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Dzongkha phrasebook

1,605 bytes added, 20:58, 27 January 2013
Months
'''Dzongkha''' is the national language of [[Bhutan]]. It has about 160.000 native speakers and about 470.000 second language speakers. It's mainly spoken in the districts Thimpu, Paro, Haa, Chukha, Wangdue Phodrang, Punakha and Gasa. Dzongkha is the most common language in the west of Bhutan, Tshangla in the east.
==Pronunciation guide==
Dzongkha uses the Tibetan writing system. There are 5 vowels (a, e, i, o and u) and 30 consonants.
===Vowels===
Vowels are shown with vowel symbols.<br/>
There are 4 vowel symbols:<br/>
a - ཨ (without a symbol it is "a")<br/>
e - ཨེ<br/>
i - ཨི<br/>
o - ཨོ<br/>
u - ཨུ<br/>
<br/>
There is only 1 vowel per syllable. Syllables are seperated with a "Tsheg", which looks like this: ་<br/>
The syllables follow an easy pattern:<br/>
ཀ་ = Ka<br/>
ཀི་ = Ki<br/>
ཀིད་ = Kid<br/>
ཀི་ད་ = Kida<br/>
ཀི་དེ་ = Kide<br/>
ཀི་དེབ་ = Kideb<br/>
<br/>
(By the way: "Kideb" means "notebook".)<br/>
===Consonants===
There are 30 consonants.<br/>ཀ (ka) ཁ (kha*) ག (ga) ང (nga)<br/>ཅ (cha) ཆ (chha*) ཇ (ja) ཉ (nya)<br/>ཏ (ta) ཐ (tha*) ད (da) ན (na)<br/>པ (pa) ཕ (pha*) བ (ba) མ (ma)<br/>ཙ (tsa) ཚ (tsha*) ཛ (dza)<br/>ཝ (wa) ཞ (zha*) ཟ (za)<br/>འ ('a) ཡ (ya) ར (ra) ལ (la)<br/>ཤ (sha) ས (sa)<br/>ཧ (ha) ཨ (a)<br/><br/><nowiki>*</nowiki> =These letters are pronounced like the one before, but with a harder breath.<br/>'a =A short break.<br/>a =Common diphthongs===Silent consonant. Used, when there is no consonant needed, like in the word ཨ་པ (apa), which is "father".<br/>
==Phrase list==
===Basics===
 ; Hello. (formal) : ''Kuzu zangpo'' ('' '')la.; Hello. (''informal'') : Kuzu zangpo.; Nice to meet you. : Nga choe da choebay sem gai. ('' Kuzu ''); How are you? : ? ('Choe Gaday bay Zhu Ga Dhay Bay yoe?' ?''); Fine, thank youI'm fine. : Legshom. ('Lek shom Bay yoe' ''Layshom); What is your name? : Chhoe gi ming ga chi mo? ('Choe Gi Ming Ga Chi Mo?' ?''); My name is ______ _____. : ______ . (''Nge Gi Ming gi ming _____ in.''); Nice to meet youI am from ____. : Nga ____ lay in. (''Choe Chegk Dhi Sem Gai ''); Please. : . (''Deh bay zeth ma da '');this is wrong!!!; Thank you. : ''ka drin che'' ('' '')Kadrin chhe.; You're welcome. : . (''de bey ma sung '')//only applies when someone says thank See you.it actually means"do not mention" or like someone says "no mention, please"; Yes. : . later! (''In ''); No. : . (''Men ''); Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : . ('' gom ma thay''); Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : . ('' gom may thay''); I'm sorry. : . (''gom ma thay ''); Goodbye : . (''Log Dhi Jay gey ''); Goodbye (''informal'') : . (''Shu lay log di jay gey '')ge!; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : [Nga ...... lek shim bay mey shey ]. ('' [ ]''); Do you speak EnglishWhere? : ? ('Choe Gi In Ked Shey Ga?' Gathey?''); Is there someone here who speaks English? :Na Lu In Ked Shey mi yoe Ya? ('' ?''); Help! : ! (''Charo Bey nang !''); Look out! : ! (''wai !''); Good morning. : . (''kuzu zangpo ''); Good evening. : . (''kuzu zangpo ''); Good night. : . ('' chiru delek''); Good night (''to sleep'') : . (''lek shom ay zim ''); I don't understand. : . (''may shey ''); Where is the toiletHow much? : Gademchi? ('' chabsang ga tey yeth ga'')
===Problems===
; What is the Problem? : Choe gi Ka Ngyel ga chi mo?
; Where is the Bank? : Ngyul Khang Ga teey mo?
