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Chiang Rai Province

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preparing for being a region article
'''Chiang Rai Province''' is a region in [[North (Thailand)|Far Northern Thailand]].
== Understand ==
{{infobox|Province slogan|''Northernmost town bordering on three countries, home of Lanna culture.''}}
Populations have dwelled in Chiang Rai since the 7th century and it became the center of the Lanna Thai Kingdom during the 13th century. The region, rich in natural resources and textiles, was occupied by the Burmese until 1786.
=== Geography ===
Chiang Rai is Thailand’s most northernmost province and a beauty it really is. It is situated on the Kok River basin well above sea level with an area of some 11,678 square kilometres. It is about 785km from Bangkok. Mostly mountainous, it reaches the Mae Khong River to the north and borders on both Myanmar and Laos.
=== Culture ===
Popualtions have dwelled in Chiang Rai since the 7th century and it became the center of the Lanna Thai Kingdom during the 13th century. The region, rich in natural resources and textiles, was occupied by the Burmese until 1786.
Chiang Rai province’s Golden Triangle bordering Laos and Burma was once the hub of opium production which had much influence on cultural practices and lifestyles. Until this day, entire clans live together in bamboo houses and each village has its own individual character.
Besides the Chinese 93rd Infantry of the Kuomintang, several other ethnic minorities have settled down in the region including the Tai Yai, Tai Lue, Tai Khoen and Tai Yuan.
=== Ethnic People / Hill Tribes ===
'''Khon Muang''' are the city folk who originally came from Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang and Phrae. Culturally, they design their houses having only one floor with wooden gable-decorations called Ka-Lae. They are known for their craftsmanship in wood carving, weaving, lacquerware and musical instruments.
== Cities ==
* [[Chiang Rai]] - the provincial capital
* [[Chiang Khong]] - gateway to [[Laos]]
== Other destinations ==
* [[Doi Tung]] - royal villas and a mountaintop temple with stunning views and (so they say) the Buddha's collarbone
* [[Golden Triangle]] - a bit of a tourist trap, but the opium museums are worth a visit
===By plane===
[[Chiang Rai]] has an airport which have flights to [[Bangkok]] and [[Chiang Mai]].
=== By bus ===
The 12 hour journey from Bangkok can be made on air-conditioned coaches originating from Northern Bus Terminal daily call 0 2936 2852-66, 0 25 76 5599 . Private bus operated by Bor Kho Sor Co., Ltd. Call 0 2936 3670, 0 5371 1369, 0 5375 4097/ Chok Rung Tawee Tour call 0 2936 4275-6, 0 5371 4045/ Siam First Tour call 0 2954 3601-4, 0 5371 9064, 0 5371 4386 / Sombut Tour 0 2936 2495, 0 5371 4971, 0 5371 5884
=== By car ===
Highway No. 1 (Phaholyothin Road) is the main road in Chiang Rai province. It passes through the areas of Phan Mae Lao, Muang, Mae Chan and Mae Sai districts. Along the higway, there are links to other districts in the province, such as roads 108 to Mae Suai, 1126 to Pa Daed, 1233 to Wang Whai and the 1016 to Chaing Saen districts.
== Get around ==
=== By bus ===
There is also the chance to travel by boat along the Kok River.
