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Petra

1,483 bytes removed, 20:33, 18 May 2013
updated listing Nawaf Bedouin Camp
Petra was the impressive capital of the Nabataean kingdom from around the 6th century BC. The kingdom was absorbed into the Roman Empire in AD 106 and the Romans continued to expand the city. An important center for trade and commerce, Petra continued to flourish until a catastrophic earthquake destroyed buildings and crippled vital water management systems around AD 663. After Saladin's conquest of the Middle East in 1189, Petra was abandoned and the memory of it was lost to the West.
The ruins remained hidden to most of the world until the Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, disguised as an Arab scholar, infiltrated the Bedouin-occupied city in 1812. Burckhardt's accounts of his travels inspired other Western explorers and historians to discover the ancient city further. The most famous of these was David Roberts, a Scottish artist who created a number of accurate and detailed illustrations of the city in 1839.
The first real major excavations of the site were in 1929 after the forming of Trans-Jordan. Since that time, Petra has become by far Jordan's largest tourist attraction, partially due to the exposure by . The site was included in the Steven Spielberg movie, ''Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade'', in 1989. Due to the fantastic engineering accomplishments and well-preserved dimension of Petra, the archaeological site was chosen in July 2007 as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World [http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=371].
==Get in==
===Entry ticket===
Entry Ticket to Petra costs 90 JD (=127 USD) for those who are Day-Visitorsto Jordan (i.e. those tourists staying in Israel or Egypt who will spend the day in Petra and return without spending the night in Jordan). Tourists (overnight and cruise visitors) pay 50 JD (=70 USD) for 1 day's access to Petra, 55 JD for 2 days or 60 JD for 3 days. Students have to pay the full price.  ===Visas=== Exit fee from Israel is 103 NIS (Nov 2012). [http://www.iaa.gov.il/Rashat/en-US/Borders/Arava/UsefulTerminalInfo/Rates Eilat Border Info (Arava Crossing)] Exit fee from Jordan is 10 JD (Nov 2012). Border open most days 8AM - 8PM.Entering from Arava Crossing gives the advantage of issuing the ASEZ Visa which is free. In any other case and especially entering the country from the King Husein Bridge/Allenby boarder crossing make the issue of a Visa impossible there(crossing). You must deal with it prior your arrival in Jordan and that will cost you even more. Holders of a Greek Passport and possibly others have to pay apx 38 euros in the embassy of Jordan in their country. Any other attempt to issue the Visa in the embassy of Jordan in Tel Aviv will be waste of time(December 2012).
===By bus===
The minibus from [[Wadi Rum]] costs 5 JD. It takes 1.5 hours to get to Petra. Have the Rum Guesthouse or your tour operator call the bus owner the day before to arrange an exact time for pick up. The bus usually leaves from Wadi Rum at 8:30 in the morning, but may be delayed due to weather or tour groups coming the other way.
There are also minibuses from Amman departing from the Wihdat bus station (cab drivers might also know it as the South Bus Station) - these leave when full, and tourists are charged 5 JD to get on. Do not allow the drivers to charge you for your luggage, as they might sometimes try to do. Taxi drivers at the bus station might also try and tell you the minibuses are cancelled so that you hire them to drive you to Petra - just ignore them and find the mini-bus. The ride is about three hours.
There is a daily bus to Wadi Musa from [[Madaba]] that travels via the scenic (but slow) [[King's Highway]]. This minibus leaves from outside the Mariam Hotel in [[Madaba]].
If you get there renting a minibus with a driver in the hotel at the [[Dead Sea (Jordan)|Dead Sea]], the one-way price would be 140 JD.
