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Borobudur

2,847 bytes added, 00:43, 14 November 2012
By bus
[[Image:Borobudur_Stupa_Merapi.jpg|350 px|thumb|right|Sunrise at the stupas of Borobudur with steaming Mount Merapi in the background]]
'''Borobudur'''[http://www.borobudurpark.co.id/en.htmltemple/borobudurTemple] is a Buddhist stupa and temple complex in [[Central Java]], [[Indonesia]] dating from the 8th century, and a [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]]. This is one of world's truly great ancient monuments, the single largest Buddhist structure anywhere on earth, and few who visit fail to be taken by both the scale of place, and the remarkable attention to detail that went into the construction. Set as it is in the heart of the verdant Kedu Plain, the backdrop of mighty active volcanoes only enhances the sense of awe and drama.
==Understand==
Following the Anglo-Dutch Java War, Java was briefly under British administration from 1811 to 1816. The British governor was Thomas Stamford Raffles (the founder of Singapore), and he took a great practical and academic interest in the history of the mystical island of Java. On a tour to Semarang in 1814, he was informed about a huge ‘lost’ monument deep in the jungles near Yogyakarta, and he sent a Dutch engineer to investigate. It took two months to clear the jungle and partially reveal the amazing monument, but it was not until 1885 that the complex was unearthed in its magnificent entirety. Raffles also presided over the re-discovery of nearby [[Prambanan]], and it is somewhat ironic that the very brief British rule of Java led to the uncovering of ''both'' these ancient monuments.
Appreciation and protection was surprisingly slow to develop, and Borobudur became the domain of unscrupulous souvenir hunters. Modern-day archaeologists speculate that this was due to the European obsession with Ancient Egypt at the time — Borobudur was just too remote and too far away to get the attention it undoubtedly deserved. There was even a Dutch proposal to dismantle the monument and scatter it piece-by-piece to museums around the world. Thankfully, good sense prevailed and by the end of the 19th century the site was left largely intact, and a five year restoration programme was undertaken in 19121907.
[[Image:Borodubur Relief.JPG|thumb|350px|Carved reliefs in Borobudur's lower terraces]]
===Information office===
* <listing name="PT Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur Prambanan Ratu Boko" alt="" directions="" address="Borobudur Temple Unit Office, Jl Badrawati, Borobudur" phone="+62 293 788266" email="borobudurinfo@borobudurpark.co.id" fax="" url="http://www.borobudurpark.co.id/en.htmltemple" hours="6AM-6PM daily" price="">The official government park authority for Borobudur.</listing>
==Get in==
===By bus===
The public buses to Borobudur from [[Yogyakarta]] are aimed mostly at Indonesian visitors, and only a few tourists venture aboard. If you are adventurous though, the Trans-Jogya service runs from central Yogyakarta to Jombor bus terminal in northern Yogyakarta , bus 2B/2A (Rp 3,000), where you can change to another bus to get to Borobudur. It takes about 60-90 minutes, and should will cost around Rp 10,000-1520,000 one way, but bargain with the bus . The Trans-Jakarta staff and Jombor station staff are very friendly and will direct you to get a good pricethe correct buses.
Buses run regularly from [[Magelang]] to Borobudur via Muntilan and are widely advertised there. The journey time is about 1 hour.
To get from or to the Hindu temples at [[Prambanan]], take a [[Yogyakarta]] bus and get down at Jombor Terminal (90 min, Rp 15,000 for visitors, Rp 7,000 for Indonesians). From Jombor take TransJogya route 2B to [[Prambanan]] (45-60 min, Rp 3,000). It will require 3 bus changes: 2B from Jombor to Terminal Condong, 3B from Terminal Condong to Maguuro Maguwo (Jl. Solo) and 1A/B from Maguuro Maguwo to [[Prambanan]]. From [[Semarang]] you can go to Borobudur with rent car or tourist van with 7 seaters van,with 3 hours driving approximately it cos Rp 400.000 one way.Like <listing name="Central Java Transporter" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+6285225993574" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://centraljavatransporter.jimdo.com/" hours="" price=""></listing> who operates transport with 7 seaters van in the central of java.
