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Juneau

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One of the interesting things about Juneau and Alaska is the effect on public life of being such a geographically large state. The state legislature, for instance, takes telephone testimony during its committee hearings. They have a state-wide video conferencing system to facilitate government meetings and deliberations.
 [[Image:Juneau.jpg|thumb|300px|Harbor view, Juneau]]
===Geography and Climate===
{{Climate| units = Imperial| janhigh = 29| febhigh = 34| marhigh = 39| aprhigh = 47| mayhigh = 55| junhigh = 61| julhigh = 64| aughigh = 63| sephigh = 56| octhigh = 47| novhigh = 37| dechigh = 32| janlow = 18| feblow = 22| marlow = 26| aprlow = 32| maylow = 39| junlow = 45| jullow = 48| auglow = 47| seplow = 43| octlow = 37| novlow = 28| declow = 23| janprecip = 4.2| febprecip = 3.7| marprecip = 3.3| aprprecip = 2.8| mayprecip = 3.5| junprecip = 3.0| julprecip = 4.2| augprecip = 5.1| sepprecip = 7.1| octprecip = 7.7| novprecip = 5.7| decprecip = 4.8| jansun =| febsun =| marsun =| aprsun =| maysun =| junsun =| julsun =| augsun =| sepsun =| octsun =| novsun =| decsun =| janh2o =| febh2o =| marh2o =| aprh2o =| mayh2o =| junh2o =| julh2o =| augh2o =| seph2o =| octh2o =| novh2o =| dech2o =| description = {{ForecastNOAA|Juneau|58.302003|-134.419724}}}}
The climate in Juneau and the southeast panhandle is best described as a "cooler wetter version of Seattle." It is a mid-latitude oceanic climate in the southern sections and a subarctic oceanic climate in the northern parts. On an annual basis, this is both the wettest and warmest part of Alaska with milder temperatures in the winter and high precipitation throughout the year. Juneau averages over 50 inches (1,270 mm) of precipitation a year, while other areas receive over 275 inches (6,990 mm).[7] This is also the only region in Alaska in which the average daytime high temperature is above freezing during the winter months.
[[Image:Juneau.jpg|thumb|300px|Harbor view, Juneau]]Juneau is located at 58°21′5″N58°18′7″N, 134°30′42″W 134°25′11″W (58.351422302003, -134.511579419724).GR1
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 8,430.4 km² (3,255.0 mi²). 7,036.1 km² (2,716.7 mi²) of it is land and 1,394.3 km² (538.3 mi²) of it (16.54%) is water.
===By air===
'''Juneau International Airport''' ({{IATA|JNU}}) is a public airport located seven miles (11 km) northwest of downtown Juneau. The airport serves as a regional hub for all air travel, both bush carriers and the regional airline, Alaska Airlines [http://alaskaair.com], which provides daily jet service to Anchorage and Seattle. Alaska Airlines also has regularly scheduled flights to Ketchikan, Sitka, Wrangell, and Petersburg -- with summer service to Gustavus. Smaller airlines that operate regularly scheduled and chartered flights out of Juneau to nearby communities have offices at the airport. The most trusted are Wings of Alaska , Haines Air, and Haines Air. Many locals avoid LAB Flying ServiceExcursions.
===By sea===
Juneau is a main port for the '''Alaska Marine Highway''' [http://dot.state.ak.us/amhs/], Alaska's ferry system. The ferry runs regularly throughout Southeast Alaska with regular stops in Ketchikan, Petersburg, Wrangel, Sitka, Haines, and Skagway. Small communities, such as Angoon, Hoonah, Tenakee Springs, Pelican, and Kake, get occasion occasional AMHS service. The closest port with a road connection is Haines, about a five-hour ride away from Juneau by regular ferry or a two-hour ride on one of the state's new catamaran ferries. The ferry system is the only way to transport a car to Juneau, short of shipping it up on a barge.
Juneau is a major '''port of call for cruise ships''' plying the Inside Passage, which bring several thousand visitors almost every day between May and September. The cruise ships typically dock just south of downtown Juneau in the following docking facilities, listed in order of distance from downtown Juneau:
Downtown Juneau is compact and highly walkable, though above 4th Street it gets very hilly. Watch for the 20 signs that detail the fascinating history of Juneau.
The public '''Capital Transit'''[http://juneau.org/capitaltransit/index.php] provides daily bus service for downtown Juneau and vicinity and charges $12.50 00 for travel in one direction. Route 3/4 serves the Mendenhall Valley, but can get you no closer than about a mile to the Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center.
