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Middle East

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{| style="background-color:#F9F9F9; border:1px solid #A00; padding:5px;"| [[Image:Jerusalem_from_mt_olivesOversight logo.jpgpng|left|thumb250px|300pxalt=|Dome of the Rocklink=]] '''Anonymous editors, proxies and non-maintenance members have been blocked from viewing this website. Please [[Jerusalem]]Special:Userlogin|log in]]with a account with Gold Membership of the English Wikipedia.'''<hr />Wikipedia is apparently being filtered by the maintenance on this site. Unfortunately, the method they are using to make sure the maintenance is working makes it impossible for Wikipedia to differentiate between legitimate users and those abusing the site. '''As a result, we have been forced to block several IP addresses, users, and proxies from editing and/or viewing Wikipedia.'''
The '''Middle EastUnregistered and new users:''' is If you are in a world region in Western unregistered account block, [[AsiaWikipedia:Why create an account?|an account can be created]]to allow you to edit. Please use [ this form] and North-eastern Africato request an account under your preferred username. The term was created by British military strategists In general, these blocks only prevent users who are not logged in from editing; once you are logged in , the 19th centuryblock will no longer affect you in any way. If e-mailing, please refer to this block in your message.Wikipedia tries to be open, and definitions but we sometimes must [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|block]] a range of the Middle East vary; it is [[IP address]]es or an entire network, to prevent editing by abusers, vandals, or block evaders. <font color="red">''not'' simply These "range blocks" can affect users who have done nothing wrong. If you are a geographical termlegitimate user, but also follow the instructions below to edit despite the block'''</font>. Users who are the intended target of a political one, connoting that it separates Europe ("range block may still [[Wikipedia:Guide to appealing blocks|appeal the West") block]].[[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|Registered users]] are still able to edit as long as they subscribe to gold. If you are currently blocked from the Far Eastcreating an account, use our [ account creation tool] to request an account with details of your block as explained below. Alternatively, you could have edited anonymously, and the traditional trade route of choice between these two extremescreate an account through, our secure erver, which does currently seem to be affected badly. More information may be found on [[Special:Mytalk|your talk page]]. You may wish to contact our sysops or bureaucrats to inquire about this issue.
==Countries and territories==We apologise for any inconvenience this may cause.
<font color="red">'''You have also been blocked during this long term maintenance of the English Wikipedia, we are reviewing the following charges:'''</font>.{| class="messagebox plainlinks" style="border: 1px solid #AAA; background: ivory; padding: 0.5em; width: 100%;"| valign="top" style="padding-right: 0.5em;" | [[File:Oversight logo.png|40px|left]]| '''You have been blocked for [[Wikipedia:Disruptive editing|abuse of editing privileges]] regarding information which has been [[WP:Oversight|removed from Wikipedia's public records]].'''<br/>If you think there are good reasons why you should be unblocked you should review the [[Wikipedia:Guide to appealing blocks|guide to appealing blocks]], and then email the Arbitration Committee at ''[email protected]''.<hr/>'''Administrators:''' Information which has been [[Wikipedia:Oversight|oversighted]] was considered when this block was placed. Therefore the Oversight team or the [[WP:ARBCOM|Arbitration Committee]] '''must''' be consulted before this block can be removed. Administrators undoing oversight blocks without permission from an oversighter risk having their administrator rights removed by the Arbitration Committee (per [{Regionlist{fullurl:index.php|title=Wikipedia:Arbitration_Committee/Noticeboard&oldid=542990713#Arbitration_motion_regarding_Oversight-related_blocks}} this announcement]).{| class="messagebox" style="border: 1px solid #AAA; background: ivory; padding: 0.5em; width: 100%;"|[[File:Wikipedia Checkuser.svg|40px|left]]'''[[Wikipedia:CheckUser|CheckUser]] Evidence has determined that this IP address or network has been used (not necessarily by you) to disrupt Wikipedia. It has been blocked from editing to prevent further abuse.''' If you get this message, please read the following information.|-| style="border-top: 1px solid #AAA; padding-top: 0.5em;" | Wikipedia tries to be open, but we sometimes must [[Wikipedia:Blocking policy|block]] a range of [[IP address]]es or an entire network, to prevent editing by abusers, vandals, or block evaders. <font color="red">'''These "range blocks" can affect users who have done nothing wrong. If you are a legitimate user, follow the instructions below to edit despite the block'''</font>. Users who are the intended target of a range block may still [[Wikipedia:Guide to appealing blocks|appeal the block]].