===By minibus===
Entry into Borobudur costs:
*US$1520/Rp 135190,000 for adult non-Indonesians.(as of 5th Sept. 2012)
*US$8/Rp 72,000 for non-Indonesian registered students (proof, e.g. ISIC, is required).
*Rp 15,000 on weekdays and Rp 17,500 at weekends for Indonesian adults or foreign holders of an Indonesian work permit.
The site is open to public entrance from 6AM-5PM. However, the Manohara Hotel (see [[#Sleep|Sleep]]) runs a daily '''Borobudur Sunrise Tour''' for Rp 320,000 for foreigners (Rp 185,000 if you are a hotel guest) and Rp 220,000 for Indonesians, which gets you a flashlight and a lift up to the temple gate at 4:30AM. This is in time to see the sunrise, and to explore for an hour and a half before the hordes arrive. This is ''well'' worth the money. The sun rises in the same direction as the entrance you used to gain access to the temple. The top few levels offer a great view wherever you position yourself. If you're so inclined, grab a private spot facing East and enjoy your own precious few minutes of reflection (or photography).
Hiring a guide who can explain the reliefs in some detail costs Rp 75,000-100,000 per hour, with . Some guides may insist on a minimum time of two hours. You should ask for a guide in the evening before going to tour in the morning. It is also perfectly possible to roll up and find a guide available, it all depends on how busy the site is. Guides speaking European languages other than English may be available.
In April 2011 it was announced that to assist in the ongoing preservation of the temple, future visitors would be required to view the temple in groups of no more than 30 persons and must be accompanied by Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur (''TWCB'') staff members.
Visitors are required to wear a sarong whilst visiting the temple, although the rule doesn't appear to be strictly enforced. If you do not bring your own, then one is provided free with the entrance ticket. These are available at a post located at the bottom of the temple entrance stairs, and should be returned before leaving at an exit post.
The main site is approached through a large open and pleasant parkinside the complex. Since July 2012, overseas visitor can purchase entrance tickets online officially through www.kiostix.com.
===The monument===
===The Borobudur Museum===
The museum is There are two museums located within Borobudur Archaeological Park, the Karmawibhanga Museum and the Samudraraksa Museum. These museums are housed inside the park just a few hundred metres to the north of the temple. These museum ticket are already included within the Borobudur entrance ticket, so visitor are free to enter the museum.
It does a sometimes haphazard job '''The Samudraraksa Museum''' display the actual size replica of presenting the restoration processBorobudur Ship. Perhaps It also display the most interesting exhibitions about this are those maritime technology and trade network of the law of karma reliefs8th century Asia and Africa, with explanatory comments, and especially the photo gallery maritime trade of late 19thIndian Ocean. In 1982 a British naval history scholar called Philip Beale was visiting Borobudur when he noticed 10 panels depicting ocean-century shots going ships. He surmised that these ships may have been a part of a famous shipping route &mdash; the complex before it was restoredCinnamon Route &mdash; that linked Indonesia to Africa many centuries earlier. This led Beale to build a model ship based on those depictions, and that is now housed in its own dedicated space within the museum.
In 1982 a British naval history scholar called Philip Beale was visiting '''The Karmawibhanga Museum''' display archaeological findings around Borobudur, the restoration process, as well as the photographs of Karmawibhanga relief on hidden foot of Borobudur when he noticed 10 panels depicting ocean-going ships. He surmised that these ships may have been It does a part sometimes haphazard job of a famous shipping route &mdash; presenting the Cinnamon Route &mdash; that linked Indonesia to Africa many centuries earlierrestoration process. This led Beale to build a model ship based on Perhaps the most interesting exhibitions about this are those depictionsof the law of karma reliefs, with explanatory comments, and that is now housed in its own dedicated space within the museumphoto gallery of late 19th-century shots of the complex before it was restored.
