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Spanish phrasebook

828 bytes added, 12:41, 21 January 2013
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Diphthongs
'''Spanish''' (''español''), also known as Castilian (''castellano''), is the third most-spoken language (around 500 million speakers) in the world. Originating in [[Spain]] and spoken by most residents there, it has slightly different pronunciations from the rest of the world's Spanish speakers, as well as a few vocabulary differences.
It is also the official language in [[Mexico]] and all of [[Central America|Central]] and [[South America]] (except [[Belize]], [[Brazil]], [[Guyana]], [[French Guiana]], [[Suriname]] and the [[Falkland Islands]]). In the [[Caribbean]], Spanish is also spoken in [[Cuba]], [[Puerto Rico]], and the [[Dominican Republic]]. The [[Philippines]], around 3 million speakers and increasing, and [[Guam]], where Chamorro, a Spanish-based creole is spoken, are former Spanish colonies. See the [[Filipino phrasebook]] and [[Chamorro phrasebook|Chamorro (Guam, etc.) phrasebook]]. Spanish is also a first language for many people in the [[United States]], especially in [[California]], [[Texas]], [[South Florida]], and elsewhere in the [[Southwest (United States of America)|Southwest]]. There are around 50 million Spanish speakers (including native and second language speakers) in the U.S. and by 2030 there are expected to be 100 million , making it the second largest Spanish-speaking nation in the Uworld after Mexico.SAdditionally, Spanish is an official language in the African country of [[Equatorial Guinea]]. alone!
A Western Romance language, Spanish is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the other romance languages to an extent, such as [[Portuguese]], [[Catalan]], [[Italian]] and [[Romanian]]. English and Spanish share variants of approximately one third of their words (via Latin), although the pronunciation tends to be very different.
; w : like 'w' in "weight" in English words, ''whisky'', pronounced "WEESS-kee"). Like 'b' in "bed" in Germanic words.
; x : like 'x' in "flexible" (''flexible''). Like 'ss' in "hiss" at beginning of a word (''xilófono''). Like a throaty 'h' in the words ''México, mexicano, Oaxaca,'' and ''oaxaqueño''.
; y : like 'y' in "yes": ''payaso''. Like 'y' in "boy": ''hoy''. Pronounced like a Zh ONLY in Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay as in 'Zhivago', : ''yo no sé'', pronounced "zhoh noh sayzhaw naw seh".
; z : like 's' in "supper" (Latin America), like 'th' in "thin" (Spain): ''zorro''. See '''c''' above.
; eu : like 'eh-oo': ''euro'' ("eh-OO-roh")
; ia : like 'ee-yahah': ''piano'' (''pee-YAHAH-noh''); ie : like 'ee-yayeh': ''pie'' (''PEE-yayeh''); io : like 'ee-ohaw': ''dio'' (''DEE-ohaw''); iu : like 'ee-ooew'in "few": ''ciudad'' (''see-oosyoo-DAHD'')
; oi, oy : like 'oy' in "boy": ''soy'' (''soy'')
; ua : like 'wa' in "walletwash": ''cuatro'' (''KWAH-trohtraw''); ue : like 'we' in "well": ''puedo'' (''PWAY-dohdaw''); ui, uy : like 'weeooey' in "weenphooey": ''ruido'' (''RWEEROOEE-doh''); uo : like "wo" in "won't": ''averiguo'' (''ah-beh-REE-gwohgwaw'')
===Accents and stress===
; Excuse me (''may I get by?''): Permiso (''pehr-MEE-so'')
; I'm sorry: Lo siento (''LOH SYEHN-toh'')
; Goodbye: Adiós (''ah-DYOHS'') / : Hasta luego (''AHS-tah LWEH-goh'')
; I speak a little Spanish. : Hablo un poco español. (''ah-BLOH oon POH-koh eha-pah-NYOHL'')
; I can't speak Spanish (well): No hablo (bien) español (''noh AH-bloh (byehn) ehs-pah-NYOL)
; Do you speak English? (formal): ¿Habla usted inglés? (''AH-blah oos-TEHD een-GLEHS?'')
