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By plane
[[Image:Valencia City Hall.jpg|thumb|325px|Valencia city hall]]
'''Valencia''' [], pronounced baˈlenθia (bahl-EHN-thee-ah) in Spanish, and /vaˈlɛnsia/ (val-ehn-see-ah) in Valencian, is a charming old city and the capital of the [[Valencia (province)|Old Kingdom of Valencia]] province of [[Spain]] that is well worth a visit. It is the third Spanish city in terms of importance and population, and the 15th in the European Union, with 810,064 inhabitants in the city proper and 1,832,270 in the Metropolitan Area (INE 2008). It is on the Mediterranean Sea approximately four hours to the south of [[Barcelona]] and three hours to the east of [[Madrid]]. Valencia is famous for its Fallas Festival in March (see []), for being the birthplace of ''paella'', for hosting the "2007 & 2010 America's Cup", and for the massive architectural project by Santiago Calatrava called The City of Arts and Sciences.
The river Turia ran through the center of the city, but it was redirected a while back and replaced by a beautiful park. This is a very nice place to spend any free time you have in the city on a sunny day.
Valencia's official languages are [[Catalan phrasebook|Valencian/Catalan]], and [[Spanish phrasebook|Spanish]], but only Valencian is the native language of the city [$file/R_us%20valencia.pdf?openElement&lang=2&nivel=4]. In the capital of Valencia, which is the third largest city in Spain, not many people speak Valencian and are not offended if addressed in Spanish. However, outside the capital, Valencian is often preferred. As in [[Barcelona]], with Catalan, it helps to be sensitive to this language dynamic. However, the linguistic issue is not as controversial as in Barcelona and most people in Valencia speak Spanish as their first and commonly, only language. You have some Spanish language schools in Valencia, for example "Lingua Valencia"[].English speaking skills of the locals can be hit or miss. Most people under Hardly anyone over 35 speak some speaks English , and some quite a bit, but most would obviously prefer being addressed at first in Spanish or Valencian. French may be spoken or understood by some.
== Get in ==
=== By plane ===
Valencia Airport [] ({{IATA|VLC}}) is 9 km from the city center. The bus to Túria station departs every 30 minutes and takes about 30-40 minutes. Subway Metro [] goes directly to the town centre and links the Airport to the main train station, Estación del Norte (beside Xàtiva metro stop), running every 8 minutes and taking about 20 minutes. The ticket card itself cost €1, and the fare from Airport (zone D) to Xàtiva metro (Zone A) cost €3.90 as at Apr 2013.
A taxi ride form the airport to Calle de La Paz, which is in the heart of the historic city centre and covering a distance of approximately 11km costs around €19 with an additional 'airport supplement' of around €4. The tarifs are on display in the taxi in Valencian, Spanish and English but are difficult to see. The same journey back from Calle de La Paz to the airport half the price! These fees are accurate as of August 2008.
Valencia is served by Iberia, SpanairLufthansa, LufthansaSAS Scandinavian Airlines, AirFrance, AirBerlin, TuiFly, Ryanair, Transavia, Vueling, and several other airlines.
=== By train ===
Renting a bike is an increasingly popular way for visitors to explore this essentially flat city.
Since 2010 the city offers public bicycle rentals at over 100 250 locations around the city (and growing). This service is called Valenbisi []. For 10€ 14€ you get access to unlimited use of the bikes during 7 days, first half hour is free, then 1€ every 30 minutes extra. You can purchase the ticket at any terminal at the stations.  If you stay longer than two weeks while using the bike system it might be smart to get the 365-days pass for around 25€. You need a credit card, internet and a metro ticket to get it. You can also let them mail it to your Valencian address, but that takes about 20 days. With the normal paper metro ticket you can online chose to book the Valenbisi on this very metroticket. You only need the ID-Number of the ticket. This will instantly grant you one year without the need of an address or the waiting.
Lights at night and reflective clothes are mandatory, helmet is only recommended. Riding through the sidewalk is also forbidden and bikeways are not frequent, this can do riding a bike in Valencia not recommended if you're not used to deal with city traffic. Drivers usually are unkind to cyclists.
===By train===
The '''Metro Valencia''' [] consists of five lines (from which one is a tramway to the beach) and connects the suburbs with the city. As of 2011Apr 2013, the one-way fare for one zone is €1.4050. The ticket itself costs an additional €1 and contains a rechargeable chip. This metro system is not extensive, but can get you to major points within the city. If you want to take the tram, you have to buy a ticket from the machine, then validate it, before you get on.
If you use the metro a lot, you should consider getting a ''Bonometro'' (see above), or a one-, two- or three-day pass, which can be quite economical. For just over €22, you can ride for 72 hours on the metro and tram as much as you like during that time; a bonus is that if you buy a ticket at, for instance, 16:00 on a Monday, it will expire not on Wednesday night, but on 16:00 Thursday.
===By car===
Driving to Valencia from Barcelona, travellers take coastal route E-15. A long and scenic roadway, at many points directly adjacent to the water, the E-15 is a toll-road (costing 35 Euro to traverse its entire length) very similar in appearance to the Pacific Coastal Highway in the western United States.
