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Linköping

1,832 bytes added, 14:07, 4 April 2014
Museums
'''Linköping''' [http://www.linkopingvisitlinkoping.se/] (pronounced ''"Linshooping"'') is [[Sweden]]'s fifth biggest municipality. It is in the northern part of the [[Götaland]] region and is the capital of [[Östergötland]] county. It has about 135145,000 inhabitants in the municipality, including some countryside, and just under 100,000 in the city proper.
The city has the advantage of being a major city with all that it entails yet retaining the cozy quiet small town feel, largely due to the lack of tall buildings (a result of the military airfield just outside the city).
Linköping is the clerical and administrative centre in a rich farmland district, the province and county [[Östergötland]].
In The town was founded during the Middle Ages and is therefore one of the oldest cities in Sweden. The cathedral and the castle are two medieval buildings that are still standing.  At the "battle of Stångebro" in 1598, the city fought on the Catholic side and lost. A memorial of the battle is found just outside the city centre. The following "bloodbath of Linköping" in 1600 is found outside remembered with a memorial at the main square. Linköping has a university and the students are a central part of the city hall's life both day and night.
==Get in==
*'''Skavsta Airport''' [http://www.skavsta.se] - Used by Ryanair. Lies 100km north-east of Linköping. A shuttle bus [http://www.flygbussarna.se] (90 min) overland link between central Linköping and Skavsta airport. Departs from the Resecentrum.
*'''Linköping Airport''' [http://www.linkopingsflygplats.se] - Flights almost only to [[Stockholm]], [[Amsterdam]], [[Riga]] and [[Copenhagen]]. There are no shuttles between the airport and the Resecentrum and you need to take a taxi from the airport.
*'''Norrköping Airport''' [http://www.norrkopingflygplats.se/] - Flights almost only to [[Helsinki]], [[Visby]], [[München]] and [[Copenhagen]]. Lies 45km north-east of Linköping.
===By train===
The Linköping main train station ('''Resecentrum''') lies less than ten minutes walk from the center of the town. SJ [http://www.sj.se] train journey's journeys from Stockholm can take as little as 80 100 minutes and cost as little as 95 SEK.
===By bus===
Long-distance buses leave from '''Fjärrbussterminalen''' , which is about 400m north of of the Resecentrum, past where the local buses are departing. It's on the same side of the road as the train station.
* <listing name="Swebus Express" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+46-771-218218" email="" fax="" url="http://www.swebusexpress.se/" hours="" price="">Linköping is part of the wide network of Swebus Express services, with journeys to [[Stockholm]] (2-3 hours), [[Gothenburg]] (4 hours) and [[Malmö]] (6 hours). Swebus is the most frequent, running sometimes more than 1 service per hour to Stockholm. If there's enough people it'll run express.</listing>
All bus lines originate at Resecentrum. You'll also find a reception desk there where you can find timetables or get help. The local bus company is called Östgötatrafiken [http://www.ostgotatrafiken.se/]. They also run the buses and trains in the rest of [[Östergötland]] and is the cheapest way to get around.
It's not possible to pay cash for a ticket on the bus. You can get ticket in Quickomats, some stores and at the bus station (Resecentrum). It's also possible to buy an SMS-ticket, information how to do that can be found at [http://ostgotatrafiken.se/templates/WideImagePage____10803.aspx]. The ticket is valid for a limited time (usually 1 hour) so you can use the same ticket for more than 1 trip.
You can also buy a bus card. It is a magnetic strip RFID card and you can load money in it. The advantage is that each trip fare is cheaper than the normal fare. You'll find more info about tickets and fares at [http://ostgotatrafiken.se/templatesPriser--Biljetter/WideImagePage____10800.aspx]
===Taxi===
===Bike===
Linköping was announced the 'Swedish biking city of the year ' in 2002. Most students use bikes to get around and it is recommended you get one if your stay is extended. When you have a bike, the special bike map [http://www.linkoping.se/NRGlobal/rdonlyresTrafik%20och%20resor/FD9C61D6-D6B6-48D0-BE90-EA2731094AB6Cykling/3071/cykelkartaCykelkarta.pdf] might be useful. There are also recommended routes [http://www.linkoping.se/Organisation/Namnd/TeknikSamhallsbygg/Samhallsbyggnad/tos_ahoj/tos_ahoj_cykelkarta.htm] available for those who want to combine nature with tourist sights. Paper versions are available at the tourist information office and in bike shops.
==See==
[[Image:LarsChurch_Linkobing.jpg|thumb|S:t Saint Lars Kyrka' Church in the city centre]]
* '''Linköping Cathedral''' [http://www.linkopingsdomkyrka.se/english.asp]. The first church was built on this site in the 12th century, and was expanded regularly over the following centuries, culminating on the 19th-century tower. Linköping is said to have had the first Christian bishop in Sweden, in a time when [[Lund]] was Danish and [[Uppsala]] was pagan.