; Is there someone here who speaks English? : ¿Hay alguien que hable inglés? (''ai ahl-GYEHN keh AH-bleh een-GLEHS?'')
; Help!: ¡Ayuda! (''ah-YOO-dah!'') / : ¡Socorro! (''soh-KOHR-roh!'')
; Good morning: Buenos días (''BWEH-nohs DEE-ahs'')
; Good afternoon / Good evening: Buenas tardes (''BWEH-nahs TAR-dehs'')
; Could you speak more slowly please? : ¿Podría usted hablar más despacio por favor? (''poh-DREE-ah oos-TEHD ah-BLAHR MAHS dehs-PAH-syoh pohr fah-BOHR?'')
; Could you repeat it please? : ¿Podría usted repetirlo por favor? (''poh-DREE-ah oos-TEHD reh-peh-TEER-loh pohr fah-BOHR?'')
; Where is the toilet?: ¿Dónde está el baño? (''DOHN-deh ehss-TAH EHL BAH-nyoh?'') / : In Spain: ¿Dónde están los aseos? (''DOHN-deh ehs-TAHN lohs ah-SEH-ohs''); I am: Yo soy; I am from: Soy de; I speak: Hablo; Do you speak....?: ¿Hablas....?; Do you speak....? (polite): ¿Habla usted....?; Spain: España; Spanish: Español; Mexico: Mexico; Mexican: Mexicano; Argentina: Argentina; Argentinian: Argentino; France: Francia; French: Frances; Germany: Alemania; German: Aleman; Italy: Italia; Italian: Italiano; England: Inglaterra; English: Ingles; Scotland: Escocia; Scottish: Escoces; Wales: Gales; Welsh: Gales; Ireland: Irlanda; Irish: Irlandes; United States: Estados Unidos; American: Americano; Canada: Canada; Canadian: Canadiense; Australia: Australia; Australian: Australiano
===Problems===
====Clock time====
; one o'clock AM : la una de la madrugada; la una de la mañana (''lah OOH-nah deh lah mah-droo-GAH-dah; ''): la una de la mañana (''lah OOH-nah deh lah mah-NYAH-nah''); two o'clock AM : las dos de la madrugada; las dos de la mañana (''lahs DOHS deh lah mah-droo-GAH-dah; ''): las dos de la mañana (''lahss DOHS deh lah mah-NYAH-nah'')
; ten o'clock AM : las diez de la mañana (''lahs dee-EHS deh lah mah-NYAH-nah'')
; noon : mediodía; las doce de la mañana (''meh-dee-oh-DEE-ah; ''): las doce de la mañana (''lahs DOH-seh deh lah mah-NYAH-nah'')
; one o'clock PM : la una de la tarde (''lah OOH-nah deh lah TAHR-deh'')
; two o'clock PM : las dos de la tarde (''lahs DOHS deh lah TAHR-deh'')
; ten o'clock PM : las diez de la noche (''lahs dee-EHS deh lah NOH-cheh'')
; midnight : medianoche; las doce de la noche (''meh-dee-yah-NOH-cheh; ''): las doce de la noche (''lahs DOH-seh deh lah NOH-cheh'')
====Writing Time====
; Friday : viernes (''VYEHR-nehs'')
; Saturday : sábado (''SAH-bah-doh'')
; Sunday : domingo (''doh-MEENMEENG-goh'')
The week begins on Mondays.
; November : noviembre (''noh-VYEHM-breh'')
; December : diciembre (''dee-SYEHM-breh'')
 
====Seasons====
 
; Spring : primavera (''pri-ma-VEH-rah'')
; Summer : verano (''VEH-ra-no'')
; Autumn : otoño (''OH-to-NYO'')
; Winter : invierno (''in-VYEH-no'')
====Writing Dates====
; yellow : amarillo (''ah-mah-REE-yoh'')
; green : verde (''BEHR-deh'')
; orange : naranja (''nah-RAHN-hah''), : ''or'' anaranjado (''ah-nah-rahn-HA-doh''); purple : púrpura (''POOR-poo-rah'') , : ''or'' morado (''moh-RAH-doh''), : ''or'' violeta (''vee-oh-LEH-tah'')
; pink : rosa (''ROH-sah'')
; brown : marrón (''mahr-ROHN'') (it should be noted "marrón" is used to describe color of objects'') , café : marrón (''kahmahr-FEHROHN'') ; brown (''used mostly for skin color, clothing and fabric''), castaño : café (''kahskah-TAH-nyohFEH'') ; brown (is ''used primarily for skin color, eye color and hair color''): castaño (''kahs-TAH-nyoh'').
