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Durham (North Carolina)

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'''Durham''' [http://www.ci.durham.nc.us/] is a city of 208228,816 330 inhabitants in central [[North Carolina]] in the [[United States]]. It is known best for being home to Duke University, Research Triangle Park, and a thriving health care industry. Durham and the neighboring cities of Raleigh and Chapel Hill form the '''Triangle,''' sometimes referred to as a ''Family of Communities''.
==Understand==
Among the historic sites, Bennett Place has the privilege of having hosted the largest troop surrender that ended the Civil War, 17 days after General Lee surrendered at Appomattox. Duke Homestead features the Duke family's mid 1800s home, tobacco barns and cigarette factory, Historic Stagville, once among the Wouth's largest plantation holdings, features an 18th century house, slave quarters and a unique great barn.
===Culture===Durham has a liberal [http://votingresearch.org/USAstudy.doc] trendy arts culture. It is an eclectic blend of the high class with an unusual concentration of four star restaurants (part owing to a strange bit of local family history) to trendy cafe's cafés on 9thStreet, the independent bookstore "the Regulator" which draws famed authors from former secretary of state Madeline Albright to expert on everything John Hodgeman. You'll find old hippies, bikers and families in generally happy co-existence. The area has a very active gay community which stages both a famed regional film festival and an annual pride march.
Politically the area is dominated by Democratic politics [http://www.southnow.org/southnow-publications/nc-datanet/ncdn39.pdf] in an otherwise (nationally) Republican leaning state.
==Get in==
===By air===
All major American airlines fly into '''Raleigh-Durham International Airport''' ({{IATA|RDU}}). It is best served by American Airlines and Delta Airlines. These and other airlines provide direct connections to most major hubs, including Charlotte, Atlanta, Washington-Dulles, Freeport (Grand Bahama), Baltimore-Washington, Chicago (Midway and O'Hare), New York (LaGuardia+ JFK), Las Vegas, Houston, Dallas-Fort Worth, Phoenix, Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Cancun, and London, among others. Most other major cities are reachable after a single connecting flight.
===By train===
'''Amtrak''''s [http://www.amtrak.com/] '''Carolinian ''' and '''Piedmont ''' lines stop in Durham. The rail station is currently located on Chapel Hill St downtownCarolinian runs once daily north to [[New York City]] and south to [[Charlotte]], but a new Durham Train Station will open in June 2009 in while the 1897 Walker Warehouse, the oldest example of neo-romanesque warehouse first built by the by the then American Tobacco TrustPiedmont runs twice daily between Raleigh and Charlotte. The new rail station is on at 601 West Main Streetdowntown, close to the DATA bus system's new downtown terminaland in a historic and newly renovated building that once served as a tobacco warehouse.
===By bus===
Inter-city buses arrive and depart Durham from the '''Durham Station Transportation Center''', [http://data.durhamnc.gov/durham_station.cfm] 515 W Pettigrew St, near the Amtrak station.
*'''Greyhound''', [http://www.greyhound.com].
*'''Megabus''', [http://wwwus.megabus.com]. Service from [[Washington, D.C.]], [[Richmond (Virginia)|Richmond]], and [[Charlotte]]. Buses stop just outside the station along Jackson Stnear the Willard Street entrance. Fares from $1 and up.
*'''Triangle Transit''', [http://www.triangletransit.org]. Service from cities in the surrounding metropolitan area including [[Raleigh]] and [[Chapel Hill]].
Durham is served by Interstates 40 and 85, and US routes 15, 501 and 70 along with several state routes. "The Durham Freeway" generally refers to NC-147, which connects I-85 and 15/501 in northwest Durham to I-40 and Research Triangle Park in southeast Durham, by way of downtown. If you wish to rent a car, car rental options at the RDU airport are plentiful and range from $20 to $50 per day, with whole-week rentals significantly discounted.
It should be mentioned that like Atlanta's infamous "Peachtree", Durham has a number of synonymous roadways, in some cases miles from each other. This can easily confuse visitors. The most notorious is '''Chapel Hill Rd/St/Blvd'''. The Rd road goes from the city's Lakewood and West End neighborhoods to the Chapel Hill border via Shannon Plaza and the fringe of the South Square area. Mostly residential. The St acts as an arterial from downtown through West End, serving as a vibrant thoroughfare for the neighborhoods in between. "The Boulevard" as it is known in the neighborhoods surrounding it, courses from the foot of the Forest Hills neighborhood and bee-lines directly west to Chapel Hill, eventually becoming 15-501. Mainly commercial with lots of big-box retailers and chain restaurants. When in doubt, ask a local!
Parking is plentiful in Durham, even in the more populous areas. Be mindful of parking in residential zones in the city for extended periods without a permit.
