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'''Madeira''' [] is a sub-tropical archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean and an autonomous region of [[Portugal]]. The archipelago is made up of two populated islands, Madeira and Porto Santo, and two groups of unpopulated islands called the Desertas and Selvagens Islands. It is part of the European Union ultraperifric area.
Known worldwide as the Islands of eternal Spring, Madeira or , "Ilha Jardim"{Garden Island} or Pearl of the Atlantic, it has a mild climate throughout the entire year.
Madeira island is 310 miles from the African coast and 620 miles from the European continent, only 1h 30mn flight from mainland Portugal and about 3h from all the main countries in Europe.
==Cities, towns & villages==
* [[Funchal]] — Island regional capital and largest city in Madeira, home to tourist resorts, gorgeous panoramas and local color.
* [[Santa Cruz (Portugal)|Santa Cruz]]
* [[Machico]]
* [[Santana (Portugal)|Santana]]
* [[Camara do Lobos]]
* [[Ribeira Brava]] town
* [[Calheta]] town
* [[Paul do Mar]] village
==Other destinations==
* The nearby island of [[Porto Santo]]
Madeira Islands are just a short trip from Europe (more or less 4 hours from UK), to a destination where you can combine holidays on by the beachsea, in the mountains or in the city.
Discovered early in the 15th century by the Portuguese navigators João Gonçalves Zarco, Tristão Vaz Teixeira and Bartolomeu Perestrelo, Madeira is an autonomous region of [[Portugal]].
Nowadays Madeira is a popular destination for tourists of all ages. Its constant mild climate throughout the year (temperatures between 20 and 27°C) keeps the spring on Madeira never endingall year round. The Levadaslevadas, a an ingenious system to distribute the of stone- and concrete-lined watercourses distributing water from the rainy north to the dry south, helps help flowers blooming and crops flourish all over the year. That's why this island is called the ''Garden in the Atlantic'' . The maintenance pathways to maintain for these water canals are provide wonderful samelevel level trails for hiking in the mountains (up to 1861m) and through the tremendous landscape.
Unfortunately , Madeira was hit by two several catastrophes in 2010: Heavy rainfalls drowned Madeira in February heavy rainfall inundated parts of the island and entailed a flood caused destructive floods in river valleys on the lower parts at south coast of the coasts with swelling riversisland, chiefly in Funchal, Ribeira Brava and Tabua. While the results Reconstruction work of this are barely to see anymorelost bridges and roads has now been largely completed, but the results legacy of the disaster major forest fires in August are still visible: heavy forest fires destroyed large parts of the forest. Up that year is likely to last longer, and some upper mountain footpaths in the summit east of the Pico Ruivoisland remain closed or interrupted. Further floods in the 'Nuns' Valley' in October 2010 caused more damage to infrastructure, but this has been repaired. Despite all this, the authorities and locals have been hard at work ensuring that Madeira's highest Mountaintourism infrastructure has returned largely back to normal, you can still see burnt ground and trees. While the soil is often already covered with a gentle green, the black logs of the trees still remind on the catastrophe. Nevertheless, there is still enough plenty to see and hike do on Madeira!
==Get in==
* '''Madeira International Airport'''/Funchal(FNC) ({{IATA|FNC}})({{ICAO|LPMA}}) (formerly known as Santa Catarina Airport), about 30 minutes from [[Funchal]],in Santa Cruz municipality. Tel: +351 291 52 07 00 []. The island of [[Porto Santo]] (PXO) is in Porto Santo/Vila Baleira []. This airport is just a 15 minute flight from Madeira International Airport.
There is boat/ship service between the two islands.
The following Airline companies fly regularly to Madeira International Airport: TAP Portugal, Portugália, SATA, British Airways, Norwegian Airlines, Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines, Air France, easyJet, Finnair, First Choice Airways, Thomson, LTU, Thomas Cook, Condor, Niki, SAS, Sterling, Transavia, My Travel, Binter Canarias and (from May 2010).
If you go to/from the airport by (rental) car, ask for directions to the parking area you need; there are 7, and they are badly signposted. Note that some smaller rental companies operate from sites near but not at the airport, and provide transport between terminal and depot.
===By boat===
*[[Cruise ships]] port here.
*There is a weekly connection between Portimão (Algarve) to Madeira offered by Naviera Armas [].*There is a '''car ferry''' between Porto Santo and Madeira, two hours one way. Ferry Service Funchal-Porto Santo.[[]
==Get around==
*'''Buses''' Recommended to get a A 7 days -day bus ticketis recommended, access to valid on all Funchal City routes, 17.50 EUR (March 2007)
Beware - timetables are very confusing as they do not include clear route details.