===By bus===
[[Image:Ciudad de las ciencias noche.JPG|thumb|250px|City of Arts and Science]]
* <see name="City of Arts and Science" alt="Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències" address="Avda. Autopista del Saler, nº 5 - 46013 Valencia" directions="Take a city bus from the train station or the metro to Alameda station" phone="+34 90 210-0031" url="" hours="10AM-9PM" price="" lat="" long="">Very interesting. It is located where the old river Turia used to flow and over there you will find a Science Museum, a Planetarium, an IMAX cinema, an Aquarium and, in the near future, the Arts Museum. It is famous for its architecture by Santiago Calatrava.</see>
* '''The Barri del Carme''' neighborhood is in the old center. It is the perfect place for a stroll where you can witness the transition from a forgotten area to an up-and-coming diverse neighborhood. Barri del Carme has many outdoor cafes and trendy shops. There is an interesting mix of people, from lifetime residents, to alternative types, hippies, gays and lesbians, and other assorted peoples. The neighborhood swells at night with revelers, but please respect the neighbors who live there.
* '''The Seu''' — A curious cathedral with doors from three distinct architectural periods. A trip up the Micalet tower (formerly Moorish, but now "Christianized") provides a pleasing view of the city.
* '''The LlotjaLa Lonja de la Seda (Silk Exchange)''' — This building is the site of the ancient local silk trade. It is also a UNESCO landmark and has recently been refurbished. Some of the gargoyles are quite naughty. Contrary to the wealth of material published by the tourism industry touting this to be the "best preserved late gothic/renaissance building in Spain", in fact only the interior of this building is original. The exterior was renovated in the neoclassical period (approx. 1879) and has been passed off as medieval by the tourism industry in an attempt not dissimilar to the controversial Barri Gotic quarter in Barcelona (which has since been proved to be mostly a medieval fake). Further restoration work in the mid-90's and again in 2007-2008 has clouded the authenticity of the exteriors decorative features. A visit to the Silk Exchange to see the beautiful interior vaulting should still be on everyone's itinerary in Valencia, but doubt claims as to the "Gothic-ness" of the miraculously preserved 500 year old stone carvings.
* '''The Mercat Central''' — Located in an aging "modernist" building in the process of being renovated. See how the locals shop for food and buy some fantastic fresh produce, meat, or olives.
* '''Lladró Porcelain Museum and Factory''', take bus 16 from city center to its end at Tavernes Blanques suburb. Here is the Lladró Porcelain factory. Visit is free, but it has to be scheduled before. You visit the factory, the process or porcelain making and at the end a large collection of Lladro porcelain some worth $30,000. Photos allowed only at the collection.
* '''Valencian History Museum''' — a museum full of artifacts and multimedia presentations detailing the history of Valencia from its birth in the Roman era all the way to the modern times. Easily reachable by metro, near the Nou d'Octubre station.
== Do ==
*'''Café del Temps''' — Espresso on ice.
*'''Blanc i Negre''' — Iced coffee with leche merengada.
*'''Calimocho''' - A popular drink of Valencia , originating in the Basque Country, made with red wine and cola mixed.
* <sleep name="Our City Just For You" alt="Hostels Valencia Spain" address="Humanista Mariner 6, Patraix Valencia Spain" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="39.461445" long="-0.392894" email="[email protected]" fax="">Travel in a different way to Valencia and discover its sights with us.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Red Nest Hostel" alt="Hostels Valencia Spain" address="Calle de la Paz 36 Valencia Spain" directions="" phone="+34 963 427 168" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+34 963 427 128">A good budget hostel Valencia in the city center.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Operaflats" alt="" address="Avenida de Francia, 2 [46023] Valencia -España" directions="" phone="+34 657 02 93 32" url="" checkin="" checkout="" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+34 96 344 85 12369 64 08">Located in the City of Sciencie: very near to beach. </sleep>
* <sleep name="Get Me An Apartment" alt="" address="Calle Garrigues 2, 4º, 11ª, Valencia [46001]" directions="" phone="0800 680 0615 / +3496 350 4340" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From €25/Person/Night" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Central Valencia apartments that offer all modern conveniences, to make your stay as comfortable as possible. Book your ideal apartment on line with ease, in the knowledge that you will have our expert customer service on hand at all times. </sleep>
* <sleep name="5flats" alt="" address="C/ del Conde de Trenor s/n [46003] Valencia -España" directions="" phone="+34 648 185 693" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From €50" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Located in the center. </sleep>
* <sleep name="7 moons" alt="" address="Avenida Navarro Reverter, 13-1 [46004] Valencia -España" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="" price="From €50">Located in the City Center. Inaugurated in December 2012. The B&B has six big and comfortable rooms, all with TV, free WIFI and breakfast included. Within walking distance to the main shopping area, the river bed and the City of Arts and Sciences. </sleep>
* <sleep name="Rooms DeLuxe" alt="" address="Av. Instituto Obrero nº 20 [46013] Valencia - Spain" directions="" phone="+34 963 356 793" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From €40" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+34 963 356 692"> A different type of hotel , 28 thematic rooms designed and decorated by 28 distinct artist. Close to the City of Arts and Sciences, cheap and special. Perfect for couples, very romantic, an experience you will never forget.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Eurostars Gran Valencia" address="Valle de Ayora, 3" phone="" email="[email protected]" fax="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rooms from €95" url=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="The Westin Valencia" address="Amadeo de Saboya 16" phone="+34 963 625 900" email="[email protected]" fax="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€150 and up" url="">Located in a more quiet place, but still close enough to the center.</sleep>
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