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Trondheim

4,061 bytes added, 21:18, 22 September 2013
By plane
'''Trondheim''' [http://www.trondheim.com/] is an old city in central [[Norway]]. The city is dominated by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology; its more than 25,000 students are a lot in a city with merely 160,000 inhabitants in total, and this contributes greatly to the city's economy.
Trondheim is the oldest of Norway's major cities, and its old heritage can still be traced in and around the city centre. The marvellous Nidaros Cathedral, the second largest church of Northern Europe, towers over the city centre, which is roughly the area inside the serpentining meandering Nidelva river.
The city boasts a rich, cultural heritage, but is still a major centre. Even if the size is modest, there's a lot going on in Trondheim. Music, arts, culture, alternative politics, nightlife, student life... all combines into making Trondheim one of the most exciting city centres of Northern Europe.
==UnderstandHistory==Contrary The city celebrated its 1000th anniversary in 1997 but, contrary to popular belief, Trondheim was not so much of a center for the Vikings, as it was founded at the end of the Viking Age. However, it was the religious center of northern Europe during the Middle Ages and a vital hub for North Atlantic trade, giving it plentiful plenty of characteristic mansions and harbour harbor houses. For centuries, Trondheim was the northernmost mercantile city in Europe, giving it a special "edge-of-the-world" feeling. This also resulted in a more open-hearted, outgoing international culture than many other Scandinavian cities at the time. The inhabitants like to call their city the historical, the religious , and the technology technological capital of Norway. The city celebrated its 1000th anniversary in 1997.
==Get in==
'''Trondheim Airport Værnes''' [http://www.avinor.no/Norsk/Lufthavner/Trondheim_lufthavn,_Varnes/] serves international and national flights. There are plenty of flights every day to [[Oslo]], and several to places including [[Bergen]], [[Stavanger]], [[Bodø]] and [[Tromsø]], as well as the short-field airports of [[Mosjøen]], [[Sandnessjøen]], [[Brønnøysund]], [[Namsos]] and [[Rørvik]]. International destinations include [[London]] (Gatwick), [[Amsterdam]], [[Copenhagen]], [[Stockholm]], [[Alicante]] (Spain), [[Murcia]] (Spain), [[Malaga]] (Spain), [[Riga]], [[Warsaw]] and [[Prague]].
To get The following options are available for transfer to the city from the airport, grab the downtown Trondheim. All accept credit cards (minimum Visa and MasterCard).*'''Flybussen''' [http://www.flybussen.no/trondheimen/Trondheim] service, departing buses depart every 15 10 minutes on weekdays . Fares (one-way/return) are 120/220 NOK (single student 90/150 NOK 100, wchild up to 16 years or senior 60 NOK (one way only)). Stops near most hotels in downtown Trondheim. Journey time is 30-60 min depending on destination. Free Wi-Fi onboard.*'''Værnes-Ekspressen''' [http://vaernesekspressen.no/index.php/vaernes_eng/rutetider/avganger] buses depart somewhat less frequent than Flybussen. Check the schedule before buying a return ticket. 130/220 NOK 170, (student  90/150 NOK 70, children child or senior 60/120 NOK 50, the tickets are valid for a connection ride with ). Drives into the city's bus systemcentre like flybussen, but also goes up to Moholt Studentby (and Voll Studentby), where most international and exchange students are housed. You can also take the *'''trainTrains''' [http://www.nsb.no/internet/diverse/rutetider/pdf/jun06/026_tronderbanen.pdf] depart to Trondheim once per hour. One-way fares are 71 NOK (student 53 NOK, child or senior 36 NOK). Buy from the ticket machine at the centre, as well as station to avoid the northadditional 40 NOK onboard surcharge. Local trains depart every hour for Take left when exiting the centre (passing Hell station just 2 mins after arrivals hall and proceed around 100 m past the airporthotel to reach the train station.Cheaper and more scenic than by bus, but far less frequent and not very practical if your destination is not close to a railway station.Journey time to Trondheim Central Station is 35-40 min. did you really land that close?), every hour Train may however be the best option for the neighbouring towns of [[Stjørdal]], transfer to many other destinations such as [[Levanger]], [[Verdal]] and [[Steinkjer]], and three times a day for Norway. Long distance ''Regiontog''s northern train line towards [[Fauske]] and [[Bodø]]. Both the Flybussen and the train in [[Northern Norway]] pass the centre, with several stops, and end up close to the football stadium at Lerkendalairport three times daily. There *'''Taxi''' companies include (but are also local buses not limited to ) Trøndertaxi, [http://www.trondertaxi.no/] Norgestaxi [http://www.norgestaxi.no/trondheim] and StjørdalTaxi [http://www.stjordal-taxi.no/?gclid=CNKBoubv_q0CFdAvmAodykgAsg]] and the areas between the airport and Trondheim. The travel time Many offer fixed price to the centre is approx. 40 minsTrondheim in shared or chartered taxi.