===By car=See ==
*Arm Tour (อาร์มทัวร์) Tel. 053-713375
*Budget Car & Truck Rental (บัดเจ็ตคาร์ แอนด์ ทรัคเรนเทล) Tel. 053-740442
*Far-East North Tours (ฟาร์-อิส นอร์ท ทัวร์) Tel. 053-715690
*Fhaluang Tour (ฟ้าหลวง ทัวร์) Tel. 053-717976
*JJR 2000 (เจเจอาร์ 2000) Tel. 053-713994
*K.M. Travel Service (เค.เอ็ม. เซอร์วิส) Tel. 053-715136
*Oasis Tour & Trek Service (โอเอซิส แอนด์ เทรค เซอร์วิส) Tel. 053-713535
*P.D. Tour (พี.ดี.ทัวร์) Tel. 053-712829
*Phol Sak Car Rent (พลศักดิ์คาร์เร้นท์) Tel. 053-711586 (Car & motorcycle rental)
*Soon Motorcycle (ศูนย์มอเตอร์ไซเคิล) Tel. 053-714068 (Motorcycle rental)
*Soontaree Tour (สุนทรีทัวร์) Tel. 053-712588
*ST Motorcycle (เอสที มอเตอร์ไซเคิล) Tel. 053-713652 (Jeep & motorcycle rental)
*Tungluang Tour (ทุ่งหลวงทัวร์) Tel. 053-752161
*vis Rent-a-Car (วีไอเอส เรนท์ อะคาร์) Dusit Island Resort Tel. 053-793827
== See ==
Visitors to the province of Chiang Rai can expect to see some splendid mountain and valley views, while being blessed with excellent weather which is much cooler than in the central plains.
* [[Five days in the Golden Triangle]] — a five-day tour of Chiang Rai, Mae Sai, Chiang Saen and Doi Mae Salong, including stops in Myanmar and Laos
=== Amphoe Mae Fa Luang === '''Doi Hua Mae Kham (ดอยหัวแม่คำ)Region name''' is the domicile of the hilltribe near the Thai-Burmese border, about three hours by road along the Mae Chan-Ban Thoed Thai-Ban Huai on routes which wind along the steep mountain edge. The inhabitants are predominantly of the Lisu tribe, with a scattering of Akha, Hmong and Lahu. Doi Hua Mae Kham is most scenic in November when the yellow wild sunflowers are in full bloom[[Country name]].
=== Amphoe Wiang Kaen =Regions==
'''Doi Pha Tang (ดอยผาตั้ง)''', about 160km from the provincial town, is a viewing point on top of a high cliff over the Thai-Laotian border. It affords a delightful scene of the river and a sea of mist throughout the year. During December-January, blooming Sakuras provide picturesque scenery. It is home to the Chinese Haw, the Hmong and Yao minorities. There are a lots of bungalows & tents serve tourists.==Cities==
==Other destinations==
=== Amphoe Phan =Understand==
'''Doi Luang National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติดอยหลวง)''' covers an area in Amphoe Mae Suai, Amphoe Phan, Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao in Chiang Rai, Amphoe Wang Nuea in Lampang and Amphoe Mae Chai, Amphoe Mueang in Phayao. It has an area of 731,250 rai (1,170 million square metres) with a topography of high mountains whose peak is Doi Luang. It contains mixed deciduous forest, evergreen forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest. There are diverse kinds of wildlife and birds. To get there take the Chiang Rai – Phayao route for 58 km. to get to Ban Pu Kaeng. At km 773 turn right and go on for 9 km. to the national park office. One interesting tourist attraction there is Namtok Pu Kaeng, a beautifully big waterfall in Chiang Rai. It has 9 tiers containing lots of stalagmites and stalactites. Camping and forest trekking are available. Please call 0 5360 9042 or contact the office in Bangkok at Tel. 0 2562 0760 or
==Get in==
=== Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao =Get around==