Car rentals are available at the airport and are necessary if you wish to explore far on your own.
* <see name="Alaska State Museum" address="395 Whittier Street" directions="" phone="+1-907-465-2901" email="" fax="+1-907-465-2976" url="http://museums.state.ak.us/" hours="Open year round: May-Sept, daily 8:30AM-5:30PM: Oct-Apr, Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM" price="Adults: May-Sept $5, Oct-Apr $3: children 18 and under free">One of Alaska's best exhibits covering the breadth of the State's history, native cultures, wildlife, industry, and art. Approximately a ten-minute walk from the Cruise ship Terminal.</see>
* <see name="Saint Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church" alt="" address="326 5th St." directions="" phone="+1-907-586-1023" url="http://stnicholasjuneau.org/" hours="" price="$2 entrance donation" lat="" long="" email="" fax="+1-907-465-2976">Tiny ornate octagonal structure was originally built by the Tlingits in 1893. When the Russians were still in Sitka 50 years earlier, Father Ivan Veniaminov of the Russian Orthodox Church translated the Bible into Tlingit. Thus this building became southeast Alaska's oldest continuously operating church.</see>
* <see name="Alaska State Capitol" alt="" address="4th Street and Main Street" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[http://w3.legis.state.ak.us/misc/capitol.php]." hours="M-F 8:30AM-5PM: Sa-Su 9:30AM-4PM" price="Free">Completed in 1931 as the territorial Capitol, this building does not have the typical imposing architecture of a State capitol. Today this Capitol building, remodeled in 2006, houses the State Legislature, the Governor, and the Lieutenant Governor. Extensive exhibit of historic photographs in the hallways. Complimentary 30-minute tours are available from mid-May through mid-September.</see> * <see name="'''Mendenhall Glacier" alt="" address="8510 Mendenhall Loop Road" directions="" phone="(907)-789-0097" email="" fax="(907)-789-6643" url="" hours="" price="$3 fee for visitors center from mid-May to mid-September, other activities free">'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendenhall_Glacier] This is a massive 1.5 mile wide glacier calving into its own lake, located about 13 miles north of downtown Juneau. To get there, you may take a bus or taxi from where the ships dock to the Mendenhall Glacier Recreation Area. You can pay the driver in cash or buy two tickets at one of the many kiosks on the dock. A taxi ride is about the same cost as a bus if you have 5 or more passengers.* <see name="Mendenhall Glacier Visitor Center" alt="" address="8510 Mendenhall Loop Road" directions="" phone="(907)-789-0097" url="http://www.fs.fed.us/r10/tongass/districts/mendenhall/" hours="May-Sept: 8am-7:30pm daily; Oct-April: 10am-4pm Thurs-Sun" price="$3 fee for visitors center from May to September. Activities outside the center building itself are free of charge, and visitors may use the restrooms and visit the bookstore without paying the fee" lat="" long="" email="" fax="(907)-789-6643">Although you can't get right up to the glacier, you can get a great view of it, and from the visitors center[http://www.fs.fed.us/r10/tongass/districts/mendenhall/] , which is operated by the US Forest Service and is very informative. Admission Photo Point Trail and the salmon, bear and Steep Creek Trail are easy and accessible trails. In August and September, black bears, often with cubs, visit Steep Creek to feed on spawning sockeye (red) salmon. Some trails may be closed then. A series of viewing platforms let the bears walk underneath the many folks watching them fish. '''No food or soft drinks are allowed in the recreation area from May through September is $3.00 per person, and dogs must be on leash. ''' If you want a moderate hike through some beautiful forest, try the East Glacier trail which loops around east of the visitors' center. Follow the trail clockwise to avoid having to climb many steps -- you'll come down those steps at the end of your hike and to keep the best views of the glacier ahead of you, instead of over your shoulder. In August and September</see>*'''Mendenhall Glacier West Glacier Trail''' - For the more adventurous, black bearsthe West Glacier trail which leads directly to the glacier (you can walk on it, often with cubs, visit Steep but be careful to stay away from crevasses!) and also to a look out. Get off the bus just past the Mendenhall Glacier Campground stop. The stop is called Montana Creek . Walk up the road to feed on spawning sockeye the car park at the end (redaround 2km) salmonand you will see the trail-head. Some trails may be closed thenStick to the path, maybe dropping down to the lake side to checkout the icebergs and grab some photos. A series of viewing platforms let Continue along the bears walk underneath the many folks watching them fishpath, across several bridges and up some switchbacks with fixed cables. '''No food or soft drinks are allowed Soon you will come to fork in the recreation areapath, the left is steep and dogs must be heads to the lookout, the right goes downhill into some dense vegetation. Shortly into the right-hand trail you will come across a shelter slightly off the track. Continue for several miles along the track, taking care on leashthe slippery rock areas. Eventually you will come to a break in the cliff where it is possible to scramble/climb to the top.Recommend taking crampons if you want to walk on the glacier, stay away from crevasses and don't fall in. There are usually guides walking people out there so watch where they walk. Return the way you arrived, the whole thing should take about 5 hours. Don''</see>t forget to sign out when you leave the area.
