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Constanţa

92 bytes removed, 23:25, 10 December 2012
Eat
'''Constanţa''' [http://www.primaria-constanta.ro/] (prounounced ''Constantza'') is a coastal Black Sea town in southern [[Dobruja]], [[Romania]], the second most important city in the country and, during summer, a beautiful touristic city. It is the capital of the Constanta county and Romania's largest seaport, a great city to begin to explore the wonders of the sea.
[[Image:city.jpg|thumb|Constanta]]
===By car===
The most popular route is the [[Bucharest]]-[[Constanta]] A2 highway. The highway currently ends at the city of [[Cernavoda]] but it should be completed by 2013. There is a tax of 5 11 lei (12.1 5 EUR) to cross the bridge system over the Danube. In the summer of 2011 2012 the Constanta Bypass was partially fully opened as a highway and also half of the Medgidia-Constanta highway. The Bypass and the Medgidia-Constanta highway are is expected to be fully finished by November 20112012.
The roads are good in Constanta compared to the rest of the country. But beware of speed bumps and speed traps in the center which are meant for reducing the speed of cars.
There are also several daily buses leaving from [[Constanta]] to [[Istanbul]] from the Railway Station (when you exit the train station turn left and walk 200m). The duration is less than 12 hours including time spent crossing borders and the prices for 2011 are RON 200 (EUR 48) a return ticket, including 1 night accommodation in [[Istanbul]]. [http://www.ozlem.ro/servicii.html]
Likewise, there are buses to [[Thessaloniki]] in [[Greece]], [[Chisinau]] in [[Moldova]] and some buses to [[Varna]] in [[Bulgaria]]. One can also take a bus to Ostrov-Vama (5 Euros€5), which is a village near the border with [[Bulgaria]], cross the border and you are in Silistra, a town in Bulgaria. From there there are several connections to other Bulgarian cities such as [[Rousse]], [[Dobrich]], [[Sofia]] etc.
Frequent maxitaxis leave to resorts south of Constanta from the Railway Station (when you walk out of the train station turn right and continue about 200m).
Starting from Constanţa train station seven daily trains serve destinations south of Constanţa, going as far as [[Mangalia]]. The earliest train heading to [[Mangalia]] departs at 06:30 and the last one at 19:03. The trip takes about 1hr20min.
For more information on trains and schedules check the website of '''Romanian Railways under ''' [http://www.infofer.ro/ ] Tel: 0040241666952.
===By plane===
===By ship===
Constanta is one of the largest commercial port ports in the Black Sea and the third largest in Europe.There are were ships connecting [[Constanta]] with [[Varna]] and [[Odessa]] managed by '''Navlomar: ''' [http://www.navlomar.com/Constanta-Odessa/ ] (€45 one-way, €60 return, summer only). This is probably not true anymore. There are said to be also routes to [[Istanbul]], [[Turkey]] and [[Greece]], but don't count on them.
==Get around==
===Public Transporttransport===
You can use the public transport system (buses, trams, trolleybuses and maxi-taxis). To get to [[Mamaia]] you can take the 310 mini van called maxi-taxi for 2 RON (0,5euros) lei one way but it is very crowded during summer. The stop is in front of the main exit of the Railway Station, after the traffic light, on the side with the park. You can also take the special bus which takes you to [[Mamaia]] and has regular stops around the city and resort, it is a double decker buss and you can find it as you exit the train station in the bus station. (4 RON lei one-way ~ 1euro€1).You can also get to Mamaia by taking the 40 or 100 buses (3,5RON 5lei 2 trips ~ 0€0,8euros8), but those two buses will leave you at the beginning of Mamaia and from there you must walk, take a taxi or a mini van. You should validate your ticket in the machines inside the bus unless you want to get a fine of 100 lei (~€25).A one day ticket for all buses costs 5 lei (~€1,1) and a one week ticket costs 24 lei (~€5). But pay attention that you can not use these tickets for the mini vans called maxi-taxi.
[[Image:autobuze.jpg|thumb|150px|Two public buses]]
===By taxi===
The best option is a taxi. A legal taxi must be painted yellow and must have the fee written with green or black characters on the driver's door. Always insist on starting the meter and try to avoid the cabs with red tariffs right next to the train station who, as in every major city, try to take advantage of tourists. Walk 100 meters from the station and only then wave to a cab. The typical fee from the train station to [[Mamaia]] is maximum 5 euros€5, 10 euros €10 to the end of Mamaia (The typical fee is: 1,79lei/km during the day; 2,15lei/km during the night and 2,75lei/km outisde the city limits. The prices are available in october 2011August 2012). You can ask in advance the taxi driver how much does he think the ride will cost. If it is more than 10 euros €10 do not accept. Taxis do not accept credit card payments.