===By bus===
* '''Triangle Transit Authority''', ''+ 1 919'' 549-9999, [http://www.ridettatriangletransit.org/]. Routes between [[Raleigh]], Durham and [[Chapel Hill]] as well as Research Triangle Park and the Raleigh-Durham International Airport.
* '''Durham Area Transit Authority''', ''+ 1 919'' 683-DATA, [http://www.ci.durham.nc.us/departments/works/data.cfm]. Routes around the more urban parts of Durham, mostly every half hour.
==See==
* See the largest collection of lemurs outside of [[Madagascar]] at the '''Duke Lemur Center''' [http://www.duke.edu/web/primate/]. Tours are by appointment only. Scheduling your tour at least two weeks in advance is recommended, but they can sometimes accommodate last-minute additions.
* See world-class art at the '''Nasher Museum of Art''' [http://www.nasher.duke.edu/] at Duke University, located at the corner of Anderson and Duke University Roads. Don't miss the giant face-mask.
*<see name="Museum of Life and Science" alt="" address="433 W. Murray Ave" directions="http://www.ncmls.org/visit/campus-and-exhibits/maps/#google" phone="919-220-5429" url="http://www.lifeandscience.org" hours="10-5" price="$10.85" lat="" long="">Spend a day with kids exploring the many interactive exhibits here. Space vehicles, farm animals, playground, drum area, physics display, maps and globes, butterfly house, bugs!, and now with bears and lemurs.</see> * Check out the local art scene during Durham's '''Third Friday Art Walk''' [http://thirdfridaydurham.com], often featuring live music and a myriad of food trucks, in addition to open studios and galleries throughout downtown. * Listen to live music at '''The Pinhook''' [http://www.thepinhook.com], '''Casbah''' [http://www.casbahdurham.com], '''Motorco''' [http://www.motorcomusic.com] '''Broad Street Cafe''' [http://www.thebroadstreetcafe.com/], '''Historic American Tobacco Campus''' [http://www.americantobaccohistoricdistrict.com/] or other local venues (the [http://www.indyweek.com] '''Independent Weekly''' is a good source of local happenings.
* Watch a local live theater performance at '''Common Ground Theatre''' [http://www.cgtheatre.com/] or '''Manbites Dog Theater''' [http://www.manbitesdogtheater.org/].
* For <see name="Bennett Place" alt="" address="4409 Bennett Memorial Rd." directions="" phone="919-383-4345" url="http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bennett/" hours="9-5 Tues-Sat." price="" lat="" long="">This simple farmhouse was situated between Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's headquarters in Greensboro, and Union Gen. William T. Sherman's headquarters in Raleigh. In April 1865, the two commanders met at the Bennett Place, where they signed surrender papers for Southern armies in the morbidCarolinas, Georgia, explore and Florida. It was the site where local author Michael Peterson murdered his wife: [largest troop surrender of the American Civil War. </see> *<see name="Historic Stagville" alt="" address="5828 Old Oxford Highway" directions="" phone="919-620-0120" url="http://realestatewww.yahoostagville.comorg/North_Carolina/Durham/Homes_for_sale/d1622781d2c9e5a1deb7686e7964af6?p" hours="10-4 Tues-Sat." price="Free" lat=Durham%2C%20NC&type"" long=classified]"">Comprises the remains of North Carolina's largest pre-Civil War plantation and one of the South's largest. It once belonged to the Bennehan-Cameron family, whose combined holdings totaled approximately 900 slaves and almost 30,000 acres by 1860. Today, Stagville consists of 71 acres, on three tracts. On this land stand the late 18th-century Bennehan House, four rare slave houses, a pre-Revolutionary War farmer's house, a huge timber framed barn built by skilled slave craftsmen, and the Bennehan Family cemetery.</see>
==Do==
*<do name="Museum of Life and Science" alt="" address="433 W. Murray Ave" directions="http://www.ncmls.org/visit/campus-and-exhibits/maps/#google" phone="919-220-5429" url="www.lifeandscience.org" hours="10-5" price="$10.85" lat="" long="">For more than sixty years we've been one of the Triangle's most popular destinations for science enthusiasts, families, school classes, and science interest groups. We're happy to make arrangements for field trips and group visits. We're also a popular site for birthday parties, weddings and other private events.</do>
* Go for a walk in the '''Sarah P. Duke Gardens''' [http://www.hr.duke.edu/dukegardens/dukegardens.html].
*See a world-class performance, including touring Broadway shows, at the '''Durham Performing Arts Center''' (DPAC). Ticket prices range from $30-$120 depending on the show. Buy in advance. [http://www.dpacnc.com/ ]
* Explore the '''Duke Forest''' [http://www.env.duke.edu/forest/].