[[Image:MendenhallGlacierCopter.jpg|thumb|right|300px|helicopter on Mendenhall Glacier]]
*Several businesses offer '''helicopter rides''' which will take you from the city to Mendenhall Glacier, giving you a bird's eye view of the surrounding terrain, and some time on the ice itself. They're fairly expensive (about $200 per person and up, depending on the length of the excursion), but a remarkable experience that many consider well worth the price.
*'''Mendenhall Glacier West Glacier Trail''' - For the more adventurous, the West Glacier trail which leads directly to the glacier (you can walk on it, but be careful to stay away from crevasses!) and also to a look out. Get off the bus just past the Mendenhall Glacier Campground stop. The stop is called Montana Creek. Walk up the road to the car park at the end (around 2km) and you will see the trail-head. Stick to the path, maybe dropping down to the lake side to checkout the icebergs and grab some photos. Continue along the path, across several bridges and up some switchbacks with fixed cables. Soon you will come to fork in the path, the left is steep and heads to the lookout, the right goes downhill into some dense vegetation. Shortly into the right-hand trail you will come across a shelter slightly off the track. Continue for several miles along the track, taking care on the slippery rock areas. Eventually you will come to a break in the cliff where it is possible to scramble/climb to the top. Recommend taking crampons if you want to walk on the glacier, stay away from crevasses and don't fall in. There are usually guides walking people out there so watch where they walk. Return the way you arrived, the whole thing should take about 5 hours. Don't forget to sign out when you leave the area.
*<see name="Mount Roberts Tramway" alt="" address="490 South Franklin St." directions="" phone="(888)820-2628" email="[email protected]" fax="(907)-463-5095" url="[http://goldbelttours.com/travel/day_trips/juneau/tram.html]" hours="May-Sept: M 12PM-9PM, Tu-Th 8AM-9PM, F 9AM or 1 PM-9PM, Sa-Su 9AM-9PM" price="$27 adults, $13.50 children, 5 and under free">There is a tram that runs from the docks in downtown Juneau up Mount Roberts, one of the peaks overlooking the city. At the top is the Mount Roberts Nature Center which features a captive eagle (not as impressive as seeing them from a distance in the wild) and some not-too-difficult scenic hiking trails with interpretive information. The more adventurous hiker can branch off from these trails and continue upward to the summit, where snowfields can be found even in the warmth of summer. It's difficult going in places, but provides some stunning views of the channel and city far below. If you don't want to pay $27 to ride up the tram, you can also hike the whole mountain. The trailhead starts at the end of 6th street and takes about an hour to climb up to the top of the tram. A one way tram ride down the mountain costs $5.</see>
* <see name="Alaskan Brewing Company Brewery Tour" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[http://alaskanbeer.com/]" hours="" price="">If you head down to the Alaskan Brewing Company headquarters they will give you a tour/talk and free tasting of some great beer. A good way to end a day of hiking. To get there, jump on the bus and ask the driver which stop to get off at. Walk across the road and turn at the second right.</see>
There are a few locally owned stores that attract locals and tourists. Check out '''William Spear Design''' [http://wmspear.com/] (Franklin Street above Heritage Coffee) for awesome pins.
'''Peer Amid Beads''' on Front and Seward is a bead store that also carries art (mainly carvings) done by local artists. Also has a large collection of anime. '''The Aurora Project''' on South Franklin has customizable gifts for travelers who don't want a boring, touristy-looking T-shirt. '''The Alaska General Store''' on Front Street is a quirky shop with gifts that can't be found in other shops downtown. It also has a great selection of jeans and clothing. This store is not for the budget traveler. '''The Alaskan Brewery''' [http://alaskanbeer.com/] also has good Alaska based products that are popular with locals and tourists alike. There is a large gift shop downtown on South Franklin that also offers a shuttle to the brewery.