===By bike===
Constanta has been continuously inhabited for 2500 years so there is a lot to see:
* '''The old Casino''' and the surrounding promenade was opened in 1911. It was built in the Art Nouveau style and conceived by two architects, Petre Antonescu and Daniel Renard (of Swiss extraction but born in Romania).Despite nowadays it's falling apart, it is possible to visit for free, taking an helmet at the entrance. It's an amazing piece of architecture that definitely deserve a visit. [http://www.nomadtravellers.com/content-menu-hidden/77-travel/108-casino-constanta-an-unfinished-story]
[[Image:Old_Casino.jpg|thumb|400px|right|Old Casino]]
* '''The statue of Ovid''' (Born 43 BC in Sulmona, died in AD 17 in Tomis/ Constanta). The statue by Ettore Ferrari was erected in 1887 after a public subscription (the same statue can be seen in Sulmona). In AD 09 Ovid was sent in exile by Augustus for obscure reasons. He wrote his Tristia in Tomis.
*'''The Natural Sciences Museum Complex''' [http://www.delfinariu.ro/en] is considered an important reference for the cultural and scientific image of the municipality, with a high emblematic value in the summer offer of the Romanian seacoast. It consists of:
**'''The Dolphinarium''' began its activity on June 1, 1972, being the first museum form of this kind in Romania and the first one in the S-E of Europe at that time. The exhibition presents the world of the shell fish living in diverse seas. The shows are organized in the amphitheatre with a pool, with dolphins from the Phocaena relicta species and Delphinus delphis ponticus species, with seals from the South Atlantic. Shows hours: 11AM, 3PM, 7PM. Entrance fee: 50lei (~12euros) for adults; 25lei (~6euros) for students. Children under 5 free.
**'''The Aquarium''' - The exhibition space is marked out for the presentation of the permanent aquatic flora and fauna exhibition in 57 tanks, and also for the temporary exhibitions with aquatic biological and ecological themes. An inedited museum institution for natural sciences in our country due to its exhibition patrimony made up entirely of living organisms, the aquarium in Constanta also has naturalized collections of marine and fresh water fish and invertebrates belonging to different geographical areas of the Earth.To facilitate the presentation of aquatic life and the visitors’ access to information, the exhibition patrimony consists of over 100 species (1300 exemplars) aquatic creatures and is structured into several sections. The distribution of aquatic organisms into sections is based on ecological and bio-geographical criteria, and within the sections the taxonomic criteria was taken into account for placing the different species into the tanks. Open hours:9AM-8PM.Entrance fee: 20lei (~5euros) for adults; 10lei (~2euros) for students. Children under 5 free.
**'''The Planetarium''' A world beyond us, made up of stars, planets, galaxies and other things are disclosed to you, but you are assisted to learn how to travel among them using the constellations, the “Sky” that needed no renovation in the last 2000 years contributing to the realization of this picture. Shows hours: 10AM, 11:30AM, 1:30PM, 3:30PM, 5PM, 6PM and 7:30PM.
**'''The Exotic Birds Exhibition'''On a 100 sqm covered surface, in large bird houses, with adequate compartments for food, nesting, flying and rest, one can admire the representatives of different bird species from Asia, Africa,Australia, New Guinea and South America.
**'''The Micro Delta'''The patrimony of this objective has the aquatic avifauna (pelicans, swans, ducks and wild geese), the terrestrial avifauna (peacocks, pheasants) and mammals (mouflons, fallow deer, harts), that can be found in the Danube Delta’s Biosphere Reservation and the Negureni Reservation. Most part of these exemplars are natural monuments and rare species with a scarce representation in the natural biotopes.Some exemplars were obtained by exchange with the other Zoo Gardens and others were purchased or donated.
*'''The Aquarium''' - The exhibition space is marked out for the presentation of the permanent aquatic flora and fauna exhibition in 57 tanks, and also for the temporary exhibitions with aquatic biological and ecological themes. An inedited museum institution for natural sciences in our country due to its exhibition patrimony made up entirely of living organisms, the aquarium in Constanta also has naturalized collections of marine and fresh water fish and invertebrates belonging to different geographical areas of the Earth.To facilitate the presentation of aquatic life and the visitors’ access to information, the exhibition patrimony consists of over 100 species (1300 exemplars) aquatic creatures and is structured into several sections. The distribution of aquatic organisms into sections is based on ecological and bio-geographical criteria, and within the sections the taxonomic criteria was taken into account for placing the different species into the tanks. Open hours:9AM-8PM.Entrance fee: 20lei (~5euros) for adults; 10lei (~2euros) for students. Children under 5 free.
