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Albanian phrasebook

2,644 bytes added, 22:02, 9 February 2013
Learning more
'''Albanian''' is the national language of [[Albania]]. It is an official language of [[Kosovo]] and spoken by the majority of the population as a native tongue. Albanian also enjoys regional status in the [[Republic of Macedonia]].
Albanian has two main dialects, '''Gheg''' and '''Tosk''', or the northern and southern dialects. The official standard is based on Tosk dialect since 1940s (both in Albania and in Kosovo, though the latter completely falls within the borders of northern dialect), which is reported to be a "softer" version of the language by native speakers. While the two dialects are mutually intelligible, a number of differences between each other exist. Albanian is an easy language to know and learn since most of their letters does do not change sounds as they do in many other languages do so you'll get the same sounds all the time.
==Pronunciation guide==
Albanian is written as it's pronuncedis pronounced. The Albanian alphabet consists of 36 letters of the Latin script. The alphabet was standardized standardised in 1909. Albanian is a branch of Indo-European and is considered to be the only language derived from the extinct Illyrian language. Albanian also is spoken in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, South Serbia, and Turkey.
===Stress===
For the vast majority of words, the main '''stress''' falls on the last word of a phrase, on the last stem of a compound word , and on the last syllable of a word.
===Vowels===
; Oo : 'o' as in "obey"
; Uu : 'oo' as in "moon"
; Ëë : 'u' as in "up" or 'a' in "above" [ (it is silent at times at the end of a word ] ); Yy : Y is pronounced like 'y' as the French U 'u' or the German Ü'ü'. To pronounce the sound, place your mouth in the position you would when you say 'oo' as in "moon", but say 'ee ' as in "feet" instead. The closest sound in British English as is 'ue' in "blue" or 'ew' as in "flew".
===Consonants===
; Bb : 'b' as in "banana" ; Cc : 'ts' as in "wits" ; Çç : 'ch' as in "chair" ; Dd : 'd' as in "dentist" ; Dhdh : 'th' as in "that" ; Ff : 'f' as in "film" ; Gg : 'g' as in "great" (At times the 'g' will give sometimes giving off a throaty sound) ; Gjgj : 'dge' as in "dodge" [you'll get by with a or 'j' sound] in "jet"; Hh : 'h' as in "helicopter" [(slightly aspirated] ; Jj : 'y' as in "year" ; Kk : 'k' as in "bank" ; Ll : 'l' as in "milk" ; Llll : 'll' as in "balloon" or "mill" (As as pronounced in [[Great Britain]]) ; Mm : 'm' as in "mother"
; Nn : 'n' as in "nest"
; Njnj : 'ni' as in "onion"(same as the Spanish 'ñ' sound)
; Pp : 'p' as in "problem"
; Qq : hard 'ch' as in "chat" [a'''ctu''q' sound ally" (as in "quick" only for foreign words]); Rr : 'r' as in "rico" ( trilled ); Rrrr : 'rr' as in Spanish "hurrahperro" ( strongly trilled )
; Ss : 's' as in "hospital"
; Shsh : 'sh' as in "ship"
; Xhxh : 'j' as in "jump"
; Zz : 'z' as in "zero"
; Zhzh : 's' as in "pleasure"
===Common diphthongs===
; io : the 'io' as in "million"; ua : 'ua' as in 'iguana'
====Other Sounds==== ; oj : 'oy' as in "boy"; aj : 'i' as in "night"; ej : 'ay' as in "play"
; tje : [tyeh] like the Spanish word 'tie' in "tiesto"
; nje : [nyeh] like the Spanish word 'ñe' in "muñeco"; nju : [nyoo] similar to like the English word "new"; njo : [nyoh]like the Spanish word "moño"
; aja : [ayah]/[aia] like the Italian word 'aia' in "baia"
; vje : [vyeh] like the Spanish word 'vie' in "viejo"
; lje : [lyeh] like the Italian word "moglie"
; dja : [dyah] like the Spanish word "día"
; rja : [ryah] like the 'ria' in "Maria"
==Phrase list==
===Basics===