===By train===
There are four daily '''trainsNSB''' operates four daily trains between Oslo and Trondheim on the '''Dovre line''' [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/21-Oslo-Trondheim.pdf]. These are the quickest mode of ground transport between the cities, and you may find cheap discount tickets on the NSB website.
There are no longer direct trains on the '''Røros line''' [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/25-Oslo-Hamar-R%C3%B8ros-Trondheim.pdf], but there are two daily connections with to Oslo, with changes in Røros and Hamar.
Three daily trains make their way northwards on the '''Nordlandsbanen''' [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/71-Trondheim-Bod%C3%B8.pdf] towards [[Mosjøen]] and [[Mo i Rana]], with two of them continuing to [[Fauske]] and [[Bodø]]. Fauske is the main hub for buses northwards, for instance to [[Lofoten]]. Incidentally, the night service passes Hell station just before midnight...
'''Local trains''' (''Lokaltog'') [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/PDF-026-Tronderbanen-stortkort-13-12-09_12-06-10.pdf] between Trondheim and the airport, continuing to Steinkjer, depart every hour on weekdays, roughly every second hour on weekends. Trains for Oppdal and Røros depart a few times per day.
The '''Nabotåget''' [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/PDF-072%20Ostersund-Storlien%20kort.pdf] service runs twice daily to the Swedish border at [[Storlien]], continuing to the ski resort [[Åre]] and the city of [[Östersund]]. There are connections to [[Stockholm]], [[Gothenburg]] and [[Malmo]].
 
Train tickets may be purchased from the conductor onboard the train or from ticket vending machines at major stations. NSB imposes a 40 NOK surcharge if purchasing the ticket onboard the train which is waived if there are no ticket machines at your station of departure.
 
Tickets may also be booked online in advance with NSB [https://www.nsb.no/?lang=en_US]. Tickets for local trains may not be booked online, although they will still appear in the booking system with their price and schedule. Nabotåget tickets may be booked online with either NSB or its swedish counterpart SJ [http://www.sj.se/start/startpage/index.form?l=en]. Prices and discount types differ between the two, so it might be worthwile to check both for the lowest price.
 
For long distance travel, restricted tickets (branded as '''Minipris''') ranging from 249 to 499 NOK are usually available if booking online at the NSB website well in advance. On long journeys such as to [[Bodø]] or [[Oslo]], this might be a fraction of the price of a full fare ticket. Minipris tickets are made available for sale with limited availability approximately 3 months prior to departure, and can be purchased no later than 1 day in advance. It is recommended to book early to get the cheapest tickets. Note that unlike full fare tickets there are no reduced fares (e.g. student fare, military discount etc.) on Minipris tickets.
===By car===
A '''Night service map''' [http://www.team-trafikk.no/pdf/Kart_nattbuss_210806_A4L.jpg] is here (in PDF). Remember, these only run nights after Friday and Saturday.
'''Tickets''' are bought from the driver, and are NOK 30 40 for single tickets (NOK 15 20 for under 16's). A day pass is NOK 7080, while the night bus costs NOK 60 70 (day pass not valid). You can buy prepaid tickets at some convenience stores (Narvesen, 7/Eleven and Deli de Luca) and selected parking meters. These tickets are cheaper than buying with cash from the driver.
One '''tram''' [http://www.graakallbanen.no/] line operates from St. Olavs gate near the centre to Lian, up in the Bymarka forests. It operates on the same fare schedule, so day passes are valid. The tram is the nothernmost tram service in the world.
