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Kaifeng

2,179 bytes added, 19:58, 20 January 2013
By plane
The city was the capital of China during several dynasties, and was visited by [[On the trail of Marco Polo|Marco Polo]]. Around 1,000 years ago, when it was the capital of the Song dynasty, Kaifeng was the most prosperous and busy city in China and the world.
Countless expats immigrated right here foreigners came over the Silk Road and lived their whole livessettled in Kaifeng, especially Arabians and Persians, who afterwards formed a new ethnic group in China, named Hui (回族). Also Kaifeng is also known for a group of Jews who settled in Kaifeng in the Bible Hutong (教经胡同; Jiaojing Hutong)around the year 800; the original Jews have assimilated, still visited by tourists from israelbut some modern descendents have have begun to rediscover their history.
==Get in==
===By plane===
The nearest airport is in Zhengzhou Xinzheng Airport (FTAT Code:CGO), an hour away and a ¥160 taxi ride. An alternative way from the airport to Kaifeng is to take a shuttle bus from just outside the arrival gate to Civil Aviation Hotel (民航大酒店)in Jinshui Road (¥15), then walk east for around 20 minutes to the mini bus station Deyi Bus Station (德亿汽车站) from where you can take a bus to near Kaifeng Railway Staion (¥7).
It also have Shuttle bus for Zhengzhou Xinzheng Airport direct to Kaifeng now,but you need to check the timetable.
===By train===
Kaifeng is on the Shanghai-Xi'an line. Hard seat tickets may be difficult to obtain but next day (or even same day) hard-sleeper tickets (from Shanghai, 6.5 hours, ¥222; from Xi'an, 7 hours, ¥140) are readily available outside peak periods. The train from Zhengzhou is around 45 minutes and costs ¥11-19.
 
Kaifeng now has high speed rail connections- 1 hour from Zhengzhou.
===By bus===
===By taxi===
Taxis are &yenyuan;5 for the first 3km and &yenyuan;1 for each additional kilometer. Rides within the city will not exceed ¥10.
===By bus===
Local buses go everywhere within the city and cost &yenyuan;1. Bus 20 is a sightseeing bus going to all the major sights. There is a bus stop at the corner of the carpark in front of the train station. From here bus no 9 and bus no 1 will take you into town - fare 1 yuan.
===By rickshaw===
===Landmarks and buildings===
*<see name="Daxiangguo Temple" alt="大相国寺; Dà​xiāng​guó​sì​; lit. Temple of the Chief Minister" address="Ziyou Road" directions="Bus 9 or 20" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥30" lat="" long="">This temple was first built AD555 during the Qi Dynasty with new buildings added in 1661 and 1766. The entire complex has 64 temples but the three main halls are of the greatest interest. The large rectangular Tathagata Hall (Daxiongbaodian) is where monks perform daily chanting rituals in front of three huge Buddhas. In the middle is an impressive bronze Sakyamuni, left is Amitabha and right is the Medicine Buddha, each with a silk hood surrounding their head. At the back of the three Buddhas is a Goddess of Mercy standing on a dragon's head and flanked by a various golden figures. Rising behind them to the roof are a multitude of heavenly figures supported on clouds. Along the side are sculptures of some peculiar looking Arhats; look for the one with an abnormally long arm reaching almost to the roof. The octagonal Arhat Hall (Louhandian) is beautifully constructed with upturned eaves and painted roof beams. The hall houses a breathtakingly beautiful four-sided golden Avalokitesavara said to be carved from a single treeover 50 years. She has six main arms, one set holding aloft a Buddha and 1000 other arms radiating outward with an eye in each palm. The rear Tripitaka Hall has two floors, the upper holding sutras and the lower a white Burmese jade Buddha in the Burmese style and a glass replica of the Emerald Buddha in Thailand’s Grand Palace. Unfortunately, all halls have a ''No Photo'' policywhich is rarely adhered to even by local tourists, and rarely enforced by the attending monks.</see> *<see name="The Site of Kaifeng Synagogue" alt="21 South Jiaojing Hutong 南教经胡同21号" address="" directions="" phone="+86 13781152704" Email="[email protected]" url="http://hi.baidu.com/yisrael" hours="" price="50 RMB" lat="" long="">Esther Guo Yan is a descendant of Kaifeng Jews, who moved from to Kaifeng via India in the Northern Song Dynasty around 1,000 years ago. She was formerly a Chinese teacher who now works full time at the Kaifeng Jewish History Memorial Center, to preserve and restore Jewish culture in the city. Listen to her stories on how her ancestors came to China, the current presence of Jews in Kaifeng, her sense of Jewish identity and her plans to restore the ancient synagogue buried under the ground. Just give her a call on her mobile - she is very passionate about her cause and eager to share her stories.All contributions go towards her cause </see>
* <see name="Baogong Memorial Temple" alt="" address="" directions="At the bank of Baogong Lake, buses 1 and 20" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="8AM-5:30PM" price="&yen;20">Temple built to honor Lord Bao.</see>
*<see name="Dragon Pavilion" alt="" address="Northern end of Zhongshan Road" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥35" lat="" long="">The area around Dragon Pavilion was the site if the Ming dynasty palace of Prince Zhou. At the southern end of the street leading to Dragon Pavilion stands a reconstructed Wu gate. The remainder of the street is lined with many old buildings. In the late Ming period the palace was destroyed by floods, leaving only the foundations buried 5m under modern Kaifeng, however the city walls were later built along the same axis. A long bridge divides Yangjia Lake leading to the pavilion itself. Much the same views of the pavilion and lake can be seen by walking around the right side of the lake (without buying a ticket) as from inside the park.</see>
*<see name="Iron Pagoda" alt="" address="Next to North Gate on Jiefeng Road" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥20¥30, ¥15 concession" lat="" long="">Built in 1049 the 13 story octagonal pagoda is said to be the ''most famous pagoda in China''. It got its name in Yuan Dynasty due the brown glazed tile covering its exterior giving the appearance of iron. It is still in good condition and can be climbed using the internal stairsfor ¥10 (not for the claustrophobic and not really worth it as there is no viewing platform, just a deadend at the top). There is a Buddhist temple located near the pagodaand a small lake.</see>
*<see name="The city wall" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Surrounding the city is the old city walls punctuated at various points with gates. Of most interest are the North gate and Little South gate on either end of Jiefeng Road that resemble the arched gates in Xi'an. The other gates are merely gaps in the wall.</see>
==Sleep==
 