====Aqaba/Eilat Border Taxi Mafia==== There is a problematic man running the border Phone numbers for taxi service, which has been likened to the "Mafia", just outside the customs gate. As soon as you see him, he will let you know that '''sharing a taxi is not allowed''' (three men were forced to take three separate taxis in Dec 2011). If you want to share a taxi, you must form your group ''before'' exiting the customs area and insist that you are all part of the same group.operators:Update from Aug 15th 2012 : This man still seems to be there but there has been some cleanup apparently. A ride to city center is now 10 JOD no matter how many people go in the car. You* 've to be clear about destination and there won't be any hassle. Riding back to the border from city center can be a problem when you pick up people on 2 different (but very close hotels). Should they have to wait, they'll try to switch on the taximeter and ask for 25-30JOD instead of the 10 JOD initially arrangedJafer K. DonMashaleh't get intimidated, the driver will call the problematic man and try to pressurize you. Insist on the initial pricing and when it gets hot, offer 2 JOD on top of the 10 to quiet things and get rid of the taxi mafia. As of December 2012 and even the signboard was clear about the price of the ride we pay 12JD. Taxi driver used the excuse of oil prices raise in November 2012. This however come with accordance with the other public transport tickets that increased also. Fares from this monopoly run upwards of 100 JOD. You may be able to negotiate down to 75 JOD, even 50 JOD. It may be better to take one expensive cab to central Aqaba and continue from there at the normal price. ''Do not mention Petra in front of this man'', or they may deliberately drop you somewhere their colleagues are waiting. Say you are going to a hotel. In January 2010 a day trip to Petra and back by taxi from the Eilat border crossing cost 50 JOD return for 3 people.Jordan - +962 777 66 78 40
Also, if he sees you call your hotel or any other car ===Getting to come and pick you up, they may be stopped and forced to go back to Aqaba. The man has said, "we will close their hotel" and "we will take their driving license". To try to avoid this, call your hotel or private car while still in the customs area, ''before'' being seen by the taxi man.Jordan / Visas===
For those trying to walk Petra is located in the 500 meters Kingdom of [[Jordan]], for information on getting in to the main road, the taxi mafia has connections with the military personnel Jordan itself see [[Jordan#Get in]] and may have you brought backfor entry requirements see [[Jordan#Obtaining a visa]].
==Get around==
[[Image:Camel.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Camels are a common form of transportation in Petra]]
The only modes of transport allowed within Petra are on two feet or four (camel, donkey, or horse). When entering Petra, there is a brief hike down towards the Siq. Horses "Free" horses will be available for travel to the entrance of the Siq, or you can choose to take a horse-drawn buggy through the Siq (a distance of about 0.9 kilometers) and down to the Treasury. The prices for such rides are not set and are extremely negotiable, depending on one's bargaining abilities. Also riding a ''WARNING:''' Be very careful in dealing with the horse to men - they will tell you that the Siq entrance horse ride is free, but once you are riding, will end up in reveal that the "tipping the horse guides" cost is actually 18 JOD per person (around £15 GBP/20 Euros/US$25). The ride takes about 5 minutes and is no quicker than walking. As the walk down to the Siq entrance You can try negotiating - 4 JOD per person will probably be accepted - but these guys are mercenaries and will take you for every penny - tourists being scammed of 60 JOD for a family of 3 is only 15mn, usual. It really isn't worth it's . Do not really worth do it. The horse have been treated so badly in the past that a clinic to treat and heal them from the bad treatments they receive has been opened left to the entrance. It's not uncommon to see wounded animals, especially those pulling the carts, to be put to gallop under 37°C. So if you can walk, it's better to spare the animals.
There are 4 segments within Petra with 3 potential animal transport. From the entrance to the Siq (by horse), From the Entrance to the Treasury (by cart), From the Treasury to the stairs of the Monastery (donkey or camel), the 800 stairs of the monastery (donkey).
* Wadi Musa which is the city next to Petra doesn't have any big touristic attraction
==Do==
For the terminally energetic, there are a number of popular hikes around Petra.
===Budget===
 
* For free: A surprising number of locals (around 50!) are active couchsurfers (search: Wadi Moosa, Ma'an, Jordan), including several in the nearby Bedouin village of Umm Şayḩūn. Most work as tourist guides in Petra, or are involved in the tourist industry.
* <sleep name="Al-Anbat 1" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+962 (06) 215 6888" email="[email protected]" fax="+962 (03) 215 6888" url="http://www.alanbat.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="From 45JD (January 2009)">Clean rooms with satellite TV (including BBC & CNN). All upstairs rooms have baths and the occasional balcony. Poorly located some 4 km from Wadi Musa, but breakfast and transport to Petra is included in the price. Internet cafe, restaurant and Turkish bath. In January 2009 the hot air from the air-conditioning system was being switched off at night and during the day ("when all the tourists are in Petra"), that caused extremely cold temperature inside the rooms, where you could stay only having your coat on or under two covers.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Petra Gate Hotel" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+962 (03)215 6908" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="11 JD per person" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]">Warm, welcoming, and friendly atmosphere; the rooms all with bath and toilet , offers free transportation to the site; free luggage storage; international telephone call service; laundry; wireless internet services; satellite TV; movies; tickets to Petra by Night; and a big buffet-style restaurant. English speaking, super friendly and helpful staff is there to answer all your questions, and they can organise trips to Wadi Rum and to the kings highway and Dead Sea and they will help you during your stay. Clean and quite cheap, breakfast included.
