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Xian

1,604 bytes added, 05:15, 1 January 2013
By bus
==Climate==
Xi'an has most of its annual precipitation from August to late October in the form of rain. It is characterised by hot, summers and cold, dry winters. Spring and autumn will be somewhat brief and dry.
==Get in==
'''Xi'an Xianyang International Airport''' (IATA: XIY) is located 40 km northwest of the city centre, in Xianyang. Flights are available to [[Beijing]], [[Chengdu]], [[Chongqing]], [[Dunhuang]], [[Fuzhou]], [[Guangzhou]], [[Harbin]], [[Hangzhou]], [[Hohhot]], [[Kunming]], [[Lhasa]], [[Lanzhou]], [[Nanjing]], [[Shanghai]], [[Shenzhen]], [[Urumqi]], [[Wuhan]], [[Xining]] and [[Zhangjiajie]] within [[China]], International flights are available to [[Bangkok]], [[Hong Kong]], [[Macau]], [[Seoul]] as well as [[Nagoya]], [[Fukuoka]], [[Niigata]], [[Tokyo]] and [[Hiroshima]] in [[Japan]], and [[Singapore]] via Kunming. As Xi'an is located in the heartland of China, it takes no more than 2 hours to fly to most major Chinese cities. AirAsia recently launched [http://www.traveldailymedia.com/138089/airasia-to-launch-bangkok-xian-flights] new route Bangkok-Xian.
Most people use taxis or the airport bus to reach town from the airport, however taking a taxi is not recommended, as most taxi drivers will raise the price for non-local tourists. A taxi will cost about ¥150 from the airport to the Bell Tower downtown. You will pay around ¥ 50-75 more if you take one of the climatized Japanese black taxis rather than the typical green taxis. At the airport, both types of taxis are waiting at the same spot to pick up passengers.The airport bus leaves every half-hour from 6AM to 6PM, a ticket costs ¥25 26 and takes about one hour; there are several lines but the most useful are Airport Bus No. 1 (no stop to the terminus in front of the Melody Hotel, at the beginning of West Street near the Bell Tower) and No. 2 (to the railway station). As long as there is an arriving flight, there will be a bus, so don't worry about arriving late at night or early morning; officially, on line 1 there is a bus every 20 minutes but buses will often depart as soon as they fill up. The airport bus route is the best way between city and the train station.
Getting to the terracotta warriors from the airport is a little complicated but can be done. Immediately when you walk out of the airport you can take bus #2 (¥27) to the train station. The train station is extremely crowded and most people do not speak English. When looking towards the train station, go to the parking lot on the right (in the east of train station square, Approx.100m away) and catch bus 306, also called Tourist Bus #5 (¥7). There are many fake public buses, so make sure you only take #306! The last stop is the terracotta warriors. To get back to the airport simply take the same exact route in reverse. Alternatively, taking taxi will costs you approx ¥85 plus toll charges of ¥15. ===By fast train===The high speed train from Xi'an North to Luoyang-Longmen is now available many times a day, starting 7am. The distance of 400km takes about 1.5 hours. The high speed train station is located about 10km north from the Xi'an north gate (do not get mix up with the Xi'an North gate train station). The last train returns around 7pm. Schedules may change, so it is best to check it out at the station or website.
===By train===
There are plenty of trains transporting passengers to and from most of the major cities inside China. Keep in mind train tickets may only be available if booked far in advance (most ticket sales open 10-21 days in advance; an agent can help book but will probably charge significant commission fees). Traveling in a seat (hard or soft-class) means you will share the car space with lots of locals. You will most likely encounter smokers, loud noise, and constant activity in the aisle while you try to sleep. *Do not* travel hard class if you are uncomfortable with these settings. Sleeper cabins are limited to 6 people each (4 for deluxe soft sleepers, which are only on a few trains from Beijing); bottom bunks cost a bit more because they're a couple cm wider and could be sit on. If traveling alone, be especially careful of your luggage! Also note that bathrooms and washrooms may be closed (and locked!) 30-60 minutes before getting to the train station.
Trains run to several domestic cities including: Beijing (115-13 hours), Chengdu (13-18 hours), Chongqing (14 hours), Guangzhou (24 8–24 hours), Kunming (36-53 hours), Lanzhou (8-10 hours), Lhasa (36 hours), Shanghai (1611-20 hours), Urumqi (31-56 hours), Wuhan (144-18 hours), and [[Zhengzhou]] (2 2–6 hours).
Xi'an Station is at the north end of Jiefang Road (解放路; pinyin: jiěfànglù)jiěfànglù),just outside the northeast city wall. As you exit, there will probably be lots of people offering cheap hotel rooms; just ignore them if you already have a room booked. Even if you don't, you probably don't want to get one from them anyway. Also, don't fall for the people who offer to exchange a Xi'an map for your used train ticket - they reuse them for some shady purposes, e.g. re-selling them to people who just want to get into the station or try to sneak on a train.
In Xi'an, it is very easy to get to the railway station by city bus from anywhere in the city. There are several stops within 200 m of the station (look for train station East or North on a bus route (火车站东/北). Many hostels also offer free pick-up if you arrive between 6 and 9 AM.
 
