The city was the capital of China during several dynasties, and was visited by [[On the trail of Marco Polo|Marco Polo]]. Around 1,000 years ago, when it was the capital of the Song dynasty, Kaifeng was the most prosperous and busy city in China and the world.
The nearest airport is in Zhengzhou Xinzheng Airport (FTAT Code:CGO), an hour away and a ¥160 taxi ride. An alternative way from the airport to Kaifeng is to take a shuttle bus from just outside the arrival gate to Civil Aviation Hotel (民航大酒店）in Jinshui Road (¥15), then walk east for around 20 minutes to the mini bus station Deyi Bus Station (德亿汽车站） from where you can take a bus to near Kaifeng Railway Staion (¥7).
Kaifeng is on the Shanghai-Xi'an line. Hard seat tickets may be difficult to obtain but next day (or even same day) hard-sleeper tickets (from Shanghai, 6.5 hours, ¥222; from Xi'an, 7 hours, ¥140) are readily available outside peak periods. The train from Zhengzhou is around 45 minutes and costs ¥11-19.
Taxis are &
Local buses go everywhere within the city and cost &
===Landmarks and buildings===
*<see name="Daxiangguo Temple" alt="大相国寺; Dàxiāngguósì; lit. Temple of the Chief Minister" address="Ziyou Road" directions="Bus 9 or 20" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥30" lat="" long="">This temple was first built AD555 during the Qi Dynasty with new buildings added in 1661 and 1766. The entire complex has 64 temples but the three main halls are of the greatest interest. The large rectangular Tathagata Hall (Daxiongbaodian) is where monks perform daily chanting rituals in front of three huge Buddhas. In the middle is an impressive bronze Sakyamuni, left is Amitabha and right is the Medicine Buddha, each with a silk hood surrounding their head. At the back of the three Buddhas is a Goddess of Mercy standing on a dragon's head and flanked by a various golden figures. Rising behind them to the roof are a multitude of heavenly figures supported on clouds. Along the side are sculptures of some peculiar looking Arhats; look for the one with an abnormally long arm reaching almost to the roof. The octagonal Arhat Hall (Louhandian) is beautifully constructed with upturned eaves and painted roof beams. The hall houses a four-sided golden Avalokitesavara said to be carved from a single tree. She has six main arms, one set holding aloft a Buddha and 1000 other arms radiating outward with an eye in each palm. The rear Tripitaka Hall has two floors, the upper holding sutras and the lower a white Burmese jade Buddha in the Burmese style and a glass replica of the Emerald Buddha in Thailand’s Grand Palace. Unfortunately, all halls have a ''No Photo'' policy .</see>
* <see name="Baogong Memorial Temple" alt="" address="" directions="At the bank of Baogong Lake, buses 1 and 20" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="8AM-5:30PM" price="¥20">Temple built to honor Lord Bao.</see>
*<see name="Dragon Pavilion" alt="" address="Northern end of Zhongshan Road" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥35" lat="" long="">The area around Dragon Pavilion was the site if the Ming dynasty palace of Prince Zhou. At the southern end of the street leading to Dragon Pavilion stands a reconstructed Wu gate. The remainder of the street is lined with many old buildings. In the late Ming period the palace was destroyed by floods, leaving only the foundations buried 5m under modern Kaifeng, however the city walls were later built along the same axis. A long bridge divides Yangjia Lake leading to the pavilion itself. Much the same views of the pavilion and lake can be seen by walking around the right side of the lake (without buying a ticket) as from inside the park.</see>
*<see name="Iron Pagoda" alt="" address="Next to North Gate on Jiefeng Road" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="
*<see name="The city wall" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Surrounding the city is the old city walls punctuated at various points with gates. Of most interest are the North gate and Little South gate on either end of Jiefeng Road that resemble the arched gates in Xi'an. The other gates are merely gaps in the wall.</see>
*<sleep name="Kaifeng International Youth Hostel" alt="" address="30 Ying Bin Road" directions="head towards the eastern part of Bao Gong Lake" phone="
*<sleep name="Jin Xue Hotel" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Standard ¥150-180" lat="" long="">A few doors south of the PSB on ZhongShan Lu. This old hotel is no-frills, no english speaking staff.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Dajintai Binguan" alt="" address="Gulou Jie" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double bed