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Gabrovo

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{{pagebanner|Gabrovo Banner.jpg}}'''Gabrovo''' ([[Bulgarian phrasebook|Bulgarian]]: Габрово) [http://www.gabrovo.bg/index.php?l=75] is a city in [[Central Northern Bulgaria]]. [[Image:Dormition of the Most Holy Mother of God Church Gabrovo TB1.jpg|thumb|250px|A church in Gabrovo]]
==Understand==
Once an industrial city which produced much of Bulgaria's textiles, carpets and clothing, Gabrovo has reinvented itself since the fall of communism as a popular tourist destination, providing a comfortable place to stay, shop and dine and quick access to many local destinations. The city is also home to two museums, several historical churches and monuments in and historic bridges over the Yantra River, all popular destinations for tourists and sight seers. Recently the town won one of the biggest prizes in a national survey for "The best living town in Bulgaria" - Gabrovo won the "Greenest (Ecological) city" and came in second in readers’ choice contest.
Gabrovo began as communities harnessing the power of the Yantra River for mills and water wheels. A result of this legacy makes Gabrovo the longest city in Bulgaria as it follows the river, running north from the Balkans Mountains.
 
===Climate===
The city has a continental climate, owing to its position close to the Balkan Mountains and distance from the Black Sea. Gabrovo has hot summers and cold, snowy winters – which is good for the popular sky resorts in the nearby Uzana area. This part of Bulgaria has all four seasons, although spring is brief and falls mainly in April. The average high daily temperature in summer is about 27 C and in winter about 4 C.
==Get in==
===By car===
Gabrovo is at an intersection point of two of the national arterial thoroughfares, which are of great significance to the European road network, i.e. road E-85 as part of the trans-European transport corridor № 9 (Helsinki - [[St. Petersburg]] - [[Kiev]] - [[Bucharest]] - [[RuseRousse]] - [[Veliko Tarnovo]] - [[Gabrovo]] - [[Dimitrovgrad]] with deviations to [[Greece]] and [[Turkey]]) and Hemus Motorway Sofia – Varna.
===By bus===
===By train===
Gabrovo may be accessed through a railroad spur at an intersection with the European railway line CE C-E 95 (which runs north-south) in the small village of Tsareva Livada. Stops on the mainline to the north include historic [[Veliko Turnovo]] and the major transport hub of [[Gorna Oryahovitsa]] and stops to the south include the mountain villages of [[Tryavna]] and Raduntsi and the city [[Stara Zagora]] on the southern side of the Balkan Mountains. The spur line from Tsareva Livada runs several times a day, though there are sometimes two hours layovers at the Tsareva Livada railroad station between when the Gabrovo train and trains running on the main north-south line.
===By plane===
==Get around==
Gabrovo is home to many taxis, marshrutkas, 11 urban bus lines [http://www.gabrovo.bg/index.php?l=75] bus lines, four urban trolley lines and five urban minibus lines, all of which offer quick transport at low cost to destinations across the city. The municipal government building, cultural center, library, theater, the city bazaar (vegetable and farmer's market), multiple restaurants, bars, shops, hotels and both museums are also close to the center of the city, placing them all with in easy walking distance of each other.If you want to get from one place to another, you can use the public transport in Gabrovo city, which is consisted of around 30 bus lines, the ticket price for one line is 1.00 BGN (leva). Thanks to Municipal passenger transport in Gabrovo you can achieve any point of the city with the municipal transport.