* Go hiking or have a picnic at '''Eno River State Park''' [http://www.enoriver.org/] or '''West Point on the Eno'''. West Point has an old-fashioned corn mill that still sells fresh cornmeal.
 
* Spend a day with kids exploring interactive exhibits at the '''Museum of Life and Science''' [http://www.ncmls.org/]. Space vehicles, farm animals, playground, drum area, physics display, maps and globes, butterfly house, bugs!, and now with bears and lemurs.
* Take in a film at '''The Starlight Drive-In''' [http://www.starlitedurham.com/]; on a clear night, it is spectacular. Update: Since March 2007, this facility has closed down indefinitely following the death of its owner and is unlikely to open again.
Durham is a terrific city to eat in, and if you search around enough, you'll find no need to go to our friends in nearby [[Chapel Hill]] or [[Raleigh]] to cater to your tastes. From time-tested burger shacks to upscale eateries on par with Atlanta and Washington, it's easy to find unique flavors all over the city. There's an especially good concentration of remarkable eats around the Duke and Research Triangle Park areas, specifically 9th St/Brightleaf for the former and South Sq/Southpoint/54 for the latter.
 *<eat name="Ox and Rabbit" alt="" address="732 9th St Durham" directions="On 9th Street." phone="(919) 286-7850" url="http://www.facebook.com/pages/Durham-NC/Ox-and-Rabbit-Soda-and-Sundries/36902149996" hours="10-6" price="" lat="" long="">A drug-store turned boutique shop, Ox and Rabbit kept the drug store counter and serves old fashion style Sodas, Shakes, and Malts. In traditional style, a soda jerk mixes syrups, ice, and carbonated water right in front of you for a delicious throw back to past times.</eat>
*<eat name="blu seafood and bar" alt="" address="2002 Hillsborough Rd" directions="" phone="919.286.9777" url="http://bluseafoodandbar.com" hours="5-10" price="$$" lat="" long="">A casual, yet upscale restaurant focusing on regional and global classics with fresh fish.</eat>
===Splurge===
*'''Four Square''', 2701 Chapel Hill Rd (''at Pickett''), ''+ 1 919'' 401-9877. Not far from Duke University and the Lakewood neighborhood, presents superlative contemporary European and American flavors in an incredible early 20th century Victorian mansion. Completely out of place in its working-class neighborhood, it is an experience in every sense. Very romantic. Reservations strongly suggested.
*'''The Magnolia Grill''', 1002 9th St, ''+ 1 919'' 286-3609. One of the finest restaurants in the area, with a menu of gourmet Southern-inspired food that changes daily. Save room for dessert. Entrees are $23-$29, with appetizers and dessert $6-$10. Reservations recommended. **Now Closed**
*'''Metro 8 Streakhouse''', 746 9th St, ''+1 919'' 416 1700. Upscale Argentinian steakhouse. Unusually great salad and stake with great service and a romantic atmosphere.
*'''Nikos Taverna''', 905 West Main St (''in historic Brightleaf Square downtown''), ''+ 1 919'' 682-0043. Has been serving upscale Greek cuisine in their modern, loft-like space since the 1980s. Great for lunch. Reservations recommended.
*'''Pop's''', in downtown Durham, [http://www.pops-durham.com/]. Tasty, creative Italian dishes and pizzas. Most entrees are $10-$19.,,
Other higher-end standbys and new additions to the city's burgeoning culinary scene include '''Anotherthyme''' [Edit - Anotherthyme has now closed](Brightleaf Sq area), '''Starlu''' (South Square, southwest side of the city)[Edit - Starlu has now closed], '''Parizade''' (Erwin Square, near 9th St), '''George's Garage''' [now closed] and '''Vin Rouge''' (both on 9th and Markham), and '''Rue Cler''' (downtown, on E. Chapel Hill St.).
==Drink==
*<drink name="Shooters II Saloon" alt="behind Brightleaf Square" address="827 W Morgan St" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">A wild-west themed bar and dance club popular with the college crowd, Shooters is famous for its mechanical bull and dancing cage. It is easy to find cheap drink specials and some new friends. Shooters is most frequented on weekend nights after 10 PM10PM.</drink>
* '''Satisfaction''', 905 W. Main St (''Brightleaf Square''), ''+ 1 919'' 682-7397. A popular Duke hangout, serving a solid selection of beer and mixed drinks. Satisfaction has plenty of TVs, usually showing sports; they are quite busy when Duke basketball is on.
