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Perm

4,428 bytes added, 04:02, 16 November 2012
Get around
[[Image:Perm.jpg|thumb|250px|Perm station]]
'''Perm''' ([[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Пермь ''pyehrm’'') is the largest city and administrative capital of [[Perm Krai]].
==Understand==
Perm (Russian: Пермь) is a large industrial city situated on the Kama river banks, at the western foothills of the Ural Mountain range. The city was founded in 1723 by Vasily Tatishchev, who was sent by Peter I to exploit the vast amounts of ores found in the region. The city was named Molotov (Мо́лотов), after Vyacheslav Molotov, the minister of foreign affairs under Jozef Stalin.
 
"Cultural Revolution" started in Perm in 2008. A lot of budget money was invested in organizing of cultural events and establishments. Many major figures, such as gallerist Marat Guelman, conductor Teodor Currentzis‎ and designer Artemy Lebedev started to work in Perm. The city is changing very fast, and now it's one of the major cultural centres of Russia.
==Get in==
===By plane===
Perm has an international airport called Bolshoe Savino ({{IATA|PEE}}; {{ICAO|USPP}}), maintaining international flights from Frankfurt (with Lufthansa) and several CIS capitals such as Dushanbe and Yerevan. Bolshoe Savino airport is the hub of Perm Airlines [http://www.aviaperm.ru/Perm Airlines]. Perm Airlines, Aeroflot, SkyExpress , AviaNova and S7 Airlines to Moscow (5-6 times per day to Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo and Vnukovo airports), St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Surgut, Sochi (Adler) and Samara. In summer, charter flights are operated to Dubai, Munich, Tashkent and several destinations of the Turkish riviera.
Perm's second regional airport Bakharevka now mainly serves as a helicopter airport.
Perm-II station is an important junction on the Trans Siberian Railway and therefore very well served by train. There are many daily trains to Moscow, among which Perm's brand train called "Kama", as well as other major Russian cities.
===By car===
Although Perm lies on the "Siberian Trakt", the main motorway from Moscow to Siberia, its roads are no different from most of Russia's road network - of poor quality.
===By bus===
The central bus station of Perm, located on Shosse Kosmonavtov opposite the central market, mostly serves destinations in the province. Furthermore there are daily connections with Ekaterinburg, Kazan, Izhevsk and Chelyabinsk.
Getting around in Perm is not very easy for non-locals. Distances tend to be great given the fact that the city stretches along the Kama river. Getting from from one end to the other often requires changing buses and/or trams multiple times. Tram costs 12 RUB and bus 12 RUB, regardless the number of stops. Changing bus or tram, however, requires buying a new ticket. Tickets are sold by conductors only. The city, although spaciously built, is increasingly coping with heavy traffic, especially its vast centre.
However, Perm has a well-developed bus and tram network serving the whole city including its most distant suburbs such as Gaiva and Kur'ya.
Perm airport Bolshoe Savino is served by bus routes 35and 42. Public transport works from 05:30am until 12:30am.
==See==
Although an industrial city, Perm has some places worth visiting.
*The '''Museum of Arts''', located at the crossing of Komsomolsky Prospekt and Ordzhonikidze Street is one of the largest in Russia.
*The '''18th century Perm-I train station''' is worth seeing, although it needs a lick of paint. The Motovilikha open-air museum located at the Square of 1905 (north of the centre) boasts an impressive collection of warfare made in the city's Motovilikha factories. There, you are looking at tanks, scud launchers and ballistic missiles.
*The world famous '''Opera and Ballet Theatre''' "Chaikovsky" offers high-standard opera and ballet events.
*In summer, entertainment is best found at the '''Kama Boulevard'''. With dozens of party tents and (live) music, it is a popular place for all ages.
*In February, the annual '''Snow, Ice and Fire Festival''' is a must-see. The festival boasts an international ice and snow sculpture competition with teams from all over the world competing. It takes place mainly in Park Gorkogo, located halfway Komsomolsky Prospekt.
*<see name="Green Line" alt="unique walking tour over Perm" address="information office, Lenina st, 50" directions="" phone="" url="http://visitperm.ru/en/other/greenline2.php" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Take free maps in the tourist information office or download them from the [http://visitperm.ru/en/other/greenline2.php site]. The Gulag tour includes about 40 places of interest. Following the guide you will see unusual sculptures and historical buildings, places connected with famous Russian artists and scientists.</see>*<see name="PERMM" alt="Perm Contemporary Art Museum at " address="Ordzhonikidze st., 2" directions="in the building of the old river port opposite the Perm-36I train station" phone="+7 (342) 2199172" url="http://permm.ru/" hours="12:00 — 21:00" price="Entrance usually costs less than 100 Rub" lat="58.020556" long="56.251389">The first and the only contemporary art museum in Russia. [http://issuu.com/artpolitik/docs/pap_catalog_web Catalogue of public art program].