[[Update from August 18th 2012]] : Friendly & welcoming but definitely not a clean place. Rooms are disgusting, no air conditioning, no TV, english is approximative, breakfeast just acceptable and you've to ask for towels, toilet paper, sheets etc. Manager sleeps in the entrance hall on a mat. Careful when you come down for breakfeast. Restaurant was not open and it's not really a restaurant. It's cheap but that's probably it's main attraction. </sleep>
* <sleep name="Saba'a Hotel" alt="" address="Wadi Musa, Petra, Jordan" directions="From the bus station, turn left and walk along the main road to the roundabout, cross over and walk 100yards up the hill on the left." phone="+ 962 776250574 (Ibrahim)and +962 779730533 (Gail)" url="http://www.sabaahotel.com/" checkin="" checkout="11:30AM" price="Prices per person from: single ensuite 16JD, double/twin ensuite 12JD, triple ensuite 10JD,Dormitory beds 8JD breakfast. is included. Be sure to pay only at checkout." lat="" long="" email="[email protected]">This hotel opened late 2009 and the couple running it are really welcoming - he's from Jordan and she's from the UK and they really make you feel at home. The rooms are simple and clean, they are all ensuite. Wireless internet(in lobby); packed lunches; laundry service, luggage storage; satellite tv(in lobby); book swap;local information; trips to Wadi Rum are all available.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Valley Stars Inn" phone="''+962'' 3 2155733" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://www.valleystarsinn.com" checkin="" checkout="" price= "JD 35 for double, includes international breakfast buffet, complete with eggs cooked to order. Half board for JD10 extra adds a superb dinner" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]"> Family owned and operated, and the manager's devotion to service and direct attention to details makes this two star hotel like a five star international quality experience. Bright and sociable living room/ eating areas with warm and homey atmosphere and unlimited free high speed wireless internet access. Clean and comfortable guest rooms. Manager speaks and writes (emails/ texts) English, graciously responds to all questions about your complete Petra vacation, and can arrange for local guided tours. Upon request, Manager will assist with travel plans to and from other points within Jordan, organize trips, and provide travel advice for Wadi Rum, Wadi Dana, Aqaba, Amman and other destinations, all for a fair and honest price (no need to haggle). Free shuttle service provided to and from Petra main gate. Free luggage storage upon check-out. Boxed lunches can be arranged for day trips with a local restaurant and delivered to hotel.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Valentine Inn" alt="" address="Wadi Mousa, Jabal Alzohour Str, Jordan." directions="At the main roundabout, head up the (steep) hill about 200mt, entrance on the right." phone="+ 962 (03)215 6423" url="http://www.valentine-inn.com/index.html" checkin="anytime" checkout="11am" price="Dorm 3JD (14 beds) 5.5JD (9 beds); Single 15JD, feb 2011; double 18JD; Triple 20JD" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The place where every taxi driver will attempt to take you, the Valentine Inn has become very popular with budget travelers and backpackers. They offer a generous and tasty breakfast and dinner buffet (2.5 and 5JD, feb 2011), clean and cool dorm rooms, and sociable dining area with great views of the town. Depending on which staff or owners, you can easily have help with directions or get tea. Like all places they can arrange everything, and offer a free minibus to the park entrance at 7 & 8am and returning at 5 & 6pm. The dorms may be cramped, but there is free Wi-Fi and pickup from the bus stand. Laundry is available at 2.5jd</sleep>
* <sleep name="Nawaf Bedouin Camp" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+962 795 537 109" url="http://sites.google.com/site/nawafdeserttours/" checkin="" checkout="" price="95JD/night, including dinner and breakfast" lat="" long="" email="nawafp[email protected]" checkin="">Very good way of getting to know the real Bedouin lifestyle. Nawaf is a warm and respectful person, and the way he manages his camp has very little to do with a hotel - he likes to work with small groups of tourists, so he can use all his energies to make you feel comfortable and spend time talking with you around the campfire. At night, in the magic atmosphere of the Bedouin tent, he will prepare on the fire (just in front of you) a very tasty dinner, following the old Bedouin traditions. The price also includes transportation to and from the Bedouin village next to Petra and to the desert camp in Wadi Araba.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Peace Way Hotel" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" fax="+962 3 2156963" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="18JD/night, single room including breakfast, feb 2011" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" checkin="">free wifi in the lobby, free transport to Petra in the morning (1-way only)</sleep>
