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Lüneburg Heath

13 bytes added, 23:09, 30 July 2011
regions template is not meant for prose. even though subregions could definitely be useful
Lying on the great North German Plain, the region is relatively flat and there are excellent cycling routes over a network of cycle paths.
==Regions==
[[Image:Karte Lueneburger Heide.png|thumb|250px|Map of the Lüneburg Heath area]]
The Lüneburg Heath is divided into five major natural areas:
* The '''High Heath''' (''Hohe Heide'') in the centre is largely preserved as heathland and is more rugged than elsewhere. This is heart of the region, where the '''Lüneburg Heath Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Lüneburger Heide'') has been established.
* The '''South Heath''' (''Südheide'') in the south towards Celle, with the '''South Heath Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Südheide''), is heavily wooded with areas of open heathland.
* The '''East Heath''' (''Ostheide'') much of which is cultivated. In the north is the '''Elbe Heights-Wendland Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Elbhöhen-Wendland'') along the River Elbe
* The '''Uelzen Basin and Ilmenau Depression''' is a largely agricultural region sandwiched between the High and East Heaths.
* The '''Luhe Heath''' (''Luheheide'') in the north with wooded ridges split by rivers draining northwards into the Elbe.
== Towns Cities== 
The Heath is a magnet for day-trippers and holidaymakers from the three major cities near the Heath: Hanover, Hamburg and Bremen. There are no cities (defined in Germany as ''Großstädte'' i.e. places with a population over 100,000). The only sizeable towns are [[Celle]] and [[Lüneburg]] with populations of around 70,000.
==Other destinations==
 
* Drive along the picturesque '''Elbe Riverbank Road''' ('''''Elbuferstrasse''''') from Winsen (Luhe) to Langendorf, stopping en route to enjoy the riverside towns and villages or to park and walk along the bluffs above river. The section from Neu Darchau to Hitzacker, known for its challenging hills and bends, is closed to motorcyclists at weekends. Hitzacker is a pretty, little timber-framed town, steeped in history from where you can take a boat on the river or a ferry to Saxony-Anhalt. The area is teeming in bird life.
==Understand==
 
[[Image:Lueneburger Heide 073.jpg|thumb|120px|Typical pine forest near [[Schneverdingen]]]]
 
The Lüneburg Heath forms a natural region within the North German Plain, with its own geography and climate. It is a vast expanse of pine and birch forests, open heathland, pleasant farmland, market towns and picturesque villages; stretching from the lazy waters of the River Elbe to the north, the pine-clad hills of the Drawehn to the east, the flat depressions of the River Aller to the south and Wümme to the west, and the low ridge guarding Hamburg's southern flank to the northwest. Ideal for walking, cycling or just chilling out, it has become a popular tourist destination, especially for the cities and large towns that lie nearby.
Its highest spot is the Wilseder Berg, a modest affair just 169 metres (555 feet) high, but with fine views to all points of the compass. The hills on the Lüneburg Heath are moraines - ridges of sand and gravel left by the last Ice Age. Its natural forests of birch, pine and sessile oak were grazed or cleared by prehistoric farmers to leave open heathland on the poor sandy soils. The heaths are particularly attractive in autumn covered by purple heather in bloom and buzzing with honey bees. Today the use of fertiliser has allowed much of the old heath to be reclaimed as farmland and the remaining areas of heathland have to be actively managed to prevent the woods returning. Thus the traditional moorland sheep or ''Heidschnucke'', whose rugged character is well-suited to conditions on the heath, continue to play their part in preventing the return of trees.
 
===Orientation===
 
The Lüneburg Heath is divided into five major natural areas:
 
* The '''High Heath''' (''Hohe Heide'') in the centre is largely preserved as heathland and is more rugged than elsewhere. This is heart of the region, where the '''Lüneburg Heath Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Lüneburger Heide'') has been established.
* The '''South Heath''' (''Südheide'') in the south towards Celle, with the '''South Heath Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Südheide''), is heavily wooded with areas of open heathland.
* The '''East Heath''' (''Ostheide'') much of which is cultivated. In the north is the '''Elbe Heights-Wendland Nature Park''' (''Naturpark Elbhöhen-Wendland'') along the River Elbe
* The '''Uelzen Basin and Ilmenau Depression''' is a largely agricultural region sandwiched between the High and East Heaths.
* The '''Luhe Heath''' (''Luheheide'') in the north with wooded ridges split by rivers draining northwards into the Elbe.
==Talk==
 
As elsewhere in Germany, High [[German phrasebook|German]] (''hochdeutsch'') is taught in schools and widely spoken. However, some of the older folk still speak Low German (''plattdeutsch'') and you will sometimes see signs and phrases in Low German especially where a historic feel is intended, as in ''Dat ole Huus'', the open-air farm museum in [[Wilsede]] on the Heath.
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