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Ladakhi phrasebook

9,944 bytes added, 20:17, 22 October 2012
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==Pronunciation guide==
Ladakhi is Romanized in a similar way to Hindi, the most important thing to remember being that the "Th" represents a "T" sound with a bit more air.
This corresponds to a large part to the pronounciation of Latin, German, Finnish, and many other European languages. What is written as -le is pronounced as in English "length", or French "lé".
===Vowels===
===Basics===
 
{{infobox|Quick phrases|
*'''Jule''', also transcripted as '''Jullay''' (pronounced ''joo-lay''): an all purpose word for hello, goodbye, and thank you. Use it always!
*'''Khamzang?''': are you well?(casual)
*'''Khamzang''': I am well
*'''Hamago''': I don't understand
*'''Dik''': it's ok, that's enough, I'm alright
*'''-le''': a particle when added to the end of sentences make it polite, added to names is a respectful term of address
*'''Zhuks-le''': sit stay (polite)*'''Don-le''': eat drink (polite)
*'''Skyot''': go away (polite)
}}
; Hello. : . (''Jule''); Hello. (''informal'') : . ('' '')Jule; How are you? : ? ('' Nyerang = You) Khamzang ina-le?''); Fine, thank you. : Khamzang in le! . (O'' '')-Jule!; What is your name? : Nyerangi mingla chi in? ('' ?'')
; My name is ______ . : ______ . ('' _____ .'')
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
; Please. : . ('' '')Jule; Thank you. : . ('' '')Jule; You're welcome. : . ('O' '')-Jule!; Yes. : Dik (ok) . / Ha-le? ('' ''when responding to someone calling you); No. : Man-le. ('' ''); Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . ('' Gongspa salazad''); Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : . ('' Gongspa salazad ''); I'm sorry. : . ('' Gongspa salazad ''); Goodbye : . ('' Ya Jule ''); Goodbye (''informal'') : . ('' Ya Jule'')
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
; Do you speak English? : ? ('' ?'')
; Help! : ! ('' !'')
; Look out! : ! ('' !'')
; Good morning. : . ('' Nato deleks'')
; Good evening. : . ('' '')
; Good night. : Chi tro daylaik . ('' '')
; Good night (''to sleep'') : . ('' '')
; I don't understand. : . ('' '')
; Where is the toilet? : ? ('' ?'')
===Problems===
 
; Leave me alone. : . (''na tsapik chikpo dugnin rag pa'')
; Don't touch me! : ! (''na lagpa ma stey'')
; I'll call the police. : . (''ney police bodin hey'')
; Police! : ! ('' !'')
; Stop! Thief! : ! ! (''rhung! Rkunma'')
; I need your help. : . ('' na yato goshes rag'')
; It's an emergency. : . ('' .'')
; I'm lost. : . (''na stor han .'')
; I lost my bag. : . ('' ney jola bo stor.'')
; I lost my wallet. : . ('' ney khomags bo stor.'')
; I'm sick. : . (''na zumo rag pa .'')
; I've been injured. : . ('' na phog lay.'')
; I need a doctor. : . ('' na amchi jig goshey rag'')
; Can I use your phone? : ? ('' rane phone bo jig mitang na?'')
===Numbers===
 
; 1 : (''chik '')
; 2 : (''nyis '')
; 3 : (''sum '')
; 4 : (''jzhe '')
; 5 : (''nghra '')
; 6 : (''tuk '')
; 7 : (''dun '')
; 8 : (''gyat '')
; 9 : (''gyu '')
; 10 : (''chu '')
; 11 : (''chug-tzik '')
; 12 : (''chug-nis '')
; 13 : (''chug-sum '')
; 14 : (''chug-jzhe '')
; 15 : (''chug-nghra '')
; 16 : (''chu-ruk '')
; 17 : (''chub-dun '')
; 18 : (''chob-gyat '')
; 19 : (''chur-gu '')
; 20 : (''nyi-shu '')
; 21 : (''nyishu-ser-chik '')
; 22 : (''nyishu-ser nyis '')
; 23 : (''nyishu-sar gu '')
; 30 : ('' '')
; 40 : ('' '')
; 50 : ('' '')
; 60 : ('' '')
; 70 : ('' '')
; 80 : ('' '')
; 90 : ('' '')
; 100 : ('' '')
; 200 : ('' '')
; 300 : ('' '')
; 1,000 : ('' '')
; 2,000 : ('' '')
; 1,000,000 : ('' '')
; 1,000,000,000 : ('' '')
; 1,000,000,000,000 : ('' '')
; number _____ (train, bus, etc.) : ('' '')
; half : ('' '')
; less : ('' '')
; more : ('' '')
===Time===
 