The resort island of '''Munkholmen''' [http://www.munkholmen.no/foto.htm], ideal for swimming, sunbathing or a peek at the old monastery, can be reached by boat from Ravnkloa every hour in summer. Make sure you don't miss the last boat home in the evening!A two way ticket costs NOK 70 for adults, NOK 40 for children and NOK 40 for strollers. Cash only.
'''Local trains''' [http://www.nsb.no/getfile.php/www.nsb.no/nsb.no/PDF/Rutetabeller/PDF-026-Tronderbanen-stortkort-13-12-09_12-06-10.pdf] can also be used within the city boundaries (between stations Rotvoll and Lerkendal/Heimdal). Sadly, these are no longer part of the common public transport fare system, so day passes are not valid. Buy single tickets from the station clerks or the conductor on the train.
==See==
An overview of museums can be found on [http://www.trondheim.com/museums].Some museums only open in summer. * Stay close to the '''river Nidelva''' if you want to see the real pearl of the city. The sunsets can be magnificent, especially in summer, and the city is so far north that the first hints of arctic blue sky is seen. Summer days seem to last forever, although for a real midnight sun, you have to travel further north. The river is nicely experienced in the park '''Marinen''' just behind the Cathedral.* '''Nidarosdomen''' [http://www.nidarosdomen.no/englishen-GB/ ] is the biggest church of Northern Europe and the only major gothic cathedral in Norway, and the pride of the city. Towering over the city centre at its southern edge, the majestic cathedral is '''the''' defining feature of Trondheim. Nidarosdomen is also Norway's national cathedral. It was erected over what was believed to be St.Olav's grave and it became a major pilgrimage site in Northern Europe. Next door is the '''Archbishop's Palace''', which was partly burnt down in the 80's, and has been heavily restored. It houses an archeological museum, which includes an excavated Mint workshop for the minting of coins.
* '''Wooden mansions''' in and around the city centre. '''Stiftsgaarden''', the King's local residence, is the biggest together with the Singsaker summer hotel, but the small, wooden houses in parts of the city like '''Bakklandet''' [http://www.bakklandet.com/], '''Hospitalsløkkan''' '''Ila''' and '''Ilsvikøra''' are even more picturesque.
* The ancient fortress island '''Munkholmen''', accessible by boat.
* Wooden '''harbour buildings''' along Kjøpmannsgata, Fjordgata and Sandgata. The best view is from the Old Town Bridge [http://www.vad1.com/photo/stock/n12-29.html] across Nidelva river, leading from close to the Cathedral to Bakklandet.
* The world's first bike lift '''Trampe''' at Bakklandet, just across the bridge. (Sadly this is removed, but a new version of the lift is on it's way)
* '''TV-tower''' with a rotating top '''restaurant''' (bus 20,60 to Tyholttårnet/Otto Nielsens veg)
* '''Museum of Musical instruments''' [http://www.ringve.com/] at Ringve (bus 3,4 to Ringve museum). (mainly closed until may 2013 for reconstruction). Also has the bothanical gardens of Trondheim.
* The small community of squatters in the area of '''Reina''' (dubbed by themselves '''Svartla'mon''' [http://www.svartlamon.org/ ]), now an ecological experiment-part of the city. A different neighbourhood to walk around in, with very few shops, cafes and lots of graffiti.
* '''DORA 1''' , the German submarine base for the 13th flotilla during the German occupation of Norway 1940 - 1945. Today the bunker is housing many archives, among them the city archives, university and state archives.