*'''Horarios de Funchal []''' operates lines no 20/21 Funchal - Monte, line no 29 Funchal - Camacha, no 56 Funchal - Santana (via Ribeiro Frio), no 77 Funchal - Santo Antonio da Serra (via Camacha and Sitio Quarto Estradas), no 81 Funchal - Curral de Freiras and no 103 (Funchal - Arco de Sao Jorge (via Faial, Santana and Sao Horge).
*'''Rodeste Rodoeste []''' operates lines no 3 Funchal - Estreito de Camara de Lobos, no 6 Funchal - Arco de Sao Jorge (via EnsumeadaEncumeada), no 7 Funchal - Ribeira Brava, no 80 Funchal - Porto Montiz (via Calheta and Prazeres), no 96 Funchal - Jadrim da Serra (Corticeirias), no 139 Funchal - Porto Moniz, no 142 Funchal - Ponta da Pago (via Prazeres) ans no 148 Funchal - Boa Morte.
*'''S.A.M.[]''' operates lines no 23 Funchal - Machico (Espressbus), no 53 Funchal - Faial (via Airport), no 113 Funchal - Canical (via Airport) and no 156 Funchal - Marocos (via Machico, changes bus ar Machico)
*'''Car rental'''
Renting a car is a great way to see the island. All European rules of the road apply in Madeira. Roads outside of [[Funchal]] can be windy and steep and petrol stations rare. Renting via the Internet is usually cheaper than walking-in.
'''Madeira Car Hire'''
Our agency offers you a wide range of rental cars accordingly to your choice and the possibility of renting cars, at advantageous prices.
*'''Taxis'''*'''Car rental''' Renting a car is a great way to see the island. All European rules of the road apply in <listing name="Madeira-rentacar" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+230 7762662" url="http://www. Roads outside of [[Funchal]] can be windy and steep and gas stations raremadeira-rentacar. Renting via the Internet is usually cheaper than walkingcom" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]"></listing>
*'''Levadas''' An impressive system of aqueducts built between 1461 and 1966 to bring water from the mountains to croplandfarmland. *'''Cabo Girão''' One of the world's highest ocean cliffs (590m/1,935 ft. above sea level), you'll easily realize the island's Edenlike quality.
*'''Jardim Botânico''' Funchal Botanical garden.
*''' São Vicente Caves''', [].Volcanic caves (grutas) where you can visit lava tubes.
*'''Jardim do Monte Palace''' Magnificent gardens of the former Monte Palace hotel.
*'''Jardim Orquídea''' Orchid garden.
*'''Madeira Story Centre''', []. The best way to learn about Madeira's history and culture.
*'''Fireworks on New Year's eve''' The biggest fireworks in the world (Guinness world record 2007). Best places to see the fireworks include the tip of the marina of Funchal, on the a cruise ship, and Pico dos Barcelos (on the side where you can see the Funchal's marina).*'''Miradouro''' means viewpoint. Splendid view views of the island can be seen from different various viewpoints. Recommended viewpoints include: , including Pico dos Barcelos, Pico do Arieiro, Pico de Facho, Curral das Freiras, Monte. (For Pico do Arieiro*'''Pictures of the islands of madeira and porto santo''', you can check its current view from live webcam [] [] before embarking your journey.) ==Visit==
*'''Madeira Nature''', []. The Nature of Madeira (Active and Eco-Tourism) *'''Hiking at Ponta de São Lourenço''', the eastern part of Madeira is a Nature Reserve nature reserve with wonderful panoramic views of the Atlantic and spectacular volcanic rock formations. Many unusual species of plants are found here and are best seen on footfrom the footpath, like such as the Ice Plant, Everlasting, Cardoon and many more. The hiking trail, which in recent years has been upgraded with stone steps and safety railings, can be walked comfortably with a pair of good hiking boots. The full walk, including a curcuit of the reserve at the far end, will take several hours, so carry food and drink. Down the cliff from the road before reaching the trailhead is a secluded beach called Prainha, the island’s only natural black sandy beach. Very popular with the locals, it’s great for swimming. The hiking trail can be walked comfortably with a pair of good hiking boots. Hiking duration could last several hours, prepare food and drink.
*''' Santo da Serra Golf''', [].
*'''Big Game Fishing'''
*'''Sailing''', []
*'''Snorkeling''', []
*'''Scuba diving''', []
*'''Madeira Island toursSurfing''', [http://wwwThe Atlantic offers waves for moderate to experienced surfers.lido-toursJardim do Mar and Paul do Mar are the most popular surfing]
*'''Madeira EcotoursBirdwatching''', [].