===Transportation===
{{infobox|Common signsRoad Signs|
; STOP : PARE, ALTO, STOP (''PAH-reh, AHL-toh, stohp'')
; NO PARKING : NO APARCARO APARCAR / ESTACIONAR (''noh ah-pahr-KAHR-oh/ ehs-tah-syoh-NAR'')
; PARKING : APARCAMIENTO / ESTACIONAMIENTO (''ah-pahr-kah-MYEHN-toh/ ehs-tah-syoh-nah-MYEHN-toh'')
; NO ENTRANCE : PROHIBIDO EL PASO (''pro-ee-BEE-doh el PAHS-oh'')
; car : carro(''KAHR-roh''), : coche (''KOH-cheh''), : auto (''OW-toh''); bus : autobús (''ow-toh-BOOS''), : guagua (''GWAH-gwah''); van : furgoneta (''foor-goh-NEH-tah''), : combi (''KOHM-bee'')
; truck/lorry : camión (''kah-MYOHN'')
; aeroplane/airline : avión (''ah-BYOHN''), : aeroplano (''ah-eh-roh-PLAH-noh'')
; helicopter : helicóptero (''eh-lee-KOHP-teh-roh'')
; train : tren (''trehn'')
; subway/underground/metro : metro (''MEH-troh'')
; tram : tranvía (''trahns-BYAH'')
; trolley-bus : trole (''TROH-leh''), : trolebús (''troh-leh-BOOS'')
; boat : bote (''BOH-teh'')
; ship : barco (''BAHR-koh'')
; Where does this train/bus go? : ¿A donde va este tren/autobús? (''ah DOHN-deh bah EHS-teh trehn/ ow-toh-BOOS?'')
; Where is the train/bus to _____? : ¿Donde está el tren/autobús hacia _____? (''DOHN-deh ehs-TAH ehl trehn/ ow-toh-BOOS ah-syah_____?'')
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? : ¿Se para este ¿Este tren/autobús para en? _____? (''seh PAH-rah EHS-teh trehn/ow-toh-BOOS ehn___?''); When does the train/bus for _____ leave? : ¿Cuándo hace sale el tren/autobús para_____ departa? (''KWAHN-doh AH-seh ehl trehn/ow-toh-BOOS PAH-rah____deh-PAHR-tah?'')
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? : ¿Cuándo llegará este tren/autobús a _____? (''KWAHN-doh yeh-gah-RAH EHS-teh trehn/ow-toh-BOOS ah____?'')
; juice : zumo (''THOO-mo'') (Spain), jugo (''HOO-goh'') (South America)
; water : agua (''AH-gwah'')
; (bubbly) water : agua con gas (''AH-gwah kohn gahs'') (: Note: if you say ''agua'', if you ask at the bar, it will be tap water (for free), at the table it is normally bottled).; ''Agua (bottled mineral) water : agua mineral'' (''AH-gwah mee-neh-RAHL'') is bottled mineral water.
