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American Samoa

2,345 bytes added, 19:27, 27 November 2012
Reverted edits by (Talk) to last version by AHeneen
|timezone=UTC -11
|callingcode=+1 684
'''American Samoa''' [] is a group of islands in the South [[Oceania|Pacific Ocean]] that lie about halfway between [[Hawaii]] and [[New Zealand]] and about 100 km east of the island country of [[Samoa]], which is part of the same archipelago.
American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the [[United States of America]]. The citizens of American Samoa are US "nationals" and not US "citizens," but they are allowed to travel freely between the American Samoa and the US Mainlandmainland. They are not required to obtain green cards or visas to stay or work in the United States, and they are allowed to serve in the US armed forces (and often do). There are some ways that American Samoa's special status as an unincorporated territory have has interesting legal consequences. The US Constitution is not necessarily the supreme law of the land in American Samoa, and Samoan cultural norms, in particular, those related to the ownership of property and public displays of religion , actually trump certain well-settled US constitutional rights in American Samoa.
The main city is Pago Pago and the smaller Fagatogo is constitutionally designated seat of government. The governor's office is located in the village of Utulei, located on the opposite side of Fagatogo from Pago Pago.
==Get in==
American Samoa lies outside federal immigration and customs jurisdiction. All visitors (including US citizens) to American Samoa require a passport valid for six months or more, a return ticket or onward ticket and enough funds to support your stay.
====Passports Not Requiring Visas====
Entry is allowed for 30 days for tourism with a valid passport and proof of onward travel or local employment. US citizens and citizens of countries under the federal Visa Waiver Program plus Palau, the Marshall Islands, and F.S. Micronesia are allowed visa-free entry. To obtain a business or residence visa or to extend your stay to 60 days, you must visit the Attorney General's office after arrival.
====Passports Requiring Visas====
All other international passport holders intending to visit American Samoa for business or holiday are required to apply for an entry visa.
To apply for a visa please contact the Attorney General’s Office, phone +1 (684) 633-4163, fax +1 (684) 633-1838 or American Samoa Immigration +1 (684) 633-4203 or +1 (684) 633-4204. At this time there is no email address or online application submission, so you have to get a hold of the Attorney General's or Immigration office by telephone or fax.
===By plane===
There is one international airport, [[Pago Pago]] International Airport ({{IATA|PPG}}), with a runway length of 2,750 m (9,000 ft). This is also referred to as Tafuna Airport (or Tafuna International Airport) and is located at Tafuna 5 km (3 miml) miles southwest of the central business district of Pago Pago on the island of Tutuila
* Hawaiian Airlines [] operate operates 2 return flights per week from [[Honolulu]] with Boeing 767 aircraft.
* Polynesian Airlines operate operates services to Pago Pago from Maota airport ({{IATA|MXS}}) on Savaii Island in (independent) Samoa.
* [['''Inter Island Airways]] operate ''' operates services to Pago Pago and Ta‘ū island Fitiuta Airport ({{IATA|FTI}}) from Faleolo International Airport ({{IATA|APW}}) in (independent) Samoa. The airline has announced it will begin flights from American Samoa to [[Tonga]] and [[Fiji]] in 2011.
Faleolo International Airport ({{IATA|APW}}) also serves as an international gateway to the region. That airport located is 40 kilometres km (25 mi) west of [[Apia]], the capital of (independent) [[Samoa]]. Daily inter -island flights between the Samoas are operated by Inter Island Airways and [[Polynesian Airlines]]. Samoa is in the western part of the Samoan islands archipelago.
The Faleolo airport in nearby Samoa has wider international connections including Air New Zealand to [[Auckland]] in [[New Zealand]], Air Pacific to [[Honolulu]] USA and [[Nadi]] in [[Fiji]], Inter Island Airways to Ofu, Pago Pago, Tau in American Samoa, Polynesian Airlines to Maota in [[Samoa]] and Pago Pago in American Samoa, [[Tongatapu]] in [[Tonga]], Polynesian Blue (operated by Pacific Blue) to Auckland in New Zealand, [[Brisbane]] and [[Sydney]] in [[Australia]].
The 2 airlines operating international services between Pago Pago and [[Apia]], [[Samoa]] provide scheduled daily flights.
 * <listing name="Inter Island Airways [" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+1 684 699 7100" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="] operate " hours="" price="">Operate 19-seater Dornier 228 aircraft and 30-seater Dornier 328</listing>* <listing name="Polynesian Airlines [" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="] operate " hours="" price="">Operate a 19-seater Twin Otter aircraft.</listing>
===By boat===
The island of Tutuila has the international seaport of Pago Pago, this . This port is served by a number of passenger carrying cruise ships and cargo ships.
==Get around==
===By plane===
[[Inter Island Airways]] are is the only airline providing daily domestic air services between Pago Pago and the Manu'a Island of Tau.
* Flight time between Pago Pago and the Manu'a Islands is approximately 30-40 min. Inter Island Airways will generally add additional flights as needed. Inter Island Vacations [] provides reservations and bookings on Inter Island Airways flights.
'''Fitiuta Airport''' ({{IATA|FTI}}), (FAA:'''FAQ'''), 975 x 23 m (3,200 x 75 ft) is a public use airport located in the village of Fiti‘uta on the northeast portion of Ta‘ū island.