*<sleep name="Qaser Al-Bint Hotel" alt="[email protected]" address="City Center " directions="five minutes to The bus station" phone="00962776434952" url="hostels.com" checkin="12:00" checkout="12:00" price="18 JOD per room" lat="" long="">Offers clean and comfortable rooms with air condition and private paths.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Hidab Hotel" alt="[email protected]" address="City Center " directions="five minutes from the entrance to Petra" phone="0096232159100" url="http://hidabhotelbooking.com/" checkin="12:00" checkout="12:00" price="25 JOD per room" lat="" long="">Budget 3-star hotel offering spacious rooms with air conditioning and private bath, satellite TV, hair dryer, fridge, 24-hour front desk service, Turkish Bathundergoing renovations and is closed, Moonlight Terrace Restaurant, where service is spotty and they are surprised when you show up to eat, and Mountain Pub. Breakfast included.</sleep>
===Splurge===
 
* <sleep name="Petra Moon Hotel" url="http://www.petramoonhotel.com" email="[email protected]" address="Petra Visitor Center Street, Wadi Musa" phone="+96232156220">Right next to the Mövenpick (only 100m from the Petra entrance) but half the price. 50 JOD (US$70) for a double room. Swimming pool on the roof. Nice rooms with large LCD TVs. The most highly rated hotel in Petra.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Mövenpick Resort &amp; Petra" alt="" address="Wadi Mousa 71810 Petra" phone="+ 962 3 21 57 11 1" url="http://www.moevenpick-petra.com/" checkin="14:00 hrs" checkout="12:00 hrs" price="Rates starting from JOD 99.00++" lat="30°19'32.48N" long=" 35°28'10.21E" email="[email protected]" fax="+962 3 21 57 11 2">Located directly at the entrance to the historic city of Petra, the luxurious Mövenpick Resort Petra is certainly one of the most notable hotels in the Middle East. The Mövenpick Resort Petra is delighted to welcome its guests and visitors to the newly refurbished and tastefully decorated rooms and suites. The newly remodeled rooms and suites are elegantly designed and decorated with modern stylish furniture and fixtures that will satisfy the most discerning individual. All rooms and suites are equipped with the latest technological requirements such as wireless broadband internet connection and a 32/37 inch LCD flat screen television.</sleep>
== Stay healthy ==
The most cold and rainy months to visit Petra are December , January and JanuaryFebruary. In this time it is warm during the day and very cold in the evenings and at nights. That's why it is necessary to take coats, hats and gloves. And it could warm up your visit there if you take a thermos with hot tea with you. Avoid going if the forecast shows a lot of rain, as the guards may need to transport tourists out if the valley starts to flood (like on Jan 18th 2010), it occasionally snows in Petra (around two days a year). The During summer the hot, dry air sometimes results in nosebleedsfor those who are prone to them. Carry petroleum jelly (Vaseline or other brands) or petroleum jelly based products like Vicks and apply liberally to the insides of the nostrils to avoid nosebleeds. Also, carry plenty of water and Oral Rehydration products like Electral if you are traveling to Petra in the hot summer months to avoid dehydration. A good cap and sunglasses will help you avoid getting a heat stroke.
Al Yakhor Turkish bath is located in Quiet Street where next to Petra Palace hotel. Just 200m far from main gate of Petra. Freshen up with a centuries-old spa treatment! A scrub in a Turkish bath is not just part of a bathing ritual, it also helps with detox and enhancing our immune system. Indulge in a hammam and get clean on the inside as well as out!
The Turkish bath, also known as a hammam, is the Middle Eastern variant of a steam bath. During the Ottoman Empire, Turkish baths served as places of social gathering and ritual bathing. Today people use the hammam as a pampering form of cleansing and relaxation.
How the hammam works
The Turkish bath is modeled on the Roman system of bathing with a warm room, hot room and cool room. The bather enters the warm room where their body warms up, then enters the hot room, or steam room, which has water basins along the walls and a large heated stone platform in the center. The bather can rest on the stone to increase body temperature and promote sweating, then rinse off at the water basins. One of the main specialties of the Turkish bath is the foam and scrub massage where a masseuse or masseur lathers up the bather with a special cloth sack full of foam and scrubs off dirt and dead skin with a loofah. The bather can then continue to relax in the hot room and enjoy the therapeutic benefits of the steam and heat.
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