* '''Linköping Castle''' [http://home.swipnet.se/win/linkoping/71stp.htm], from the 13th century, was the bishop's residence until the Lutheran reformation in the 16th century. Now it is the residence of the sheriff (landshövding) for Östergötland county. The castle also houses a small museum.
* The '''City Hall''' [http://home.swipnet.se/win/linkoping/41sto.htm] (stadshuset) was erected as a secondary school (läroverk) in 1864. Above its entrance is the Latin phrase "Initium sapientie timor Domini" (fear of the Lord is the beginning of all learning). This power triangle is on the crest of a minor hill from which the city's main street (Storgatan) slopes down to the main square (Stortorget) and further down to the bridge (Stångebro) across river Stångån. In its extension, this street was part of the old country road to [[Norrköping]] and [[Stockholm]].
* '''Public Buildings'''. Situated around the hill crest are the public library, the administrative buildings for the diocese, the bishop's residence, and a sports house (gymnastikhuset [http://home.swipnet.se/win/linkoping/60aga.htm]) built in 1881. The current library was built in 1998, but the collections of the old cathedral library date back to before Gutenberg. Further north are the concert hall (Konsert & Kongress), the county museum (Östergötlands länsmuseum) next to the Raoul Wallenberg plaza, and two secondary schools (Katedralskolan, Berzeliusskolan).
* '''Gamla Linköping'''. (Old Linköping) and '''Valla fritidsområde'''. An open-air museum, west of the city centre. Beautiful buildings once situated in the center centre of Linköping have been saved from demolition and moved to this area to make it's own little citytown. Here you can practically enjoy life of Linköping in the 19th century. The citizens of Linköping enjoy taking part of the life and you can see people actually dressed up and working as citizens of Gamla Linköping (Old Linköping). Also remember to buy locally produced chocolate and candy to reduced prices.
===Museums===
* '''Gamla Linköping''' (Old Linköping) [http://www.linkoping.se/Organisation/utforarstyrelsens_forvaltning/affarsomraden/kultur_idrott_service/GamlaLkpg/index.htm] and '''Valla fritidsområde''' together have over 20 museums.
* The '''Swedish Air Force Museum''' (Flygvapenmuseum) [http://www.sfhmflygvapenmuseum.se/templatesen/pages/FlygStandardPage____889.aspx] in the suburb of Malmen features over a hundred aircraft from the early 20th century to the modern age. Due to expansion, The Museum had its grand new reopening of the Museum will be closed from March 2, 2009 until museum the Grand Opening in June12:th of june, 2010, with new features.
* '''IT-ceum''' [http://www.itceumdatamuseet.se/english/index.php] is a computer and computing museum, located in Mjärdevi Science Park where you will find many of Linköping's IT companies. The museum covers both ancient Swedish computers and more current events, such as the demo scene with its realtime multimedia productions. The exhibitions describe both the technical and the social aspects of computing. The museum's signs are both in Swedish and in English. Free entryAdmission 70 SEK, free for children and young people up to 26 years old.
* '''Linköpings Slotts- & Domkyrkomuseum''' (Castle and Cathedral Museum) [http://www.lsdm.se] - a museum that shows the town's history as a seat for bishops since the 12th century. Situated inside the castle.  * '''Östergötlands länsmuseum''' (Östergötland County Museum) [http://www.ostergotlandslansmuseum.se/info.html] - a museum showing the history of the province. It also houses a large art collection with both old and contemporary art.
==Do==
* Walk around the city.
* <do name="Gamla Linköping" alt="" address="Vallaskogen (Kryddbodtorget 1)" directions="About 2km west of Linköping central. North of Vallaskogen" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.linkopinggamlalinkoping.seinfo/gamlalinkopingindex.php/en" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Walk around and explore the old houses once situated in Linköping</do>
* Take in a '''hockey game''', at Linköping HC's new arena - Cloetta Center, just 5 minutes walk from the city centre.
* During the semester, talk to the students at the university. Many of them will be glad to show you a good time!
==Buy==
* When in '''Gamla Linköping''', visit Kanevad [http://www.kanevad.se] woodshop wood art shop and Cloettas Chokladbod (Cloetta chocolate shop) [http://www.cloetta.se/sv/Kontakt/Cloettas-chokladbod-i-Gamla-Linkoping.aspx].
* In the city center you have a couple of malls, Filbytergallerian [http://www.filbytergallerian.se], Gyllen Gallerian Gyllengallerian and Gränden Leo [http://www.grandengallerialeo.se/].
* '''Tornby''' is a shopping center to the north of Linköping that has several big stores and a big mall ; IKANO-huset [http://www.ikano-huset.se] next to IKEA [http://www.ikea.se].