The museum is open daily 6AM-6PM and entry is included with the main Borobudur ticket.
[[Image:Candi_mendut.jpg|right|300px|thumb|Candi Mendut near Borobudur]]
There are no formal published A combined ticket for entrance fees to any of these attractions, but you may be asked for a small donationboth Candi Mendut and Candi Pawon costs Rp 3500. You should be able to visit any of these in the hours of daylight.
* '''Candi Mendut''' — a Buddhist temple that is thought to have acted as a way-point on the road to Borobudur. It was first discovered in 1834 and holds the distinction of being the first ancient monument in the whole of Indonesia to be restored (from 1897). Some of the statues and reliefs here are of the highest quality, and it is well worth a visit. Mendut is notable as the start of the modern day [[#Do|Waisak]] procession. From Borobudur head back towards Muntilan on the main road for 3 km (1.8 mi) , and Candi Mendut is signposted off a small left hand turn off the main road.
[[Image:Trail of civilisations.jpg|thumb|right|350px|The Mahakarya being performed at Borobudur for the Trail of Civilisations Symposium in 2006]]
* Every June, the park authority arranges a performance of the '''Mahakarya Borobudur''' [http://www.borobudurpark.co.id/entemple/events/mahakarya-at-borobudur.htmlmahakaryaBorobudur]. This ballet uses traditional Javanese dance to tell the story of the conception and construction of the temple. The event takes place at the Aksobya open theatre against the backdrop of Borobudur, and is a lavish production. Tickets Rp 300,000-800,000.
==Buy==
Persistent touts hassle tourists on the approaches to the temple but are usually kept away from the temple itself. Be firm and polite about your intentions and they will soon get the message. Be careful when you exit the temple as there are confusing signs pointing to exit gates which lead you through a maze of stalls. If you want to avoid the maze of handycraft stall, do not turn left and follow the nearest exit sign, just move straight forward to the exit located nearest to the entrance.
If you do intend to buy some souvenirs here then make sure your bargaining skills are at their best.Pedlars sell small statues that they claim are carved from lava stone, but most are cast coloured cement. Identifying genuine lava stone is easy enough as the stone is quite light for its size compared to the weightier concrete. Nonetheless, if a concrete Buddha head will suffice you should not pay more than Rp 20.000. Their first offer is around Rp 150.000. Just tell them, that you already bought for Rp 20.000 and they will give you this price. An authentic lava stone version carved by a skilled craftsman will cost, and be worth, considerably more.
Should you be in need of cash, there is a Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) ATM close to the main park entrance.
There are a few losmen (guesthouses) and basic hotels in the village of Borobudur just south of the park entrance. Owing to the site's popularity with tourists prices are, by Indonesian standards, somewhat inflated for what you get.
* <sleep name="Lotus Guest House " alt="" address="Jl Medang Kamulan 2, Borobudur" directions="located on northern road near Borobudur" phone="+62 293 788281 " email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="About Rp 150,000-200,000">Popular with backpackers and offers the usual Indonesian budget set-up.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Pondok Tinggal" alt="" address="Jl Balaputradewa 32, Brojonalan, Borobudur" directions="on the eastern road entry, between Borobudur and Candi Pawon" phone="+62 293 788145" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://pondoktingal.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="From Rp 200,000">Good value option less than 1 km from the entrance to Borobudur.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Rajasa Hotel" alt="" address="Jl Badrawati No2, Borobudur." directions="" phone="+62 293 788276" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From about Rp 300,000" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Only about 200 m from the main entrance. Very popular with Indonesian families and the walls are thin, so it can get noisy. Good service and good food for the price.</sleep>
[[Image:Borobudur-Nothwest-view.jpg|thumb|590px|centre|The northwestern view of Borobudur]]
===Mid-range===