Xi'an North Station serves the high-speed rail. It is connected by the metro system. Destinations include Luoyang, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Shijiazhuang, Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Changsha, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.
===By bus===
Bus service is available to: [[Huashan]] (2-3 hours), Lanzhou (8-10 hours), [[Luoyang]] (5-7 hours), [[Taiyuan]] (12 hours), and Zhengzhou (9-12 hours).
 
If you are arriving from PingYao by bus, you will most likely arrive at the east bus station. Catch the bus 203 right next to the bus station to get to the city centre.
===By car===
[[Image:China_Xian_Bell_Tower_01.jpg|thumb|'''Bell Tower''' (钟楼 ''Zhonglou'')]]
 
==Get around==
The city is surrounded by a city wall, in its middle the Bell Tower (Chinese:钟楼; pinyin: Zhōnglóu). From this one, the four main streets descend into the four points of the compass.
There are many buses leaving regularly for the Terracotta Warrior museum in front of the Xi'an bus station (east to the train station, outside (in the north) the city walls).
* Bus 306 (Chinese bus green 5) leaves from the lot in front of the train station and will take you to a parking lot right in front of the museum site in about an hour (it can take up to 90 minutes in case of traffic jams). A one-way ticket costs ¥7 (just get on and sit down, then a conductor will come and give you a ticket). It also stops at several other tourist attractions along the way, e.g. the hot springs. Make sure you don't make the mistake of going to the bus station on the inside of the wall near the train station. That's were where there are touts with signs saying bus 5 and bus 306, trying to hustle you onto their private bus. Although they do take you to the destinations, you are forced to go to visit attractions you might not want to go to. If you're facing the train station directly, the lot where the bus departs from will be on your right - it's near a Dico's. Look out for a sign with a bunch of Chinese characters with 306 (5) in between them.
* Small buses which are used by the locals (e.g. number 914). These buses will also take you to the Museum however they go through local small roads (no highway express like bus 306) therefore it will take longer to arrive. Not a bad trip if you want to see the local bumpy rural roads. '''Note''': local bus 915 will take you to the museum site in about an hour as it takes the highway express too like the 306. The ride is not as comfortable as the 306 since the buses are usually packed (with people even standing). But it is cheaper (¥4 as of Nov 26, 2012) and seems to runs more frequently.
* Most hostels and hotels run tours to the warriors with an English speaking guide. These aren't necessarily better, be prepared to spend a good portion of the day (as with any Chinese tour) visiting "terracotta factories," "museums", "Chinese medicine shops", and other tourist traps. But, you will get to your destination without dealing with the bus (the warriors are quite far outside of town) and not all of the public buses that go there are legitimate.
====Inside/Near the city====
*<see name="Shaanxi Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum" alt="" address="No.279, Xiqi Road, Xi'an." directions="" phone="" url="http://www.029photo.com/blog" hours="" price="free" lat="" long="">Folk arts from all Shaanxi areas are displayed here, depicting traditional local daily life.
[[File:Shaanxi Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum.jpg|thumb|Shaanxi Intangible Cultural Heritage Museum]]
</see>
 
{|
|[[File:Hongquan 0.jpg|thumb|Red martial art]]
|[[File:Embroidery 0.jpg|thumb|Xiqin Embroidery]]
|[[File:Papercutting 2.jpg|thumb|paper cutting]]
|}
Keep an eye on your camera.
There are also alot of people asking for your money and beggars.
 
Note also that, like many places in China, the standard of driving is abysmal. This, combined with the swathes of ancient coal trucks that career down the roads, can lead to some pretty spectacular crashes.
==Cope==
Look at the [[Beijing#Cope]] notes as they apply to Xi'an, too. The air qaulity in the region is dreadful; be prepared for constant exhaust and limited visibility. Most importantly, take paper tissue with you to toilets.
Generally, Western style accommodation will have western toilets, whereas the very inexpensive guest house (''zhao dai suo'') will usually have squat toilets. If you need to use western toilets, learn to plan your day accordingly. Major tourist attractions will have western toilets.
Anonymous user

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