</see>*<see name="Perm State Art Gallery" alt="" address="village KutchinoOrdzhonikidze st., Tchusovskoi region2" directions="the crossing of Komsomolsky Prospekt and Ordzhonikidze Street" phone="+7342 212-919-492-57562250" url="http://www.perm36gallery.permonline.ru/eng/" hours="10AMtuesday-5PMsaturday 10:00 — 18:00, sunday 11:00 — 18:00, monday closed" price="50 roubles100 Rub for adults." lat="58.016339" long="56.234947">The prison camp Perm-36 was closed in 1988, and later turned into One of the only genuine Gulag museum largest museums of arts in Russia. There is a small cinema and a few exhibitions describing life </see>*<see name="Motovilikha open-air museum" alt="" address="" directions="located at the Square of 1905 (north of the centre)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">boasts an impressive collection of warfare made in the high security area city's Motovilikha factories. There, you are looking at tanks, scud launchers and in the special treament areaballistic missiles.</dosee>
==Do==
The *<do name="Perm provinceOpera and Ballet Theatre" alt="" address="Petropavlovskaya st., called Prikamye, is known to offer the best 25a" directions="" phone="" url="http://permm.ru/" hours="" price="" lat="58.015975" long="56.246052">One of the Ural Mountains. It has more karst rocksoldest and famous opera and ballet theaters in Russia, rivers, caves offers high-standard opera and nature reserves than any other region in the Uralsballet events.</do>*<do name="Olympia" alt="" address="Mira st., apart from the polar Ural Mountain area41" directions="" phone="+7 (342) 2567892" url="http://en. River rafting is extremely popularolympiaperm. Other favourite outdoor activities are fishing ru/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Clean, modern and hikingbig swimming pool (50x25m) with diving board swimming pool</do> ===Festivals=== *<do name="Flahertiana" alt="International Documentary Film Festival" address="" directions="" phone="+7 (342) 241–38–02" url="http://flahertiana. For those, staying too short to leave the city, it is well worth to attend a sports game of local favouritesru/eng/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Usually tooks place on October</do>*<do name="Texture" alt="International Film And Theatre Festival" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.texturefest.ru/eng/index.php" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Usually tooks palace in September</do>*Hockey club <do name="White Nights in Perm" alt="PermFest" address="" directions=""Molot Prikamyephone=" +7 (342) 206 26 08" url="http://permfest.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="the hammer of Prikamye")>Huge festival, playing which first time took place in Russia's second ice hockey league after degradation in 2007June of 2011. Molot Prikamye plays home games in A lot of theatre and music performances were shown during the month</do>*<do name="MolotZhivaya Perm" stadium, located alt="Live Perm" address="" directions="" phone="+7 (342) 240-36-08" url="http://zhivayaperm.ru/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Contemporary art festival which usually tooks place in Motovilikha areaJune</do>*<do name="Diaghilev Seasons: Perm-Petersburg-Paris" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://theatre. Although football is gaining popularity, ice hockey remains Russia's number 1 sportperm.ru/ru/diaghilev_seasons/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The theatre festival which has taken place in Perm Opera and Bellet Theatre every two years since 2003</do>*Basketball team <do name="SlovoNOVA" alt="Perm Poetry Festival" address="" directions="" phone="+7 (342) 270 00 10"Ural Greaturl=", who are among the best teams of Russia since 2002http://slovonova. They also play at the ru/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Annual poetry festival which usually takes place in December</do>*<do name="Arabesque" alt="" address="" directions="" phone=""Moloturl=" stadiumhttp://www.arabesque.permonline.ru/news-en.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Annual ballet competition</do>*Football team <do name="Pilorama" alt="" address="" directions="" phone=""Amkarurl="http://pilorama.perm36. Amkar plays ru/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">International civil forum in Russia's premier leaguePerm36 memorial complex</do>*<do name="Snow, although their stadium Ice and Fire Festival" alt="" address=""Zvezdadirections=" does not give this impression as it is very small. NeverthelessPark Gorkogo, Zvezda stadium located halfway Komsomolsky Prospekt" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The festival boasts a good atmosphere. Tickets are usually sold at the stadium on an international ice and snow sculpture competition with teams from all over the morning of match dayworld competing. Tickets are sold to anybody who is prepared to conquer the long queues at the ticket office. Zvezda stadium is situated It takes place in Kuybisheva street, not far from Komsomol SquareFebruary. </do>
==Learn==
===Budget===
'''Blinnaya Skovorodka''' (''literally: "Blini Skillet"'')
This is a chain of restaurants in Perm (with a few in Kurgan) serving blini with pretty much anything you want in them...jelly, apple, ham, cheese, etc... Cheap and delicious, it will add a few inches to your waistline but not dent your wallet. [http://skovorodka.com Link to website (in Russian)]
===Mid-range===
==Drink==
 