==Sleep==
*<sleep name="Comfort Inn" alt="" address="4507 NC 55/Apex Hwy" directions="" phone="(919) 361-2656" url="http://www.comfortinn.com/hotel-durham-north_carolina-NC490" checkin="3pm3PM" checkout="12pm12PM" price="" lat="" long="">Offers guests an exercise room and a business center. </sleep>
*<sleep name="Comfort Inn Medical Park" alt="" address="1816 Hillandale Road " directions="" phone="(919) 471-6100" url="http://www.comfortinn.com/hotel-durham-north_carolina-NC613" checkin="3pm3PM" checkout="12pm12PM" price="" lat="" long="">Offers guests free shuttle service and a small meeting room. </sleep>
*<sleep name="Comfort Suites Raleigh Durham Airport/RTP/RDU" alt="" address="5219 Page Road" directions="" phone="(919) 314-1200" url="http://www.comfortsuites.com/hotel-durham-north_carolina-NC013" checkin="3pm3PM" checkout="12PM" price="" lat="" long="">Located by the Raleigh-Durham International Airport. </sleep> *<sleep name="Doubletree Guest Suites Raleigh/Durham" alt="" address="2515 Meridian Parkway" directions="" phone="+1 919-361-4660" url="http://doubletree1.hilton.com/en_US/dt/hotel/RDUIIDT-Doubletree-Guest-Suites-Raleigh-Durham-North-Carolina/index.do" checkin="" checkout="12pm" price="" lat="" long="">Offers guests free breakfast All-suite atrium hotel located lakeside near Research Triangle Park and free high-speed Internet accessten minutes from the airport. Rooms feature refrigerator, microwave, and wetbar area. </sleep>
*<sleep name="Doubletree Guest Suites Raleigh/Durham" alt="" address="2515 Meridian Parkway" directions="" phone="+1 919-361-4660" url="http://doubletree1.hilton.com/en_US/dt/hotel/RDUIIDT-Doubletree-Guest-Suites-Raleigh-Durham-North-Carolina/index.do" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">All-suite atrium hotel located lakeside near Research Triangle Park and ten minutes from the airport. Rooms feature refrigerator, microwave, and wetbar area.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Duke Tower Hotel & Condominiums" address="807 W. Trinity Ave" phone="+1 919 687-4444" toll-free="+1 866 385-3869" fax="+1 919 683-1215" url="http://duketower.com/"></sleep>
 
*<sleep name="Hotel Indigo Raleigh Durham Airport at RTP" alt="" address="151 Tatum Dr." directions="" phone="919-474-3000" url="http://www.ichotelsgroup.com/hotelindigo/hotels/us/en/durham/rduin/hoteldetail?cm_mmc=mdpr-_-TripAdvisor-_-BizListing-_-in_rduin" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long=""></sleep>
* <sleep name="The Durham Marriott" phone="+ 1 919 768-6000">The people there are friendly and provide great service. They have a shuttle to take you up to a five mile diameter from the hotel which gets you to most places in town. Ask for the 8th floor rooms facing west. </sleep>
* <sleep name="Hawthorn SuitesMillennium Hotel Durham" alt="" address="300 Meredith Dr2800 Campus Walk Ave" directions="" phone="+1 919 361383-12348575" url="http://hawthornwww.millenniumhotels.com/reservationsmillenniumdurham/locationdetail.asp?facid" checkin=247/"></sleep> * <sleep name" checkout="The Millennium Hotel" addressprice="2800 Campus Walk Ave" phonelat="+1 919 383-8575" urllong="http://www.millenniumhotels.com/"> Upscale accommodations Accommodations, meeting space, and dining venues about a mile from Duke University.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Quality Inn &amp; Suites" alt="" address="3710 Hillsborough Road" directions="" phone="+1 919-382-3388 Fax: 919-382-9298" url="http://www.duke85.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Pet-friendly, free breakfast.</sleep>
*<sleep name="Sleep Inn" alt="" address="5208 Page Rd I-40 & Page Rd" directions="" phone="+1 919-993-3393 Fax: 919-314-1401" url="http://www.sleepinn.com/hotel-durham-north_carolina-NC327" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">A Pet Friendly hotel which offers free airport transportation.</sleep>
 
*<sleep name="SpringHill Suites" alt="" address="5310 McFarland Drive" directions="" phone="919-403-1111" url="http://www.marriott.com/hotels/travel/rdurl-springhill-suites-durham-chapel-hill/?pid=corptbta&scid=b661a3c4-9c47-48c8-9e13-75b66089dd79" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long=""></sleep>
*<sleep name="Washington Duke Inn &amp; Golf Club" alt="" address="3001 Cameron Blvd." directions="" phone="(919) 490-0999" url="http://www.washingtondukeinn.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long=""></sleep>
'''Duke University Medical Center''' "2301 Erwin Road", " + (919) 684-8111".
Duke University Medical center is a Solucient Top 100 Hospital, and named one of America's Best Hospitals by US News and World Report, is located in Durham.
==Get out==
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{{isInisPartOf|Research_Triangle}}
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[[Wikipedia:Durham, North Carolina]]
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