===Parks===
[[Image:port1.jpg|thumb|Ship exiting the marina]]
===Walk===
You can stroll the city's streets, the historical peninsular area which has a special charm, the sea coast, the Tomis marina or one of the many parks, on the lake-side or through the ruins of the ancient Greek colony Tomis.
===Beach===
You can do sunbathing or you can swim in the Black Sea. There is a large beach called Modern right in the middle of the city, which is favored by locals and is near the marina. Very very shallow waters (you can walk for 20-30 meters and the water won't pass your knees) so it's suited if you want to take your kids there and let them play safely in the water. The most significant beaches are in the [[Mamaia]] resort which is in the north part of Constanta. It consists of about 6-7 kilometers of sandy beaches with absolutely no rocks; the width of the beaches vary from 20 to 150 meters. It's also full of hotels, clubs and bars and extremely popular and fashionable in the summer. Moreover in the off season (September-April) they are a great place for taking pictures walks, or rides with the atv or enduro motorcycle and there are some centers for renting atv-s near the Cleopatra bar at the beginning of the resort. If you arrive by car not registered in the county of Constanta from May/June to September expect to pay an entrance fee of 3 Lei (1 dollar or 0,7 euros) at the entrance ticket booth for your car, although in 2006 the tax was off. The ratio of free parking/paid parking is around 25%/75% and the parking lots with the fee are guarded and not that expensive (3 Lei per hour) and a good alternative especially if you are on a motorcycle because people will climb your bike to take pictures on it. The paid parking places are marked with a white P on a blue background. The unpaid parking lots are on the sides of the main boulevard.
===Walk===You can stroll the city's streets, the historical peninsular area which has a special charm, the sea coast, the Tomis marina or one of the many parks, on the lake-side or through the ruins of the ancient Greek colony Tomis.===Shopping===You can shop downtown, on the ''Ştefan cel Mare'' street where most big shopping centers are situated, including Tomis Mall (http://www.tomis.ro/), but also in the new, modern and bigger City Park Mall (http://www.city-park.ro/) - in Tabacarie Park. Another shopping center is TOM (Carrefour).
===Cinemas===
There are two main cinemas in Constanta.
'''Cityplex''' (in Tomis Mall), Str. Ştefan cel Mare, Nr. 36-40, Tel. +40-241-483-183, http://www.cityplex-tomis.ro/;
'''Cinema SudioCinemacity '''===Bars and clubs===There are many bars and clubs open (in Constanta. HoweverMaritimo Shopping Center), some of them are closed during the summerMaritimo Shopping Center, as Mamaia resort opensAurel Vlaicu Bd. You can go to: Phoenix (a rock club900498, http://wwwTel.club+40-phoenix.ro/), Domino341-445-401, Mindfluid (http://www.mindfluid[email protected].ro/), Doors (http://www.doorsclubcinemacity.ro/),..program.php?cinemaId=1813 ; 
===Theatres===
'''Teatrul Naţional Constanţa''', B-dul Ferdinand, Nr.11, Tel. +40-241-488-612
'''Teatrul de Opera si Balet Oleg Danovski''', Str. Mircea cel Batran, Nr. 97, Tel. +40-241-480-300; Web - [http://www.opera-balet-constanta.ro/]
'''Elpis''', Str. Alexandru Karatzali, Nr. 16, Tel. +40-241-618-992
 
===Sea Tours===
You can get aboard a tour boat from the Tomis marina which will take you on a trip to the open seas and back.
==Buy==
===Shopping===You can shop downtown, on the ''Ştefan cel Mare'' street where most big shopping centers are situated, including '''Tomis Mall''' [http://www.tomis.ro/], but also in the new, modern and bigger '''City Park Mall''' [http://www.city-park.ro/] - in Tabacarie Park. Another shopping center is TOM (Carrefour).A new shooping, '''Maritimo''' [http://www.maritimocenter.ro/chiriasi/] opened recently. You can also do your shopping at one of the following other shopping centers:
*'''Tomis Mall''' www.tomis.ro [http://www.tomis.ro/]
*'''Centrul Comercial TOM''' ( '''Carrefour''' + '''BricoStore''' )
*'''City Park Mall of Constanta''' City Park Mall of Constanta [http://www.city-park.ro/]
*'''Metro Cash & Carry I'''
*'''Metro Cash & Carry II''' (as you exit Constanţa for Agigea on the right)
*'''Doraly Mall'''
*'''Metropol'''
*'''Pizza in Constanta''' Pizza Constanta [http://www.pizzadamizzo.ro]
==Eat==
A typical meal at a restaurant is around 8€8-10 euro per person including drinks. Waiters usually know some English and menus are usually written in English. International cuisine is present, you should try the wines which are very good and not that expensive.