* [[Inter Island Airways]] operates flights between Fitiuta Airport on Ta‘ū island and [[Apia]] (Faleolo International Airport (IATA|APW) in (independent) Samoa. Upon arrival at Ta'u airport, locals with boats are available to take visitors to Ofu and Olosega islands.
'''Ofu Airport''' ({{IATA|OFU}}) has a public airport located one mile 2 km (1 .2 mi) southeast of the village of Ofu on the island of [[Ofu]] which is not currently served by a commercial airline.
* Inter Island Airways operates flights to Ta‘ū island
===By car===
Several car rental facilities are available at or near the Tutuila airport. On Tutuila taxis are available at the airport, and near the market in Fagatogo.
===By bus===
Several car rental facilities are available at or near the Tutuila airport. On Tutuila taxis are available at the airport, and near the market in Fagatogo. The island of Tutuila has good public transportation (frequent, but unscheduled) via “aiga” or “family” buses. For 50 cents to a dollar you can be taken around Pago Pago Harbor, and to the more remote parts of the island. Buses originate and terminate at the market in Fagatogo, the village next to Pago Pago. The roads are generally too narrow and the traffic too busy for bicycles.
Hail an aiga bus with a wave of your hand. Many Samoans carry a quarter or two in their ears for bus fare as the wraparound skirts (''lavalava'') don't have pockets. When you want off, tap the window a few times and the bus will stop and pay the driver by tossing your fare (a quarter up to a dollar depending on the route and distance traveled) onto the dashboard on your way out.
The native language is [[Samoan phrasebook|Samoan]], a Polynesian language related to Hawaiian and other Pacific island languages. '''English''' is widely spoken, and most people can at least understand it. Most people are bilingual to some degree.
Some commons common words/phrases:
Hello - Talofa (tah-low-fah)
*To'aga Beach on the south side of Ofu. Bring your snorkel to explore the pristine coral reef that fringes its shore.
*Tisa's Barefoot Bar & Grill on the northern end of the island. Beach access but no shower.
American Samoa features a lot of locally run shops and kiosks with products ranging from handmade clothing to traditional wooden weapons.
==Stay healthy==
American Samoa has few health risks of concern for normally healthy persons visiting the islands. There are, however, a significant number of cases of dengue fever each year, spread by [[mosquitoes]], so don't forget your insect repellent (containing DEET). Another common danger, in or near residential areas, are packs of stray dogs. Most dogs, while they may nominally belong to someone, are left to fend and forage for themselves. They are territorial, and will often bite. The most common response by locals is to pretend to bend down and pick up a rock. This will often scare the dogs away because they are used to being abused and hit with thrown rocks. Bring necessary medications with you, for supplies may not be available. Medical care is limited and there is none available on the Manu’a Islands. The LBJ Tropical Medical Center is on Tutuila island and located in the village of Faga'alu. It was once a highly regarded regional health centre center; however , it has fallen on hard times, it . It has staffing problems and only provides marginal (though inexpensive) service. A serious illness or injury will generally be evacuated to a hospital in Hawaii, Fiji, or New Zealand or Australia. When travelling traveling in the region , carry some basic medications such as aspirin or paracetamol (acetaminophen/TylonolTylenol), cold capsules, band-aids, sun screen, vitamins, anti-diarrhea pills, and a good insect repellant. In many areas of Tutuila, the tap water is not safe for drinking or washing dishes due to ''E. coli'' contamination. Check with the American Samoa Environmental Protection Agency for details or drink bottled water.
==Stay safe==
American Samoa has low crime rates, though it's best to stay where the crowds are while in on the beach.While swimming, don't go too far out, as the rip tides are common. There might be some dangerous animals around, but [[mosquitoes]] will likely be the biggest culprits during your stay—don't forget your insect repellent.
Except for perhaps a few thousand individuals nearly all inhabitants of American Samoa are indigenous Samoans of Polynesian ancestry. More than any other U.S. or Polynesians Polynesian peoples, Samoans are oriented toward traditional customs and lifestyles. They closely follow the social customs and hierarchies developed prior to the arrival of the first Europeans in the region. This Samoan way, or ''fa'asamoa'' is still deeply ingrained in American Samoa culture.
The most apparent character is the Samoan ''matai'' system of organization and philosophy. In general, each village is made up of a group of ''aiga'', or extended families, which include as many relatives as can be claimed. Each ''aiga'' is headed by a chief, or ''matai'', who represents the family on all matters including the village council, or ''fono''. ''Matais'' hold title to all assets of the ''aigas'', or families; they represent and are responsible for law enforcement and punishment of infractions occurring in their villages.
*It is considered an honor to be asked to share ''kava'' (a local drink made from the root of the pepper plant). To show respect, spill a few drops on the ground or mat in front of you, then raise your cup and say "manuia" (mahn-ooh-WE-ah) before drinking.
*Do not eat or drink while walking through a village.
*It is very disrespectful to walk in a village when a sacred ritual is in placeprogress.
[[it:Samoa Americane]]
[[pl:Samoa Amerkańskie]]
[[pt:Samoa Americana]]

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