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Rome/Colosseo

2,394 bytes added, 21:14, 18 January 2013
eliminated touting, don't use references to other travel portals; use neutral language
[[Image:Colloseum.jpg|thumb|Colosseum]]
* <see name="Colosseum" alt="" address="Piazzale del Colosseo / Via dei Fori Imperiali" directions="" phone="+39 06 700 4261" email="" fax="" url="http://archeoroma.beniculturali.it/en/archaeological-site/colosseum" hours="open daily October-January 15 9AM-3PM, January 16-February 15 9AM-4PM, February 16-March 17 9AM-4.30PM, March 18-April 16 9AM-5PM, April 17-September 9AM-7PM," price="Admission €12 (; €9 if you're EU citizens ages 18-24, free for EU citizens under 25)18 or over 65">Known properly as the Flavian Amphitheatre, this most famous of Roman landmarks takes its name from the giant statue of the emperor Nero that once stood near this location. Originally capable of seating some 50,000 spectators for animal fights and gladiatorial combats, the amphitheatre was a project started by the Emperor Vespasian in 72 and completed by his son Domitian sometime in the 80s. The Colosseum when completed measured 48 m high, 188 m in length, and 156 m in width. The wooden arena floor was 86 m by 54 m, and covered by sand. Expect a long queue and an even longer wait. You can skip the queue if you decide to take a tour, but if you don't want a tour, you can STILL skip the queue. If you walk across the street to the Roman Forum, you can buy various one or three day passes which allows you to bypass it. There are lots of people offering tours in English just outside the entrance to the Colosseum. Inside you can take a tour (English, Spanish, or German) every 30 minutes or so for an additional fee of €4.5 per person. The tours are given by knowledgeable archeologists, but they don't take you to any areas you couldn't visit on your own. </see>
[[Image:RomeColosseoNotteCT.JPG|thumb|right|Colosseum at night]]
* <see name="Palatine Hill" alt="" address="" directions="Right next to the Roman Forum" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">contains the ruins of several large villas that belonged to wealthy Roman families. You can buy a combined ticket for the Palatine Hill and the Colosseum here, avoiding the long lines at the Colosseum.</see>
* <see name="Piazza del Campidoglio" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">On top of the Capitol hill. The piazza was designed by Michelangelo. The Capitoline Museum is housed in the palaces flanking the piazza. You can walk behind the Palazzo Senatorio, where Rome's government meets, to a wonderful viewpoint which overlooks the entire Roman Forum. In the centre of the square you can admire an exact copy of the Statue of Marcus Aurelius on horseback; the original is kept in one of the two museums, to preserve it from pollution.</see>
* <see name="Piazza Venezia" alt="" address="" directions="at the opposite end of Via dei Fori Imperiali to the Colosseum" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">More of an enormous traffic circle than a piazza, but a good central location. The centerpiece is the enormous Vittoriano, the Vittorio Emanuele Monument (aka the Wedding Cake or the Typewriter) with the Capitoline hill next door. Mussolini used to harangue Romans from the first floor balcony of Palazzo Venezia (see under Museums), to the west of the square. </see>
* <see name="San Clemente" alt="" address="Via Labicana 95, walk round church for entrance" directions="A short walk from the Colosseum" phone="+39 06 70 45 10 18" url="http://www.basilicasanclemente.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">A great little cathedral to visit, lovingly looked after by Irish Dominicans. There is an excavated older church below the medieval church you enter and a pagan 2nd century temple to Mithras (mithraeum) below that. The only place in Rome to hear the underground river that flows beneath the city. </see>
*<see name="San Stefano Rotondo" alt="" address="7 Via di Santo Stefano Rotondo" directions="From behind the Colosseum take Via Claudia almost to the top. Turn left and you are there." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Dating from the 5th Century this is believed to be the largest round church in the world. The national church of Hungary in Rome and dedicated to St. Stephen. Charles Dickens described its wall paintings of martyrdom and butchery as ‘hideous”. A good starting point to visit the attractions of the Celio Hill (see [[Rome/Aventino-Testaccio]])
</see>[[Image:San Pietro in Vincoli.JPG|thumb|right|St. Peter's Chains, San Pietro in Vincoli]]
* <see name="Santa Maria in Aracoeli" alt="" address="Piazza del Campidoglio 4" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Ballroom-like church which crowns part of the Capitoline Hill. Don't be fooled by the plain stone exterior.</see>
* <see name="Trajan's Markets" alt="Mercati di Traiano" address="" directions="enter from Via IV Novembre, which leads off from Piazza Venezia" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">On the other side of the Via dei Fori Imperiali to the Roman Forum. Well-preserved market area that doubled as a way of stopping the Quirinal Hill from collapsing. Below in the Forum is Trajan's Column, built in 113 with reliefs depicting the Emperor Trajan's vistories victories in battle. </see>
*<see name="Mamertine Prison" alt="San Pietro in Carcere" address="" directions="underneath the Capitoline Hill behind the Victor Emmanuel Monument" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Leaders of Rome's defeated enemies were imprisoned here where they either died of starvation or strangulation. According to legend, St. Peter was imprisoned here. </see>
[[Image:ForumromanumT2.jpg|thumb|The Arch of Septimius Severus]]
The '''Roman Forum''' (''Italian'', '''Foro Romano''') [http://www.capitolium.org/] If stones could talk: these hallowed ruins were the most powerful seat of government in the world. The Forum is much less crowded than the Colosseum and, from a historical perspective, much more interesting. Free admission, except for an audio guide, which is highly recommended. To stand in the political, legal and religious centre of the whole Roman Empire brings shivers down one's spine. It is the best way of imagining the splendour and glory of ancient Rome.
Located in a small valley between the Capitoline and Palatine hills, access to the Forum is '''by foot''' only, from an entrance on the Via dei Fori Imperiali. Wheelchair access is available for most of the Forum but be aware that the path is often bumpy due to it containing original stones from the ancient Roman period. The Forum is often less crowded than the neighboring Colliseum, but holds even more history. Open Mo-Sa 9AM-6PM (summer), 9AM-3PM (winter), Sundays 9AM-1PM year-round. Admission is €12, and the ticket is valid for two days and includes entrance to the Colosseum and Palatine Hill as well.
Near the Arch of Titus at the entrance to the Roman Forum, you might be approached by young, native-English speakers (often students) offering you free guided tours of the Forum. This is not a scam and is done as a way for tour companies to promote their other tours (i.e. at the end of the free tour, the guide hands out a brochure telling you about other tours around town that do cost). Even if you're not interested in the other tours, take the free one and you'll learn a lot about the most important archaeological site in the city.
 
