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By train
[[Image:Ryazan_Kremlin.JPG|thumb|350 px|The Kremlin of Ryazan]] '''Ryazan''' (Ryah-ZAHN, [[Russian_phrasebook|Russian]]: Рязань) is a city in [[Russian Federation]], the center of [[Ryazan Oblast]]. ==Understand== With its 525 thousand population Ryazan is the 3rd largest city in [[Central Russia]] after [[Moscow]] and [[Yaroslavl]].Neither the size nor the proximity to [[Moscow]] (200 km) helps to upgrade the city's image: [[Ryazan]] is totally provincial. As an industrial center and a transport hub, [[Ryazan]] is not a major tourist destination. But its history and several attractions make the city a good solution for a weekend escape from [[Moscow]].  The city was founded in 1095 AD, but its initial site was completely destroyed by Mongols in 1237 - [[Ryazan]] was the first obstacle on their way of conquering [[Russia]]. Years after the new [[Ryazan]] was built few dozen kilometers away from the destroyed site. {{Climate| units = Metric| janhigh = -7| febhigh = -5.4| marhigh = -0.1| aprhigh = 10.7| mayhigh = 19.5| junhigh = 22.9| julhigh = 24.2| aughigh = 23.0| sephigh = 16.4| octhigh = 8.7| novhigh = 0.8| dechigh = -4.1| janlow = -13.7| feblow = -12.6| marlow = -7.1| aprlow = 2.0| maylow = 8.3| junlow = 11.8| jullow = 13.9| auglow = 12.3| seplow = 7.4| octlow = 1.8| novlow = -4| declow = -9.9| janprecip = 33| febprecip = 26| marprecip = 26| aprprecip = 36| mayprecip = 42| junprecip = 65| julprecip = 83| augprecip = 60| sepprecip = 48| octprecip = 48| novprecip = 45| decprecip = 41| description = Average of Ryazan}}
==Get in==
By express train from Kazansky Rail Terminal (Казанский вокзал) in Moscow. The ride is a little less than 3 hours.
===By plane=== [[Ryazan]]'s local small airport ''Turlatovo'' doesn't operate regular flights and is being used for small aircraft and training. So, the closest air terminals are '''Sheremetyevo''', '''Domodedovo''' and '''Vnukovo''' of [[Moscow]]. From those airports Ryazan can be accessed by train, by bus , or by car/taxi. ===By train=== Ryazan is an important transit rail hub. There are 2 train terminals in the city (Ryazan-1 and Ryazan-2). Most trains proceed to the east and arrive at the larger Ryazan-1 terminal, while those going to the south stop at Ryazan-2. An ordinary ride by ''elektrichka'' from [[Moscow]]'s '''Kazansky Rail Terminal''' (Казанский вокзал) takes almost 4 hours and costs 320 RUR (one way).  A faster and more comfortable option is to take an express train from the same terminal. The ride takes a little less than 3 hours, the cost depends on the class of the car. There are 3 express trains daily, going in the early morning, midday and evening. Except [[Moscow]], ''elektrichka'' commuter trains from [[Ryazan]] proceed to the city of [[Kolomna]] in [[Moscow Oblast]] and to [[Michurinsk]] (the 2nd-largest city of [[Tambov Oblast]]). [[Ryazan]] is also a major stop for many long-distance trains going from [[Moscow]] to the [[Southern Russia]] and [[Volga Region]]. Few trains proceed to [[Kazakhstan]], [[Kyrgyzstan]] and [[Uzbekistan]]. Key destinations are: '''Domestic''' * [[Orenburg]]* [[Samara]]* [[Sochi]]* [[Ufa]] '''International''' * [[Almaty]]* [[Bishkek]]* [[Karaganda]]* [[Tashkent]] ===By bus=== From [[Moscow]] buses to [[Ryazan]] departure from [[Vykhino ]] (Выхино) bus metro station. The buses leave every 1-2 times per hourstarting from 6-30 AM to 7-30 PM. The price is comparable with ''elektrichka'', or even cheaper. Other destinations accessible by bus from [[Ryazan]] include: * [[Gus-Khrustalny]] (Fri, Sat, Sun, Mon - 1 daily)* [[Ivanovo]] (1 daily)* [[Kasimov]] (6-10 daily)* [[Kolomna]] (9 