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Smolensk

711 bytes added, 10:29, 3 April 2014
By bus
'''Smolensk''' [http://www.smoladmin.ru/] ([[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Смоленск) is a city in [[Central Russia]].
==Understand==
====Katyń====
Several kilometers from Smolensk lies the Katyn (Russian: ''Катынь''; Polish: ''Katyń'') forest. In 1940, the forest was the site of a massacre of some 4,410 of Poland's intelligentsia, political elite, and Polish soldiers and high-ranking military officials. The term "Katyń massacre", however, has come to encompass a series of massacres of Poles by directive of Joseph Stalin. In total, 21,768 Poles of various professions (professors, doctors, soldiers, lawmakers, and police officers) were murdered at the hands of the Soviet Union's NKVD. In 2007, Andrzej Wajda, one of Poland's most esteem esteemed film directors, whose father had been murdered in Katyń, released a dramatic film titled ''Katyń'' that does an excellent job of examining examines the massacre and its effect effects on Poles in the years immediately after the massacre.
On April 10, 2010, nearly 70 years to the day after the massacre, Polish President Lech Kaczyński along with an entourage of high ranking Polish officials and other notable Poles were en route to a memorial service to be held in honor of the victims of the Katyń massacre when the their plane carrying the Polish delegation crashed in Smolensk, killing everyone on board. Amongst those killed, were the President's wife; the commanders of Polish Army, Navy, Air Force, Polish Special Forces; the President's Undersecretary of State, multiple government ministers, and representatives of Poland's intelligentsia. A shocked Poland mourned for weeks after the accident for the 96 victims. The bodies of the President and the First Lady, whose body was so badly disfigured that she was identified only by an inscription on her wedding ring from her husband, lied in state at the Presidential Palace in [[Warsaw]]. Mourners lined up outside the Presidential Palace in the April cold in excess of 18 hours just to lay flowers by the caskets of the President and First Lady. The President and the First Lady were later buried in [[Kraków|Kraków's]] Wawel Castle with an estimated two million mourners waiting outside the castle.
==Get in==
 
===By train===
 
From [[Moscow]] several trains from Belorusskiy train station reach Smolensk in 5-6 hours. Some of them reach into Europe as far as to [[Paris]] and [[Nice]] (in summer only). The same trains can be used to reach Smolensk from [[Belarus]]. Daily express connects Smolensk with [[Bryansk]]; there are regular trains to and from [[Saint Petersburg]].
 
===By bus===
 
Several times a week there are buses connecting Smolensk with European cities, such as [[Berlin]], [[Warsaw]], [[Madrid]], [[Riga]] and some others, the timetable is subject to change, though. Other buses run to [[Mogilev]], [[Kaluga]], [[Velikiye Luki]], [[Kursk]] and [[Tver]]. Daily buses run to [[Mstislavl]], [[Belgorod]], [[Bryansk]], [[Moscow]], [[Oryol]], [[Saint Petersburg]] and [[Tula]].
The road from Moscow to Smolensk takes about 4.30-6 hours (depending on possible traffic jams in Moscow), a single ticket costs 700 rubles (approximately 14.5 Euros or 20 USD).
 
===By car and by thumb===
 
Smolensk is situated on the M1/E30 and A141 highways. Both are good for hitchhiking as well, though note, that M1 is about 6km north from the city.
==Get around==
==See==
* ''<see name = 'Assumption Cathedral''', a >A 300-years old cathedralin Baroque style. It was built Famous for its magnificent interiors, in the baroque which features of traditional Russian styleand of Baroque are combined.</see>
==Do==
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