regionmap<span style=Map of Middle East"border:#707070 solid 1px;background-color:#e0ffe0;padding:2px">'''IP users (without an account):'''</span> If you do not currently have a account and wish to bypass this block, [[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|an account can be created]] to allow you to edit. Please use [ this form] to request an account under your preferred username.png |regionmaptext=Map of In general, these blocks only prevent users who are not logged in from editing; once you are logged in, the block will no longer affect you in any way. It is important that you '''use an e-mail address issued to you by your ISP, school, or organisation''', so we may verify that you are a legitimate user. If using the Middle East |regionmapsize=400px |form, please refer to this block under "comments". If e-mailing, please refer to this block in your message.
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region2name<span style="border:#707070 solid 1px;background-color:#ffe0e0;padding:2px">'''Administrators:'''</span> [[Wikipedia:CheckUser|CheckUsers]] are privy to confidential system logs not accessible by the public or [[IranWikipedia:Administrators|administrators]] due to the Wikimedia Foundation's [[foundation:Privacy_policy|region2colorprivacy policy]]. You '''must not''' amend or remove this block without consulting a CheckUser. Administrators who undo checkuser blocks without permission from a checkuser or the Arbitration Committee [ may be summarily desysopped].{{#if:{{{sig|}}}|&nbsp;-- {{{sig}}}}}{{ #A78379 if: {{{1|}}}|<p>'''Comments:''' {{{1}}}}}region2items{| style= "background-color:#F9F9F9; border:1px solid #A00; padding:5px;"|[[File:Kgpg new.svg|48px]] '''To edit, please [[Special:Userlogin|log in]].'''region2description= <hr />Editing by unregistered users from your shared [[IP address]] or address range may be currently disabled. However, you are still able to edit if you [[Wikipedia:Why create an account?|sign in with an account]]. If you are currently blocked from creating an account, you may use [ this form] to request a username. Please '''use an email address issued to you by your ISP, school or organization''' so that we may verify that you are a legitimate user on this network. Please reference this block in the comment section of either form.
region3name=[[Iraq]] |region3color=#D5DC76 |region3items= |region3description= | region4name=[[Israel]] |region4color=#D5B66B |region4items= |region4description= | region5name=[[Jordan]] |region5color=#FFD0D0 |region5items= |region5description= | region6name=[[Kuwait]] |region6color=#B383B3 |region6items= |region6description= | region7name=[[Lebanon]] |region7color=#4DA9C4 |region7items= |region7description= | region8name=[[Oman]] |region8color=#4DA9C4 |region8items= |region8description= | region9name=[[Palestinian Territories]] |region9color=#D51027 |region9items= |region9description= | region10name=[[Qatar]] |region10color=#71B37B |region10items= |region10description= | region11name=[[Saudi Arabia]] |region11color=#D56D76 |region11items= |region11description= | region12name=[[Syria]] |region12color=#71B37B |region12items= |region12description= | region13name=[[Turkey]] |region13color=#D5B66B |region13items= |region13description= | region14name=[[United Arab Emirates]] |region14color=#FFD0D0 |region14items= |region14description= | region15name=[[Yemen]] |region15color=#B383B3 |region15items= |region15description= | }}   [[Egypt]] is often considered a part of the Middle East, as the [[Sinai]] is geologically a part of [[Asia]]. Sometimes [[Azerbaijan]] is considered a part of the Middle East, as a sort of border region between [[Europe]] and [[Asia]]. Even the inclusion of [[Iran]] is to a degree controversial—it can also be considered to be a [[Central Asia]]n or [[South Asia]]n nation. ==Cities== <!