Look for a sign in shop windows that says "This store is owned by an Alaskan family."
===Groceries===
*'''<eat name="Rainbow Foods''' (" alt="" address="224 4th and St" directions="at Franklin downtown)" phone="+1 907 586-6476" email="" fax="" url="http://www.rainbow-foods. Juneau's natural org" hours="M-F 9AM-7PM, Sa 10AM-6PM, Su noon-6PM" price="">Natural food storein Downtown Juneau. Good Decent produce, awesome weekday deli, and Thursday night dinners. Prices are not so bad considering everything comes in by jet or boat.</eat>
*A&P Market (downtown). Unsatisfactory meat and produce, but convenient for other items you may need that you don't want to spend an arm and a leg on at Rainbow Foods.
*Fred Meyer's Grocery
===Restaurants===
* <eat name="Breakwater Inn" alt="" address="1711 Glacier Avenue" directions="" phone="586.6303" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Better for drinks. Not a very relaxing atmosphere during the summer, and the food isn't that great. An order of bread will get you a sandwich roll from Costco with some cheese on it.</eat>
* <eat name="Canton House" alt="" address="8585 Old Dairy Road" directions="" phone="789.5075" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">One of the best, most consistent restaurants in town.</eat>
* '''Chan's Thai Kitchen'''
* <eat name="Douglas Café" address="913 3rd Street, Douglas" phone="364.3307" url="" hours="Tues 11A-2:30P, Wed-Fri 11A-9P, Sat 9A-9P, Sun 9A-12:30P" price=""></eat>
* <eat name="El Sombrero" alt="" address="157 S. Franklin Street" directions="" phone="586.6770" url="" hours="Mon-Thurs 11A-9P, Fri & amp; Sat 11A-10P" price="" lat="" long="">Try the halibut fajitas or the halibut fajita salad. A Juneau institution for 30 years. No hot sauce (aside from Tabasco) or liquor available.</eat>
* '''Seongs Sushi''' is small and crowded but has good sushi and sashimi.
* The '''Juneau Arts & Humanities Council''' offers TLC: A Taste of Local Culture for Visitors, an opportunity to enjoy a home-cooked meal with real Alaskans in their home, and support the arts at the same time. Contact them at [http://jahc.org] or call them at 907 586-2787 to arrange your dinner. $35/person.
*'''Tracy's Crab Shack''' located in the alley behind the library downtown. Offers great king crab legs and crab cakes. Their bisque is to die for. *<eat name="Pel Meni" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Pel Meni serves authentic Russian Dumplings. There is no menu as Pel Meni dumplings are all they serve. it's small and not the fanciest place in the world, but it is a must visit while in Juneau. Only $6 per order. A local favorite because it's cheap, quick, delicious, and open after bar-closing hours.</eat> 
*<eat name="Twilight Cafe" alt="" address="324 Willoughby Ave" directions="Next to Bullwinkle's Pizza" phone="(907) 523-1044" url="" hours="9 am-3 pm" price="<$10" lat="" long="">Conveniently located across the street from the Willoughby Avenue entrance of the State Office Building and next to Bullwinkle's Pizza. Full Espresso bar and Filipino food. The Chicken Adobo and Pork Adobo are great, and they also have other Filipino soups and stews. When it's not raining, you can sit under the trees on the deck in back and eat your lunch or drink your latte. Open for coffee around 9 a.m., for lunch from 10 a.m. until food's gone.</eat>
==Sleep==
*'''<sleep name="Juneau International Hostel''', " alt="" address="614 Harris Street, ''St" directions="" phone="+1 907'' 586-9559, [" email="" fax="" url="http://www.juneauhostel.org]. Beds priced at net" checkin="5PM-10:30PM (winter), 5PM-11PM (summer)" checkout="9AM" price="$10 per night, lockout during the day and guests ">Lockout from 9AM-5PM daily. Guests are assigned a daily job. Walking distance to downtown.Curfew at 10:30PM (winter) or 11PM (summer). Five night maximum stay.