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[[Image:MMKAlesha.jpg|thumb|250px|The Alesha Statue]]
'''Murmansk''' ([[Russian_phrasebook|Russian]]: Му́рманск) [] is a city in the extreme northwest of [[Russia]] and the world's largest city north of the [[Arctic ]] Circle.
With a population of over 300,000, Murmansk is the largest city in the Arctic and an important Russian naval base and commercial port. In During World War II (known to Russias in Russia as the Great Patriotic War), Murmansk served as a port for the arctic convoys, and after the war became the Soviet Union's most important submarine base.
==Get in==
===By plane===
'''Murmansk Airport''' [] ([ IATA]: '''MMK''') has multiple daily flights to [[Moscow]] and [[Saint Petersburg]], and limited services to other Russian cities including [[Arkhangelsk]], [[Sochi]] and [[Rostov-on-the-Don]]. There are also several flights per week to from [[Tromsø]] and [[HelsinkiKirkenes]]. Flights to Seasonal flights are avalible from [[KirkenesHelsinki]] are however discontinuedtoo.
The airport is located about 40km south of Murmansk, near the town of Murmashi. Taxis to the city center cost R500-600 and make the trip in about 40 minutes. Cathing Catching a taxi waiting outside the airport is more expensive, expect to pay up to R1000. For cheaper (and official) taxiservice, you have to order a taxi, expect to wait up to 30-40 minutes for it to arrive, though. Bus 106 goes to the train station, stopping at Detsky Mir near the Poliarnie Zori Hotel on it's way, is less expensive but much more sluggish than a taxi.
===By boat===
There are also During the summer months, '''Murmansk Shipping Company''' [] offers occasional boats trips to and from [[Barentsburg]], on [[Svalbard]]. They also serve remote villages along the northen coast of the Kola peninsula, most notably the isolated naval base of Ostrovnoy, with 2-3 trips per month.
===By train===
[[Image:MMKtrain.jpg|thumb|250 px|Murmansk Railway Station]]Murmansk can be reached from most places in north-west Russia by train. [[Moscow]] is 35-40 hours away and [[Saint Petersburg]] 27-30 hours, depending on the train. The ''Arktika'' (Арктика) branded train is the fastest option, it also offers first-class wagons and a restaurant onboard. All trains make stop-overs in cities such as [[Kandalaksha]] and [[Petrozavodsk]] on their way. Other night trains reach Murmansk from cities as far east as [[Arkhangelsk]] or from [[Minsk]] and [[Brest (Belarus)|Brest]] in the west. There is also a local night train from [[Nikel]] close to the [[Norway|Norwegian]] border. Trains from Saint Petersburg and Moscow are daily, most others 2-3 times a week. During summer additional routes are added, mostly to [[Ukraine]] and the Black Sea.  The central train station is located in the city center, one block downhill from Five Corners Squareon ul. Kominterna, 16.
===By bus===
There are bus connections from [[Finland]] ([[RovaniemiIvalo]] and , with connecting bus from [[IvaloRovaniemi]]) and [[NorwayKirkenes]] (in [[KirkenesNorway]]). Keep in mind that departure times of Russian bus companies from Kirkenes usually are given in Moscow time.
==Get around==
Although Murmansk is long and thin, most sites of interest to visitors are within a fairly compact area in the city center. Buses and taxis are available on the major streets, and ''Prospekt Lenina '' is the main north-south thoroughfare through the city centerand the central ''Five Corners Square''. Avid walkers could cover the entire stretch of the central area from the Poliarnie Zori Hotel (on the south end of the city center) to the Alyosha Statue (, which is situated on a plateau on the north side of the city) in less than two hours. Trolleybuses are avalible on most larger streets and generally follows a north-south route, if you are heading east ("up the hill") you have to rely on the small ''mashtruka'' buses. Notice that both buses and trolleybuses can be much-delayed during rush hours due to traffic jams. A new route planner which also shows realtime locatation of trolleybuses on the most used lines is avalible online [], the catch is it's in Russian only. Another option is to use taxis which are plentiful and cheap, few drivers speak anything other then Russian so memorize the street or name of the place you are going to. A typical journey in the city centre will cost somewhere around 400 RUB. Unmarked taxis can be cheaper but are generally a bit unreliable to use for those not fluent in the native tongue.
As a relativly new entity Murmansk has few real sights apart from the giant statue ''Alyosha''; architecture buffs will, however, be intrigued by the crumbling but Stalinist architecture downtown. Walking up into the nearby hills offers remarkable views over the city, Kola bay and the surrounding completely barren mountains - revealing how far north the city really is. * <see name="Regional History MuseumAlyosha Statue" alt="" address="Prospekt Lenina 90" directions="North of centre on hill near lake Semyonovskaya, acess by road that curves around north of the lake. Nearest bustop is Gagarina (Гагаринa), northbound trolleybus lines 2, 3 and 4 calls there" phone="42 26 17" email="" fax="" url="" hours="11am to 5:45pm, daily except Thursday" price="25 Rubles">Contains displays on various themesThe city's pride and most recognizable sight. Officially named '''Defenders of the Soviet Arctic''', but known as ''Alyosha'' to all, including ethnography this 30-meter-tall statue of local peoples, a taxidermy display soldier overlooks the city and was built in 1974 to commemorate the Soviet defence of local flora the Arctic during World War II. It's common for wedding parties to visit the statue and fauna (including polar bear and moose)drink a bottle of champagne in front of the statue. The grassy hill surrounding ''Alyosha'' are good hiking grounds with dirt footpaths leading back towards the city.</see> * <see name="Nuclear icebreaker Lenin" alt="Aтомный ледокол Ленин" address="" directions="At the docks, arctic explorationscross the railway on elevated bridge next to the central station, and an extensive display on Murmanskturn right then left after 150m" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The world's role first nucelar powerd surface ship now rests in World War IIthe docks of Murmansk and have been turned into a museum ship. All displays in It also features as a showcase for the Russian onlynuclear fleet, cashier closes at 5:00pmAtomflot.</see> The city offers several museums, all mildly interesting for a visitor but gives a good appreciation for the regions history and art.
