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Mogadishu

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{{warningbox|Scene of urban warfare for two decades and after many months of intense urban warfare between the government/AU troops and Islamic extremist faction al Shabab (which once controlled the majority of the city), Mogadishu is now under the control of the internationally-recognized Transitional Government & AU peacekeepers. Since the ousting of al Shabab in August 2011, the city has seen an intense period of reconstruction funded by the Somali diaspora and the international community. In fact the city is now safe enough for flights by Turkish Airlines. However, Mogadishu still remains very dangerous due to high petty and violent crime rates. Although a fair amount of improvements have been made, there are still problems with basic services, like water, electricity, and law enforcement as well as a lack of facilities like hotels, restaurants, etc. '''The city is also remains in great danger of suicide bombings and other terrorist attacks''' carried out by extremists who manage to get past the security checkpoints around the city. Walking the streets of Mogadishu remains very dangerous, even with armed guards. Tourists are '''emphatically discouraged''' from visiting Mogadishu for the time being, while business travelers should take '''extreme caution''' and make thorough plans for your trip!!! Travel outside Mogadishu remains '''extremely dangerous''' and should not be done for ANY reason! Those working for aid agencies should consult the security plans/advise advice of your organization. (Updated July 2012)}}
[[Image:Mogadishu2006.jpg|thumb|300px|Mogadishu in 2006]]
==Understand==
A devastating civil war has ruined this once beautiful city for almost twenty years now, leaving little but ruins left. Since 1991, various Islamist and/or clan or warlord-affiliated militias have had control over different parts of the city. A few months of relief were given in 2006 when the Union of Islamic courts took full control. Somalia was however invaded by Ethiopia just six months later and re-instated the western-backed Transitional Federal Government. The hard-line Islamist group Al-Shabab gradually took control over Mogadishu until the government only controlled a few square blocks. A counter-offensive, supported by large amounts of African Union troops cleared the city of militants in August 2011. Bombings and shootings are still commonplace , but open warfare have has, for now , ceased. A major shortage of food and thousands of refugees puts put enormous stress on the few governmental government offices that are able to function. The book Black Hawk Down by Mark Bowden gives a detailed and a very accurate description of the lawlessness in Mogadishu during the early years of civil war.
==Get in==
===By air===
Flights once again arrive at '''Aden Adde International Airport''' just a few kilometers southwest of city centre, facilities are ''very'' basic, but the Turkish government has put up funds to renovate the airport and its security, control tower, and navigational navigation systems. A few passenger flights are operating.
'''Jubba Airways''' [http://www.jubba-airways.com], the only Somali-based carrier, has services from [[Dubai]], [[Jeddah]], [[Nairobi]], [[Djibouti (city)|Djibouti]], as well as domestically from [[Hargeisa]] and several other cities.
'''African Express Airways''' [http://www.africanexpress.co.ke/] has services between Mogadishu and Abu Dhabi, Aden, Berbera, Bosaso, Dubai, Galkayo, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Riyan Mukalla, Sharjah, & Wajir.
'''Daallo Airlines''' [http://www.daallo.com/] has services to Djibouti stopping en route at Hargeisa.
'''East African''' [http://eastafrican.easytravelpoint.com/ibe/] also operates a weekly service from Nairobi on Sundays, the return flight stops in Wajir for security processing before continuing on to Nairobi.
'''Turkish Airlines''' [http://www.turkishairlines.com] now offers a twice-weekly service from [[Istanbul]] via [[Khartoum]]/[[Djibouti]]. Flights depart Atatürk Airport on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Roundtrip Round trip fares start at €430.
===By road===
It is possible to drive into the city by truck, but this is considered a risky activity, unless you employ a group of local militia which are readily available for hire. Roads link the city with many Somali locales and with [[Kenya]] and [[Ethiopia]]. Armed guards, hired security forces, and experienced guides are all mandatory for a safe entry, and even then the . The risk of your being injured, killed or captured is extremely high.
===By boat===
==Get around==
Roads are a muddy mess during rain, traffic lights do not work, and there are no enforced traffic laws or public transport. The road network in Mogadishu is slowly being repaired and paved. A vehicle with driver and armed guards is a must! Break-ins at intersections are possiblefrequent, so avoid openly displaying anything that could be considered valuable by a Somali. Better yet, A recommendation is to hire an armored vehicle (with driver and guards).
==See==
[[Image:SomaliaMosque.jpg|thumb|250px|Mogadishu mosque during the ''Eid'' festival]]
*<see name="Arba-Rucun Mosque" alt="Mosque of the four pillars" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Owing to the city's Islamic heritage, one of few things the city's various warlords can agree on, this 1269 mosque has been luckier than the neighbouring cathedral, and is one of very few buildings in the historic center which is not a ruin. It's said to have been built by a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammed.</see>
==Do==
*<do name="" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></do>
 
==Learn==
* <sleep name="Hotel Nasa-Hablod" alt="Local script" address="Km 4 square, Mogadishu" directions="2 Km from International Airport" phone="+25261858440" url="http://www.hnasah.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+25262215943">Restaurant, meeting rooms, safe box, TV, internet access, a/c.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Hotel Shamo" alt="" address="Address" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From $100" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Large rooms, with air conditionnedconditioned, wi-fi and electricity 24 h hrs a day. The restaurant is extremely decent, and serve serves lobster when available at the fish market. The hotel is also relatively safe.</sleep> * <sleep name="Sahafi Hotel" alt="" address="Address" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">One of the best hotels in Mogadishu. The manager is very helpful, the staff is attentive, and the food is good. Although the compound is probably your safest bet (if there is such a thing) in Mogadishu, a BBC producer was shot in the back and killed in front of the hotel in 2005, and two French citizens abducted by gunmen in 2009.</sleep>*<sleep name="Safari Hotel" alt="" address="Km 4" directions="5 min walk from Shamo Hotel" phone="" url="http://www.safarihotelmogadishu.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">The hotel is situated at the heart of Mogadishu and it is easily accessible owing to its proximity to the road. In addition you get easy access to health care from the Banadir hospital which is nearby. The safest hotel to date. It has international standards of hospitality. Security has never been compromised. No bombs, kidnappings, assassinations have ever occurred in this hotel. The hotel's proximity to the Aden Ade International Airport which is just 15 minutes away makes it ideal especially if you are taking a flight that leaves early in the morning.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Sahafi Hotel" alt="" address="Address" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">One of the best hotels in Mogadishu. The Manager is very helpful, the staff is attentive, and the food is good. Although the compound is probably your safest bet (if there is such a thing) in Mogadishu, a BBC producer was shot in the back and killed in front of the hotel in 2005, and two French citizens abducted by gunmen in 2009.</sleep>
==Stay safe==
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