* <sleep name="Manohara Hotel" alt="" address="Jl Badrawati, Borobudur" directions="" phone="+62 293 788680" url="http://www.borobudurparkmanoharaborobudur.cocom/index.id/php" checkin="" checkout="" price="From Rp 575625,000" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Formerly ''Taman Borobudur Guest House'', this friendly resort-style hotel is located inside the Borobudur Park, run by the park authority, and is just 200 m from the temple entrance. The grounds are beautifully landscaped and the views are great, but the rooms are little more than functional with air conditioning, hot water and passable bathrooms. Still, a room booked here is only Rp 575690,000, which is excellent value as the price includes breakfast and entry to Borobudur for two. Food is excellent. This is the best option for visitors wanting to overnight at Borobudur and gain entry the next morning before the masses arrive. You can also rent a bike here which will cost only Rp 10,000/hr.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Ning Tidar Hotel" alt="" address="Jl Purworejo-Magelang KM 5, Magelang" directions="about 6 km (3.7 mi) from Borobudur" phone="+62 293 314316" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://www.ningtidarhotel.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="From Rp 350,000">In the middle of nowhere apart from a smoky internet cafe nearby, so it is not the most convenient location. However, it is a good option when the closer hotels are booked out, as they frequently are. It is a nice property for the price, and they can organise taxis to Borobudur. 24 hr restaurant service.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Saraswati Borobudur" alt="" address="Jl Balaputradewa 10, Borobudur" directions="" phone="+62 293 788843" url="http://www.saraswatiborobudur.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rooms from US$79100" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">This is a beautiful hotel with views of Borobudur, a swimming pool, and the most gracious staff. The rooms are large with the full range of amenities. Room rates are often deeply discounted (up to 60%) so be sure to ask before you go. Breakfast is included in the rate as is transportation to Borobudur. The cost of a guide is an optional extra.</sleep>
===Splurge===
* <sleep name="Amanjiwo" alt="" address="" directions="3 km (1.7 mi) from Borobudur on the temple's south side" phone="+62 293 78833" url="http://www.amanresorts.com/amanjiwo/home.aspx" checkin="" checkout="" price="From US$650" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Super luxury resort run by the Aman Group and offering all the facilities you would expect. Rated by some as one of the very best hotels in Asia, if not the world. If you can't afford to stay here, try to find the money to have lunch or dinner which are worth it for the awe-inspiring vista alone.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Rumah Boedi Private Residence Borobudur" alt="" address="Tingal Wetan, Wanurejo" directions="2 km from Borobudur area" phone="+62 274 559498293 551 6000" url="http://www.rumahboediborobudur.com" checkin="2PM14:00 " checkout="Noon12:00" price="US$108-533From USD 50" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+62 274 559497">Individual villas in a rural setting with view of Mt Merbabu and Mt Merapi. </sleep>
==Respect==
'''Be nice to the locals'''. Seriously. There is a lot written in travel guides about the pushy nature of the vendors at Borobudur. And they can be a little annoying it must be said. But a few friendly no's and keeping on walking usually do does the job.  Yogyakarta is a great seat of learning in Indonesia, and you will often find many students at Borobudur who are keen to be friendly with you. Take this how it is meant; they are genuinely friendly, and rightly very proud of their heritage and keen to talk to you about it. To avoid the largest crowds, skip weekends when large numbers of domestic tourists visit, along with the occasional school trip of students, sent by their teachers to practice their English on overseas visitors. Alternatively, visit as early as you can in the morning.
Yogyakarta is a great seat of learning in IndonesiaIf you look vaguely Western, and you will often find many 'll be a bigger tourist attraction to school students at Borobudur who are keen than the monument itself. Expect to be friendly with filmed or audio recorded as students ask you. Take this how it is meant; they are genuinely friendly, and rightly very proud all sorts of their heritage harmless questions and keen to talk to perhaps ask for a photo with you about it. To avoid the largest crowds, skip weekends when large numbers They are highly appreciative of domestic tourists visit, along your interaction with the occasional school trip of students, sent by their teachers to practice their English on overseas visitorsthem.
==Contact==
{{IsPartOf|Central Java}}
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{{starpark}}
{{Parkguide}}
[[hu:Borobudur]]
[[nl:Borobudur]]
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