=== Asian Food Stores ===
* <eat name="Riva" alt="" address="Ågatan 43" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.riva.se/" hours="" price="Mains 79-255 SEK">Italian and American food.</eat>
* <eat name="BK (Bar & Kök)" alt="" address="Ågatan 47" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.barochkok.se/" hours="" price="Mains 145-229 SEK"></eat>
* <eat name="Thai Coconut" alt="" address="S:t Larsgatan 25A" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.thaicoconut.se/" hours="" price="Mains 95-149 SEK, Lunch 60 SEK" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Good spicy Thai food. No alcoholic drinks.</eat>
* <eat name="Yogi" alt="" address="Platensgatan 5" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.yogi.nu/" hours="" price="Mains 135-168 SEK">Tasty indian style food, spicy or non-spicy.</eat>
* <eat name="Texas Longhorn" alt="" address="S:t Larsgatan 25C" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.texassmokehouse.se/" hours="" price="Mains 145-570 SEK">Texas steak house.</eat>
* <eat name="Halong" alt="" address="S:t Larsgatan 12" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.halong.se/" hours="" price="Mains 65-115 SEK">Asian food close to the train station.</eat>
* <eat name="Sangria" alt="" address="Platensgatan 1" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.sangria.nu/" hours="" price="Mains 168-278 SEK" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Spanish and pourtoguies Portuguese dishes.</eat>
* <eat name="Gula Huset (The Yellow House)" alt="" address="Klostergatan 19" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.gulahuset.com/" hours="" price="Mains 140-260SEK"></eat>
* <eat name="Kikkobar" alt="" address="Ågatan 39" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.kikkobar.se/" hours="" price="140-280SEK">Sushi, Japanese, Asian style. Lunch and Dinner.</eat>
* <eat name="The Bishops Arms" alt="" address="Ågatan 27" directions="" phone="013 10 09 93" url="http://www.bishopsarms.com/Linkoping_Presentation_DXNI-916_.aspx" hours="" price="Mains 124-256 SEK" lat="" long="" fax="">English pub style food, e.g. Fish & Chips.</eat>
*<eat name="De Klomp" alt="" address="St Larsgatan 13" directions="opposite hotel Skandic Frimurare" phone="013-4655563" url="http://www.deklomp.se/" hours="" price="Mains 105-235" lat="" long="">Dutch Bruin Cafe style cooking and beer on tap.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Stångebro Gatukök" alt="" address="Tanneforsvägen 92" directions="opposite Scandic Linköping City, at the roundabout near Norrköpingsvägen" phone="013 13 47 04" url="http://www.stangebrogatukok.se/" hours="11:30AM-10PM" price="80 SEK (burger with the lot, with pommes and a drink)" lat="" long="">Great burger place.</eat>
'''Bosses Glassbar''', Platensgatan 3, is a unique hole-in-the-wall style ice cream shop selling fresh ice cream. Long lines form outside on hot summer days. Closed during the winter.
==Sleep==
 
===Budget===
 
*'''STF Hostel Linköping''' [http://www.svenskaturistforeningen.se/templates/hostel.aspx?id=1659], Klostergatan 52A, phone 013-35 90 00, is the IYHF[http://www.iyhf.org/] hostel in town. Dorm bed 205 SEK, singles from 390 SEK, doubles from 410 SEK. Add 45 SEK to the price if you're not a member of the IYHF.
==Get out==
The '''River Stångån''' ends in Lake Roxen a few kilometers north of the city. The river is also part of '''Kinda kanalcanal''' with a system of early 19th century locks that allow scenic boat trips through other lakes further south. Lake Roxen is also part of '''Göta kanalcanal''', dug in the 1810s to connect the Baltic Sea with the Atlantic at [[Gothenburg]]. A remarkable sight is '''Bergs slussar'''(the locks at Berg), a sequence of six locks on Roxen's western shore, about 10 kilometers north of Linköping.
Ekenäs Castle at Ringstorp, East of Linköping, is a 17th century Renaissance castle, situated on a cliff by lake Teden. Its three towers rises high above the lake. Guided tours during the summer months and in the autumn ghost walks are offered both day and night. The Cloetta chocolate factory in Ljungsbro, North of Linköping. You can visit the shop and a small museum, but the factory itself is closed for visitors.  In the nearby city [[Norrköping]] has some interesting tourist attractions but worse you find several museums and shopping than Linköpingfacilities. Nearby historic towns are [[Vadstena]] (to the West) and [[Söderköping]] (to the East).
For those who like running and exercising take a trip down south to Vidingsjö. It's about 5km to the south-east, an easy bike ride from the city centre. In Vidingsjö there are marked running tracks (2.5km, 5km and 10km) through the forest, some outdoor exercise equipment, a pizza shop and two other restaurants.
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===Events===
[[WikiPedia:Linköping]]
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