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Russian Far East

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[[Image:KamchatkaVolcano.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula]]
'''Far Eastern Russia''' ([[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Да́льный Восто́к Росси́й, ''DAHL'-nih vah-STOHK rah-SEE'') is the easternmost part of [[Russia]], comprising its Pacific Ocean islands, coastline and a swathe of eastern Siberia. The northern part of the region is in the [[Arctic]].
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* [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] &mdash; gateway to nature lovers' paradise
* [[Vladivostok]] &mdash; the largest city and the Russian terminus of the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]
* [[Yakutsk]] &mdash; quite possibly [[Earth]]'s coldest city
* [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] &mdash; the Russian Far East's island capital
* [[Magadan Oblast|Kolyma]] &mdash; the terrifying Soviet gulag system of Siberia's coldest, remotest, and most hopeless mining region
* [[Pole of Cold]] &mdash; the coldest place on earth outside [[Antarctica]], in the heart of [[Yakutia]]
* The [[Primorsky Krai|Sikhote-Alin ]] mountain range]] &mdash; the region home to the famous Amur Tiger as well as an enormous meteorite crash site, and designated a [[UNESCO World Heritage list|UNESCO World Heritage site]] for its diverse ecosystems ranging from Siberian to subtropical.
* [[Wrangel Island]] &mdash; an arctic island and [[UNESCO World Heritage list|UNESCO World Heritage site]] at the end of the earth, of dramatic mountainous tundra landscapes, biodiversity, walruses, grey whales, and the world's highest concentration of polar bear dens.
The Russian Far East is extraordinarily far from Russia's major population centers in [[Europe]] and is usually visited separately, unless by the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]. The largest city in the region, Vladivostok, is a full seven time zones away from [[Moscow]], with 9,300 km of railroad between them. The Far East is very different from popular conceptions of Russia&mdash;it is very mountainous and has an often spectacular Pacific coastline.
If time and money are not constraints, the highlights of this massive region include the city of [[Vladivostok]], the beautiful [[Sakhalin Oblast|Kuril Islands]], the otherworldly National Parks of [[Kamchatka]], cruising along the coast of [[Chukotka]], and big game hunting in the wildlife paradise of [[Yakutia]].
There are a good number of Finnic and ChukutkoChukotko-Kamchatkan languages spoken throughout the more northerly regions of the Far East. [[Korean phrasebook|Korean]] is also widely spoken in [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] by the Sakhalin Koreans. But, as in all of Russia, [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] is the principal language and is spoken by nearly everyone, regardless of their first language. [[Chinese phrasebook|Chinese]] and [[Japanese phrasebook|Japanese]] are common foreign languages as students learn them in the nearby border regions of Russia, but European languages are far less widespread than in European Russian Russia and travelers should not expect to rely on them. However English is a major international language and expect it to be the most widespread among students and business people here.
==Get in==
Distances between cities and towns in the Russian Far East are ''huge'' and ''infrastructure is lacking''. A combination of using the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]], the [[Baikal-Amur Mainline]], and for destinations off the rail system, domestic flights, will get you around the majority, but not the entirety, of the region. In particular, [[Northeastern Russia]] is almost entirely without interregional transportation infrastructure and is off the Russian rail network&mdash;the one exception is the long, lonely, seasonal, and partially maintained country roads connecting [[Yakutsk]] to [[Magadan]]. Heading north from [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] by road will only take you as far as [[Esso]], road tracks passable by half-track vehicles in March extend as far as [[Palana]]; from Palana onwards, overland travel becomes wilderness adventure.
 This lack of roads and rail network makes travel by sea along the coast a much more accessible option, with expedition cruising companies like (such as Heritage Expedition have pioneered tourism in the regionExpeditions www.heritage-expeditions. Heritage Expeditions operates its com) operating their own ice-strengthened polar research vessel vessels on several trips from Sakhalin in the south to Kamchatka and Kamchatka north into the Russian Arctic including Wrangel and Herald Islands, famous for the density of Polar Bears. ===By air===* Yakutia Airlines.[]* Vladivostok Airlines.[]
* [[Kolyma Highway]] — ultimate adventure in Russian taiga, connecting [[Magadan]] with [[Yakutsk]] and featuring lots of abandoned towns
==Get out==
The Russian Far East borders [[Mongolia]] and [[China]] to the south, [[North Korea]] and [[Japan]] to the southeast, and [[Alaska]] to the northeast, and there is transport available to all of them from nearby regions in the Far East.
[[it:Estremo Oriente (Russia)]]
[[nl:Oostelijk Rusland]]
[[ru:Дальний Восток]]
[[wts:category:Russian Far East]]
[[WikiPedia:Far Eastern Federal District]]
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