*'''Nature MeetingsHorse riding''', [.*<do name="Mountain Biking" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="]. Hiking./" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></do>
*'''Surfing''' The Atlantic offers waves for moderate to experienced surfers.
*'''Madeira Wind Birds''', []. Bird watching. * '''InterTours''', []. Sightseeing tours. * '''Madeira Adventure Kingdom''' [] Levada Walks, trekking, Canyoning and excursions in Madeira Island.==Work==
* '''Horse riding''' [] Trail riding for every skill levels.
<!-- ''If there are opportunities for travellers to study in this city -- from language to cooking classes up to full university courses -- add that here.'' -->
*'''The University of Madeira''' [] is one of the youngest Public Universities in Portugal.
*Currently '''the Mathematics and Engineering Department''' [] offers a joint *Professional '''Master Degree''' with the Carnegie Mellon University [] in '''Human-Computer Interaction''' []. This top Professional Master program provides international students with opportunities to study in one of the best locations in the world, while having access to one of the world best Universities in Information and Communication technologies.
<!-- ''What possibilities are there for travellers to earn money in this city? Note that this is kind of long-range and probably won't be appropriate for most destinations.'' -->
Madeira is presently one the best locations in the E.U. for companies with operations in the single market and worldwide. With reduced direct and indirect taxation, adequate infrastructures, competitive operational costs, safety and quality of life, Madeira is positioned to provide the investor with a unique package of benefits, offering a wide range of solutions to enhance the efficiency and performance of various forms of investment.
<!-- ''The travellers' dirty secret: we like souvenirs. What would be good to buy in this city? Local crafts? How about general shopping -- clothes, travel equipment, other?'' -->
* '''Madeira wine''', of course. Available in many varieties in all supermarkets and specialist shops.
<!-- ''For restaurant listings and other food-related stuff. Mention any local specialties or oddities. Specific restaurant info, or general idea of good areas of the destination to try. Be sure to explain what the price ranges are ($2 {{style|Listings for a meal can individual restaurants should be a splurge in some cities). Some travellers like (or have) moved to make their own food -- include local food-shopping options if possiblethe appropriate city article. The region article should simply provide an overview of the region'' -->  s dining.}}
*<eat name="Il Basilico" alt="" address="Rua de Leichlingen, 7 , Pormenade" directions="" phone="+351 291 708700" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Italian Restaurant belonging to the Porto Bay Hotels & Resorts • À la carte lunch and dinner • served inside and on the terrace • special children's menu • reservation recommended
* '''Coral Restaurante''', Praca da Autonomia, Câmara de Lobos, Tel: +351 291 098 284. Fresh fish and shell fish.
* '''Espada Preta''', Caminho Trincheira, 9300-159 Câmara de Lobos, Tel: +351 291 948 439. Fresh fish and shell fish, also try their specialty "bread soup" (main course).
* '''Restaurante O Tunel''', near the tunnel of Caniçal. Seafood starters and espetada as main course. If Convenient if you do the levada walk or drive around the area of Caniçal, Machico and Pico de Facho.
<!-- ''For bars, clubs, and other nightlife. Yes, many people go out to clubs and don't drink; the name of the section is still '''Drink'''. Mention any local specialties or oddities, and give a general idea of good areas of the destination to try. Invent groupings/labels as needed (Gay friendly, student, hipster, fancy-pants, etc). Good things to mention: dress code, entrance fees, safety concerns, solo-woman friendly or pick-up bar, good/bad nights).''
*'''Name of Bar or Club''', Address (''extra directions if necessary''), phone number (''email, fax, other contact if possible''). Days and times open. One to three sentences about the food, service, atmosphere, view, specialties, music, what have you. $lowprice-$highprice (''extra price info''). [] -->
Madeira Wine is a fortified wine prized equally for drinking and cooking. There are four major types of Madeira: Malvasia (also known as Malmsey or Malvazia), Bual (or Boal), Verdelho, and Sercial, the latter two being drier.