{{infobox|Common signs|; OPEN : HAPUR (''HAH-poor''); CLOSED : MBYLLUR (''MBEW-lloor''); ENTRANCE : HYRJA (''HEWR-yah''); EXIT : DALJE (''DAH-lyeh''); PUSH : SHTYJE (''SHTEW-yeh''); PULL : NDUKJE (''NDOO-kyeh''); TOILET : TUALET (''twah-LEHT''); MEN : BURRA (''BOO-rrah''); WOMEN : GRATË (''GRA-tuh''); FORBIDDEN : NDALUAR (''ndah-LOO-ahr'')}} ; Hello. : Tungjatjeta. (''toon-jah-tyehTYEH-TAHtah''); Hello. (''informal'') : Tung. (''toongTOONG''); How are you? : Si jeni? (''see yehYEH-NEEnee?''); Well, thanks. : Jam mirë, faleminderit. (''yahm-MEER, fah-lehm-meen-dehDEH-REETreet''); Mrs./Madam : Zonja Zonjë (''zohZOH-NYAHnyuh'')
; Mr./Sir : Zotëri (''zoh-teh-REE'')
; Miss : Zonjushë (''zoh-nyooNYOO-SHAHshuh''); What is your name? : Si e ke emrin? (''see keh ahmEHM-REENreen?''); My name is ______ . : Quhem______ . (''chooCHYOO-HEHM_____ hem_____ .''); Pleased to meet you. : Më vjen mirë. (''muh vyehn meerVYEHN MEER''); Please. : Ju lutem. (''yoo looLOO-TEHMtehm''); Thank you. : Faleminderit. (''fah-lehm-meen-dehDEH-REETreet''); You're welcome. : S'ka përse. (''suh'kah puhrsskah purr-SEH'')
; Yes. : Po. (''poh'')
; No. : Jo. (''yahyoh''); Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Më falni. (''mah fahlFAHL-NEEnee''); Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Më falni. (''mah fahlFAHL-NEEnee''); Forgive (me). : Falni (''fahlFAHL-NEEnee''); I'm sorry. : Më vjen keq. (''mah vyehn VYEHN ketch''); Goodbye : Mirupafshim. (''mee-roo-pahfPAHF-SHEEMsheem''); Goodbye (''informal'') : Shëndet. (''shahnshuhn-DEHT''); Do you speak English? : A flisni Anglisht? (''ah fleesFLEES-NEE nee ahn-GLEESHT''); Does anyone speak English? : A flet njeri anglisht? (''ah fleht nyehFLEHT NYEH-REE ree ahn-GLEESHT?'')
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
; Good morning. : Mirëmëngjes. (''myehrmeer-mehnmuhn-JEHS''); Good afternoon/Good day. : Mirëdita. (''myehrmeer-deeDEE-TAHtah''); Good evening. : Mirëmbrëma. (''myehrmmeerm-brehBRUH-MAHmah''); Good night. : Natën e mirë. (''nahNAH-TEHN tehn eh meerMEER'')
; I don't understand. : Nuk kuptoj. (''nook koop-TOY'')
; I understand. : Kuptoj. (''koop-TOY''); Where are the toilets? : Ku është Nevetorjanevojtorja? (''koo ahsht uhsht neh-vehvoy-tohTOHR-RYAHyah?'')
===Problems===
; Help! : Ndihmë! (''ndeem!'')
; Go away! : Largohu! (''lahr-gohGOH-HOOhoo!''); Thief! : Hajdut! (''haihi-DOOT!''); Stop! Thief! : Ndalimi! Hajdut! (''ndah-leeLOO-MEE hainee hi-DOOT'')
; I'm lost. : Kam humbur rrugën. (''kam HOOM-boor RROO-guhn'')
; Could you help me please? : A mund të më ndihmoni ju lutem? (''ah moond MOOND tuh muh NDEEndee-mohMOH-nee yoo LOO-tehm?''); Leave me alone! : Më lini të qetë! (''mah leemuh LEE-NEE tah chehtnee tuh CHEHT''); Don't touch me! : Mos më prek! (''mohs mah moss muh prehk''); Call the police! : Tërhiqni vëmendjen e policisë! (''tahrtuhr-heeHEECH-CHNEE vahnee vuh-mehnMEND-JEHN yen eh poh-lee-TSEES'') ; Police! : Policia! (''poh-lee-SYAHTSEE-yah''); I need your help. : Unë kam nevojë për ndihmën tuaj. (''oon kahm neh-VOY pehr ndihpuhr NDEE-MAN twayuhn TOO-eye'') ; It's an emergency. : Është një rast urgjent. (''ahsht nyah rahst uhsht nyuh RAHST oor-JEHNT''); I'm lost. : Unë jam i humbur. (''oon yahm ee hoomHOOM-BOORboor''); I lost my bag. : Kam humbur çanta imeçanten time. (''kahm hoomHOOM-BOOR chahnboor CHAHN-TAH eeten TEE-MEHmeh''); I lost my wallet. : Kam humbur portofolin tim. (''kahm hoomHOOM-BOOR boor pohr-toh-fohFOH-LEEN leen teem''); I'm sick/ill. : Unë jam i sëmurë. (''oon yahm ee smoorsuh-MOOR''); I've been injured. : Unë kam qenë plagosur. (''oon kahm chehn plah-gohGOH-SOORsoor''); I need a doctor. : Unë kam nevojë për një doktor. (''oon kahm neh-VOY pehr nyeh puhr nyuh dohk-TOHR''); Can I use your phone? : Mund të përdorni telefonin tuaj? (''moond teh puhr-dohrDOHR-NEE nee teh-leh-fohFOH-nee TOO-NEEN twaieye?'')