-- NINE cities only to be listed and please do not change without discussing first Please check on the talk page --> [[ImageSpecial:Dubai_Creek%2C_Dubai%2C_UAE.JPGListusers|thumb|250px|Traditional boats backed by the quickly rising skyline of [[Dubai]]]]* [[Tehran]] — a bustling metropolis of 14 million people, it is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants and warm friendly people, also great Iranian food !* [[Amman]] — experiencing a massive change from a quiet sleepy village to a bustling metropolis* [[Beirut]] — a true cosmopolitan city, the commercial and financial hub of [[Lebanon]]* [[Baghdad]] — once a favored destination on the 'hippie trail' and packed full of sights, now one of the most dangerous cities on Earth* [[Damascus]] — credited with being the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world, the old-walled city in particular feels very ancient* [[Dubai]] — most modern and progressive emirate in the [[United Arab Emirates]], developing at an unbelievable pace* [[Istanbul]] — the only major city to span two continents and a fascinating melting pot of East and West* [[Jerusalem]] — containing the [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]] of the Old City, this city is sacred for Jews, Christians and Muslims.* [[Meccalist]] — forbidden for non-Muslims to enter, this is the holiest city in Islam mostly known for that the [[Hajj]] <!-- NINE cities only to be listed and please do not change without discussing first on the talk page --> ==Other destinations== * [[Dead SeaWikipedia:Username policy|username]] — the water is far too salinated for marine inhabitation - hence the name - and it keeps you afloat* [[Empty Quarter]] — the name Empty Quarter explains pretty well what it is.. a vast, inhospitable, empty desert* [[Madain Saleh]] — a Nabataean city hewed out of rock in the same style as Jordan's far more famous [[Petra]]* [[Palmyra]] — stunning ruins and a lush oasis adjacent to the city* [[Persepolis]] — the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid dynasty today know as Iran , close to modern [[Shiraz]]* [[Petra]] — one of the 'New Seven Wonders', Petra is the breathtaking capital of the Nabataean kingdom from around the 6th century BC* [[Samarra]] — archaeological and Shi'a holy sites, including the tombs of several Shi'a Imams in [[Iraq]]* [[Sea of Galilee]] — known for its Gospel associations with the life and ministry of Jesus Christ, thus a pilgrimage destination for Christians* [[Shibam]] — known as 'Manhattan of the Desert', a unique, sixteenth century, mud-built, high rise apartment buildings complex ==Understand== As one of the wellsprings of human civilisation in the ancient and medieval worlds, the birthplace of several world religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Bahai) and an area of much modern economic and political importance, the Middle East remains a popular destination for travellers. Ethnically, the region is extremely mixed. Arabs, Jewish people, Persians and Turks are the largest groups, but there are several substantial minorities &mdash; Kurds, Armenians and others &mdash; with their own languages, customs and sometimes their own countries. Every invading army &mdash; from Alexander and the Romans through Genghis Khan to the 19th century colonial powers &mdash; choose has left descendants behind. There are also substantial numbers of workers from other countries coming to the region for higher pay &mdash; mainly Afghan, Pakistani for jobs like construction labourer, with Egyptians, Filipinos, more Pakistanis, and some westerners in the more skilled jobs.  