'''Wiang Ka Long (เวียงกาหลง)''' is a community about 16km from the district office of Wiang Pa Pao. Here have been found remains of ancient furnaces used to make terra cotta utensils. The furnaces are shaped like turtle shell of various sizes with a width of 2 to 5 meters. '''Bo Nam Ron (บ่อน้ำร้อน)''' is a hot spring located at Tambon Mae Chedi Mai on the Chiang Rai - Chiang Mai road at Km. 64-65. It is found next to a stream. Villagers sell eggs to boil in the hot spring. '''Khun Chae National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติขุนแจ)''' at Tambon Mae Chedi Mai of Wiang Pa Pao district can be reached by taking the Chiang Mai - Chiang Rai route, Highway no. 118. The park headquarters is right next to the highway at Km. 55-56. Visitors wishing to undertake a jungle trek and camp within the park need to have a guide and prepare their own camping equipment. The trek through the Khun Chae jungle is for adventure travel enthusiasts as the route passes through steep terrain and several hilltops and cliffs over 1,400 metres height. There are good viewing points and trekkers can enjoy waterfalls, flowing streams and virgin jungle areas lush with plantlife. Tel: 0 5360 9262, 0 2562 0760 []==See==
Hilltribe Museum and Education Center situated in the center of town is aimed at promoting a better understanding of hill tribes and their cultures etc. These are the six major tribes: Akha, Lisaw, Lahu, Karen and Yao and Mien The displays include that of housing styles, tools, utensils and traditional hunting, clothing, giant bamboo, fishing and agricultural equipment. Visitors can also enjoy a half an hour power-point presentation in any main language. === Amphoe Muang Itineraries=== == Do ==  '''Trekking''' The trekking area in Chiang Rai covers Amphoe Mueang, Amphoe Mae Suai, and the banks along the Mae Kok River. Prices include guide, basic meals, transportation, accommodation, boat, and elephant. Different prices depend on the condition of accommodation, food, vehicle, insurance etc. '''Trekking Advices''' #Trekking alone or with unauthorized tour guide/ operator is not recommended. AFECT has excellent treks []#Trekker is advised to contact an authorized tour operator who provides: brochure with detailed information on trekking program, prices, accommodation, transportation; well-trained guide and licensed by TAT; and advice on how to get ready for trekking including necessary trekking accessories.#Some trekking guides may encourage customers to try a sample of opium, or make a side trip into Myanmar. These sound very exciting but any of these can be very dangerous. Taking narcotics is illegal (may lead to imprisonment) and smoking opium may lead to death. Tour operators, guides, as well as tourists are all requested to cooperate in this regard and notify the Tourist Police of such blameworthy behavior. Call 1155 or 0 5371 7779, 0 5371 7796#Malaria exists only in hill and forest areas. During the trip protect yourself with mosquito repellent, sleep under mosquito net. If having a fever within 15 days following, one must have a blood check at the nearest hospital. '''Tribal Experiences with Local Tribes''' AFECT is the oldest NGO working with Hill Tribes in Thailand and established in 1981. They run 3 day and 5 day Cultural Tribal packages where you spend time learning about the fascinating 2700 year old relationship the tribes have with the Forests. Recommended [] '''Travel along Kok River (Route: Tha Ton – Chiang Rai)''' Tha Ton is a village along the Kok riverside, 24 km. north of Amphoe Fang, Chiang