==See==
[[Image: Etura Gabrovo 8.JPG|thumb|250px|A house from Etara ( merchant shop]]
* <see name="Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex" alt="Архитектурно-етнографски комплекс „Етър“" address="" directions="about 8 kilometers south-east of Gabrovo on E-85" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.etar.org/" hours=" Closed in winter, regular business hours in spring, summer and autumn" price=" 5 lev (about $3.50 US or 2.50 Euro) for entrance" lat="42°48′34″N" long="25°20′54″E" tags="">Usually referred to as Etura, this is a recreation of a Bulgarian Revival Village, similar to what Gabrovo was like during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. Built in the 1960s, the complex is home to a number of shops and crafts such as wood-carving, pottery, coppersmith crafts, furriery, cutlery making, needlework etc. There are also shops for souvenirs and a nearby three star hotel with a bar and a restaurant.</see>
* '''<see name="The House of Humour and Satire''' " alt="Дом на Хумора и Сатирата" address="No. 68 Bryanska Blvd. (бул. Брянска 68 — '')" directions="along the Yantra River, about one kilometer north of the center of the city.''), [" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.humorhouse.bg/]" hours=" 9 am - 5:30 pm, closed an hour for lunch" price=" 5 lev (about $3.50 US or 2. 50 Euro) for entrance" lat="" long="" tags="">Over the centuries, Gabrovo and the people of Gabrovo developed a reputation for being skinflints. A symbol of the town, a black cat without its tail, comes from the saying that the locals are so cheap, they cut off the tails of the cat in order to open and shut the door as quickly as possible, allowing them to save heat! To their credit, the people of Gabrovo took this reputation and made it their own, eventually establishing a museum in the city which covers this reputation and provides a venue for other aspects of Bulgarian culture and the arts of Gabrovo.</see>
* '''Etar Architectural-<see name="Ethnographic Complex''' (''Village of Bozhentsi" alt="Етнографското селище Боженци" address="" directions="about 8 15 kilometers south-east of Gabrovo on E-85.''), [http://www.etar.org/]. Usually referred to as Eturaand just north of the Shipka Pass" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="As a village there is no entry fee, this is a recreation however some of a Bulgarian Revival Villagethe museums in the village do have entry fees" lat="" long="" tags="">A village and architectural reserve in Gabrovo municipality, similar as compared to what the city of Gabrovo itself, Bozhentsi was like during the 17th, 18th proclaimed an architectural and 19th centuries. Built historical reserve in the 1960s, the complex 1964 and is home to a number part of shops and crafts such as wood-carving, pottery, coppersmith crafts, furriery, cutlery making, needlework etcUNESCO's cultural monuments. There are also shops for souvenirs A Roman bridge lies east of the village and a nearby three star hotel with a bar and a restaurant. Etura is about eight kilometers from forest path leading to [[Tryavna]] begins on the center of Gabrovoother side.</see>
* '''The Ethnographical Village of Bozhentsi''' (''<see name="Shipka Memorial" alt="lпаметник „Шипка“" address="" directions="about 15 18 kilometers south-east of Gabrovo and just 13 km north of the village of Shipka Pass''). on E-85" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="latitude" long="longitude" tags="comma,separated,tag_labels">A village and architectural reserve in Gabrovo municipality, as compared memorial to those who died for the city Liberation of Gabrovo itself, Bozhentsi was proclaimed an architectural and historical reserve Bulgaria during the Battles of Shipka Pass in 1964 and is part the Russo-Turkish War of UNESCO's cultural monuments1877-78. There are several floors inside the a 31. A Roman bridge lies east 5-metre (98-foot) high stone tower where one can find replica of Bulgarian military flags and other relics and the top of the village tower reveals a panorama of Shipka Peak and a forest path leading to [[Tryavna]] begins on the other sidesurrounding area. </see>
* '''Shipka Memorial''' (''<see name="Dryanovo Monastery" alt="lДряновски манастир" address="" directions="about 18 20 kilometers south-north east of Gabrovo and 13 km north of , close to the village of Shipka Dryanovo on E-85''). " phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="As a monastery there is no entry fee" lat="" long="" tags="comma,separated,tag_labels">A memorial to those who died for the Liberation of Bulgaria during functioning Bulgarian Orthodox monastery situated in the Battles of Shipka Pass Andaka River Valley, It was founded in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. There are several floors inside 12th century, during the a 31.5-metre (98-foot) high stone tower where one can find replica of Second Bulgarian military flags Empire and other relics is dedicated to Archangel Michael. Twice burnt down and pillaged during the top Ottoman rule of Bulgaria, the tower reveals a panorama monastery was restored at it present place in 1845. It was the site of Shipka Peak and several battles during the surrounding areaApril Uprising of 1876.</see>