*<sleep name="New Century Grand Hotel Kaifeng" alt="开封开元名都大酒店" address="NO.1 Zhengkai Road, Economy Development Zone,Kaifeng China" directions="" phone="" url="http://kaifeng.newcenturygrandhotel.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">New Century Grand Hotel Kaifeng is five-star hotel belongs to New Century Group; The hotel islocated at the former site of the famous royal garden JinMing Lake of North Song dynasty, holds 54000 square meters</sleep>
===Budget===
*<sleep name="Kaifeng International Youth Hostel" alt="" address="30 Ying Bin Road" directions="head towards the eastern part of Bao Gong Lake" phone="0378-3153789+8618236557151" url="http://www.hostelkaifeng.com" checkin="" checkout="noon" price="&yen;40¥40-125, discount for YHA membership" lat="" long="">The only real budget option when it comes to Kaifeng and is a must to stay at compared to other options in town. Kaifengs only YHA (run by a friendly Australian ex-pat) which brings with it all the usual things - Cheap rooms that are sparkling clean and quiet (dorm with western toilet/shower - ¥40-45, Standard spacious ensuite rooms (3 star standard) with flatscreen TV - ¥95-125), Free fast internet incl. WiFi and popular social network access, young local English speaking staff, western kitchen (great pizzas!), bar including espresso, wine & spirits, DVD's/BBC documentaries on a 36 inch LCD in the bar, Train booking service, Travel info, Bike Hire, Self Laundry service etc etc etc. Located 3km (¥5 taxi) from the main bus/train station next to Bao Gong Lake. Easy walk to the central sites, and simple bus/bike rides to the sights futher further out</sleep>
*<sleep name="Jin Xue Hotel" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Standard ¥150-180" lat="" long="">A few doors south of the PSB on ZhongShan Lu. This old hotel is no-frills, no english speaking staff.</sleep>
===Mid-range===
*<sleep name="Dajintai Binguan" alt="" address="Gulou Jie" directions="" phone="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double bed ¥160¥260-200300" lat="" long="">Once a budget favourite, its recent price hikes in 12 months by 100% from those listed in the latest edition of a popular guidebook, have elevated this to a terribly overpriced midrange option. Located in the large gray-brick building with tatty red lanterns hanging along the front. Friendly non-English speaking staff and relatively comfortable if gloomy and rundown rooms make it ok if only for its central location, but the price disqualifies it from being a rational choice, given the new budget options in town since early 2011 (see above). Rooms often stink of cigarette smoke. The attached ‘business centre’ provides photocopying (¥1 per page) and email (¥5 p/hour)</sleep>
===Splurge===
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[[wts:Category:Kaifeng]]
[[WikiPedia:Kaifeng]]
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