===Numbers===
; 80 : tetëdhjetë (''teht-THYEHT'')
; 90 : nëntëdhjetë (''nahn-tah-THYEH-tah'')
; 100 : njëqind (''NYUHnyah-keendCHEEND''); 200 : dyqind (''dew-CHEEND''); 300 : treqind (''treh-CHEEND''); 400 : katërqind (''kah-tuhr-CHEEND''); 500 : pesëqind (''peh-suh-CHEEHD''); 600 : gjashtëqind (''jahsh-tuh-CHEEND''); 700 : shtatëqind (''shtah-tuh-CHEEND''); 800 : tetëqind (''teh-tuh-CHEEND'') ; 900 : nëntëqind (''nuhn-tuh-CHEEND'')
; 1000 : njëmijë (''NYUH-mee-yuh'')
; one million : një milion (''nyeh mee-LYOHN'')
; 1,000,000,000 milliard (''MILL-YARD'') one billion in UK, one trillion in USA
===Time===
; now : tani (''TAHtah-neeNEE''); later : më vonë (''meh mah vohn''); before : më parë (''meh mah pahr'') ; morning : nadje (''NAHnah-dyehDYEH'')
; noon : mesditë (''mehs-DEET'')
; afternoon : pas dreke (''pahs DREHdreh-kehKEH''); evening : mbrëmje (''mbrehmbrah-MYEH'')
; night : natë (''naht'')
; midnight : mesnatë (''mehs-NAHT'')
====Clock time====
; one o'clock AM : një e natës (''nyeh eh nahtnah-TAHS'') ; two o'clock AM : dy e natës (''die eh nahtnah-TAHS''); one o'clock PM : një pasdite (''nyeh pahs-DEEdee-tehTEH''); two o'clock PM : dy pasdite (''die dew pahs-DEEdee-tehTEH'')
; van : furgon (''foor-GOHN'')
; truck : kamion (''kah-MYOHN'')
; trolley bus : karrocë trolejbus (''kahrtroh-ROHTSlay-BOOS'')
; tram : tramvaji (''trahm-VAI'')
; train : treni (''treh-NEE'')
; bicycle : biçikletë (''bee-chee-KLEHT'')
; motorcycle : motor/motorçikletë (''moh-TOHR/moh-tohr-chee-KLEHT'')
; carriage : topi karrocë (''tohkahr-PEEROHTS'')
; Could I rent a______? : Mund të marr me qira një______? (''moond teh mahrr meh gee-RAH nyeh...?'')
; How much are your rates? : Sa janë tarifat tuaja? (''sah yahn tah-ree-FAHT twah-YAH?'')
; supper/dinner : darkë (''dahrk'')
; I want _____. : Dua _____. (''dwah....'')
; spoon : lugë (''loog'')
; fork : pirun (''pee-ROON'')
; knife : thikë (''theek'')
; plate : pjatë (''pyaht'')
; glass (drinking) : gotë (''goht'')
; cup : filxhan (''feel-JAHN'')
; saucer : pjatëz (''pyah-TAHZ'')
; bowl : tas (''tahs'')
; napkin : pecetë (''peh-TSEHT'')
; I want a dish containing _____. : Unë dua një pjatë që përmban _____. (''oon dwah nyah pyaht chuh puhrm-BAHN...'')