There is a lot of cafes in the city, all of them serving also food specialties. One of the most popular bars are the Coffe City chain (Кофе Сити).
==Sleep==
There are a number of suitable hotels in the centre.
* <sleep name="Hotel Amaks Premier" alt="Отель Амакс" url="http://en.amaks-hotels.ru/hotel/perm/amaks-premier-hotel"> (formerly "Turist") on Ordzhonikidze street is a good choice for leisure and business tourists. This mid-sized hotel was completely renovated in 2006-2007. The staff speaks a number of foreign languages, including English , Italian and French. The Kama boulevard, central shopping street Komsomolsky Prospekt and the "Chaikovsky" Opera & Ballet Theater are on walking distance. The hotel has a large bar/restaurant with a very affordable a la carte menu next to its modern bowling facilities. Small swimming pool with sauna/banya in the basement.</sleep>
* <sleep name="Hotel Ural" alt="Отель Урал" address="58, Lenin street" phone="+7-(342)-218-62-20" email="[email protected]" fax="+7-(342)-236-34-54" url="http://www.hotel-ural.com/" checkin="" checkout="" > It's Perm's largest hotel. Apart from a wide choice of room classes, the hotel offers a wide range of facilities. Although parts of the hotel were thoroughly renovated, it still has a grey Soviet look. </sleep> * <sleep name="Hilton Garden Inn Perm" alt="Отель Хилтон Гарден Инн Пермь" address="45B, Mira street" phone="+7-(342)-227-67-87" email="[email protected]" fax="+7-(342)-227-67-87" url="http://www.hi-perm.ru/" checkin="" checkout="" > The hotel is located only 15 minutes by car from the Bolshoe Savino (PEE) Airport and 10 minutes from the city centre. Stolitsa, one of Perm's largest shopping and leisure centers is adjacent to the hotel. </sleep>
* Next to hotel Ural lies the <sleep name="Prikamye Hotel" alt="Отель Прикамье"> Although the hotel is quite large, it offers very little facilities.</sleep>
* <sleep name="New Star Hotel" alt="Новая Звезда" address="ул. Газеты «Звезда», 38-Б " directions="east from the railstation Perm II" phone="+7-(342)-220-68-01" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://www.newstar-hotel.ru/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: from 4300 rubles (2009)">, (opened 2006) is a more upscale hotel. Prices are also upscale. The hotel stands on Gazety Zvezda Street. Since the building is among the tallest in the area, the top floors offer panoramic views over Perm's skyline.</sleep>
* Also newly opened, the The <sleep name="Gabriel Hotel " alt="Габриэль Отель" url="http://www.gabrielhotel.ru/en">, which stands on Kirova street is also a very nice place to stay. Everything is taken care of!</sleep> * There is some nice and small mini-hotels, for example <sleep name="Astor Hotel" address="40, Petropavlovskaya St., Perm, 614045" email="[email protected]" phone="+7 (342) 212–2–212" url="http://www.astorhotel.ru/eng/?cp=">, on Petropavlovskaya street in the center (new name of Kommunisticheskaya street), which claims to be the first 3 stars certificated hotel in Perm</sleep>.
* <sleep name="Zhemchuzhina Hotel Complex " alt="Жемчужина" address="ул. Бульвар Гагарина, 65-А " phone="+7-(342)-261-90-91" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://hotel-gem.ru/en" checkin="" checkout="" price="Standard Premium room: from 3500 rubles (2009)">, (“the Pearl” — in translation), opened at the beginning of 2008 is a more upscale hotel. Prices are also upscale. Central location of the hotel as well as its proximity to the highways makes it possible to get to any point of the city. The hotel stands on Gagarina Blvd. 65a. It is the 10-storeyed hotel building .</sleep>
* For world-class stay, althrough although not located in the center but close from a big shopping and entertainment center, the city also hosts a <sleep name=Hilton hotel[" url=http://hiltongardeninn.hilton.com/en/gi/hotels/index.jhtml;jsessionid=KEMK3B54NCCTICSGBIY2VCQ?ctyhocn=PEEGIGI]" address="45 B Mira Street, Perm, Russian Federation 614022" phone="+7-342-227 67 87" />.
==Contact==
==Get out==
 
*See the [[Kungur]] '''Ice Caves''', about 60 km southeast of Perm.
 
*[[Khokhlovka]] is a museum of wooden architecture, 30 minutes driving from the center of Perm.
 
*<see name="The Gulag Museum at Perm-36" alt="" address="village Kutchino, Tchusovskoi region" directions="" phone="+7-919-492-5756" url="http://www.perm36.ru/eng/" hours="10AM-5PM" lat="" long="">100 km north-east of the Perm city, the prison camp Perm-36 was closed in 1988, and later turned into the only genuine Gulag museum in Russia. There is a small cinema and a few exhibitions describing life in the high security area and in the special treament area.</see>
 
== External Links ==
 
* [http://www.visitperm.ru/en/ Oficial Tourism Site of Perm Region] (English Version)
 
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