individual trekkers should carry a tent, stove and food. Of course mattress mattresses and WARM slerping bag sleeping bags are necessary, even in houses where a bed is most of the time a wooden tray.
* Dolpa - Upper Dolpa is the remote Land of the Bon, almost as Tibetan as Nepali. Lower Dolpa is more accessible and can be reached by plane.
* Naar-Phu Valley is a hidden Tibetan valley just north of the Annapurna Circuit which was opened to visitors in 2002. Entrance is form Koto near Chame, and exit via 5300m high Kang La pass to Ngawal. A few basic lodges, but camping style trek still recommended. 9 days form Koto to Ngawal with two days in each major village Phugaon and Naar.
* Guerrilla Trek (travel through astonishing rural landscape that maintain unique culture and mystique very different than more popularized and commercial routes).
* Indigenous Peoples Trail (a cultural delight with marvelous viewpoints)
* Chitwan Chepang Hills Trail (from the Trishuli River to the terai).
 
*After your trek you can give your clothes to the porters' clothing bank which is managed by the KEEP association [http://www.keepnepal.org/]. This bank is located in Thamel at Kathmandu and provides clothes to the trekking porters.
 
*Travelers are encouraged to bring water purification tablets or water filters on the trek as this reduces the use of plastic bottles and also reduces the weight carried.
[[File:Chaine-annapurna.jpg|center|800px]]
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