Make sure you aren't caught out by returning your audio guide near to closing time. You will have been required to hand over a passport or credit card as a deposit for your audio guide. The counters where you can recover your deposit may close half an hour before the area itself shuts - leaving you with no way of recovering your deposit!
===Museums and galleries===
==Eat==
 
Once you have entered the forum and palatine hill, you are not allowed to leave and re-enter. As no food is available inside, and the area could easily take up a day, you should consider taking in lunch.
 
Many places in this area are aimed at tourists and as a result don't have to offer high-quality food to do well. The best lunch spot near the Colosseum, if you like pizza, is Pizza Forum, at the end of the first block heading up the narrow Via San Giovanni in Laterano from the Colosseum (in the opposite direction of the Roman Forum and city centre). At Pizza Forum you will get huge, delicious woodfire oven pizzas starting at about five euro each.
* <eat name="Ulpia" alt="" address="Overlooking the West end of Trajan's Market, Mercati Trianei" directions="Go down the steps near Largo Magnanapoli where Via Nazionale and Via IV Novembre join. Turn left on Via Sant Eufemia. It is on your left (the North side) just before the road dead ends." phone="" url="" hours="" price="Lunch, including a bottle of good wine €35" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">In such a delightful location actually overlooking the ruins of Trajan's market and facing the Foro Di Augustus you might expect that the food could be second rate but Ulpia does not disappoint. Both food and service are good and, combined with the atmosphere and location it makes a memorable meal. A wide choice of menu items and a varied wine list and you can eat inside if the weather is too cold to enjoy the terrace over Trajan's Market. The inside has heavy Roman decorations. Trip Advisor, however, tells a different story...</eat>
=== Gelato ===
* <sleep name="YWCA Foyer" alt="" address="Via C. Balbo 4" directions="" phone="+39 06 4880460" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="€26 per person per night for a bed in a 4-person room. €31 for a double, €47 for a private room. You have to be female to reserve a room; however, men can stay if accompanied by a woman.">Youth Hostel is four blocks from Termini on the Via C. Balbo. Rooms are spotless, bathrooms are extremely clean, and towels and linens are changed once a day. Internet for €1 per hour. Fridge on every floor. Continental breakfast included in room rate.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Bed and breakfast Brilli" alt="" address="Via Tasso 32" directions="" phone="+39 3480027826" email="[email protected]" fax="" Website url="http://www.bbbrilli.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="From €50 for a double.Breakfast included "> single, double, triple and quadruple rooms with en-suite bathroom,a/c, free Wi-Fi.</sleep>
===Mid-range===
* <sleep name="Domus amoR" alt="" address="Via Angelo Poliziano, 70" directions="" phone="+39 3477704768" email="[email protected]" fax="+39 06 99927375" url="http://www.berome.it/colosseo/en/home.html" checkin="" checkout="" price="From 60 euros">Domus amoR Colosseo B&B is situated right beside the Colle Oppio Park, which is beautifully placed in front of the Colosseum.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Aenea Superior Inn" alt="" address="Via Urbana, 156" directions="" phone="+39 348 4067222" email="" fax="+39 06 4891634" url="http://www.aeneainnrome.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="From 120 euros">Fifteen bedrooms divided in twin, double and triple. All the accommodations of this guest house come with air conditioning, private bath, internet wi-fi and satellite TV. At the Aenea Superior Inn Rome the breakfast is included and can be served directly in the guests' rooms.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Hotel Richmond" alt="" address="Largo Corrado Ricci 36" directions=" At the bottom of Via Cavour.." phone="+39 06 69941256" email="" fax="" url="http://www.hotelrichmondrome.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="The average price for a double is around €175."> A three-star hotel with single, double, triple, quadruple rooms, and suites.</sleep>
 
* '''Aenea Superior Inn Rome''' – Via Urbana, 156 - 00184, Rome, Italy [http://www.aeneainnrome.com/]. Telephone +39 348 4067222 • Fax +39 06 4891643. The Aenea Superior Inn Rome is a guest house of Rome. 15 bedrooms divided in single, double and triple with private bath, internet, TV and shower. Self-service breakfast included. Double room starting from 150 Euros.
 
*<sleep name="mok'house" alt="" address="Via San Martino ai Monti 38" directions="" phone="+39 331 591 9598" email="[email protected]" url="http://www.mokhouse.com/" "" > Offers both B&B and Vacation Rentals for different needs and budgets (couples, families and group of friends). Located in the oldest neighborhood of Rome (Rione Monti), inside a typical building of the XIX century (owned), mok'house is only 10mins walking from both the Coliseum and the Termini Station. All accommodations have free Wi-Fi, Air Conditioning and all comforts for a perfect stay.Known for hospitality.</sleep>
===Splurge===

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