daily)* [[Lipetsk]] (2 daily)* [[Murom]] (1 daily)* [[Oryol]] (1 daily)* [[Vladimir]] (1 daily) The Central bus terminal of [[Ryazan]] is located out of the city center, so you will probably need to get around by local bus, trolleybus, or a taxi. There is also the second and less-importnant '''Prioksky''' terminal, serving bus routes to suburbs, e.g. [[Solotcha]]. ===By car / taxi=== Ryazan is about 200 km from [[Moscow]] by M5 federal road. As elsewhere in [[Russia]], the road conditions differ greatly from a 4-lines highway to narrow bottle-necks with usual traffic-jams. Depending on traffic situation the way from [[Moscow]] may take from 2 to 6 hours (beware Friday evenings and Saturday mornings in the summer). Being unhurried, you may visit on your way to [[Ryazan]] the historical cities of [[Bronnitsy]] and [[Kolomna]] located on M5 road within [[Moscow Oblast]]. Hiring a taxi from [[Moscow]] to [[Ryazan]] expect to pay 3,000 - 4,000 RUR for one-way journey and use only certified providers.
==Get around==
Walk in You can get around the centercity by taking a minibus, a taxi or a bus. Taxis The public transport system is represented by ancient trolleybuses which are also quite cheappretty slow[[Image:Ryazan1.JPG|thumb|350 px|Cathedral of the Assumption in the kremlin of Ryazan]]
The beautiful old '''Kremlin''' in the heart of the city, many historical museums inside, on the picturesque bank of the river.
'''Ivan Pavlov* <see name="Kremlin of Ryazan" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="free access to the territory, charge 50-100 RUR for the entrance to museum exhibitions">The city's Museum''' (Pavlov was major architectural attraction with a number of old churches and a very beautiful cathedral. Kremlin is located at a famous physiologisthigh river bank, Nobel-prize winner)and you can enjoy an amazing view from it. The city center here changes into the rural floodplain of the Oka river. There are several museums and exhibitions inside the kremlin, you can also buy local souvenirs there.</see>
* <see name="Ivan Pavlov'''s Museum" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The museum of a famous Russian physiologist, Nobel-prize winner</see> * <see name="Art Museum.''' " alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Good collection in an old beautiful building. A lot of good paintings, not typical for provintial regional museums in Russia. </see>
'''Drama Theater''' - beautiful old building
Hotel Lovech. Next to the train-station Ryazan-2. ([]) The biggest hotel in the city, but not in the very center. You'll have to take a taxi to the center (about $3 to the Kremlin)
Renovated in 2005. wi-fi.
Staff may be expected to speak English.
Priokskaya [* <sleep name="Lovech Hotel" alt="" address="Dimitrov square, 4" directions="Next to the train-station Ryazan-2." phone="+7 (4912) 93-69-00" email="[email protected]" fax="+7 (4912) 92-70-07" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">The largest hotel in the city, but a bit out of the center. Next door to Ryazan-2 train station. Renovated in 2005. wi-fi. Staff may be expected to speak some English.</priokskhotel/] sleep> * <sleep name="Priokskaya" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Cosy small hotel right next to the Kremlin on a quiet street in the center. Bar and billiards on the 1st floor. Staff may be expected to speak English. </sleep>
"New Russian" hotels and - in the center.
==Get out==
[[Konstantinovo]] - the estate and museum of '''Sergey Yesenin''', a famous Russian poet. Great views of Oka river and beautiful rural scenery. About 50 km from Ryazan via the town of Rybnoe.

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