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French Guiana

1,697 bytes added, 14:36, 26 January 2013
listing for a booking service which doesnt event have an office here
First settled by the French in 1604, French Guiana was the site of notorious penal settlements (collectively prisons known as "le Bagne" which functioned from the mid 18th century until 1951. The most famous of which is Devil's Island) until 1951. Henri Charrière wrote his tale "Papillon" about an escape from here. The European Space Agency also launches its communication satellites from [[Kourou]]. It French Guyana is the only portion of mainland South America still governed by an overseas nation.
Tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variationthought it is little cooler when the rainy season starts (from November/December through July thought there is usually a period called "the little summer" where there is less rain, usually in March).
Low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains, mostly an unsettled wilderness. It also consists of hill plateaus and the Tumuc-humac mountains.Everyone there is awesome!
==Get in==
Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport (CAY)
* From [[SurinamBelem]], with Surinam Airways - actually authorization is suspended* From [[Brazil]], formerly with Penta but now with Air Caraibes[] and TAF[] - TAF doesnt operate anymore in the area* From [[Martinique]] and [[Guadeloupe]], with Air France and (unfortunately, Air Caraibesno longer flys to French Guiana from Martinique and Guadeloupe)* From [[FranceParis]], with Air France and Air Caraibes[]* From [[Panama]] with Air Caraibes[]* From [[Costa Rica]] with Air Caraibes[]* From [[Dominican Republic]] with Air Caraibes[]
* From [[Miami]] with Air France
There may be flights from Paramaribo (Suriname) in the near future.
===By car===
From '''Brazil''' you must can take a private barge across the Oiapoque River. Its owner can be contacted in St Georges or in Oiapoque. From '''Suriname''', there is a ferry to cross the Maroni River. ===Oyapock River Bridge===The Oyapock River Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge. It spans the Oyapock River to link the cities of Oiapoque in Brazil and Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock in French Guiana. Its construction was completed in August 2011, commissioning is scheduled for January 2013. This is a cable-stayed bridge , the two towers rising to 83 meters high, its length is 378 meters, it has two lanes of 3.50 m wide. The vertical clearance under the bridge is 15 meters. At the French side, the access will be through a border checkpoint (FCP) which will present three government control: the Border Police , the Customs and the Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Forestry. The bridge over the Oyapock is a toll-free bridge (the booths are booths controls, not toll booths), which will be accessible to both vehicles and pedestrians.
===By bus===
===By boat===
From '''Brazil''' and '''Suriname''', to cross the rivers ''Oyapoque'' and ''Le Maroni'', which takes 15 minutes, it's not very expensive, but you have to [[haggle]]. Crossing the Oyapoque from Brazil should cost you about 5 euros, no haggling. If you go a little upstream to Rona's lodge, you should pay 7 euros. Ask first to be sure but the boatmen are a Coop and the price is fixed for everyone.
==Get Getting around==
3,400 km of French Guiana's waterways are navigable by native craftboats (pirogues); 460 km navigable by small oceangoing vessels and coastal and river steamers.
There is limited public transportation throughout the territory. Minibuses go between major towns but there may only be a few per day. Fares are fixed per route; if only going partial distance to Cayenne you may have to pay the full fare. Eg. St. Laurent du Maroni to Kourou you may have to pay the full fare to Cayenne. Fare for St. Laurent to Cayenne is €35. There is a bus that runs from the airport to the center of Cayenne, contact the people at the information desk at the airport to be sure the driver stops to pick you up.
[[French phrasebook|French]] is the official language of FranceFrench Guiana, although Creole is widely spoken. The majority of the population speaks French while few understand English. However, some officials, police, and gendarmes may speak English. Because of the presence of many Brazilians and Dominicans, lots of people understand basic Portuguese and basic Spanish. On the Maroni river, Taki-taki is often used
The Hmong Market at Cacao, the Kaw river by pirogue, a rocket liftoff from La Carapa, Kourou, le Bagne de Saint-Laurent, Les Iles du Salut/the Salvation Islands or Papillon's prison, sea turtles laying eggs on the beach at Remire-Montjoly, Awala-Yalimapo and the annual Kalinia games, etc.

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