''This article is about Memphis, the ancient capital of [[Egypt]]. There are several other cities named Memphis, including [[Memphis (Tennessee)]].
'''Memphis''' is the site of one of the great ancient capital cities of [[Egypt]], located some 24 km (
x miles) south of the modern Egyptian capital of [[Cairo]].
founded towards the end of the 4th millennium BCE by the Pharaoh Narmer at the time of the Unification of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt , the boundary between which is thought to have been located close to the ancient city. It remained the capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom period, at the time when the great Pyramids were being built. Power returned to the city when the New Kingdom pharaohs made it once again Egypt's northern capital, alongside the religious and ceremonial capital at [[Luxor]] in the south.
===By taxi / cab===
By far the easiest way of visiting Memphis is to hire a taxi for the day - a visit to the city can be combined with visits to [[Saqqara]] and other nearby sites.
*the '''Memphis Museum''', located in the village of al-Badrashein, open daily
8 am - 5 pm, admission LE£25 - the highlight of this small museum is a magnificent limestone colossus (large statue) of Ramesses II the Great, viewable from an upstairs gallery. Much of the largely sculptural exhibits are in the open air, including additional statues of Ramesses II, an alabaster sphinx of the New Kingdom period and the massive travertine platforms that were used in the mummification process of the Apis bulls, later interred in the Serapeum at [[Saqqara]].
A small rest-house is located across the road from the museum - beware the notoriously inflated prices (best to bring drinks and snacks with you from your base).