Almost every country in the Middle East has a Muslim majority (with the notable exception of [[Israel]] which has a Jewish majority), with [[Iran]], [[Iraq]] and [[Bahrain]] mainly Shia, other areas mainly Sunni, and both with minorities of the other &mdash; and the legal systems in most of these countries are influenced by Islamic Law; a few are entirely based on it. ===Cultural geography=== [[North Africa]] is similar to the Middle East in many ways &mdash; language, religion, culture and some ethnic groups. Some writers include [[Egypt]], or even [[Sudan]] and [[Libya]], in their use of the term "Middle East". On the other side, [[Central Asia]] also has much in common with the Middle East. Ethnic groups and languages are different, but the religion, much of the food, clothing, and architecture are similar. [[Iran]] could be counted as part of either region; at one point most of Central Asia was part of the Persian Empire.  The border between southeastern [[Europe]] and the Middle East is also unclear. Many writers include [[Turkey]] in their usage of "Middle East" and we include it above, but parts of Turkey are very much European. Large parts of Turkey and all of [[Lebanon]] and [[Israel]] are also clearly Mediterranean regions. On the other hand, several countries usually considered European &mdash; [[Greece]], [[Cyprus]] and to some extent the [[Balkans]] &mdash; also have Middle Eastern aspects to their culturenot already been taken==Get in=====By plane===The largest hub We apologize for flights in the region is [[Dubai]], from where you can reach virtually any point in the Middle East. After Dubai, [[Doha]] and [[Abu Dhabi]] also have good intercontinental connections. [[Tel Aviv]] is served by flights from most Western countries, though due to the political situation, it is not possible to fly from there to anywhere in the Middle East besides Egypt and Jordan. However, there are direct flights from large European hubs to most major cities in the region. === By boat ===See [[Ferries in the Mediterranean]]inconvenience. {{related|Ferries_in_the_Mediterranean}} ==Get around== Public transport is poor compared to other regions of the world including other parts of Asia. The majority of locals would use plane or car travel to get between countries. ===By plane===  ===By car=== Should you wish to enter Bahrain on land, the only way is via the King Fahd Causeway which extends from Saudi Arabia into Bahrain. Bear in mind that while Bahrain issues visas on arrival, provisions for this in Saudi Arabia are not available to non Gulf nation passport holders. ===By train=== Rail travel in the Middle East is limited and whilst most countries have limited passenger services between cities, there is very little between countries. [[Istanbul]] is the best starting point for rail journeys to a lot of areas in the Middle East. From here, a service to [[Aleppo]] in Syria operates from which one can take a connecting service to [[Damascus]]. There is a train that connects [[Damascus]] with [[Amman]] in Jordan. A service from Istanbul also operates to [[Tehran]] which includes a 4 hour ferry journey across Lake Van. In general, these trains tend to operate weekly or at most bi weekly. All other countries in this region have no international rail services. ===By bus=== This is a more practical option than trains in the Middle East as they are less prone to delays and breakdowns and have far more extensive coverage of the region. ==Talk==[[Arabic phrasebook|Arabic]] is the primary language of the region, and the main language in all Middle Eastern countries except [[Iran]] (where [[Persian phrasebook|Persian]] predominates), [[Turkey]] ([[Turkish phrasebook|Turkish]]) and [[Israel]] ([[Hebrew phrasebook|Hebrew]]). Even in those countries, Arabic is fairly common as a second language; in Israel, Arabic is a second official language. [[Yiddish]], [[Ladino]], [[Kurdish]], [[Azerbaijani_phrasebook|Azeri]], [[Armenian]] and several other languages are also spoken in some regions. English is moderately common in tourist areas and generally rare elsewhere. In Turkey, some German is spoken because many Turks work in Germany and