* '''Trøndelag folkemuseum''' [http://www.sverresborg.no/] at '''Sverresborg''', with lots of old houses depicting lifestyle in old days. In a very beautiful park area overlooking the city, and truly worth a visit! Activities for children on Sundays. Eat at the nice inhouse-cafe, or at the next-door "Tavern" dating from the 18th century. (Bus 8 to Trøndelag Folkemuseum)
*<see name="Vitensentret" alt="Trondheim Science Museum" address="Kongens gate 1" directions="" phone="(+47) 73 59 61 23" url="http://www.vitensenteret.com/" hours="10:00-16:00 (winter), 10:00-17:00 (summer)" price="80 NOK (adult)" lat="" long="">A center for popularizing science, has lots of exhibits many of the interactive. Also has a gift store. Opens 1 hour later on saturday/sunday.</see>
*<see name="Rustkammeret" alt="Armory" address="Erkebispegården" directions="Next to the Nidaros cathedral" phone="+47 73 99 52 80" url="http://forsvaretsmuseer.no/nor/Rustkammeret" hours="10:00-16:00" price="Free admitance" lat="63.425809" long="10.395258">The army museum will interest any military history enthusiasts. It holds a collection of weapons and uniforms dating back from the middle ages to modern day, and a permanent exhibition about the German occupation of Norway.</see>
* Every year in the end of July and the beginning of August, you can visit the '''St. Olav Festival''' [http://www.olavsfestdagene.no/]. The festival is a celebration of Olav Haraldsson, who attempted to christianise Norway. The festivals programme consists of both religious contributions, like masses for pilgrimages in the Nidaros cathedral and cultural festivities like concerts, Middle-Age-plays, lectures, exhibitions and many other activities.
* Have a '''swim''' in the modern Pirbadet [http://www.pirbadet.no/] swimming pool, a magnificent water palace just by the sea, but definitely warmer! (Bus 46 or 52 to Pirterminalen, end station)
* 2 hour tour down the river with a kayak from Trondheimkajakk [http://www.trondheimkajakk.no/] and discover spectacular views of Trondheim hidden from the usual hiker.
* Have a even cooler '''swim''' in the sjøbadet, a tiny little, but very cosy beach that consists of not much more than a wooden diving tower. It gains its uniqueness through its location, right to the left behind the central trainstation, in the area of harbor and industries. Don't worry, it's the cleanest water in the world!
* If the weather is nice and the fjord is warm, the best swimming spots are found east of the city. The '''Lade''' area contains a footpath along the fjord, which passes many of the best swimming spots. (Bus 3 to Strandveikaia, then walk along the industrially-looking road to the left... and you'll find beauty soon!) Also, the '''Rotvoll/Ranheim'''-area further out is brilliant for sunbathing and swimming. (Bus 6 to Rotvoll or longer, or local train to Rotvoll station)
* Check out Trondheim's bustling '''nightlife'''. During term time, the students make the nightlife rocking all week, and skyrocketing in weekends. Check the "Drink" section for more.
* Have a walk in the '''Kristiansten Fortress'''-areakristiansen Fortress , overlooking the city. (If you can't be bothered with the hills, get bus 63 to Ankersgata, or rent a bike and use the bike lift!)
* Take the local train to '''Hell Station''' and get a photo of yourself. If you can't be bothered going there, you can still buy a one-way ticket to Hell from Central Station... for that special someone.
* Go '''skiing at Vassfjellet''' [http://www.vassfjellet.com/] just outside Trondheim, in the season there's a bus service from Munkegata, and a Ski Shop [http://www.vassfjellet.no/] with ski and snowboard rental service.
* Cross-country skiing is popular november-april with hundreds of km tracks in Bymarka and Estenstadmarka. You can rent skis at [http://www.skiklubben.no/index.php/Vinter/Skiutleie/Skiutleie.html Skistua] in Bymarka, bus 10.
*<do name="Minimalen Short Film Fest" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.minimalen.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">In March there is the option of watching the best of Norwegian and Nordic short films, as well as the best of the international film scene.</do>
 
==Learn==
==Eat==
Trondheim has food spots to suit every taste, though remember that food prices are very high.
===Budget===
* '''Studentersamfundet''', Elgeseter gate 1. In the weird, wild, round, red house that houses the Interrail centre in summer and the student society otherwise. The café Edgar serve some decent grub for not too much money (The chocolate cake is big and cheap). The entrance is at the back of the building, and nearly unmarked. Go through the back door and to the left. Lyche (entrance from the south) serves really good food (soups, sanwiches, dinner, dessert) for reasonable prices. All southbound buses stop at Studentersamfundet.
* '''Student canteens'''. The size of the university means there are 21 student canteens around, serving up pretty bad food at pretty good some of the prices available (48 NOK). Find the list here: [http://www.sit.no/cafes/].
* '''Hot Dog'''. Any kiosk will offer ''pølse'' in a bun and/or ''lompe'' (a soft tortilla-like patty) with condiments, and it may appear to be a cheap meal, though making a habit of eating pølse at all times is strongly discouraged.
