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17:03, 12 April 2013
Fraser Island was named after Captain James Fraser and his wife Eliza who were shipwrecked off the island's west coast in 1836. They reached the island, but there are different versions of how the story continued. James Fraser died, either killed by Aboriginal people or because of starvation. Eliza survived and was soon rescued by a convict.
The Butchulla, the island's traditional caretakers, called it ''K'gari'' (''paradise''). When European settlers arrived, the logging industry grew quickly. They realized that the wood of the island's trees was very valuable. Featuring a lot of oil, it was nearly waterproof and thus very useful for the construction of ships.
The Butchulla were nearly exterminated in the 19th century, in 1904, the remaining Aboriginal inhabitants were relocated to the mainland.
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