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If you are visiting for a holiday of less than three months, there are three types of visas you may apply for, depending on your nationality.
* '''Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) subclass 976''', is available on-line [http://www.immi.gov.au/e_visa/eta.htm] to nationals of [[Brunei]], [[Canada]], [[Hong Kong|Hong Kong SAR]], [[Japan]], [[Malaysia]], [[Singapore]], [[South Korea]] (ROK) and [[United States]]. A service fee of $20 applies. This fee can be waived if you obtain your ETA through a travel agent.
* '''eVisitor (subclass 651)''' for citizens of the EU, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland and a few European microstates. These visas are free, but otherwise effectively identical to the ETA. You must apply on-line. [http://www.immi.gov.au/e_visa/evisitor.htm]
* '''Football (Soccer)''' is a small event by European standards, but there is a national A-League, which is a fully professional league involving teams from Australia and one from New Zealand, with games played weekly during the summer. Most cities have a semi-professional "state league" played during winter, with most clubs being built around a specific ethnic/migrant community.
* '''International Student Volunteers Australia''', [http://www.isvonline.com/australia.html].
* '''Youth Challenge Australia''', [http://www.youthchallenge.org.au].
Racism can be a sensitive subject in Australia. It was only in 1973 that 'the White Australia Policy' was finally and formally abolished by the Australian Federal Government. There are laws against any form of racial vilification or discrimination with jail terms possible for breaches of some states racial vilification laws. Australia is 'outwardly' a multicultural and racially tolerant society.
However, it is not difficult to find someone who will express some form of racist views in a pub or a club in Australia. Unlike in other developed countries, where people often keep their racial opinions discretely hidden, Australians are very open about their views on other cultures and will discuss them publicly. Remember, this country speaks and lives Australian English first and foremost so trying to evangelise your indigenous culture here will not gain you friends (unlike, for instance, other
Interestingly, Europeans often feel they receive a somewhat cold reception in Australia too and there is some truth to this. Roughly two centuries of European economic superiority to Australia and the attitude that it fostered has not endeared Europeans to the average Okker. So, like many other regions of the world that Europe subjugated and colonised, Australians do not view Europeans very favourably and
Generally, travellers of Caucasian ethnicity will not have any racist problems travelling in Australia. However, if you are of any other ethnicity be cautious.
Assaults do and will occur in the street in broad daylight, in restaurants, in night clubs and pubs where socio-economically disadvantaged youth congregate to get 'blind drunk' in order to escape from the reality of the depressing environment they live in.
Penalties for possession or sale of small amounts of marijuana are typically lower than for other drugs, and vary between states. In South Australia, Western Australia, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory jail terms do not apply to first time marijuana offences. Small scale (personal) marijuana growing is decriminalised in the ACT, South Australia and Western Australia, so tourists can expect smoking weed to be more accepted in these places. Some states can issue on-the-spot fines for small amounts of marijuana whereas others always require a court appearance. Foreigners should not expect more lenient treatment than locals from Australian police for drug offences.
Australia's proximity to [[Asia]] means that heroin is a far more commonly used illicit drug than cocaine or crack cocaine. In some areas of large cities you will need to be careful of discarded needles: however these will generally be found in back streets rather than in popular tourist spots.