* '''Kafé Knaillhard''', Innheredsveien 69c. Kafé Knaillhard is part of the uffahus [http://jaguar.intrapoint.no/rw/site/uffa/index.php?c=11&kat=english+information] and serves vegetarian/vegan food during the week around 6PM for 25 kroner. As of 2011 this place burned down, so there is no food here.
* '''1001 Natt''', Olav Tryggvasons gate. In the main thoroughfare through the centre, 1001 Natt is the main one of many kebab-dealer places in Trondheimthe center of the town. They are mostly pretty similar with regards to quality and price. About 90kr for a kebab.
* '''Sesam''', Studentersamfundet. Just by the main entrance, Sesam makes the city's most hyped and beloved burgers.
* '''Ramp''', Strandveien, Svartlamon. This totally laid-back, semi-organic offering in the squat area of Svartlamon is a good places to while away the hours while watching totally exotic people doing their stuff. Great food at great prices. The letdown is the view of a train goods terminal, a German-built submarine bunker complex and that it is cool to the point of pretension; bring your tats and dreads. Any eastbound bus will take you to Strandveien stop.
* '''EGON Tårnet''', Otto Nielsens vei 4, Tyholt. The rotating restaurant at the top of Radio Tower in Tyholt offers a pizza buffet for only NOK 105. (The other meny has HIGH prices). It is every Sunday and Monday from 11AM to 11PM. All other days it is from 11AM to 6PM. Tap water is for free, other beverages. [http://www.egon.no/] with adress and pricelist. (Bus 20 or 60 to Tyholttårnet/Otto Nielsens veg) There are also other EGON outlets around town, the most central being in Søndre gate, Prisens gate and at the Solsiden mall.
===Mid-range===
* '''Credo''', Credoveita behind Byhaven shopping centre. A top offering with a stellar wine list, this restaurant manages to be both informal, creative and top-end. Expensive, but a memory for life.
* '''Prins Olav Grill''', Royal Garden hotel. Maybe the best hotel restaurant in Norway, this is worth the splurge if you have the money and the interest in fine dining. Be prepared for exquisite dining at corporate prices.
==Drink==
Also, beware of the stringent regulations governing the sale of alcohol! You can only get drinks of strength 4,7% or less from regular shops. So, only beer. Also, they stop selling beer at 8PM sharp on weekdays, 6PM sharp on Saturdays and they don't sell it at all on Sundays... a legacy from Christian Democracy. Beware of the alcohol-free beer too, there's lots of it, and many people drink it if they are driving... if you see beer that seems cheap(er) than the rest, check the strength!!
If you want wine or spirits, you'll need to find a Vinmonopolet, the state-run liquor stores. There are only a few in Trondheim, and they close early, 5 or 6PM during the week and 3PM on Saturdays. Sunday? Forget it. The most central one can be found in "Søndre gate", close to Torget, as well as in Byhaven mall, Solsiden mall, Valentinlyst mall, City Lade mall and CitySyd mall.
The cafe scene in Trondheim is the best developed in Norway, with tons of fine coffee-and-cake spots around. Most double as pubs during the night.
* '''Hotell Britannia''' [http://www.britannia.no/] with its 1890's facade, and a matching but modern interior is the most stylish hotel in the city. Its location in Dronningens gate 5 is in the middle of town. It has two restaurants, a number of bars, and modern but stylish rooms. There are also a number of themed rooms, like rooms decorated by well-known Norwegian artists. Prices start at 1100/1300 and go a long way up.
* '''Radisson SAS BLU Royal Garden Hotel''' is a modern palace of glass, brass and marble with 295 rooms. Centrally located, excellent communications, but a little soulless. Rooms start at 1198/1298 at summer weekends and go way up.
* '''Rica Nidelven hotel''' Havnegata 1. Is even more modern, and offers a very very good breakfast buffet.
 
* '''Clarion Hotel & Congress Trondheim''' is the most modern and newest hotel in Trondheim. It opened late April 2012, and has a beatiful view over the city from the Skybar in 9th floor. The Skybar is worth a visit, and you can go there to enjoy a cup of coffee without staying at the hotel.
==Stay safe==
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