</sleep>* <sleep name = "Goldbelt Hotel Juneau" address = "51 Egan DriveDr" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-586-6900" email= "" fax = "+1-907-463-5861" url = "http://goldbelttours.com/" hours = "" price="$109 +" checkin="" checkout=""> </sleep>* <sleep name = "Westmark Baranof Hotel" address = "127 North N Franklin StreetSt" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-586-2660" email= "" fax = "+1-907-586-8315" url = "http://westmarkhotels.com/" hours = "" price="$129 - $250" checkin="" checkout=""> </sleep>* <sleep name = "Prospector Hotel" address = "375 Whittier StreetSt" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-789-5005" email= "" fax = "+1-907-789-2818" url = "http://prospectorhotel.com/" hours = "" price="$109 - $179" checkin="" checkout=""> </sleep>* <sleep name = "Best Western Country Lane Inn" address = "9300 Glacier HighwayHwy" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-586-3737" email= "" fax = "+1-907-586-1204" url = "http://book.bestwestern.com/bestwestern/productInfo.do?propertyCode=02006" hours price="" checkin= "" pricecheckout="$"> </sleep>* <sleep name = "Best Western Grandma's Feather Bed" address = "2358 Mendenhall Loop RoadRd" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-789-5566" email= "" fax = "+1-907-789-2818" url = "http://book.bestwestern.com/bestwestern/productInfo.do?propertyCode=02012" hours price= "" pricecheckin="" checkout=""> </sleep>* <sleep name = "Extended Stay Deluxe" address = "1800 Shell Simmons DriveDr" directions = "" phone = "+1+907-790-6435" email= "" fax = "+1-907-790-6621" url = "http://aspenhotelsak.com" price="" checkin="" checkout=""></sleep>* <sleep name="Beachside Villa Luxury Inn" alt="" address="3120 Douglas Hwy" directions="" phone="+1 907 463-5531" url="http://beachsidevilla.com" checkin="5PM" checkout="noon" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of Juneau's extremely rare waterfront inns. Beachside Villa has views of Mt. Juneau and Mt. Roberts as well as the city lights and cruise ships, watercraft and Alaskan wildlife on the water. Sometimes you can see whales out in the harbor. The rooms are nice and have fresh nice coffee/tea/cocoa in the rooms.</sleep>* <sleep name="The Driftwood Lodge" alt="" address="435 Willoughby Ave" directions="" phone="+1 907 364-1595" url="http://www.driftwoodalaska.com" hours checkin="" checkout= "" price="" lat="" long=""> In downtown Juneau. You will also find a restaurant, a liquor store and a deli nearby.</sleep>
==Cope=====Internet===*<sleep listing name="Beachside Villa Luxury InnJuneau Public Library" alt="" addressdirections="3120 Douglas Hwy.292 Marine Way" directionsaddress="" phone="+1 907586-463-55315249" email="" fax="" url="http://beachsidevillawww.juneau.comorg/library" checkinhours="M-Th 11AM-8PM, F noon-6PM, Sa-Su noon-5PM." checkout="12PM" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of Juneau's extremely rare waterfront Inns. Beachside Villa has views of Mt. Juneau Internet terminals and Mt. Roberts as well as the city lights and cruise ships, watercraft and Alaskan wildlife on the water. Sometimes you can see whales out in the harbor. The rooms are nice and have fresh nice coffee/tea/cocoa in the roomsfree wifi.</sleeplisting>
*<sleep name="The Driftwood Lodge" alt="" addressRespect="435 Willoughby Ave" directions="" phone="(907) 364-1595" url="http://www.driftwoodalaska.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">In downtown Juneau Alaska. You is in a temperate rain forest, so complaining about the rain will also find probably warrant a restaurantfew eye rolls, a liquor store and a deli nearbyor flat-out rudeness.</sleep>
==Get out==
[[Image:Dawes_Glacier.jpg|thumb|300px|Dawes Glacier at the head of Endicott Arm, 2010]]
*'''Tracy Arm/Sawyer Glacier''' and '''Endicott Arm/Dawes Glacier''' are two spectacular deep-water fjords with active tidewater glaciers at their termini (Dawes, a compound glacier, is about 20 stories high and a mile across). The mouth of these sister fjords (Tracy is the north arm and Endicott the south arm) is about 50 miles south of Juneau, off Stephens Passage east of Admiralty Island, and both fjords/glaciers are accessible by cruise ship big and small. Small vessel day cruises operate daily in the summer.
[[Category: Populated places in Alaska]]
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[[WikiPedia:Juneau City and Borough, Alaska]]
{{isPartOf|Southeastern Alaska}}
{{cityguide}}
{{hasDocent|L'Aquatique}}
{{geo|58.302003|-134.419724}}
 
[[fr:Juneau]]
[[ja:ジュノー]]
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[[wts:Category:Juneau]]
[[WikiPedia:Juneau City and Borough, Alaska]]
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