* <see name="Alyosha StatueArctic Research Institute Exposition" alt="" address="Ul. Knipovicha 6" directions="on the hill near Lake Semyonovskaya" phone="47 23 97" email="" fax="" url="" hours="9am to 4pm, Mon-Fri" price="">30-meter-tall statue of a soldier overlooking the city. It is common Viewing apparently by appointment only; call and ask for wedding parties in Murmansk to visit the statue and drink a bottle of champagne there. To reach the statue, follow the road that curves around the north of the lake (Buses 3 and 10 go Tatiana at least part of the way, then one must walk), or, a few days in good weather, hikers can cut through the hills and across the south side of the lake on the dirt footpath that begins across the street from the Savior-on-the-Water Cathedral and the lighthouseadvance.</see> * <see name="Northern Navy Museum" alt="" address="Ul.Tortseva 15" directions="" phone="22 14 45" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
* <see name="Regional Arts Museum" alt="" address="Ul. Kominterna 13" directions="" phone="45 03 85" email="" fax="" url="" hours="11am to 6pm, Wed-Sun" price=""></see>
* <see name="Northern Navy Regional History Museum" alt="" address="Ul. Tortseva 15Prospekt Lenina 90" directions="" phone="22 14 4542 26 17" email="" fax="" url="" hours="11am to 5:45pm, daily except Thursday" price="25 Rubles">Contains displays on various themes, including ethnography of local peoples, a taxidermy display of local flora and fauna (including polar bear and moose), arctic explorations, and an extensive display on Murmansk's role in World War II. All displays in Russian only, cashier closes at 5:00pm.</see>
* <see name="Shipping History Museum" alt="" address="Ul Volodarskovo 6" directions="" phone="48 13 56" url="" hours="9am to 5pm, daily except Saturday" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></see>
* <see name="Arctic Research Institute Exposition" alt="" address="Ul. Knipovicha 6" directions="" phone="47 23 97" email="" fax="" url="" hours="9am to 4pm, Mon-Fri" price="">Viewing apparently by appointment only; call and ask for Tatiana at least a few days in advance.</see>
* <eat name="Cafe Yunost" alt="" address="Prospekt Lenina" directions="Next to the Anatoliy Bredov Statue" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Coffees and desserts in a relaxing environment.And jolly good chicken and chips.</eat>
==Drink==* <eat drink name="Panorama Restaurantмоисей" alt="24-hour cafe with wireless internet" address="Kominterna ulitsa 9/1" directions="On the hill east of Lake SemyonovskayaDownstairs in shopping complex across from train station." phone="" emailurl=",+Murmansk,+Murmanskaya+oblast%27,+Russia&aq=&sll=68.970499,33.060865&sspn=0.013244,0.074759&vpsrc=0&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=ulitsa+Kominterna,+9,+Murmansk,+Russia,+183038&ll=68.971607,33.070393&spn=0.006622,0.037379&t=m&z=15" faxhours="" urlprice="" hourslat="" pricelong="">As There doesn't seem to be a lot of July 2008wireless internet hotspots so моисей is a good option. Cheap draft beer and (uninviting) food, this is closed for "renovation"not a bad place to get one's bearings and check emails after arriving in the city.</eatdrink>
[[Image:MMK5corner.jpg|thumb|250 px|Five Corners Square, with the Meridian Hotel on the left]]
* <sleep name="Hotel Poliarnie Zori" alt="" address="Ul. Knipovicha 17" directions="A short walk up the hill from the Detskiy Mir bus stop" phone="+7 815 228 95 00" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Beginning at 1300 rubles for a basic single" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+7 815 228 95 04">A clean, well-located hotel with helpful front desk staff.</sleep>
[[Image:MMK5corner.jpg|thumb|Five Corners Square, with the Meridian Hotel on the left]]
* <sleep name="Meridian Hotel" alt="" address="Ul. Vorovskogo 5/23" directions="On Five Corners Square" phone="+7 815 228 89 00" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Beginning at 3500 rubles for a single">Not related to the international chain of a similar name. The lobby displays photos of notable former guests, including President Medvedev, which gives both an indicator of class of service and price.</sleep>
==Get out==
* Icebreaker cruises to The wilderness of the Kola peninsula and [[North PoleMurmansk Oblast]] is perfect for camping, fishing or hunting. A great deal of travellers continue out in the wild from here. There are several large national parks nearby and there are several companies to organize your trip. Or you can head north; Murmansk is a great place to start for your icebreaker cruise [] to the Arctic Sea and the [[North Pole]]. 
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