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→Accommodation on board: Warning to stowaways in freight trains.
*Many countries offer passes, allowing several journeys to be made within a region. [[Inter Rail]] (for Europeans) and [[Eurail]] (for others) are good value for those who qualify and wish to travel extensively through Europe. Otherwise, typically, the value gained from such a ticket is in inverse proportion to the area covered (unless you spend the whole period of the pass on trains).
*Unless you are joining the train at a minor halt with no hint of ticket office or machine (or at somewhat more major stations, like [[Preston]] or even [[Manchester]] Oxford Road, at night, although even then one must check that the ticket machine is not in use), please buy your ticket before joining the train or else you may have to pay a higher fare or a fine or even face imprisonment. Although prisons may offer free accommodation and catering, a stay in this form of government hospitality may not form an enjoyable part of your holiday.
==When to travel==
*Many trains (especially faster ones) call for very brief intervals at smaller stations, sometimes as short as 30 seconds. Have all your luggage at hand and be prepared to board quickly. Tuck away loose pieces of luggage like drinks, maps, guidebooks and coats ''before'' the train arrives to ensure a smooth boarding procedure.
*Please don't run if you can avoid it.
*Do not walk on the tracks except at an authorized, controlled crossing or under the direction of staff. Look both ways before crossing, even if warning devices are
*Stay behind any yellow lines on platforms except when you are actually boarding.
*Stand well back from the platform edge when express or through trains pass the station. They can generate a lot of suction as they pass.
*Before boarding a train, ''wait'' until all passengers getting off at your station have unboarded. Trains will ''not'' depart if there are still people queueing to get on, even if it means they're a minute late. (This doesn't apply to some frequent services at rush hour, where waiting a few extra seconds can cause the line to lock up, but on such a service it is no great loss to wait the few extra minutes for the next train.)
*When boarding, stand on either side of the door(s) when other passengers are unboarding. Making sure there is a clear and empty path in the direction of the platform exit for unboarding passengers will ensure a quicker (un)boarding.
*Tuck away your luggage as much as you can. Don't let it block the way or the seats for other passengers.
*Some trains are fairly safe as far as petty criminal activity is concerned. Others are not. When in doubt, ensure that your luggage is kept in your sight at all times. If you have your own compartment, lock the door from the inside when sleeping, preferably with your own lock.
===Accommodation on board===
*Many trains have first class accommodation. This can be affordable in some cases, or very expensive in others. You are paying (typically) for a wider seat and a much emptier compartment. The "perks" offered to first class ticket holders are usually fairly minimal (for example, free tea and coffee). Do not, under any circumstances, travel in first class unless you have a ticket or other permission to do so. In some countries (such as Belgium), pregnant women have first class access at no extra cost.
*For overnight journeys, consider investing in a ''couchette'' or sleeper compartment, which are often cost-competitive with lodgings for the night. A couchette cabin has around 6 beds for sleeping and no other facilities, while a full-fledged sleeper will have two to four beds and possibly bathing facilities like a sink or shower.
==Speed of travel==
*Trains travel at widely varying speeds. Fast trains in countries with efficient rail networks often travel at up to 300 km/h, making rail the fastest travel mode for fairly long distances.
*Others, like the [[United Kingdom]], have semi-major lines running as slow as 60 km/h (for example, [[Blackpool]] to [[Leeds]], a distance of 135.4 km, takes 2.25 hours; this works out as 60.2 km/h). Other lines such as the East Coast Main Line run at 200 km/h; the 600 km journey between London and Edinburgh can take as little as 4 hours 20 mins.
*Trains are typically, though not necessarily, faster than buses.
Further information is available about rail travel in specific countries.
* [[South Africa#By train|Rail travel in South Africa]]
* [[Tunisia#By train|Rail travel in Tunisia]]
* [[Southeast Asia#By train_2|Rail travel in Southeast Asia]]
Further information is available about rail travel in specific countries.
* [[China#By train_2|Rail travel in China]]
** [[High-speed rail in China]]
* [[Rail travel in India]]
* [[Iran#By train_2|Rail travel in Iran]]
* [[Japan#By rail|Rail travel in Japan]]
* [[Myanmar#By train|Rail travel in Myanmar]]
* [[South Korea#By train_2|Rail travel in South Korea]]
* [[Syria#By train_2|Rail travel in Syria]]
* [[Taiwan#By train|Rail travel in Taiwan]]
* [[Vietnam#By train_2|Rail travel in Vietnam]]
* [[Transylvania triangle train tour]]
Further information is available about several specific routes:
* [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]
* [[Jungle Railway]] in [[Malaysia]
Especially in Western and Central Europe, trains are fast, efficient and cost-competitive with air travel. High-speed trains like the French TGV, the German ICE, the Spanish AVE and the cross-border Eurostar and Thalys services speed along at up to 320 km/h (200 mph) and, when taking into account travel time to the airport and back, are often faster than taking the plane. The flip side is that tickets bought on the spot can be expensive, although there are good discounts available if you book in advance or take advantage of various deals. In particular, the [[Rail travel in Europe#Inter Rail|Inter Rail]] (for Europeans) and [[Rail travel in Europe#Eurail|Eurail]] (for others) passes offer good value if you plan on traveling extensively around Europe (or even a single region) and want more flexibility than cheap plane tickets can offer.
For further details of European rail travel, see:
* [[Rail travel in Europe]]
* [[Scandinavia#By train_2|Rail travel in Scandinavia]]
* [[Austria#By train and bus|Rail travel in Austria]]
* [[Croatia#By train_2|Rail travel in Croatia]]
* [[Czech Republic#By train_2|Rail travel in the Czech Republic]]
* [[Denmark#By train_2|Rail travel in Denmark]]
* [[France#By train_2|Rail travel in France]]
* [[Germany#By train_2|Rail travel in Germany]]
* [[Greece#By bus and train|Rail travel in Greece]]
* [[Rail travel in Ireland]]
* [[Netherlands#By train_2|Rail travel in The Netherlands]]
* [[Norway#By train_2|Rail travel in Norway]]
* [[Russia#By train_2|Rail travel in Russia]]
* [[Scotland#By train_2|Rail travel in Scotland]]
* [[Rail travel in the United Kingdom]]
* [[Wales#By train_2|Rail travel in Wales]]
Although it once held much of the continent together, and remains useful for local travel in many metro areas, intercity train travel now ranges from relatively convenient in the Northeast Corridor, to manageable in California and parts of southeastern Canada, to sparse in other parts of the continent. If you prefer to travel by rail, it's still possible (depending on where you go), but it offers neither speed nor convenience. Passes allowing several journeys to be made within the same country are available, but cross-border passes have been phased out. Many train stations do not have ticketing agents, or have agents for brief periods at the time the train is scheduled to arrive. At smaller unmanned stations, you may be able to use a ticketing machine, or may be required to purchase your ticket onboard. You may also purchase tickets online or by telephone.
* [[Rail travel in North America]]
* [[Rail travel in Canada]]
**[[Across Canada by train]]
* [[Rail travel in the United States]]
* [[Argentina#By train_2|Rail travel in Argentina]]
* [[Australia#By train|Rail travel in Australia]]