Mai. Attractions along the route: Phra That Sub Fang, many tribal villages near the river and hot spring. Either long-tailed boat or bamboo house rafts with pilot is available for travelling. For more information, please contact Ban Tha Ton Boat Club Tel: 0 5345 9427 or rafting which takes 3 days 2 nights at Thip Travel Tel: 0 5345 9312, Tha Ton Tour Tel: 0 5337 3141. There are 4-5 resorts and guesthouses at Tha Ton and also in Amphoe Fang. '''Golfing'''  Chiang Rai offers the visitors an ample amount of enjoyable activities and golf is right up there are one of the most popular. New golf courses are being designed, built and opened all the time. Wanna-be golfers can confirm with travel agents opening times, playing rates and how to get to the courses.  ''Golf Courses''*Santiburi Country Club (สันติบุรี คันทรี่คลับ) 12 Mu 3 Panwithi Rd., Khlong Dan, Bang Bo, Amphoe Wiang Chai , 8 km. from the city Tel: 0 5366 2821-6, Fax: 0 5371 7377 (18 hole)*THB White Sand Golf (ทีเอชบีไวท์แซนด์กล์ฟ) Amphoe Phan at km. 799 of Super Highway Tel: 0 5366 6605 (18 hole)*Waterford Valley Golf & Lodge (วอเตอร์ฟอร์ด วัลเล่ย์) 333 Mu 5, Pa Sang, Wiang Chiang Rung sub-district, 35 km. from the city Tel: 0 5395 3425-7, 0 5395 3445-6 Fax: 0 5395 3447 (18 hole) '''Agro tourism''' Doi Pha Mon Highland Agricultural Extension Office (ศูนย์ส่งเสริมการเกษตรที่สูงดอยผาหม่น) in Amphoe Thoeng located in touch the spectacular scenery ‘Sea of Mist’ & ‘Fantastic Sunrise’ on Phu Chi Fa and the splendid flower bed of ‘Tulips’. This is a place to observe the recycled plantations of ‘temperated climate plant’. Open daily from 08.00-16.30 hrs. Tel: 0 5371 4023 Fax: 0 5371 4024 There are other Agricultural Extension Offices which are also interesting as follow;#Mae Chan District Agricultural Extension Office (ศูนย์ส่งเสริมเกษตรแม่จัน) Tel: 0 5377 1654#Hua Mae Kham Highland Agricultural Extension Office(ศูนย์ส่งเสริมเกษตรที่สูงหัวแม่คำ) Tel: 0 5377 3496#Chiang Rai Agricultural Research Center (ศูนย์วิจัยพืชสวนเชียงราย) Tel: 0 5367 8202  '''Mountain Biking''' Since Chiang Rai has a stunningly scenic mountain landscape with lots of fresh air. It is an ideal place to go mountain biking. Cyclists will love the natural beauty along the trails following the Mekong River including great views of Burma and tropical forests. Contact travel agencies for more details. '''Rafting Along the Mae Kok River''' This 130-km river is well known as one of the most picturesque and cleanest rivers in the whole of Thailand. Rafting can be done along the waterway and visitors can view hilltribe villages situated along the banks. Lush jungles and mountain cliffs create scenic views and a fresh atmosphere. It takes 3 days and 2 nights to cover the 80-km distance by raft from Tha Ton of Chiang Mai to Chiang Rai town. River trips to and from Chiang Rai by long-tail boats are also organized regularly. The trip takes about 4-5 hrs.  '''Elephant Riding & Trekking''' Riding on elephant's back is one of those fantastic activities one should not miss. For more information contact a travel agency. '''Spa''' *Pai Massage Tel: 053-755176 (Foot & Body Massage)*Ruean Kaew Thai Traditional Massage Tel: 053-744394 (Thai Traditional Massage) '''Sport''' *Chiang Rai Driving Range & Golf Academy Tel. 0 5371 1228 (Golf driving range)*Suntiburi Country Club Tel. 0 5366 2821-6 (Golf Course)*Waterford Valley Golf & Lodge Tel: 0 5395 3425-7 (Golf Course & Lodging)   === Events and Festivals === '''Dok Siao Ban or Blooming Siao Flower Festival at Phu Chi Fa (งานดอกเสี้ยวบานที่ภูชี้ฟ้า)''' is held during 13-15 February. There are sports competitions and cultural performances from hilltribes at Ban Rom Fa Thai in Amphoe Thoeng. '''Buatong Ban or Blooming Mexican Sunflower Festival (งานเทศกาลดอกบัวตองบาน)''' is held in November. See performances from hilltribes and visit the sunflower field, waterfalls and a sea of mist at Ban Hua Mae Kham, Amphoe Mae Fa Luang.Chiang Rai Flower Festival (งานเทศกาลเชียงรายดอกไม้บาน) This beautiful festival is held during the end of December to January every year. There are colourful flower processions, flower gardens, Miss Thinn Thai Ngarm Contest and also the fair of agricultural products and the variety of indigenous flowers. == Buy == Chiang Rai is rich in handicraft items such as hand-woven cotton materials, dresses and hilltribe silver ornaments, as well as wood-carving products. Certain food items are quite popular such as Naem and Mu Yo (preserved and fermented pork sausages). Agricultural products include lychee (April-May), pineapples, tea, and other products from the royal projects. ===Souvenir Shops=== '''Amphoe Mae Chan''' *Ban Tham Pa Tong Woodcarving (แกะสลักไม้บ้านถ้ำผาตอง) Ban Tham Pa Tong Tambon Mae Khao Tom Suk Tel: 05378 7233 (woodcarving product)*Kamonsiri (กมลศิริ) 120/1 Tambon Mae Kham Tel: 0 5377 9055 (cotton product)*Rueng Sri (เรืองศรี) 25 Mu 3 Ban San Na Tambon Mae Kham Tel: 0 5366 5511, 0 5366 5524 (silk, cotton) '''Amphoe Mae Suai''' *Chiang Rai Winery (เชียงรายไวน์เนอรี่) 160 Mu 7 Tambon Sritoy Tel: 0 5395 0693-4, 0 5395 0257 '''Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao''' *Tao Wiang Kalong (เตาเวียงกาหลง) 67 Mu 13 Tambon Pa Ngiew at Km. 89 Highway No., 118 Tel: 0 5378 1068, 0 5370 4349 (pottery, ceramic)*Wiang Kalong (เวียงกาหลง) 54 Mu 15 Tambon Wiang Kalong Tel: 0 5378 9241 (Tea products) == Eat ==Traditional northern food is quite unique and very popular all over Thailand. The staple diet of local people consists of '''sticky rice''' (glutinous rice) which is rolled into balls and served in small hand-made bamboo containers.  Typical delicious dishes in the area are '''khaeng khanoon''' (spicy jackfruit curry), '''khaeng yuak''' (banana palm leaves), '''sai oo-a''' (pork sausages) and '''Yunnese''' and '''Burmese rice noodles'''.  '''Khantok''' is a traditional dinner which can be found in several restaurants in the town. In the meantime, for those not fancying anything Thai, there are plenty of international restaurants with something for everyone’s taste. ===Restaurants==='''Amphoe Mae Chan and Doi Mae Salong''' *Ban Suan (บ้านสวน) Km. 22 Chiang Rai-Mae Chan Rd., Tel: 0 5366 0855 (Thai food)*Lan Ngon (สวนอาหารลานเงินแอนด์รีสอร์ท) 239 Mu 8 Tambon Pa Tueng, Tel: 0 5366 1174, 08 1885 9696, 08 1531 2703 == Sleep == '''Doi Pha Tang''' *Asalia Garden (อาซาเลีย การ์เด้น) 2 kms. from Doi Pha Tang (Tel: 0 5391 8647), 500 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner*J-Yong (เจ๊ยง) Doi Pha Tang, 500 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner*Pha Tang Hill (ผาตั้ง ฮิลล์) Doi Pha Tang (Tel: 0 8 1950 8969), 500 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner*Rom Fah Siam Hill (ร่มฟ้าสยาม ฮิลล์) 5 kms. from Doi Pha Tang (Tel: 0 5370 3317), 450 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner*Yi Kwang (ยี่กว่าง) Doi Pha Tang (Tel: 0 5360 9544), 500 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner '''Phu Chi Fa''' *Ban Kieng Doi (บ้านเคียงดอย) (Tel: 08 9950 6250)*Ban Phu Nam Kang (บ้านภูน้ำค้าง) (Tel: 0 5345 2680-1)*Ban Phu Pha (บ้านภูผา) (Tel: 08 9552 7491)*Ban Ruam San Sang (บ้านร่วมสรรค์สร้าง) 2 Mu 24 Tambon Tabtao (Tel: 08 1993 3708), 8 rooms: 200-450 baht/ person include breakfast+dinner*Daeng Service (แดง บริการ) (Tel: 08 1472 3819) '''Amphoe Phan''' *Chiang Rung (เชียงรุ่ง) 1265 Phahonyothin Rd., (Tel: 0 5372 2322, 0 5372 2421 Fax: 0 5372 2429), 36 rooms: 350-600 baht '''Amphoe Wiang Pa Pao''' *C & C Resort (Cabbages and Condoms Cottage) (ซี แอนด์ ซี) 153 Mu 6, Tambon Pa Ngiu (Tel: 0 5395 2312-4), 19 rooms: 350-800 baht*Chaiwarit (ชัยวาฤทธิ์) 6 Mu 2, Tambon Wiang, Chiang Mai-Chiang Rai Rd., (Tel: 0 5378 1160), 10 rooms: 100-350 baht*Phimpha (พิมพา) (Tel: 0 5378 1129), 9 rooms: 200-350 baht*Thaiyaporn (ไทยาภรณ์) (Tel: 0 5378 9113), 24 rooms: 150-300 baht '''Amphoe Mae Chan''' *Baikotel (Fu-Nancy) (ไบโคเทล ฟู่-แนนซี่) 380 Mu 4 Ban Kiew Prao (Tel: 0 5366 4694), 6 rooms: 250 baht*Ban Rabieng Chan (บ้านระเบียงจัน) 99 Mu 9 Ban Nong Wen, Tambon Mae Chan (Tel/ Fax: 0 5377 2791),, 9 rooms: 1,500 baht*Ban Rim Tarn (บ้านพักริมธาร) 62 Mu 10 Tambon Mae Kham (Tel: 0 5366 5379), 7 houses:400-1,500 baht *Bua Ban Resort (บัวบาน รีสอร์ท) 226 Mu 7 Tambon Mae Rai (Tel: 0 5366 7240, 0 5376 3032), 25 rooms: 400-500 baht*Chalisa Resort (ชาลิสา รีสอร์ท) 199 Mu 4 Tambon Pa Sang (Tel: 0 5391 8352), 10 rooms: 500-700 baht '''Amphoe Mae Suai''' *Charin Garden Resort (สวนจริณ รีสอร์ท) 83 Mu 1 Phahonyothin Rd., Highway No.118 Chiang Rai-Chiang Mai (Tel: 0 5391 8628, 08 1783 1637), 10 rooms: 600 baht*Chiang Rai Country Hill Resort (เชียงราย คันทรี่ ฮิลล์ รีสอร์ท) 163 Mu 4 Mae Suai - Fang Rd., (Tel: 0 5378 6080, 0 5365 6351), 20 houses: 500-4,000 baht*Laolee Resort (เลาลี รีสอร์ท) 15 Mu 20 Doi Laoli, Tambon Wawi (Tel: 0 5376 0150-1 Fax: 0 5376 0152), 32 rooms: 600-1,400 baht*Suanthip Vana Resort (สวนทิพย์วนา รีสอร์ท) 49 Mu 4 Ban Pa Hiang, Km.107 Chiang Mai – Chiang Rai Rd., Tambon Thakok (Tel: 0 5372 4231-5, 0 5372 4226-9 Fax: 0 5372 4230 Bangkok Tel: 0 2619 0363-4, Fax: 0 2619 0208 E-mail: [email protected]), 30 rooms: 3,800 baht Awarded the 4th Tourism Award 2002, Award of Outstanding Performance '''Amphoe Mae Lao''' *Suan Kaew Resort (สวนแก้ว รีสอร์ท) 144 Mu 7 Tambon Dongmada (Tel: 05391 8194, 0 5391 4198), 8 rooms: 300 baht ==Stay healthy == '''Hospitals''' Chiang Rai has three quality hospitals.* Chiang Rai Regional Hospital Tel: 0 5371 1300 * Kasaemrad Sriburin Hospital Tel: 0 5371 7499 * Overbrooke Hospital Tel: 0 5371 1366
== Contact Eat==
Nationwide Television, cable TV and local cable TV channels are available in Chiang Rai.International newspapers and magazines are also available at the book shops in department stores.==Drink==
==Stay safe==
Landline telephone, all mobile phones, high-speed internet (ADSL), post offices and parcel services are available in Chiang Rai Province.==Get out==
*Provincial Public Relation Tel: 0 5371 1870 {{IsPartOf|}}*Provincial Office Tel: 0 5371 1632{{outline}}*District Municipal Office Tel: 0 5375 2177, 0 5371 1288*Chiang Rai Hospital Tel: 0 5371 1300*Police Station Tel: 0 5371 1444*Highway Police Tel: 1193*Tourist Police Tel: 0 5379 0249, 1155*Telephone Enquiry Tel: 1133{{regionguide}}

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