; chicken : mish pule (''meesh poo-LEH'')
; beef : beef mish lope (''...meesh loh-PEH''); fish : fish peshk (''...pehshk''); ham : ham proshutë (''...proh-SHOOT''); sausage : sausage sallam (''...sah-LLAHM''); cheese : cheese djathë (''...dyahth''); eggs : eggs vezë (''...vehz''); salad : salad sallatë (''...sah-LLAHT''); (fresh) vegetables : (freshtë freskëta) vegetables perimeve (''...(tah frehs-kuh-TAH) peh-ree-mee-VEH''); (fresh) fruit : (freshtë freskëta) fruit fruta (''...(tah frehs-kuh-TAH) froo-TAH''); bread : bread bukë (''...book''); toast : toast dolli (''...doh-LLEE''); noodles : noodles petë (''...peht''); rice : rice oriz (''...oh-REEZ''); beans : beans fasule (''...fah-soo-LEH''); May I have a glass of _____? : May I have a glass of Mund të kem një gotë _____? (''moond tah kehm nyah goht....?''); May I have a cup of _____? : May I have a cup of Mund të kem një filxhan të _____? (''moond tah kehm nyah feel-JAHN tah....?''); May I have a bottle of _____? : May I have a bottle of Mund të kem një shishe _____? (''moond tuh kehm nyah shee-SHEH...?'')
; coffee : kafe (''kah-FEH'')
; tea (''drink'') : çaj (''chai'')
'''A pint, please.'''
Një birrepintë, ju lutem(''nyah peen-TUH, yoo loo-TEHM'').
'''A bottle, please'''.
; I'm not interested. : Unë nuk jam i interesuar. (''oo-NAH nook yahm ee een-teh-reh-SWAHR'')
; OK, I'll take it. : Mirë, unë do të marrë atë. (''meer, oon doh tuh mahrr aht'')
; Can I have a bag? : Can I have a bagMë jepni një qese? (''...muh yehp-NEE nyah cheh-SEH?''); Do you ship (overseas)? : Do you ship A keni anije (overseasjashtë)? (''...ah keh-NEE ah-NYEH (yahsht)''); I need... : I needUnë kam nevojë për... (''oo-NAH kahm neh-voy puhr....''); ...toothpaste. : ...toothpastepastë dhëmbësh. (''...pahs-TAH thahm-BASH''); ...a toothbrush. : ...a toothbrushnjë furçë dhëmbësh. (''...nyah foor-CHAH thahm-BASH''); ...tampons. : ...tamponstampona. (''tahm-poh-NAH''); ...feminine napkins : ...napkins femëror (''nahp-KEENS feh-muh-ROHR''); ...soap. : ...soap. sapun (''...sah-POON''); ...shampoo. : ...shampoo. shampo (''...shahm-POH'') ; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') : ...pain relieverdhimbje. (''...reh-lyeh-VEHR theem-BYEH''); ...cold medicine. : ...cold medicinemjekësi të ftohtë. (''...myeh-kuh-SEE tuh ftoh-TAH'')
; ...stomach medicine. : ...ilaç stomaku. (''ee-LAHCH stoh-mah-KOO'')
; ...a razor. : ...një brisk. (''nyah breesk'')
; ...shaving cream : ...krem rroje (''krehm rroh-YEH'')
; ...deodorant. : ...deodorant. (''deh-oh-doh-RAHNT'')
; ...an umbrella. : ...një çadër. (''nyah chah-DAHR'')
; ...sun tan lotion. : ...tan dielli locion (''tahn dyeh-LLEE loh-TSYOHN'')
; ...perfume : ...parfum (''pahr-FOOM'')
; ...a postcard. : ...një kartolinë (''nyah kahr-toh-lee-NAH'')
; ...postage stamps. : ...pulla postare. (''poo-LLAH pohs-tah-REH'')
; ...writing paper. : ...shkruar. (''shkrwahr'')
; ...a pen. : ...stilolaps (''stee-loh-LAHPS'')
; ...a pencil : ...laps (''lahps'')
; ...English-language books. : ...Anglisht-libra gjuhe. (''ahn-GLEESHT-lee-BRAH joo-HEH'')
; ...English-language magazines. : ...revista gjuhën angleze. (''reh-vees-TAH joo-HAHN ahn-gleh-ZEH'')
; Where are the toilets? : Ku jane banjot? (''koo yah-NEH bah-NYOHT?'')
===Learning more===
 
* [http://www.albanianlanguage.net/ Robert Elsie Albanian Language]
* [http://learnalbanianlanguage.com/ International Albanian Language Course]
* [http://www.albanian.com/main/culture/language/index.html Albanian Language]
 
[[nl:Taalgids Albanees]]
[[sv:Albansk parlör]]
 
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