You will find a lot of fast food places selling kebab and ''shawarma '' (a nice mixture of grilled chicken, salads, french French fries and sauces wrapped in a ''lipia '' (a sort of thin pancake used as a substitute for bread by Turks), very good and not that expensive (around 7 lei <1.8 euro> for a small one and 10 lei for a big one).
*'''International fast-food'''
**McDonald's (Tomis Mall: ground floor, 3rd floor, Delfinariu Area, City Park Mall: Park Level)
**Mezopotamia (City Mall: Park Level)
**KFC (Tomis Mall: 3rd floor; TOM; City Park Mall: Park Level)
**Pizza Hut (Str. Rascoalei; TOM; City Park Mall: Lake Level)
* '''Can''', Str. Theodor Burada, Nr. 1; Tel. - +40-724-978-822;
* '''Capitol''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 69; Tel. - +40-241-520-522;
* '''Capriccio''', B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu, Nr. 89; Tel. - +40-241-542-151;
* '''Casa Ana''', B-dul Tomis, Nr. 17; Tel. - +40-241-553-999;
* '''Casa Tomis''', Str. Remus Opreanu, Nr. 8; Tel. - +40-241-619-486;
* '''China Town''', Str. Zorelelor, Nr. 67; Tel. - +40-241-609-660; Mobil - +40-721-776-699;
* '''Chinese Garden''', Str. Mircea cel Bătrân, Nr. 148; Tel. - +40-241-670-717;
* '''Pizza DamizzoSabroso''' Pizza Constanta [http://wwwBd.pizzadamizzoI.ro]C. Bratianu, nr. 48; Tel. - +40722 352 998
==Drink==
===Bars and clubs===There are many bars and clubs open in Constanta. However, some of them are closed during the summer, as Mamaia resort opens. You can go to: '''Phoenix''' [http://www.club-phoenix.ro/] (a rock club), '''Domino''', '''Doors''' [http://www.doorsclub.ro/]. *<drink name="mindfluid breeze" alt="mindfluid breeze" address="Str. Mircea cel Batran, Nr. 49" directions="above Modern Beach" phone="+40 747 897 518" url="http://www.mindfluid.ro" hours="" price="+40 747 897 518" lat="44°10'41N" long="28°39'15E">Mindfluid Breeze is a bar, lounge bar. Nice to make a visit while in Constanta. Relax while sipping your favourite drink, cocktail, tea or espresso. The music will add to the atmosphere. The hotspot(free wireless) will keep you connected. Oh, you can enjoy the view of the Black Sea, too.</drink>*<drink name="mindfluid" alt="mindfluid" address="Str. Mihaileanu, Nr. 36" directions="1 km from center" phone="+40 747 897 518" url="http://www.mindfluid.ro" hours="10PM to 1AM" price="" lat="44°10'45N" long="28°38'32E">Cool place especially if you want to enjoy a proper drink and choose from a wide selection, have fun with your friends or relax on the comfortable sofas with your girlfriend.</drink>
There are many bars in the city especially during summer-time.
*<drink name="Kaptan Nur Lokantası" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></drink>
===Hostels===
* '''Flag Hostel''' [http://www.hostelworld.com/hosteldetails.php/Flag-Constanta-Central-Hostel/Constanta/49989/], 63 General Manu Street (close to downtonw). Prices starting at 11€ €11 / 6 dorm bed. As of June 2012, this hostel is not in business at the given address. * '''Eol777''' [http://www.hosteleol777.ro/], str. Aviator Vasile Craiu nr 3a (a bit on the way to Mamaia), prices starting at 10€€10.
===Budget===
* '''Dobrogea''', B-dul Alexandru Lăpuşneanu, Nr. 194; Tel. - +40-241-666-615; Fax - +40-241-655-503
* '''Florentina''', B-dul I.C. Brătianu, Nr. 21 (near trainstationtrain station); Tel. +40-241-512-535; Fax - +40-241-510-202 (in springtime 35€/night 2p-room w breakfeastbreakfast)
* '''Jolie''', Str. Murgescu, Nr. 42; Tel. +40-241-697-638; Fax. +40-241-697-638
* '''Neco Metropol''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 114; Tel. +40-241-831-883; Fax +40-241-831-584
* '''Bulevard''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 294; Tel. +40-241-831-533; Fax. +40-241-831-606
* '''Dali''', Str. Smârdan, Nr. 6A; Tel. - +40-241-619-717; Fax - +40-241-616-114
* '''Royal''', B-dul Mamaia, Nr. 191; Tel. - +40-241-542-690; Fax - +40-241-545-882; www.hotelroyal.ro [http://www.hotelroyal.ro] 
===Private Accommodation and Services===
* Find private studios and apartments owned by individuals at cheap prices Cazare Constanta / Constanta Accommodation [http://cazare-la-mare.com]
* Rent a car - Rent a Car [http://autopoint.ro]
==Stay safe==
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