* '''Dryanovo Monastery''' (''<see name="Gradishte" alt="Градище" address="" directions="about 20 three kilometers north east of the center of Gabrovo" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="It has no set hours, close though inhospitable and difficult to the village of Dryanovo on E-85''). A functioning Bulgarian Orthodox monastery situated access in the Andaka River Valley, winter" price="It was founded in the 12th centuryis a public park and historic site, during the Second Bulgarian Empire and with no entry fee." lat="" long="" tags="">This is dedicated to Archangel Michael. Twice burnt down and pillaged during the Ottoman rule site of Bulgariaruins of a fortress dating to antiquity, a picnic area, the monastery was restored at it present place in 1845a children's playground and lovely pine groves. It was the The Gradishte site also features a cliff-top view of several battles during the April Uprising of 1876Gabrovo.</see>
* '''Gradishte''' (''<see name="Sokolski Monastery" alt="Соколски манастир" address="" directions="about three 15 kilometers east of the center southwest of Gabrovo''). This is the site of ruins of , not far from Etura" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="As a fortress dating to antiquitymonistary, there is no entry fee. Spartan rooms are available for rent on a picnic areafirst-come, first serve basis." lat="" long="" tags="">The Sokolski Monastery is a children's playground Bulgarian Orthodox monastery founded in 1833 and lovely pine grovesnamed after its founder Yosif Sokolski. It in the Bulgarka Nature Park and is close to the Sokolovo cave. The Gradishte site also features a cliff-top view whole monastery was built during the Bulgarian National Revival with the strong support of the people of Gabrovoand the local villages. The monastery also played an important role during the April Uprising..</see>
* '''Sokolski Monastery''' <see name="Regional Historical Museum" alt="Регионален исторически музей" address="Str. 10 Nikolaevska (''ул. Николаевска № 10)" directions="about 15 kilometers southwest a kilometer south-south-east of Gabrovothe city center" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.h-museum-gabrovo.bg/" hours="9 pm - 5:30 pm, not far from Etura''closed an hour for lunch" price="5 lev (about $3.50 US or 2.50 Euro)for entrance" lat="" long="" tags="comma,separated,tag_labels">The Historical Museum takes an important place in the cultural life of Gabrovo. The Sokolski Monastery beginning dates back to the first museum collection initiated in 1883 in Aprilov High School by the school principal Raicho Karolev. Nowadays the museum is housed in a Bulgarian Orthodox monastery founded beautiful baroque building built in 1833 and named after its founder Yosif Sokolski1904. It in Its rich collection includes 90 000 exhibits from the Bulgarka Nature Park and is close to Paleolithic era, the Sokolovo cavelate-ancient civilization on these lands (IV-VI centuries BC. The whole monastery was built during ), the First and Second Bulgarian National Revival with Kingdom, the strong support of Ottoman Empire, the people of Gabrovo Revival period and the local villagesindustrial boom, up to present days. The monastery also played an important role during the April Uprising.</see>
* '''Regional Historical Museum''' Str<see name="Hristo Tsekov Gallery" alt="Христо Цеков Галерия" address="No. 10 Nikolaevska Kiril and Metodii (ул. Николаевска Св. Кирил и Методий № 10), [" directions="about 2/3rds of a kilometer due south of the city center" phone="066/803 002" email="[email protected]" fax="066/ 80 33 81" url="http://www.hexample.com" hours="8 am -museum-gabrovo.bg/]. 6 pm" price="" lat="" long="" tags="">The Historical Museum takes an important place gallery was opened in the cultural life of Gabrovo1974. The beginning dates back to It is named after the first museum collection initiated Bulgarian artist with professional education who was born in 1883 in Aprilov High Gabrovo and graduated the Art School by the school principal Raicho Karolev. Nowadays the museum is housed in a beautiful baroque building built in 1904Moscow. Its rich collection includes 90 000 exhibits permanent exhibition presents valuable models of icons from the Paleolithic era, the lateicon-ancient civilization on these lands (IV-VI centuries BCpainting school in Tryavna. The gallery has four exhibition halls with a total area of 3000 sq.), the First and Second Bulgarian Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, the Revival period and the industrial boom, up to present daysm.</see>
* ==Buy==[[Image: Gabrovo 3gruev.jpg|thumb|250px|The town'''Hristo Tsekov Gallery''' Nos clock tower]]Gabrovo offers a profusion of shopping opportunities, including the Central Mall of Gabrovo [http://www.piccadilly. 10 Kiril and Metodii bg] (ул. Св. Кирил и Методий № 10just south of the city center), the Terra Mall [http://www.artterramall.bg] (north-gabrovo.comwest of the city center by about 1 km), a Technopolis [http:/_/Welcomewww.htmltechnopolis.bg]. The gallery was opened in 1974. It is named after (north-west of the first Bulgarian artist with professional education who was born in Gabrovo city center by about 3 km) and graduated the Art School in Moscowa Billa Supermarket [http://www.billa. Its permanent exhibition presents valuable models bg/eurobilla_bg/] (north-east of icons from the icon-painting school in Tryavnacity center by about 1 km). The gallery has four exhibition halls with a total area of 3000 sq. mIn addition are many shops selling souvenirs, clothing, shoes, books and numerous Bulgarian delis, which are referred to as magazines.