; now : ('' '')
; later : ('' '')
; before : ('' '')
; morning : ('' '')
; afternoon : ('' '')
; evening : ('' '')
; night : ('' '')
====Clock time====
 
; one o'clock AM : ('' '')
; two o'clock AM : ('' '')
; noon : ('' '')
; one o'clock PM : ('' '')
; two o'clock PM : ('' '')
; midnight : ('' '')
====Duration====
 
; _____ minute(s) : ('' '')
; _____ hour(s) : ('' '')
; _____ day(s) : ('' '')
; _____ week(s) : ('' '')
; _____ month(s) : ('' '')
; _____ year(s) : ('' '')
====Days====
; today : ('' '')
; yesterday : ('' '')
; tomorrow : ('' '')
; this week : ('' '')
; last week : ('' '')
; next week : ('' '')
 
; Sunday : ('' '')
; Monday : ('' '')
; Tuesday : ('' '')
; Wednesday : ('' '')
; Thursday : ('' '')
; Friday : ('' '')
; Saturday : ('' '')
====Months====
 
<!--If speakers of the language commonly use a calendar other than the Gregorian, explain it here and list its months. See [[Hebrew phrasebook]] for an example.-->
 
; January : ('' '')
; February : ('' '')
; March : ('' '')
; April : ('' '')
; May : ('' '')
; June : ('' '')
; July : ('' '')
; August : ('' '')
; September : ('' '')
; October : ('' '')
; November : ('' '')
; December : ('' '')
====Writing time and date====
<!--Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from English.-->
===Colors===
 
; black : ('' '')
; white : ('' '')
; gray : ('' '')
; red : ('' '')
; blue : ('' '')
; yellow : ('' '')
; green : ('' '')
; orange : ('' '')
; purple : ('' '')
; brown : ('' '')
===Transportation===
====Bus and train====
; How much is a ticket to _____? : ('' '')
; One ticket to _____, please. : ('' '')
; Where does this train/bus go? : ('' '')
; Where is the train/bus to _____? : ('' '')
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? : ('' '')
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? : ('' '')
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? : ('' '')
====Directions====
; How do I get to _____ ? : ('' '')
; ...the train station? : ('' '')
; ...the bus station? : ('' '')
; ...the airport? : ('' '')
; ...downtown? : ('' '')
; ...the youth hostel? : ('' '')
; ...the _____ hotel? : ('' '')
; ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? : ('' '')
; Where are there a lot of... : ('' '')
; ...hotels? : ('' '')
; ...restaurants? : ('' '')
; ...bars? : ('' '')
; ...sites to see? : ('' '')
; Can you show me on the map? : ('' '')
; street : ('' '')
; Turn left. : ('' '')
; Turn right. : ('' '')
; left : ('' '')
; right : ('' '')
; straight ahead : ('' '')
; towards the _____ : ('' '')
; past the _____ : ('' '')
; before the _____ : ('' '')
; Watch for the _____. : ('' '')
; intersection : ('' '')
; north : ('' '')
; south : ('' '')
; east : ('' '')
; west : ('' '')
; uphill : ('' '')
; downhill : ('' '')
====Taxi====
; Taxi! : ('' '')
; Take me to _____, please. : ('' '')
; How much does it cost to get to _____? : ('' '')
; Take me there, please. : ('' '')
===Lodging===
 
; Do you have any rooms available? : ('' '')
; How much is a room for one person/two people? : ('' '')
; Does the room come with... : ('' '')
; ...bedsheets? : ('' '')
; ...a bathroom? : ('' '')
; ...a telephone? : ('' '')
; ...a TV? : ('' '')
; May I see the room first? : ('' '')
; Do you have anything quieter? : ('' '')
; ...bigger? : ('' '')
; ...cleaner? : ('' '')
; ...cheaper? : ('' '')
; OK, I'll take it. : ('' '')
; I will stay for _____ night(s). : ('' '')
; Can you suggest another hotel? : ('' '')
; Do you have a safe? : ('' '')
; ...lockers? : ('' '')
; Is breakfast/supper included? : ('' '')
; What time is breakfast/supper? : ('' '')
; Please clean my room. : ('' '')
; Can you wake me at _____? : ('' '')
; I want to check out. : ('' '')
===Money===
 
; Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? : ('' '')
; Do you accept British pounds? : ('' '')
; Do you accept Euros? : ('' '')
; Do you accept credit cards? : ('' '')
; Can you change money for me? : ('' '')
; Where can I get money changed? : ('' '')
; Can you change a traveler's check for me? : ('' '')
; Where can I get a traveler's check changed? : ('' '')
; What is the exchange rate? : ('' '')
; Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? : ('' '')
===Eating===
; A table for one person/two people, please. : ('' '')
; Can I look at the menu, please? : ('' '')
; Can I look in the kitchen? : ('' '')
; Is there a house specialty? : ('' '')
; Is there a local specialty? : ('' '')
; I'm a vegetarian. : ('' '')
; I don't eat pork. : ('' '')
; I don't eat beef. : ('' '')
; I only eat kosher food. : ('' '')
; Can you make it "lite", please? (''less oil/butter/lard'') : ('' '')
; fixed-price meal : ('' '')
; a la carte : ('' '')
; breakfast : ('' '')
; lunch : ('' '')
; tea (''meal'') : ('' '')
; supper : ('' '')
; I want _____. : ('' '')
; I want a dish containing _____. : ('' '')
; chicken : ('' '')
; beef : ('' '')
; fish : ('' '')
; ham : ('' '')
; sausage : ('' '')
; cheese : ('' '')
; eggs : ('' '')
; salad : ('' '')
; (fresh) vegetables : ('' '')
; (fresh) fruit : ('' '')
; bread : ('' '')
; toast : ('' '')
; noodles : ('' '')
; rice : ('' '')
; beans : ('' '')
; May I have a glass of _____? : ('' '')
; May I have a cup of _____? : ('' '')
; May I have a bottle of _____? : ('' '')
; coffee : ('' '')
; tea (''drink'') : ('' '')
; juice : ('' '')
; (bubbly) water : ('' '')
; (still) water : ('' '')
; beer : ('' '')
; red/white wine : ('' '')
; May I have some _____? : ('' '')
; salt : ('' '')
; black pepper : ('' '')
; butter : ('' '')
; Excuse me, waiter? (''getting attention of server''): ('' '')
; I'm finished. : ('' '')
; It was delicious. : ('' '')
; Please clear the plates. : ('' '')
; The check, please. : ('' '')
===Bars===
; Do you serve alcohol? : ('' '')
; Is there table service? : ('' '')
; A beer/two beers, please. : ('' '')
; A glass of red/white wine, please. : ('' '')
; A pint, please. : ('' '')
; A bottle, please. : ('' '')
; _____ (''hard liquor'') and _____ (''mixer''), please. : ('' '')
; whiskey : ('' '')
; vodka : ('' '')
; rum : ('' '')
; water : ('' '')
; club soda : ('' '')
; tonic water : ('' '')
; orange juice : ('' '')
; Coke (''soda'') : ('' '')
; Do you have any bar snacks? : ('' '')
; One more, please. : ('' '')
; Another round, please. : ('' '')
; When is closing time? : ('' '')
; Cheers! : ('' '')
===Shopping===
; Do you have this in my size? : ('' '')
; How much is this? : ('' '')
; That's too expensive. : ('' '')
; Would you take _____? : ('' '')
; expensive : ('' '')
; cheap : ('' '')
; I can't afford it. : ('' '')
; I don't want it. : ('' '')
; You're cheating me. : ('' '')
; I'm not interested. : (..)
; OK, I'll take it. : ('' '')
; Can I have a bag? : ('' '')
; Do you ship (overseas)? : ('' '')
; I need... : ('' '')
; ...toothpaste. : ('' '')
; ...a toothbrush. : ('' '')
; ...tampons. : . ('' '')
; ...soap. : ('' '')
; ...shampoo. : ('' '')
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') : ('' '')
; ...cold medicine. : ('' '')
; ...stomach medicine. : ... ('' '')
; ...a razor. : ('' '')
; ...an umbrella. : ('' '')
; ...sunblock lotion. : ('' '')
; ...a postcard. : ('' '')
; ...postage stamps. : ('' '')
; ...batteries. : ('' '')
; ...writing paper. : ('' '')
; ...a pen. : ('' '')
; ...English-language books. : ('' '')
; ...English-language magazines. : ('' '')
; ...an English-language newspaper. : ('' '')
; ...an English-English dictionary. : ('' '')
===Driving===
; I want to rent a car. : ('' '')
; Can I get insurance? : ('' '')
; stop (''on a street sign'') : ('' '')
; one way : ('' '')
; yield : ('' '')
; no parking : ('' '')
; speed limit : ('' '')
; gas (''petrol'') station : ('' '')
; petrol : ('' '')
; diesel : ('' '')
===Authority===
 
; I haven't done anything wrong. : ('' '')
; It was a misunderstanding. : ('' '')
; Where are you taking me? : ('' '')
; Am I under arrest? : ('' '')
; I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. : ('' '')
; I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. : ('' '')
; I want to talk to a lawyer. : ('' '')
; Can I just pay a fine now? : ('' '')
 
==Learning more==
{{outlinephrasebook}}
{{phrasebookguide}}
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