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Republic of the Congo

157 bytes removed, 12:14, 13 December 2012
Following independence as the Congo Republic on August 15, 1960, Fulbert Youlou ruled as the country's first president until labour elements and rival political parties instigated a three-day uprising that ousted him. The Congolese military took charge of the country briefly and installed a civilian provisional government headed by Alphonse Massamba-Débat.
Under the 1963 constitution, Massamba-Débat was elected President for a five-year term but it was ended abruptly with an August 1968 coup d'état. Capt. Marien Ngouabi, who had participated in the coup, assumed the presidency on 31 December 31, 1968. One year later, President Ngouabi proclaimed Congo to be Africa's first "people's republic" and announced the decision of the National Revolutionary Movement to change its name to the Congolese Labour Party (PCT). On 16 March 16, 1977, President Ngouabi was assassinated. An 11-member Military Committee of the Party (CMP) was named to head an interim government with Col. (later Gen.) Joachim Yhombi-Opango to serve as President of the Republic.
After decades of turbulent politics bolstered by Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, and with the collapse of the Soviet Union, Congo completed a transition to multi-party democracy with elections in August 1992. Denis Sassou Nguesso conceded defeat and Congo's new president, Prof. Pascal Lissouba, was inaugurated on 31 August 31, 1992.
However, Congo's democratic progress was derailed in 1997. As presidential elections scheduled for July 1997 approached, tensions between the Lissouba and Sassou camps mounted. On 5 June 5, President Lissouba's government forces surrounded Sassou's compound in Brazzaville and Sassou ordered members of his private militia, known as "Cobras", to resist. Thus began a 4-month conflict that destroyed or damaged much of Brazzaville and caused tens of thousands of civilian deaths. In early October, Angolan troops invaded Congo on the side of Sassou and, in mid-October, the Lissouba government fell. Soon thereafter, Sassou declared himself President. The Congo Civil War continued for another year and a half until a peace deal was struck between the various factions in December 1999.
Sham elections in 2002 saw Sassou win with almost 90% of the vote cast. His two main rivals Lissouba and Bernard Kolelas were prevented from competing and the only remaining credible rival, Andre Milongo, advised his supporters to boycott the elections and then withdrew from the race. A new constitution, agreed upon by referendum in January 2002, granted the president new powers and also extended his term to seven years as well as introducing a new bicameral assembly. International observers took issue with the organization of the presidential election as well as the constitutional referendum, both of which were reminiscent in their organization of Congo's era of the one-party state. Currently, Congo holds a rotating seat in the UN Security Council.
*The [[Lesio Louna Gorilla Reserve]] {{-}} a park located north of Brazzaville and is dedicated to the protection of gorillas in the Congo.
*[[Mount Fouari National Reserve]]
*[[Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park]] {{-}} the largest and most remote of Congo's national parks and reserves, located in the far north bordering the [[Central African Republic]]'s [[Dzanga Sangha National ParkReserve]].
*[[Odzala National Park]] {{-}} the country's most famous national park.
*[[Tiger Fish Congo Camp]]. You can visit the Tiger Fish Camp to capture the biggest tiger fish in the world - the largest fish ever caught there was 56kg!
'''Odzala National Park''' - Visitors have reported seeing hundreds of lowland gorillas, monkeys and even elephants in Odzala. The park has five camps with eating facilities and trips can be arranged for a maximum of four people. With long days and plenty of hiking, you will need to be in good physical shape. Due to the security situation in Congo access is often made through Gabon.
It can be hard to find a good hotel in Brazzaville. According to Trip Advisor, the Villa Lys is your best option. Rooms range between 118 and 208 CFA per night.
*<sleep name="Villa Lys Hotel" alt="" address="93, avenue du Dr Jamot, Brazzaville, 14724" directions="" phone="+242-5950002" url="" checkin="1500" checkout="1100" price="117-208" lat="" long="">In a former life, the Hotel Villa Lily used to be, for a part an office building, and for another part an apartment building. </sleep>
{{isPartOf|Central_AfricaCentral Africa}}
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