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Grozny

5,015 bytes added, 16:57, 7 May 2013
Understand
{{warningbox|Grozny remains extremely dangerous and is emphatically '''NOT safe for tourists''' a tourist destination. Chechen rebels remain active and organized crime continues to plague the city.}}[[*Update*]] December 2012. The situation in Grozny has stabilized as time progresses. Travel to Grozny is still not advised, however the security situation continues to improve.
[[Image:Groznymosque.jpg.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Grozny Mosque]]'''Grozny''' ([[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Гро́зный ''GROHZ-nyh'') is the war-torn capital city of the Russian republic of [[Chechnya]]. Since Grozny has undergone a massive rebuilding and development program since the end of the Second Chechen War, Grozny has undergone a renaissance in development 2002. Many of the shelled and many abandoned or low-quality apartments aandoned apartment blocs and houses have been demolished and replaced with newer re-built apartment buildings and suburbs.  Grozny was originally a Russian fort and named after Ivan the Terriblefortress/garrison town, whose name in English is roughly translated as Grozny is Russian meaning "terrible" . The city was nearly completely destroyed as a result of the Chechen separatist wars of the 1990s and Ivan early 2000s. The United Nations declared Grozny 'the most destroyed city on Earth' in 2002.  After coming under federal control in the early 2000s, Grozny has been completely rebuilt. ==Understand==[[Image:Grozny_war.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Grozny, 1995]]Grozny was originally founded in 1818 as a Russian fort. It was a major stronghold for the Russians during the Caucasian Wars of 1818-1864. During the early 20th century, the population boomed as the city's rich oil reserves brought numerous Russian settlers from other parts of the country to work in the city. During World War II, Josef Stalin accused the Chechens of collaborating with Nazi Germany. Stalin subsequently deported the entire Chechen population in 1944 to northern Kazakhstan, killing nearly a third of the population in the process. The Chechens were allowed to return to Chechnya after Stalin's death in 1953. Following the Terribleliberalizing policies of Mikhail Gorbachev's 'perestroika', dissident separatists within Chechnya began calling for independence. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Chechnya declared independence from the nearly formed Russian name is Ivan Federation in November of that year. Led by former Soviet Air Force General Dzhokhar Dudayev, Chechnya acted as a de-facto independent state from 1991-1994. Moscow attempted to regain federal authority over the republic and remove Dudayev from power with a massive ill-fated assault on Grozny on December 31, 1994.  Heavy fighting over the next two years reduced Groznyto rubble as most of the population were either killed or forced to flee the city.  A ceasefire signed in 1996 effectively ended the fighting and resulted in Moscow withdrawing its forces from the republic.  Chechnya again gained a degree of de-facto independence from 1996-1999. Throughout 1994 However, the period was marked by rampant crime and kidnappings. Devastated by the war, Grozny became one of the world's most dangerous cities, marked by the early 2000s number of mass abductions that occurred in the city underwent chaos during the period. This culminated in the kidnapping and beheading of several Western aide workers in 1998. Chechnya's economy was in ruins and it's government ineffective as Russian military rival clans and armed militias frequently battled each other on the streets of Grozny. Without international recognition and with the loss of its credibility in the West, Islamic extremists from the Arab world began to quickly gain influence with several former rebel commanders, including the noted terrorist Shamil Basayev. Basayev's invasion of the neighboring republic of Dagestan and a series of bombings in Moscow precipitated the Second Chechen rebelsWar in September 1999. As The ensuing fighting and the recapture of today, Grozny is undergoing redevelopment but is extremely dangerous and by federal authorities left the city nearly completely destroyed. Grozny has slowly been rebuilt under the Russian Mafia is very active supervision of Chechnya's Moscow-backed leader, Ramzan Kadyrov. The security situation has stabilized in recent years and the city's redevelopment continues at a rapid pace.