<!-- ''This is for helping the traveller find a place to lay his/her weary head. Give a general idea of good areas of the destination to try to find lodging. Other good info to include is high/low season, the importance of reservation, things to request (quiet room, view, airport pick up, etc).''' -->
{{style|Listings for individual hotels should be moved to the appropriate city article. The region article should simply provide an overview of the region's lodging.}}
*<sleep name="Travel to Madeira" alt=""" phone="+351916001177" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Self-catering apartments and country houses on the archipelago.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Madeira Island Direct" alt=""" phone="+351 910881693" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Offers a wide range of self-catering accommodation across the island.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Sunny House East & Sunny House West, Paul do Mar" alt="" address="Vereda do Lombinho, Ribeira das Galinhas, Paul do Mar, Calheta region" directions="from Funchal / airport, drive west to the region of Calheta. After the Calheta Marina roundabout go straight on to Jardim do Mar then Paul do Mar." phone="+351291872036" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="32° 43' 08,83" long="016° 48' 49,33">Two private holiday rental houses.Both houses sleep 5 and are 50 metres from the Ocean front between banana fields. 10 minutes drive from the town of Calheta & its marina which has white sand beaches next to it.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Quinta das Colmeias" alt="" address="Caminho do Poiso, Casais Proximos, Santo Antonio da Serra" directions="from Funchal / airport, drive past the golf course. Just before the round about, there is a turining to your left. Is the fourth gate on your right" phone="+351291741515" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="32° 43' 08,83" long="016° 48' 49,33">Two Holiday homes. The Main house sleeps 8 and the Cottage sleeps 6. Both share a common swimming pool. A few minutes drive from Santo da Serra Golf Course and Horse Ridding Centre.</sleep>
* Pestana Hotels & Resorts - Caniço''': Pestana Atalaia''' []
* '''Estalagem do Mar''', just outside within walking distance from [[São Vicente]] on the north coast. Rooms with private bathroom and tub and view to the Atlantic Ocean. Indoor and outdoor pool, jacuzzi and a sauna, lots of parking space. Double low-season at €50.
* '''Crowne Plaza''', []. Some English spoken here, wireless access in lobby. All rooms have ocean front views facing east. Several options for day trips and guided activities.
* '''Quinta da Quebrada''', []. Quinta da Quebrada is on the North Coast of Madeira, more precisely in Arco de São Jorge. The place has pleasant weather, with sun all year round. Very warm and dry in summer, gentle temperature and very few rainy days in winter. The unit has 7 Bungalows all with a very beautiful view over the Atlantic Ocean, TV and Telephone. Each one is made up of a double room, a private bath-room, and a kitchenette/living-room.
* '''Quinta Da Casa Branca'''[], An old Quinta converted into a boutique design hotel, set in the heart of Funchal, among colourful gardens.
*'''Savoy & Royal Savoy''' - [] Reid's rival hotel complex. Boasting a breathtaking beachfront location, this luxurious resort is set in the Bay of Funchal and combines quality facilities with a central setting. Surrounded by tropical gardens, the Royal Savoy features 174 elegant suites, each with private balcony.
* <sleep name="Pestana Bay" alt="" address="Praia Formosa,9000-247" directions="" phone="+(351) 291701900" email="[email protected]" fax="+(351) 291761694 " url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Carlton Madeira" alt="" address="Largo António Nobre, nº 1, 9004-531" directions="" phone="+(351) 291239500 " email="[email protected]" fax="+(351) 291223377" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Casino Park" alt="" address="Quinta Vigia Funchal,9004-513" directions="" phone="+(351) 291209100 " email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291232076 " url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Grand" alt="" address="Rua Ponta da Cruz, 23 - São Martinho, 9000-103" directions="" phone="+(351) 291707400 " email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291761024" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Miramar" alt="" address="Estrada Monumental, 182/194, 9000-098 " directions="" phone="+(351) 291706100 " email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291763988" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Palms" alt="" address="Rua do Gorgulho, 17, 9000-107 " directions="" phone="+(351) 291709200 " email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291766247" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Porto Santo" alt="" address="Estrada Regional 111, Nº 120, Sitio do Campo de Baixo, 9400-015" directions="" phone="+(351) 291144000" email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291144099" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Promenade" alt="" address="Rua Francisco de Sousa Nº1, 9000-001" directions="" phone="+(351) 291141400" email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291762082" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="Pestana Village" alt="" address="Estrada Monumental, 182/194, 9000-098" directions="" phone="+(351) 291701600" email="[email protected] " fax="+(351) 291765727" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price=""></sleep>
==Stay safe==
<!-- ''This is a section for general safety tips. If there are health hazards or crime problems in the city, list them here.'' -->
Emergency Service telephone number is 112
Some police in Funchal have red armbands, this signifies that they speak another language other than Portuguese, mainly English and German. Crime figures for Madeira are very low.
* '''Internet Access''' - In some of the larger towns and cities on Madeira there is a public ''free'' wifi internet access sponsored by the Madeiran gouvernmentgovernment. You'll find a 2m tall white and blue board telling you that wifi is availlable hereavailable. There is also ''free'' access on in the airport gatesterminal. Above thatIn addition, some bars and cafés offer internet access too.  
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