===Numbers===
Dzongkha has its own digits.The system works like the English digit system, so 2012 = ༢༠༡༢; 1 ; (༡) : chi; 2 ; (༢) : nyi; 3 ; (༣) : sum; 4 ; (༤) : zhi; 5 ;(༥) : nga; 6 ;(༦) : dru; 7 ;(༧) : duen; 8 ; (༨) : gay; 9 ; (༩) : gu; 10 ; (༡༠) : chu tham; 11 ; (༡༡) : chu chi; 12 ; (༡༢) : chu nyi
===Time===
====Clock time====
chu tsoed=; time: (...); o'clock: bazaar ; 8 o 'clock: bazaar gyed
====Duration====
; _____ minute(s) : karma _____; _____ hour(s) : ganta _____; _____ day(s) : zha _____; _____ week(s) : duenthrak _____; _____ month(s) : daw _____duration ; _____ year(s) : dhuetseylho _____
====Days====
 ; Monday- : Migmar; Tuesday- Lhagpa: Lhakpa; Wednesday- : Phurbu; Thursday-: Pasang; Friday- : Pemba; Saturday- : Nima; Sunday- : Dawa
====Months====
; January : indha dangpa
; February : indha nyipa
; March : indha sumpa
; April : indha zhipa
; May : indha ngapa
; June : indha drupa
; July : indha duenpa
; August : indha gaypa
; September : indha gupa
; October : indha chuthampa
; November : indha chuchimpa
; December : indha chunyepa<br/>
january- indha dangpafeb- indha nyipamar-indha sumpa, indha zhipa, indha ngapa, indha drukpa, indha duenpa, indha gyepa, indha gupa and indha chunyepa for December note<nowiki>(Note: for For the months of lunar claender calender the prefix is '''rangda''', '''indha ''' is used for the months of the international calender.)</nowiki>
====Writing time and date====
; Thursday, 2nd february, 2012 : Pasang, indha nyipa 2, 2012
===Colors===
; Green : Changkha
; Red : Marp
; White : Karp
; Blue : Hoem
; Black : Naap
; Yellow : Serp
; Orange : Leewang
Green- Changkha===Animals===Red- Marp; bird : Ji chuWhite- Karp; cat : Ji leyBlue- Hoem; chicken : JumBlack- Naap; cow : NoYellow- Serp; dog : Ro cheOrange- Leewang; fish : Na; frog : Bab; horse : Ta; pig : Phab; turtle : Ru bel
Identified by the yellow top(hood) and BT registration affixed before the number.
; Taxi : la La khor; Fare : laLahow ; How much ? : ga Ga day chi mo?
===Lodging===
===Money===
; How much is this/it ? : Ngultrum ga they chi mo?
===Eating===
; Meal : Toh /zhay go ; eating : shay go za ni
eating ; delicious : shay go za nizhim bay
delicious ; bitter : zhim baykhag ta
bitter ; khag tasweet : ngam
sweet ; sour : ngamchup
sour ; chupWater : chu
Water ; chuTea : ja
Tea ; Curry : jatsoem
Curry ; Soup : tsoemthup
Soup ; Chilly :thupema
Chilly ; Cheese : emadatsi
Cheese ; cook :datsitoh bey ni
cook ; eat : toh bey nizhey
eat ; Dry Chilli : zheyema kam ; Potato : kewa
===Bars===
; Alcoholic Beverage : Changg
; Bar : Changkhang
; Tip : soeraSoera
Whats ; What's the bill ? : Ga de chi mo?
; I am drunk . : changg Changg dang so ye.
; Water : chuChu
; Local Drink : Ara
; It is strong. (spirit) : ah Ah ni gag tra du.
; It is mild . : lha Lha si si du.
===Shopping===
shop ; Shop : tsongkhangTsongkhang
how ; How much ? : ga Ga de chi mo?
discount ; Discount please ! : gong Gong phab nang!
===Driving===
; Car : Numkhor ; Drive : Numkhor tang ni ; Licence : Lak Kher ; Police : thrim sung ; Road : Lam
Drive ; High speed : Numkhor joba joba shuk bay tang ni
Licence ; Low speed : Lak Kherdrogay bay tang
Police ; Please take caution! (driving) : thrim sungReb drim di tang!
Road ; Let's go! : LamJogay!
High speed ; stop : joba joba shuk bay tangnumkor kag nang
Low speed ; risky : drogay bay tangngyen khag
please take caution(driving) : reb drim di tang===Love===
Lets go ; I love you : jogayNga gi che lu ga.
stop ; numkor kag nang I can't stay without you : Nga che me pa me cha bay.
Risky ; I will make you a phone call. : ngyen khagNga gi che lu juthen tang gay.
===Authority===; Do you remember me? : Che nga dem mey ga?
{{outline}}; You're so beautiful! : Che namay samay jarim dhu!
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