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Metric and Imperial equivalents

492 bytes added, 01:12, 21 November 2012
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{{traveltopic}}
Most countries in the world now use the metric system.  Almost the only holdouts still using the old British Imperial system of weights and measures are the [[USA]] and [[Liberia]] (using a version of the old British Imperial system of weights and measures with peculiarly shrunken measures) and [[Burma]] (which uses yet another system).  However, in June 2011, the Burmese government's Ministry of Commerce began discussing proposals to reform the measurement system in Burma and adopt the metric system used by most of its trading partners. The [[United Kingdom]] and [[Canada]] (except the already mostly-metrified fully metricated and francophone [[Quebec]]) are in a curious state halfway between metric and Imperial unitsand, and while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stone stones during your visit. The only units the two different systems have in common are time units from the second , through minutes, hours and days to centurycenturies.
We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate.
|-
|
|colspan="24" style="border-right:dotted blue 2px"|←freezing
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid blue 2px"|cold
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid lightblue 2px"|cool
|-
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°C 
| -40|| '''-418''' || -4 || 0 || '''4''' || 7 || '''10''' || 13 || '''15''' || 18 || '''21''' || 24 || '''26''' || 30 || '''32''' || 35 || '''40'''
|- style="font-style:italic; line-height:50%"
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°F 
| -40 || '''250''' || 25 || 32 || '''40''' || 45 || '''50''' || 55 || '''60''' || 65 || '''70''' || 75 || '''80''' || 85 || '''90''' || 95 || '''104'''
|}
:'''20 °C''' — '''''68 °F''''' — Room temperature
:'''0 °C''' — '''''32 °F''''' — Water freezes
:'''-18 °C''' — '''''0 °F''''' — Ouch. Finnish people start to wear jackets.
:'''-40 °C''' — '''''-40 °F''''' — ''Forty below zero!''
:'''-89 °C''' — '''''-129 °F''''' — Lowest temperature recorded on earth
'''Option 2''': A nice little poem to remember for Celsius...
Zero is freezing.10 is not.20 is warm.and 30 is hot!
'''Option 3''': For the mathematically inclined or those with a claculatorcalculator: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F-32)/1.8
==Length and distance==
== Volume ==
 
The standard metric unit of volume is the litre.
Many things, however, are measured in ml mL (millilitres, also abbreviated outside of Wikitravel as ml) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc.
In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fluid ounces while Imperial is 40; a litre is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres.
=== Comparisons ===
 
* 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg.
== Metric prefixes ==
 
1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres.
1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams.
==See also==*[[Wikitravel:Abbreviations]]*[[Wikitravel:Measurements]]   {{Outlineusabletopic}}
[[fi:Mittausjärjestelmät]]
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