==Eat==
* <eat name="Glineni Garneta" alt="Глинени Гърнета" address="No. 9 Radion Umikov St. (ул. Радион Умников 9)" directions="" phone="+066/805 168" email="" fax="" url="" hours=" Regular business hours" price=" Price range of 8 to 16 lev (or $5 to $10 U.S. or 4 to 8 Euros)" lat="" long="" tags=""> The establishment serves cakes, pies, fruit cocktails, coffees and similar desserts and snacks.</eat>
* <eat name="Tempo" alt="Темпо" address="No. 1 Shipka St. (ул. Шипка 1)" directions="" phone=" 066/804 867" email="" fax="" url="" hours=" Regular business hours" price=" Price range of 8 to 16 lev (or $5 to $10 U.S. or 4 to 8 Euros)" lat="" long="" tags=""> The establishment serves Italian and traditional Bulgarian cuisine.</eat>
* <eat name="La Skala" alt=Buy"Ла Скалла" address="No. 3 Radion Umikov St. (ул. Радион Умников 3)" directions="" phone="066/805 051" email="" fax="" url="" hours=" Regular business hours" price=" Price range of 10 to 25 lev (or $6 to $17 U.S. or 5 to 13 Euros)" lat="" long="" tags=""> The establishment serves pizza and similar foods.</eat>
* <eat name="Pri Lovetsa" alt=Eat"При Ловеца" address="No. 17 Emanuil Manolov St. (ул. Емануил Манолов 17)" directions="" phone="089/913 489" email="" fax="" url="" hours=" Regular business hours" price=" Price range of 10 to 25 lev (or $6 to $17 U.S. or 5 to 13 Euros)" lat="" long="" tags=""> The establishment serves traditional Bulgarian and international cuisine.</eat>
==Drink==
Drinking establishments are common in Bulgaria and Gabrovo. Beer and alcohol are available at almost all coffee shops, restaurants and shops where food and refreshments are available. There are few establishments which serve only alcohol.
==Sleep==
* <sleep name="Gabrovo Hills Hotel" alt="Габрово Хилс Хотел" address="No. 55 Iztok St. (ул. Изток 55)" directions="Gabrovo Hills Hotel is 500 meters from the centre of town" phone="+028 6293 39" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">The hotel offers view of the city of Gabrovo, Buzludzha Peak and Botev Peak and the Balkan range.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Koliovata House" alt="Колиовата Къща" address="No. 23 Opulchenska St. (ул. Опълченска 23)" directions="located in the center of Gabrovo in the old part of the town" phone="+089 7920 757" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Guests have the chance to experience the atmosphere typical for a Bulgarian renaissance accommodation.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Hotel Gabrovo" alt="Хотел Габрово" address="No. 4 Hemus Blvd. (бул. Хемус 4)" directions="between Gabrovo and Etara" phone="066 8017 05" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">This hotel is located between the city of Gabrovo and the Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex, offering easy access to both.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Hotel Balkan" alt="Хотел Балкан" address="No. 14 Emanuel Manolov St. (ул. Емануил Манолов 14)" directions="in the heart of Gabrovo" phone="066 8010 66" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">This hotel is near shops and restaurants. It has a terrace, a night club, a casino and a modern gym.</sleep>
==Get out==
Hiking, biking and camping opportunities are widely available in the nearby Central Balkan National Park [http://www.centralbalkannationalpark.org/en/index.phtml] and in the [[Nature Park Bulgarka]], itself home to Ethnographic Complex Etara, Dryanovo Monastery, Sokolski Monastery, Shipka Pass, and the Uzana area. Also, the Gradishte Trail (Екопътека Градище) leads from the city center to the ruined fortress overlooking Gabrovo. The Bozhentsi Trail (Екопътека Боженци - Дряновски манастир) leads to the village and the Dryanovo Monastery.
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[[WikiPedia:Gabrovo]]
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