; beer : cerveza (''sehr-VAY-sah'')
; red/white wine : vino tinto/blanco (''BEE-noh TEEN-toh/BLAHN-koh'')
; black pepper : pimienta (''pee-MYEHN-tah'')
; butter : mantequilla (''mahn-teh-KEE-yah'') , manteca (''mahn-TEH-kah'') (in Argentina)
; Excuse me, waiter? (''getting attention of server''): ¡camarero! (''kah-mah-REH-roh'') (Spain), ¡mesero! (''meh-SEH-roh'') (Latin America), ¡mozo! (''MOH-zoh'') (Argentina); I'm finished. : He acabado, terminé (''heh ah-kah-BAH-doh, tehr-mee-NEH'') (: Note: The first phrase can refer to the finishing of a completely unrelated physiological activity)
; It was delicious. : Estaba delicioso/muy bueno/muy rico. (Arg.) (''ehs-TAH-bah deh-lee-SYOH-soh/MOO-ee BWEH-noh/MOO-ee REE-koh'')
; Please clear the plates. : Puede llevarse los platos. (''PWEH-deh yeh-BAHR-seh lohs PLAH-tohs'')
; A beer/two beers, please. : Una cerveza/dos cervezas, por favor. (''OO-nah sehr-BEH-sah/dohs sehr-BEH-sahs, pohr FAH-bohr'')
; A glass of red/white wine. : Un vaso de vino tinto/blanco. (''oon BAH-soh deh BEE-noh TEEN-toh/BLAHN-koh'')
; A pint (/half a liter of beer) : ''Una jarra de cerveza'' (normally it will be half a liter, not really a pint); In Chile or Argentina ''un schop'' might be anywhere from 300mL to one litre; : Note: in Spain the most common is ''una caña'' which is 200mL in a tube glass; you can also ask for ''un quinto'' (200mL bottle) or ''un tercio'' (330mL bottle); A glass of draft beer : (''Chile and Argentina''): Un schop'' (''oon SHOHP'') (: Note: in Chile and or Argentina) / ''un schop'' might be anywhere from 300mL to one litre.; A glass of draft beer (''Mexico''): Una cerveza de barril'' (''OO-nah sehr-BEH-sah deh bahr-REEL'') (Mexico); : Note: in Spain you can ask for Cerveza negra, not very common in spanish ''Bares'', but easy to find in ''Pubs'' (Pub=small club where just drinks are served).
; _____ (''hard liquor'') and _____ (''mixer''). : ''_____ con _____.'' In Spain, ''Cubata'' is Coke with whiskey
; A bottle. : Una botella. (''OO-nah boh-TEH-yah'')
; whiskey : whisky (''WEES-kee'')
; vodka : vodka (''BOHD-kah'')
; rum : ron (''rohnrawn'')
; water : agua (''AH-gwah'')
; tonic water : agua tónica (''AH-gwah TOH-nee-kah'')
; orange juice : jugo de naranja (''HOO-goh deh NAH-rahn-hah'')
; Coke (''soda'') : Coca-Cola (refresco) (''KOH-kah-KOH-lah (reh-FREHS-koh)'')
; Do you have any bar snacks? : ¿Tiene algo para picar? (''TYEH-neh AHL-goh PAH-rah pee-KARH'') (: Note: In Spain they will give you tapas (''TAH-pahs''), depends a lot on the bar.)
; A toast! : ¡Un Brindi! (''oon BREEN-dee'')
; One more, please. : Otro/a ______, por favor. (''OH-troh/ah pohr-FAH-bohr'')
===Emergencies===
; Help! : ¡Ayuda! (''ah-YOO-dah''): ¡Socorro!, ¡Ayuda! (''soh-KOHR-roh, ah-YOO-dah''); Look out! : ¡Cuidado!, ¡Ojo! (''kwee-DAH-doh, ''): ¡Ojo! (''OH-hoh'')
; Fire! : ¡Fuego! (''FWEH-goh'')
; Go away! : ¡Márchese!, ¡Váyase! (''MAHR-cheh-seh, ''): ¡Váyase! (''BAH-yah-seh'')
; Thief! : ¡Ladrón! (''lah-DROHN'')
; Stop thief! : ¡Para ladrón! (''PAH-rah lah-DROHN'')
; ...an ambulance! : ...¡una ambulancia! (''OO-nah ahm-boo-LAHN-syah'')
; I need medical attention! : ¡Necesito la asistencia médica! (''neh-seh-SEE-toh lah ah-sees-TEHN-syah MEH-dee-kah'')
; I'm ill. : Estoy enfermo./Me siento mal. (''ehs-TOY ehn-FEHR-moh/''): Me siento mal. (''meh SYEHN-toh mahl'')
; I'm lost. : Estoy perdido. (''ehs-TOY pehr-DEE-doh'')
; I've been raped! : ¡He sido violada/do! (''eh SEE-doh byoh-LAH-dah/doh'')
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