==Get in==
Because of Grozny being highly devastated Due to the devastation caused by years of war, Grozny's transportation is often tricky and hard as much of Grozny's transportation system has been destroyed. However, since reconstruction projects began, it's possible to take a flight to the city or use a train, bus or the convenient highway system.
===By plane===
The only way two ways to get to Grozny by air is are by using the Moscow's Vnukovo Airport in [[and Istanbul's Sabiha Gokcen Aiport. Rusline is one airline with regular flights between Moscow]]and Grozny, and Grozny Avia is the second airline with regular flights between Istanbul and Grozny, although it may be difficult if not impossible for non-Russian visitors to gain authorization to travel to Chechnya. The flights to Grozny are extremely guarded since the war and 9/11, so expect delays.
===By train===
A night train leaves departs from [[Moscow to Grozny ]] every 2 dayssecond day, taking two nights. This Due to terrorist threats, the train is heavily guarded, so expect a lot of delays and hassles. Also, there is a night train from [[Rostov-on-the-Don]] and a day train from [[Astrakhan]]. Local trains connect with Khasavyurt and Gudermes.
===By car===
==Get around==
It's very difficult to get around Grozny since the tram and trolley systems were destroyed during the siege of Grozny . The tram is not expected to re-open, but the trolley re-opened in 2012. The trolley still has not fully developed, so it's advised to use a car to travel in the city. There is a (religious) taxi company operating in the city called Islam, which uses green-painted cars.
==See==
* Recently completed The main attraction to Grozny is the '''Grozny Central Dome Mosque''' , which was recently completed and is the largest mosque in EuropeRussia.* Another attraction you may also want to see is the '''Church of St. Michael the Archangel''' which has been recently been renovated after being almost destroyed during the war.* Another good place to go is to '''Downtown Grozny''' which features many lights and newly-opened shops and restaurants that offer good prices. There are also many stands that sell fruit and beer.
==Do==
==Buy==
Because of the region's war's affect on the economy, many items in Grozny are cheap. Don't expect to However, many items do not have regular set prices. You can find much many Western essentials you can find in other parts of the country in many stores. Many authentic swords and daggers can be bought at low prices. There might be some flea markets, but you may usually is a bazaar with many Chechen and Russian merchants. You can find bootleg copies of many producs with well-known productsbrands.
==Eat==
*'''Café Oasis''' is a reasonable place to eat in the capital downtown Grozny. It will be difficult to find though. You might want to bring a guide.
==Drink==
==Sleep==
*A good and cheap hotel to find in Grozny is the '''Hotel Arena City''', a new hotel built by the government. The hotel is new and modern, and has many essentials you can find in other hotels in the rest of the country. Many other hotels are being built. It's important to note though that rebels keep an eye on the hotels like a hawk, so be careful and try not to look suspicious.
 
==Safety==
Grozny has only partly stabilized enough to be safe for travel. Take extreme caution when visiting war-torn areas as there are some unexploded land-mines. Rebels often take tourists as hostages, so try to blend in with the population. Just use common sense. People in Chechnya are very modern and friendly unlike other parts of the country. If you get lost or need help you can easily find a police officer outside and he will help you with anything.
==Stay safe==Grozny is a extremely dangerous city to visit at the moment. Currently, there are many Chechen nationalists fighting in the area and it's said that the Russian Mafia have more members in the city than there are police. It's advised NOT to speak Chechen in 'Many foreign governments, including the city as a foreigner speaking the language will attract a lot of attention. Nationalists do not take kindly to touristsUK, so sometimes you may want to wear a rag on your face to avoid attention. In generalCanadian and US governments, it's advised strongly warn their citizens not to avoid traveling travel to Grozny at all timesChechnya under any circumstances. If you really need to go They report that there have been many incidents of their citizens visiting thereas well as Russian citizens being missing, take a lot of precautionkilled, or kidnapped for ransom.'''
==Get out==
*[[Argun]]: Argun is a city that is just a few miles east of Grozny. Just take the highway if you want to visit Argun.
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