Austria. ==See==[[Image:Shibam_skyline.jpg|thumb|250px|High-rises made of mud in [[Shibam]], [[Yemen]]—"Manhattan of the Desert"]] ===Itineraries===* [[From Istanbul to Cairo]] classic overland route* [[Hajj]] &mdash; the Muslim pilgrimage to [[Mecca]] and [[Medina]]* [[Ferries_in_The_Red_Sea| Ferries across the Red Sea]] ==Do== ==Learn== ==Buy==*Iranian (Also known as Persian) Carpet*Iranian Pistachio*Iranian Saffron *Iranian Caviar ==Eat==[[Image:Arabic MixedGrill.JPG|thumb|240px|A fancy Arabic mixed grill. Clockwise from top: lamb ''kofta'', chicken ''shish tawuk'', beef ''shish kebab'', ''rozz'' (Arabic rice), vegetables.]] Cookery provides obvious evidence of the extent of Middle Eastern influence. Turkish ''doner kebab'', Greek ''gyros'' and the ''shawarma'' of the Arab countries (everywhere from Oman to Morocco) are all basically the same dish. A traveller going overland from Europe to India will find very similar dishes &mdash; notably flat breads and kebabs &mdash; in every country from Greece to India. These are also seen in [[Central Asia]] and even [[China]]. Many Greek dishes are closer to Iranian cooking than to Italian.also you can eat Iranian (Persian) great foods like : Ghorme Sabzi or Dizi ==Drink== ==Sleep== ==Stay safe== Planning a visit to the Middle East can be complicated in various ways:* Some countries and territories in the area, such as [[Iraq]], [[Syria]], and the [[Gaza Strip]], are in a state of war or civil war and should not be visited. See [[War zone safety]] if you must go.* Some countries, such as [[Saudi Arabia]], do not issue tourist visas except for a few expensive tours.* Some countries in the region have very strict Islamic Law, with heavy penalties for [[Gay_and_lesbian_travel#Dangerous_destinations|homosexuality]], adultery and other "offenses". * Many countries in the region do not recognize the state of [[Israel]] for many reasons. These nations may refuse you entry if you have an Israeli visa or an Israeli stamp in your passport, or even a visa for another country that was issued in Israel. The Israeli authorities will generally help you avoid these problems by providing a visa as a separate document so it is not in your passport, however now this has been discontinued; see the [[Israel]] article for details. Only [[Turkey]], [[Egypt]] and [[Jordan]] have official relations with Israel in the region.* For most of the area, suggestions in [[Tips for travel in developing countries]] apply. ==Stay healthy== ==Contact== ==Get out== * [[Turkey]] and [[Cyprus]] — with lots of border posts and extensive transportation alternatives, southern Turkey is well linked to [[Syria]]. It may also be possible to take cruises to the island nation of Cyprus from Syria as well as [[Lebanon]].* [[Egypt]] — with [[Cairo to Jerusalem by bus|buses]] from [[Israel]] and [[Ferries in The Red Sea|ferries]] from [[Jordan]], Egypt is an easy trip from the region.* [[South Asia]] — the [[Istanbul to New Delhi over land|"Hippie Trail"]], after traversing Turkey and [[Iran]] from one end to another (and dipping into [[Iraq]] at a time in history) goes onward to [[Pakistan]].* [[Central Asia]] — an off the beaten path destination, which is accessible by buses from the Iranian city of [[Mashhad]] (which terminate in [[Turkmenistan]] and [[Afghanistan]]).* [[Caucasus]] — the lush and beautiful Caucasus is a short hop north from Iran.  : {{{isPartOfsig|Asia}}} | {{{continentalsectionguidesig}}}{{outline}}[[WikiPedia:Middle East]][[Dmoz:Middle East/]][[World66:asia/middleeast]][[wts:Category:Middle East]] [[ar:الشرق الأوسط]][[ca:Orient Mitjà]][[de:Naher und Mittlerer Osten]][[es:Oriente Medio]][[fi:Lähi-itä]][[fr:Moyen-Orient]][[hu:Közel-Kelet]][[it:Medio Oriente]][[ja:中近東]][[nl:Midden-Oosten]][[pt:Oriente Médio]]<!--[[ro:Orientul Mijlociu]]-->[[ru:Ближний Восток]][[sv:Mellanöstern]][[zh:中東]]|}

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